1981 Bolivarian Games

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IX Bolivarian Games
Host city Barquisimeto, Lara
Country  Venezuela
Nations participating 6
Athletes participating 1516
Events 18 sports
Opening ceremony December 4, 1981 (1981-12-04)
Closing ceremony December 14, 1981 (1981-12-14)
Officially opened by Luís Herrera Campins
Torch Lighter Carmen Militza Pérez
Main venue Estadio de Barquisimeto
1977 La Paz 1985 Cuenca  >

The IX Bolivarian Games (Spanish: Juegos Bolivarianos) were a multi-sport event held between December 4–14, 1981, at the Estadio de Barquisimeto[1] in Barquisimeto, Venezuela. The Games were organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization (ODEBO).[2] In February 1980, Barquisimeto was chosen to substitute the initial host city Lima in Perú. The Comité Olímpico Peruano renounced because of financial problems.

The Games were officially opened by Venezuelan president Luís Herrera Campins.[1] Torch lighter was fencer Carmen Militza Pérez.[3]

A detailed history of the early editions of the Bolivarian Games between 1938 and 1989 was published in a book written (in Spanish) by José Gamarra Zorrilla, former president of the Bolivian Olympic Committee, and first president (1976-1982) of ODESUR.[1] Gold medal winners from Ecuador were published by the Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano.[4]

A critical comment was published.[5]

Participation[edit]

A total of 1516 athletes from 6 countries were reported to participate:[1]

Sports[edit]

The following 18 sports were explicitly mentioned:[1]

Medal count[edit]

The medal count for these games is tabulated below.[6] This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

1981 Bolivarian Games medal count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Venezuela 140 91 67 298
2  Colombia 39 52 53 144
3  Panama 25 22 34 81
4  Peru 15 33 42 90
5  Ecuador 12 28 28 68
6  Bolivia 3 7 17 27
Total 234 233 241 708

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Gamarra Zorrilla, José, Bolivia Olímpica Capítulos VI al VIII (in Spanish), ANDES Academia del Conocimiento y el Desarrollo "Fernando Diez de Medina", retrieved October 22, 2012 
  2. ^ Historia de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos. EABolivia (2009-11-13). Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
  3. ^ Quintero, Rinolfo (July 22, 2012), Carmen Milizta Pérez: Reina de las pedanas (in Spanish), El Impulso, retrieved January 17, 2013 
  4. ^ CUADRO DE MEDALLISTAS ECUATORIANOS EN LA HISTORIA DE LOS J. D. B. POR EDICIÓN (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, retrieved October 22, 2012 
  5. ^ Jaimes C., Humberto (December 15, 1981), Cómo y por qué fue Colombia a los IX Juegos Bolivarianos (in Spanish), El Tiempo, p. 5 (original page no.: 6–7), retrieved January 17, 2013 
  6. ^ RESULTADOS - IX Juegos Bolivarianos. Barquisimeto - Venezuela, 1981 (in Spanish), Comité Organizador de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos 2005, retrieved January 16, 2013