From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1981:
January [ edit ]
January 7 – A
Boeing 747 of CAAC lands at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, marking the first flight from the mainland of China to the United States since 1949. January 11–13 –
Max Anderson and Don Ida make a failed attempt to circumnavigate the world by balloon, although their craft, the , makes a flight of 2,900 miles (4,667 km) from Jules Verne Luxor, Egypt, to New Delhi, India, in 48 hours before they give up. January 25 –
Bell Helicopter delivers its 25,000th production helicopter, a Bell 222 to Omniflight Helicopters. [1 ] January 26 -
Pan American World Airways makes its final Boeing 707 service. [2 ] January 28 – Pan Am commences a weekly
New York- Beijing service. [2 ]
February [ edit ]
February 1 –
American aircraft industrialist Donald Douglas, founder of the Douglas Aircraft Company, dies at the age of 88. [3 ] February 12–14 - The American balloonists
Maxie Anderson and Don Ida attempt a round-the-world balloon flight, setting off from Luxor, Egypt in the Helium balloon Jules Verne on February 12, and landing 145 kilometres (78 nmi; 90 mi) east of New Delhi, India after a flight of 4,667 kilometres (2,520 nmi; 2,900 mi). [3 ] February 18 – American aircraft designer and industrialist
Jack Northrop, founder of the Northrop Corporation, dies at the age of 85.
March 2 –
Japan Air Lines is the first airline to use a computerised flight simulator to train its crews. March 26 – The
keel of the first aircraft carrier designed as such to be built in Italy, , is Giuseppe Garibaldi laid by Italcantieri in Monfalcone. [4 ] March 28 – Members of the group
Komando Jihad hijack the Douglas DC-9 Woyla, operating as Garuda Indonesia Flight 206 with 57 passengers on board, during a flight from Palembang to Medan on Sumatra in Indonesia, ordering the plane to fly to Colombo, Sri Lanka. After refueling at Penang, Malaysia, the aircraft flies to Don Muang, Thailand, where commandos of the Royal Thai Air Force and Indonesian Army Kopassus unit storm it. Four hijackers and a Kopassus commando are killed and two people are injured; the two hijackers who surrender are killed on an aircraft taking them and the Kopassus troops to Djakarta. March 28 –
Air France pilot Michel Breton flies the airline's last Sud Aviation Caravelle service, from Amsterdam to Paris. March 29 –
British Airways makes its last Vickers VC10 flight.
May 2 – A 55-year-old
Australian man, Laurence James Downey, enters a lavatory aboard Aer Lingus Flight 164, a Boeing 737-200 with 107 other people on board, five minutes before landing at London Heathrow Airport in London, England, douses himself with petrol ( gasoline), and walks into the cockpit with a cigarette lighter in his hand. He demands that the airliner fly to Iran, then specifies France when the flight crew tells him that the aircraft lacks the fuel to fly to Iran. The plane lands at Le Touquet – Côte d'Opale Airport in Le Touquet, France, where Downey demands that Pope John Paul II make public the Third Secret of Fatima. After 10 hours, French police storm the plane and arrest Downey without injury to anyone. May 9 – After modifications, the British aircraft carrier
HMS reenters service with the Hermes Royal Navy as the world 's first carrier with a ski-jump ramp. Royal Navy Lieutenant Commander D. R. Taylor had developed the ramp. [8 ] May 21 – Iraqi Air Force aircraft make a missile attack on the
Panamanian bulk carrier Louise I in the Persian Gulf outside the Iranian port of Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, slightly damaging her. [9 ] May 26 – A
United States Marine Corps Grumman EA-6B Prowler of Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 2 (VMAQ-2) assigned to Carrier Air Wing 8 (CAW-8) crashes on the flight deck of the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS in the Nimitz (CVN-68) Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Florida. The resulting explosion and fire kills 14 men, injures another 45, destroys two F-14 Tomcats, and damages three F-14s, nine LTV A-7 Corsair IIs, three S-3A Vikings, a Grumman A-6 Intruder, and a Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King. Although none of the dead who tested positive for illegal drug use contributed to the crash, a U.S. Navy inquiry blames the accident on drug use by the enlisted men of the flight deck crew and prompts President Ronald Reagan to promulgate a " zero-tolerance policy" for drug abuse in the United States armed forces that creates the program in place ever since of mandatory, routine, random, universal testing of U.S. military personnel for the use of illegal drugs. [10 ]
June 7 – In
Operation Opera, eight Israeli Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons armed with two 2,000-pound (907-kg) bombs each, escorted by six F-15 Eagles, make a long-range strike into Iraq to destroy the nuclear reactor at Osirak. A French technician and a number of Iraqis are killed. It is the first time any air force uses the F-16 in combat. [11 ] [12 ] June 13 – Several
Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force F-4 Phantom II fighter-bombers overfly Kuwait, apparently to warn Kuwait to reduce its support for Iraq in the Iran-Iraq War, and Kuwaiti air defenses fire at them. [6 ] June 26 –
Dan-Air Flight 240, a Hawker Siddeley HS 748 series 2A cargo aircraft, crashes near Nailstone, Leicestershire, England, killing the entire crew of three, after the failure of a cabin door causes a major structural failure.
July 7 –
Stephen Ptacek flies the solar-powered aircraft across the Solar Challenger English Channel, taking a little over five hours. July 17 – The
Israeli Air Force attacks Beirut, Lebanon, in retribution for Palestinian terror attacks. July 28 – The impeached former
President of Iran, Abulhassan Banisadr, flees Iran after being smuggled aboard an Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force Boeing 707. The aircraft takes him to exile in Paris, France. July 31 – The leader of
Panama 's military dictatorship, General Omar Torrijos Herrera, dies along with all six other people on board when a Panamanian Air Force de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter crashes into Marta Hill while trying to land at Coclesito, Panama, in bad weather.
Iran 's religious leaders discover the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force 's complicity in the escape of former President of Iran Abulhassan Banisadr from the country. They purge half of Iran 's American-trained air force officers, causing the air force 's operational strength to drop well below 100 aircraft, end virtually all air force training flights, and require religious approval of all Iranian air force operations and the allocation of only enough fuel to allow specific missions to be flown. Through the end of the Iran-Iraq War in 1988, the Iranian air force will not recover from this purge. [13 ] August 3 – In violation of American law, the
Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization declares a strike by the 17,000 air traffic controllers in the United States. At least 12,000 of them walk off their jobs, resulting in widespread flight delays and cancellations, and 22 of the busiest airports in the United States are directed to reduce their scheduled flights by 50 percent. [14 ] August 5 – After only 1,300 air traffic controllers comply with his order to return to work,
President Ronald Reagan fires the 11,345 controllers who had ignored the order and bans them from service in the U.S. federal government for life. August 13 – All 13 people on board die when a
Bristow Helicopters Westland Wessex 60 helicopter carrying workers from the offshore Leman Gas Field to Bacton Gas Terminal at Bacton, Norfolk, England, loses power and crashes into the North Sea. August 19 –
Indian Airlines Flight 557, a HAL 748, is damaged beyond repair when it overruns the runway at Mangalore Airport at Mangalore, India, but all 26 people on board – among them Karnataka state and future Indian government official Veerappa Moily – are uninjured. August 19 – Two
United States Navy F-14 Tomcats of Fighter Squadron 41 (VF-41) aboard the aircraft carrier USS shoot down two Nimitz (CVN-68) Sukhoi Su-22s ( NATO reporting name "Fitter") of the Libyan Air Force over the Gulf of Sidra 60 nautical miles (111 km) off the coast of Libya using AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles. They are the first and second of the five kills F-14s will score during the Tomcat 's career in U.S. Navy service. [15 ] August 22 –
Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 103, a Boeing 737-222, suffers explosive decompression shortly after departure from Taipei Songshan Airport in Taipei, Taiwan, after severe corrosion leads to a pressure hull rupture. The plane breaks up in mid-air and crashes, killing all 110 people on board. August 24 –
Antonov An-24RV, servicing Aeroflot Flight 811, and the strategic bomber Tupolev Tu-16K collide mid-air, killing 37 people on both aircraft. The sole survivor, 20-year-old passenger Larisa Savitskaya from Antonov An-24RV, is rescued on the third day after the accident.
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
December 1 – A chartered
Yugoslavian McDonnell Douglas MD-81 operating as Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308 crashes into Mount San Pietro on Corsica, killing all 180 people on board. December 5 – December 8 –
Jerry Mullins sets a closed-circuit distance record for piston engined aircraft, piloting the Javelin Phoenix, a modified Bede BD-2, a distance of 8,695.9 nautical miles (10,007.1 mi; 16,104.8 km) in a circuit between Oklahoma City and Jacksonville. [19 ] December 12 –
Maxie Anderson and Don Ida launch from Luxor, Egypt, in the balloon Jules Verne to begin the first serious attempt at a circumnavigation of the world by balloon. They are forced to end their attempt on December 14 at Hansa, India, after a flight of 2,676 miles (4,316 km). [20 ] December 25 – U.S. Air Force Lieutenant
Thomas Tiller is rescued from the Atlantic Ocean by a boat. He had floated at sea for seven days after his plane, an F-4 Phantom II, had crashed on December 18.
First flights [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
September [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
Entered service [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
Retirements [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 114.
^ a b Taylor 1981, p. 32.
^ a b Taylor 1981, p. 33.
^ Gardiner, Robert, Conway 's All the World 's Fighting Ships 1947-1982, Part One: The Western Powers, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1983, ISBN 0-87021-918-9, p. 66.
^ a b Taylor 1981, p. 36.
^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 119.
^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume I: The Arab-Israeli Conflicts, 1973-1989, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1329-5, p. 187.
^ Sturtivant, Ray, British Naval Aviation: The Fleet Air Arm, 1917-1990, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990, ISBN 0-87021-026-2, p. 216.
^ a b c Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 143, 533.
^ Malone, Julia, "Congress investigates military drug use in wake of USS Nimitz accident ," Christian Science Monitor, June 18, 1981.
^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 209.
^ Brogan, Patrick, The Fighting Never Stopped: A Comprehensive Guide to Global Conflict Since 1945, New York: Vintage Books, 1990, ISBN 0-679-72033-2, p. 262.
^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 118.
^ Barnes, Nart, "Robert Poli, who led 1981 strike that led Reagan to fire traffic controllers, dies at 78," washingtonpost.com, September 23, 2014, 5:12 PM
^ Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: A Premier Fighter," Naval History, April 2012, p. 14.
^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 125.
^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 127.
^ "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, October 22, 2013.
^ Taylor 1982, p. .
^ Florida International University Around the World By Balloon
^ Taylor 1982, p. 399.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 11.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 84.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 140.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 69.
^ Taylor 1981, p. 60.
^ a b c d e f g h i j Taylor 1982, p. .
^ David, Donald, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Nobles Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 110.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 115.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 104.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 88.