1981 in spaceflight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1981 in spaceflight
Space Shuttle Columbia launching.jpg
The launch of STS-1, the maiden flight of the Space Shuttle
Orbital launches
First 6 January
Last 23 December
Total 126
Successes 119
Failures 6
Partial failures 1
Catalogued 123
National firsts
Satellite  Bulgaria
Space traveller  Mongolia
 Romania
Rockets
Maiden flights N-II
Space Shuttle Columbia
Retirements Feng Bao 1
Manned flights
Orbital 5
Total travellers 10


Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

6 January
12:15
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1237 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 20 January Successful
Film capsule recovered
9 January
14:57
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya-3 No.25 Molniya Communications 3 July 1999 Successful
10 January
18:22
United States Nike-Tomahawk United Nations Siple Station United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research 10 January Successful
Apogee: 198 kilometres (123 mi)
14 January
22:00
Japan TT-500A Japan Tanegashima LA-T Japan NASDA
Japan NASDA Suborbital Test flight 14 January Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
16 January
09:00
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1238 (Taifun-1) Low Earth Radar calibration In orbit Successful
16 January
12:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1239 (Zenit-4MT) Low Earth Optical imaging 28 January Successful
Film capsule recovered
19 January
03:37:27
Canada Black Brant VB Canada Fort Churchill Canada NRC
Canada NRC Suborbital Aeronomy 19 January Successful
Apogee: 263 kilometres (163 mi)
20 January
04:50
United States Astrobee-F United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 20 January Successful
Apogee: 209 kilometres (130 mi)
20 January
11:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1240 (Yantar-2K No.975) Low Earth Optical imaging 17 February Successful
Returned three film capsules; two small and one large
21 January
00:25
Canada Black Brant VIII-C United States White Sands United States NASA
United States SPAR-9 NASA Suborbital Microgravity research 21 January Successful
Apogee: 209 kilometres (130 mi)
21 January
08:29
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1241 (Lira) Low Earth ASAT Target In orbit Successful
Target for Kosmos 1243 and Kosmos 1258; both interceptors failed
21 January
21:46
Japan S-310 Japan Kagoshima Japan ISAS
Japan ISAS Suborbital Aeronomy 21 January Successful
Apogee: 174 kilometres (108 mi)
23 January
11:20
Soviet Union Tsyklon-3 Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 32/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Musson No.11 Intended: Low Earth Geodesy 23 January Launch failure
Payload fairing failed to separate
24 January
14:18:02
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet Union Progress 12 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Station logistics 20 March Successful
Final resupply mission to Salyut 6
26 January
07:20:06
Canada Black Brant IVB Canada Fort Churchill Canada NRC
Canada NRC Suborbital Auroral research 26 January Successful
Apogee: 584 kilometres (363 mi)
27 January
14:58
Soviet Union Vostok-2M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1242 (Tselina-D) Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
27 January Soviet Union R-39 Rif Soviet Union Nenoksa Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 27 January Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi), carried five reentry vehicles
29 January
04:12
United States Astrobee-F Canada Fort Churchill United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Auroral research 29 January Successful
Apogee: 189 kilometres (117 mi)
29 January
07:00
Japan S-520 Japan Kagoshima LA-K Japan ISAS
Japan TPE-2 ISAS Suborbital Ionospheric research
Technology
29 January Successful
Apogee: 323 kilometres (201 mi)
30 January
16:27
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya 1-49 Molniya Communications In orbit Successful

February[edit]

2 February
02:19
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1243 (IS-A) Low Earth ASAT test 2 February Spacecraft failure
Failed to intercept Kosmos 1241; passed within 50 metres (160 ft) of target but explosive charge failed to detonate
4 February
01:10
United States Aries United States White Sands LC-36 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Technology 4 February Successful
Apogee: 387 kilometres (240 mi)
4 February
05:00
France Centaure India Thumba
India ISRO Suborbital Ionospheric research 4 February Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
4 February
15:00
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 4 February
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
4 February
15:33
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 4 February
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
4 February
15:53
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 4 February
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
5 February
11:25
United States MGM-29 Sergeant United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Auroral research 5 February Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
6 February
08:00
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union
Soviet Union Interkosmos 21 Interkosmos Low Earth Technology 7 July 1982 Successful
Ceased operations on 2 June 1982
7 February
20:13:45
United Kingdom Petrel 2 Sweden Esrange
United Kingdom SRC Suborbital Aeronomy 7 February Successful
Apogee: 171 kilometres (106 mi)
7 February
20:30:40
United States Nike-Orion Sweden Esrange Sweden SSC
Sweden SSC Suborbital Aeronomy 7 February Successful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi)
9 February
14:31
United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-08 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 9 February Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
9 February
16:38
United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-09 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 9 February Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
11 February
08:30
JapanUnited States N-II Japan Tanegashima Osaki Japan NASDA
Japan Kiku 3 (ETS-IV) NASDA Geostationary transfer Technology In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of N-II; satellite ceased operations on 24 December 1984
12 February
05:27
France Centaure 2B India Thumba
India ISRO Suborbital Ionospheric research 12 February Successful
Apogee: 158 kilometres (98 mi)
12 February
18:21
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1244 (Parus) Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
13 February
11:15
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1245 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 27 February Successful
Film capsule recovered
13 February
17:15
Canada Black Brant VIII-C United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Solar research 13 February Successful
Apogee: 265 kilometres (165 mi)
17 February
17:15
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 17 February
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
17 February
17:51
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 17 February
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
17 February
19:17
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 17 February
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
18 February
09:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1246 (Yantar-1KFT No.1) Low Earth Optical imaging 13 March Successful
18 February United KingdomSpain INTA-300 Spain El Arenosillo Spain INTA
Spain INTA Suborbital Aeronomy 18 February Successful
Apogee: 285 kilometres (177 mi)
18 February United States LGM-30B Minuteman IB United States Vandenberg LF-06 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital REV test 18 February Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
19 February
10:00
Soviet Union Molniya-M/2BL Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 16/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1247 (US-K) Molniya Missile defence In orbit Successful
21 February
00:30
Japan Mu-3S Japan Kagoshima LA-M Japan ISAS
Japan Hinotori (ASTRO-A) ISAS Low Earth Astronomy 11 July 1991 Successful
21 February
23:23
United States Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR United States Cape Canaveral LC-36A United States NASA
United States Comstar D4 COMSAT
SSC Parallax
TongaSat
Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
Transferred to SSC Parallax as Parallax 1 in 2001, to TongaSat as Esiafi 1 in 2002.
21 February United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-26 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 21 February Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
25 February
17:20
United States Sergeant-Hydac United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 25 February Successful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)
28 February
19:10
United States Titan III(24)B United States Vandenberg SLC-4W United States US Air Force
United States OPS 1166 (KH-8) NRO Sun-synchronous Optical imaging 20 June Successful

March[edit]

1 March
09:20
West Germany OTRAG Libya Seba Oasis West Germany OTRAG
West Germany OTRAG Suborbital Test flight 1 March Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
5 March
15:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1248 (Yantar-2K No.940) Low Earth Optical imaging 4 April Successful
Returned three film capsules; two small and one large
5 March
16:48
United States Sergeant-Hydac United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 5 March Successful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)
5 March
18:09
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1249 (US-A) Low Earth Radar imaging 19 July Successful
6 March
11:31
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1250 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1251 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1252 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1253 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1254 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1255 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1256 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1257 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
7 March
08:09
United States Taurus-Orion United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Auroral research 7 March Successful
Apogee: 156 kilometres (97 mi)
7 March
08:09
United States Taurus-Orion United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy
Auroral research
7 March Successful
Apogee: 203 kilometres (126 mi)
7 March
08:26
United States Taurus-Orion United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Auroral research 7 March Successful
Apogee: 169 kilometres (105 mi)
7 March
08:38
United States Paiute-Tomahawk United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Auroral research 7 March Successful
Apogee: 187 kilometres (116 mi)
8 March
16:00
United States Nike-Orion Canada Fort Churchill United States NASA
United States CWAS-1 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 8 March Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
12 March
04:30
United States Sergeant-Hydac United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 12 March Successful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)
12 March
19:00:11
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Soyuz T-4 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 expedition 26 May
12:37:34
Successful
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, last long-duration crew of Salyut 6
13 March
16:00
United States Nike-Orion Canada Fort Churchill United States NASA
United States CWAS-2 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 13 March Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
14 March
16:55
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1258 (IS-A) Low Earth ASAT test 14 March Spacecraft failure
Failed to intercept Kosmos 1241
15 March United States LGM-30B Minuteman IB United States Vandenberg LF-03 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital REV test 15 March Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
16 March
19:24:00
United States Titan III(23)C United States Cape Canaveral LC-40 United States US Air Force
United States OPS 7350 (DSP F-9) US Air Force Geostationary Missile defence In orbit Successful
Operated until 1992
17 March
08:40
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1259 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 31 March Successful
Film capsule recovered
18 March
04:40
Soviet Union Proton-K/DM Soviet Union Baikonur Site 200/40 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Gran' No.18L Geosynchronous Communications  
20 March
23:45
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1260 (US-P) Low Earth ELINT 22 May 1982 Successful
22 March
14:58:55
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Soyuz 39 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 visit 30 March
11:40:58
Successful
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, carried first Mongolian in space
24 March
03:00
Canada Black Brant VIII-C United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 24 March Successful
Apogee: 261 kilometres (162 mi)
24 March
03:31
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya-3 No.24 Molniya Communications 19 October 1992 Successful
25 March
08:05:16
United States Taurus-Tomahawk United States Poker Flat United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 25 March Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
28 March
01:54:06
Canada Black Brant VB Canada Fort Churchill Canada NRC
Canada NRC Suborbital Ionospheric research 28 March Successful
Apogee: 327 kilometres (203 mi)
28 March
01:54
Canada Black Brant IVB Canada Fort Churchill Canada NRC
Canada NRC Suborbital Ionospheric research 28 March Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
28 March
09:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Yantar-2K No.979 Intended: Low Earth Optical imaging 28 March Launch failure
Failed to orbit
30 March
05:52:55
United States Nike-Orion United States Poker Flat United States DNA
United States DNA Suborbital Aeronomy 30 March Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
31 March
09:40
Soviet Union Molniya-M/2BL Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1261 (US-K) Molniya Missile defence In orbit Successful

April[edit]

1 April
09:04:35
United States Taurus-Tomahawk United States Poker Flat United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 1 April Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
1 April
09:10
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS Simon Bolivar, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 1 April Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
1 April United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-04 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 1 April Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
1 April Soviet Union R-39 Rif Soviet Union Nenoksa Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 1 April Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
2 April
09:48
United States Taurus-Orion United States Wallops United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 2 April Successful
Apogee: 220 kilometres (140 mi)
3 April
06:20:55
United States Nike-Orion United States Poker Flat United States DNA
United States DNA Suborbital Aeronomy 3 April Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
3 April
09:51
United States Taurus-Orion United States Wallops United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 3 April Successful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
4 April United States LGM-30B Minuteman IB United States Vandenberg LF-06 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital REV test 4 April Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
7 April
10:51
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1262 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 21 April Successful
Film capsule recovered
7 April
14:00
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 7 April Unknown
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
7 April
14:19
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 7 April Unknown
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
7 April
14:40
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 7 April Unknown
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
9 April
12:00
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1263 (Taifun-1) Low Earth Radar calibration In orbit Successful
12 April
12:00:04
United States Space Shuttle Columbia United States Kennedy LC-39A United States NASA
United States STS-1 NASA Low Earth Test flight 14 April Successful
United States DFI NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Flight recorder Successful
Maiden flight of the Space Shuttle, carried two astronauts
15 April
10:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1264 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 29 April Successful
Film capsule recovered
16 April
11:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1265 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 28 April Successful
Film capsule recovered
18 April Soviet Union MR-UR-100U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 172 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 18 April Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
21 April
03:45
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1266 (US-A) Low Earth Radar imaging 20 May
Nuclear powered; reactor ejected and remains in orbit
22 April Soviet Union R-39 Rif Soviet Union Nenoksa Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 22 April Launch failure
Failed to reach space; apogee: 30 kilometres (19 mi)
24 April
21:32
United States Titan III(34)B United States Vandenberg SLC-4W United States US Air Force
United States OPS 7225 (Quasar) NRO Molniya Communications In orbit Successful
25 April
02:01
Soviet Union Proton-K Soviet Union Baikonur Site 200/39 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1267 (TKS No.16301) Low Earth (Salyut 6) Technology 29 July 1982 Successful
Technlogy demonstration for modular space stations; permanently docked to Salyut 6 and used to deorbit station; return capsule separated prior to docking and recovered on 24 May 1981
27 April
23:15
United States Aries United States White Sands LC-36 United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 27 April Successful
Apogee: 263 kilometres (163 mi)
28 April
09:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1268 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 12 May Successful
Film capsule recovered
30 April
06:00
United Kingdom Skylark 7 Sweden Esrange
West Germany TEXUS IIIB DFVLR Suborbital Microgravity research 30 April Successful
Apogee: 253 kilometres (157 mi)
April Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike  
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), launched as part of the Iran–Iraq War
April Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), launched as part of the Iran–Iraq War
April Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), launched as part of the Iran–Iraq War
April Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), launched as part of the Iran–Iraq War
April Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), launched as part of the Iran–Iraq War

May[edit]

4 May
07:55
Canada Black Brant VIII-C United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy 4 May Successful
Apogee: 294 kilometres (183 mi)
6 May
08:00
Canada Black Brant VIII-C United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 6 May Successful
Apogee: 322 kilometres (200 mi)
7 May
13:21
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1269 (Strela-2M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
8 May
05:27
United Kingdom Skylark 7 Sweden Esrange
West Germany TEXUS IV DFVLR Suborbital Microgravity research 8 May Successful
Apogee: 258 kilometres (160 mi)
14 May
17:16:38
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Soyuz 40 Low Earth Salyut 6 visit 22 May
13:58:30
Successful
Manned mission with two cosmonauts, carried first Romanian in space. Final manned flight to Salyut 6, final flight of Soyuz 7K-T spacecraft
14 May
21:45
Soviet Union Vostok-2M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Meteor-2 No.8 Low Earth Weather In orbit Successful
15 May
06:07:17
United States Scout G-1 United States Vandenberg SLC-5 United States
United States Nova-1 (NNS-30480) US Navy Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
18 May
11:50
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1270 (Yantar-2K No.980) Low Earth Optical imaging 17 June Successful
19 May
03:49
Soviet Union Vostok-2M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1271 (Tselina-D) Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
21 May
09:10
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1272 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 4 June Successful
22 May
07:10
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1273 (Zenit-4MKT No.17) Low Earth Optical imaging 4 June Successful
22 May
22:29
United States Delta 3914 United States Cape Canaveral LC-17A United States NASA
United States GOES 5 (GOES-E) NOAA Geostationary Weather In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
Primary instrument failed in 1984, satellite remained partially operable until decommissioned on 18 July 1990
23 May
22:42
United States Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR United States Cape Canaveral LC-36B United States NASA
United Nations Intelsat V F-1 Intelsat Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
27 May
04:25
Canada Black Brant VC United States White Sands LC-36 United States NASA
United States JHU Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 27 May Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
31 May
05:00
India Satellite Launch Vehicle India Sriharikota SLV Pad India ISRO
India Rohini RS-D1 ISRO Low Earth Technology 8 June Launch failure
Reached lower-than-planned orbit and quickly decayed
May Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

June[edit]

3 June
14:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1274 (Yantar-2K No.942) Low Earth Optical imaging 3 July Successful
3 June France S3 France Biscarosse France DGA
France DGA Suborbital Test flight 3 June Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 June
15:41
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1275 (Parus) Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
9 June
03:33
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya-3 No.30 Molniya Communications 10 February 1998 Successful
12 June United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-09 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 12 June Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
12 June United States Castor I Marshall Islands Roi-Namur United States US Air Force
United States DOT-4 US Air Force Suborbital Technology 12 June Successful
Apogee: 303 kilometres (188 mi)
16 June
07:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1276 (Zenit-4MKT No.18) Low Earth Optical imaging 29 June Successful
17 June
09:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1277 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 1 July Successful
19 June
01:15
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS Lewis and Clark, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 19 June Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 June
01:15
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS Lewis and Clark, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 19 June Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 June
01:16
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS Lewis and Clark, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 19 June Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 June
01:16
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS Lewis and Clark, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 19 June Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 June
12:32:59
Europe Ariane 1 France Kourou ELA-1 France Arianespace
Europe Meteosat 2 EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Weather In orbit Successful
India APPLE ISRO Geosynchronous Communications
Technology
In orbit Successful
Europe CAT-3 European Space Agency Geosynchronous transfer Vehicle monitoring In orbit Successful
19 June
19:37:04
Soviet Union Molniya-M/2BL Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1278 (US-K) Molniya Missile defence 2 September 2000 Successful
23 June
10:52:59
United States Atlas E/F Star-37S-ISS United States Vandenberg SLC-3W United States US Air Force
United States NOAA-7 (NOAA-C) NOAA Sun-synchronous Weather In orbit Successful
24 June
17:47
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya 1-50 Molniya Communications 14 December 1991 Successful
25 June
23:55
Soviet Union Proton-K/DM Soviet Union Baikonur Site 200/40 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Ekran No.21L Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
26 June United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-26 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 26 June Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
June Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
June Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
June Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
June Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
June Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
June Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
June Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

July[edit]

1 July
09:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1279 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 15 July Successful
2 July
07:10
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1280 (Resurs-F1 No.15L) Low Earth Optical imaging 16 July Successful
7 July
12:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1281 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 21 July Successful
10 July
05:14
Soviet Union Vostok-2M Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Meteor-Priroda 2-4 Sun-synchronous Weather In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Iskra 1 Sun-synchronous Microgravity research 16 April 1990 Successful
11 July
14:48
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS George C. Marshall, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 11 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
11 July
14:48
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS George C. Marshall, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 11 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
11 July
14:49
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS George C. Marshall, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 11 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
11 July
14:49
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS George C. Marshall, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 11 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
15 July
13:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1282 (Yantar-2K No.951) Low Earth Optical imaging 14 August Successful
17 July
08:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1283 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 31 July Successful
29 July
11:55
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1284 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 12 August Successful
30 July
21:38
Soviet Union Proton-K/DM Soviet Union Baikonur Site 200/39 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Gran' No.19L Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
Operated until May 1986
31 July
10:50
United States Aries United States White Sands LC-36 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Infrared astronomy 31 July Successful
Apogee: 395 kilometres (245 mi)
July Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
July Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
July Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

August[edit]

1 August
22:00
Japan TT-500A Japan Tanegashima LA-T Japan NASDA
Japan NASDA Suborbital Test flight 1 August Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
3 August
09:56
United States Delta 3913 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States NASA
United States Dynamics Explorer 1 (Explorer 62) NASA Highly elliptical Magnetospheric In orbit Partial launch failure
United States Dynamics Explorer 2 (Explorer 63) NASA Low Earth Magnetospheric 19 February 1983 Partial launch failure
Both payloads deployed into low Earth orbit, with DE-1 raising itself into its operational orbit. Premature first-stage cutoff resulted in slightly lower orbit than had been planned, spacecraft were able to compensate and complete their missions.
4 August
00:13
Soviet Union Molniya-M/2BL Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 16/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1285 (US-K) Molniya Missile defence In orbit Successful
4 August
08:28
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1286 (US-PM) Low Earth ELINT 16 October 1982 Successful
6 August
08:16:00
United States Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR United States Cape Canaveral LC-36A
United States FLTSATCOM 5 US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Launch failure
Payload fairing collapsed during ascent, resulting in damage which left satellite unusable after arrival in geosynchronous orbit
6 August
11:49
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1287 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1288 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1289 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1290 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1291 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1292 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1293 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1294 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
7 August
13:35
Soviet Union Vostok-2M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3
Bulgaria Bulgaria 1300 (Interkosmos 22) IKIT Low Earth Operational In orbit Successful
First Bulgarian satellite, launched as part of the Interkosmos programme
9 August United States Taurus-Orion United States Wallops United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 9 August Successful
Apogee: 160 kilometres (99 mi)
10 August
20:03
JapanUnited States N-II Japan Tanegashima Osaki Japan NASDA
Japan Himawari 2 JMA Geostationary Weather In orbit Successful
Operated until February 1988
12 August
05:46
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1295 (Parus) Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
13 August
02:26
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS John C. Calhoun, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 13 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
13 August
02:46
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS John C. Calhoun, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 13 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
13 August
03:32
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS John C. Calhoun, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 13 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
13 August
03:32
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS John C. Calhoun, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 13 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
13 August
16:20
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1296 (Yantar-2K No.943) Low Earth Optical imaging 13 September Successful
14 August
07:43
Canada Black Brant X United States Wallops United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Test flight 14 August Successful
Apogee: 625 kilometres (388 mi)
18 August
09:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1297 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 30 August Successful
18 August Soviet Union R-36MUTTKh Soviet Union Uzhur Site 2/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 18 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
21 August
10:20
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1298 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Optical imaging 2 October Successful
22 August
01:00
United States UGM-73 Poseidon C3 United States USS Nathanael Greene, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 22 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
24 August
12:00
Japan S-310 Japan Kagoshima Japan ISAS
Japan ISAS Suborbital Aeronomy
Auroal research
24 August Successful
Apogee: 187 kilometres (116 mi)
24 August
16:37
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1299 (US-A) Low Earth Radar imaging 27 September
Nuclear-powered satellite, reactor ejected at end of mission and remains in orbit
24 August
21:40
Soviet Union Tsyklon-3 Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 32/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1300 (Tselina-D) Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
25 August United States Taurus-Orion United States White Sands LC-36 United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 25 August Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
27 August
10:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1301 (Resurs-F1 No.16L) Low Earth Optical imaging 10 September Successful
28 August
00:03
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS Simon Bolivar, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 28 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 August
00:04
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS Simon Bolivar, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 28 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 August
00:04
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS Simon Bolivar, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 28 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 August
00:04
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS Simon Bolivar, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 28 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 August
02:40
Soviet Union R-5 Vertikal Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Soviet Union
Soviet Union Vertikal 9 Suborbital Solar research 28 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
28 August
16:18
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1302 (Strela-2M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
August Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
August Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
August Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
August Soviet Union MR-12 Soviet Union Professor Zubov, Atlantic Ocean Soviet Union
Soviet Union Suborbital Aeronomy   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

September[edit]

3 September
18:29
United States Titan III(32)D United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States US Air Force
United States OPS 3984 (KH-11) NRO Sun-synchronous Optical imaging 23 November 1984 Successful
4 September
08:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1303 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 18 September Successful
4 September
11:06
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1304 (Tsikada) Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
5 September
01:00
Japan S-520 Japan Kagoshima LA-K Japan ISAS
Japan ISAS Suborbital Technology 5 September Successful
Apogee: 224 kilometres (139 mi), payload recovered
7 September
09:38
Japan S-310 Japan Kagoshima Japan ISAS
Japan ISAS Suborbital Aeronomy 7 September Successful
Apogee: 193 kilometres (120 mi)
8 September Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 8 September Launch failure
11 September
08:43
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1305 (Molniya-3 No.28) Intended: Molniya
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communications In orbit Launch failure
Placed into unusable, lower-than-planned, orbit due to upper stage malfunction
12 September United States LGM-30B Minuteman IB United States Vandenberg LF-06 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital REV test 12 September Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
14 September
20:31
Soviet Union Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 90 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1306 (US-PM) Low Earth ELINT 12 July 1982 Successful
15 September
11:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1307 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 29 September Successful
18 September
03:34
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1308 (Parus) Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
18 September
09:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1309 (Zenit-4MT) Low Earth Optical imaging 1 October Successful
18 September
17:59:58
Soviet Union Vertikal-4 Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Plasma research 18 September Successful
Apogee: 1,514 kilometres (941 mi)
19 September
21:28:40
China Feng Bao 1 China Jiuquan LA-2/138 China
China Shijian 2 Low Earth Technology 17 August 1982 Successful
China Shijian 2-01 Low Earth Technology 6 October 1982 Successful
China Shijian 2-02 Low Earth Technology 26 September Successful
Final flight of the Feng Bao 1
21 September
13:10
Soviet Union Tsyklon-3 Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 32/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionFrance Oreol 3 Low Earth Magnetospheric research In orbit Successful
22 September
16:15
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 22 September Successful
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
22 September
16:48
United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 22 September Successful
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
23 September
08:00
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1310 (Taifun-1) Low Earth Radar calibration 3 April 1989 Successful
24 September
23:09
United States Delta 3910/PAM-D United States Cape Canaveral LC-17A United States NASA
United States SBS-2 SBS Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
Operated until September 1996
28 September
21:00
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Radar calibration 28 August 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 1 Low Earth Radar calibration 27 February 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 2 Low Earth Radar calibration 26 February 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 3 Low Earth Radar calibration 5 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 4 Low Earth Radar calibration 5 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 5 Low Earth Radar calibration 17 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 6 Low Earth Radar calibration 16 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 7 Low Earth Radar calibration 22 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 8 Low Earth Radar calibration 23 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 9 Low Earth Radar calibration 24 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 10 Low Earth Radar calibration 18 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 11 Low Earth Radar calibration 17 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 12 Low Earth Radar calibration 17 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 13 Low Earth Radar calibration 16 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 14 Low Earth Radar calibration 31 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 15 Low Earth Radar calibration 31 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 16 Low Earth Radar calibration 31 December 1982 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 17 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 18 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 19 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 20 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 21 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 22 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 23 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1311 Subsatellite 24 Low Earth Radar calibration 28 February 1983 Successful
29 September Soviet Union RT-2PM Topol Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 167 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 29 September Successful
Maiden flight of Topol missile, apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
29 September United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 29 September Unknown
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
29 September United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 29 September Unknown
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
30 September
08:00
Soviet Union Tsyklon-3 Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 32/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1312 (Musson No.12) Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Successful
30 September
23:20:00
Canada Black Brant VIII-C Sweden Esrange Sweden SSC
Sweden SSC Suborbital Infrared astronomy 30 September Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
30 September Canada Black Brant VC United States White Sands LC-36 United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Solar research 30 September Successful
Apogee: 243 kilometres (151 mi)

October[edit]

1 October
09:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1313 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 15 October Successful
4 October United States LGM-30B Minuteman IB United States Vandenberg LF-03 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital REV test 4 October Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
6 October
11:27
United States Delta 2310 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States NASA
United States Solar Mesosphere Explorer (Explorer 64) NASA Sun-synchronous Atmospheric research 5 March 1991 Successful
United Kingdom UoSAT-1 Surrey Sun-synchronous Technology
Amateur radio
13 October 1989 Successful
9 October
10:40
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1314 (Zenit-4MKT) Low Earth Optical imaging 22 October Successful
9 October
16:59
Soviet Union Proton-K/DM Soviet Union Baikonur Site 200/39 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Gran' No.20L Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
13 October
23:01
Soviet Union Vostok-2M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 43/3 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1315 (Tselina-D) Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
13 October United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 13 October Successful
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
13 October United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 13 October Successful
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
14 October
05:47
United States Nike-Orion United States Wallops United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 14 October Successful
Apogee: 197 kilometres (122 mi)
15 October
09:15
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1316 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 29 October Successful
16 October United States Nike-Tomahawk United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 16 October Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
17 October
05:59
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya-3 No.31 Molniya Communications 9 January 1997 Successful
17 October United States Astrobee-F United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy 17 October Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
21 October United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 21 October Successful
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
21 October United States MGM-31A Pershing United States Fort Bliss United States US Army
United States US Army Suborbital Test flight 21 October Unknown
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
25 October
19:01:00
United States Nike-Tomahawk Norway Andøya Norway NDRE
Norway NDRE Suborbital Auroral research 25 October Successful
Apogee: 184 kilometres (114 mi)
30 October
06:04
Soviet Union Proton-K/D-1 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 200/40 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Venera 13 Heliocentric Venus lander 1 March 1982
03:20
Successful
31 October
09:22:00
United States Titan III(23)C United States Cape Canaveral LC-40 United States US Air Force
United States OPS 4029 (Vortex) NRO High Earth SIGINT In orbit Successful
31 October
22:54
Soviet Union Molniya-M/2BL Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 16/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1317 (US-K) Molniya Missile defence In orbit Successful

November[edit]

3 November
13:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1318 (Yantar-2K No.944) Low Earth Optical imaging 4 December Successful
4 November
05:31
Soviet Union Proton-K/D-1 Soviet Union Baikonur Site 200/39 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Venera 14 Heliocentric Venus lander 5 March 1982 Partial spacecraft failure
Surface sampler failed due to ejection of camera lens cap into its path
7 November
12:03:40
United States MGM-29 Sergeant United States Poker Flat United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Auroral research 7 November Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
9 November United States Taurus-Orion United States White Sands LC-36 United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 9 November Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
12 November
15:10:00
United States Space Shuttle Columbia United States Kennedy LC-39A United States NASA
United States STS-2 NASA Low Earth Test flight 14 November Partial spacecraft failure
United States DFI NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Vehicle monitoring Unknown Successful
United States OFTP Low Earth (Columbia) Remote sensing Successful
United States OSTA-1 Low Earth (Columbia) Technology Successful
Manned flight with two astronauts, first spacecraft to make two orbital flights. Mission truncated due to fuel cell failure
13 November
09:30
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1319 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 27 November Successful
15 November
17:50
United States UGM-96 Trident I C4 United States USS Benjamin Franklin, Eastern Test Range United States US Navy
United States US Navy Suborbital Test flight 15 November Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi), failed to reach space
17 November
15:25
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 41/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya 1-51 Molniya Communications 2 November 1993 Successful
17 November Canada Black Brant VIII-B United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy 17 November Successful
Apogee: 253 kilometres (157 mi)
17 November Canada Black Brant VIII-B United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy 17 November Successful
Apogee: 253 kilometres (157 mi)
20 November
01:37
United States Delta 3910/PAM-D United States Cape Canaveral LC-17A United States NASA
United States Satcom 3R RCA Satcom Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
Decommissioned on 10 April 1991
20 November
08:30
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107/2 Soviet Union
India Bhaskara 2 ISRO Low Earth Remote sensing 30 November 1991 Successful
23 November
18:35
Canada Black Brant VIII-C United States White Sands United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Solar research 23 November Successful
Apogee: 322 kilometres (200 mi)
24 November United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-09 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 24 November Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
27 November Soviet Union R-39 Rif Soviet Union Nenoksa Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 27 November Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 November
18:08
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1320 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1321 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1322 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1323 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1324 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1325 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1326 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Kosmos 1327 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
November Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
November Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

December[edit]

1 December
01:38
Canada Black Brant X Canada Cape Parry United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 1 December Successful
Apogee: 612 kilometres (380 mi)
1 December
15:50:00
United Kingdom Petrel 1 Sweden Esrange United Kingdom SRC
United Kingdom SRC Suborbital Aeronomy 1 December Successful
Apogee: 187 kilometres (116 mi)
3 December
11:47
Soviet Union Tsyklon-3 Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 32/1 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1328 (Tselina-D) Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
4 December
09:50
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1329 (Zenit-6U) Low Earth Optical imaging 18 December Successful
6 December
23:14:58
Canada Black Brant IVB Canada Cape Parry Canada NRC
Canada NRC Suborbital Auroral research 6 December Successful
Apogee: 615 kilometres (382 mi)
7 December
00:00:40
United States Terrier-Malemute Canada Cape Parry United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 7 December Successful
Apogee: 451 kilometres (280 mi)
7 December China Dongfeng 5 China Jiuquan LA-2/138 China
China Suborbital Test flight 7 December Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
8 December United States Aerobee-150 United States White Sands LC-35 United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric research 8 December Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
9 December
17:17:00
United Kingdom Petrel 2 Sweden Esrange United Kingdom SRC
United Kingdom SRC Suborbital Aeronomy 9 December Successful
Apogee: 188 kilometres (117 mi)
9 December
21:25:35
United Kingdom Skylark 7 Sweden Esrange West Germany DFVLR
West Germany DFVLR Suborbital Ionospheric research 9 December Successful
Apogee: 237 kilometres (147 mi)
9 December United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-26 United States US Air Force
United States US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 9 December Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
10 December Brazil Sonda 3 Brazil Barreira do Inferno Brazil IAE
Brazil IAE Suborbital Ionospheric research 10 December Successful
Apogee: 239 kilometres (149 mi)
13 December
21:31:38
Canada Black Brant IVB Canada Cape Parry Canada NRC
Canada NRC Suborbital Auroral research 13 December Launch failure
Apogee: 50 kilometres (31 mi), failed to reach space
13 December
22:54:25
Canada Black Brant X Canada Cape Parry United States NASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma research 13 December Successful
Apogee: 662 kilometres (411 mi)
15 December
23:35
United States Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR United States Cape Canaveral LC-36A United States NASA
United Nations Intelsat V F-3 Intelsat Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
16 December
14:10:00
United Kingdom Petrel 1 Sweden Esrange United Kingdom SRC
United Kingdom SRC Suborbital Aeronomy 16 December Successful
Apogee: 187 kilometres (116 mi)
17 December
11:00
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union Plesetsk Site 132/2 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Radio Sputnik 3 Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Radio Sputnik 4 Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Radio Sputnik 5 Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Radio Sputnik 6 Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Radio Sputnik 7 Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Successful
Soviet Union Radio Sputnik 8 Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Successful
19 December
01:10
United States Atlas E/F SVS-1 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States US Air Force
United States Navstar 7 US Air Force Intended: Medium Earth Navigation +20 seconds Launch failure
Incorrect repair to booster unit engine resulted in coolant line blockage. Rocket lost thrust within eight seconds of launch, destroyed by range safety.
19 December
11:50
Soviet Union Soyuz-U Soviet Union Baikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Kosmos 1330 (Yantar-2K No.952) Low Earth Optical imaging 19 January 1982 Successful
19 December
20:00
United Kingdom Petrel 1 Spain El Arenosillo Spain INTA
Spain INTA Suborbital Aeronomy 19 December Successful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi)
20 December
01:29:00
Europe Ariane 1 France Kourou ELA-1 France Arianespace
United Nations MARECS-1 Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
Europe CAT-4 (Thesee) ESA Geosynchronous transfer Vehicle monitoring
Technology
In orbit Successful
21 December
18:37
Soviet Union Vertikal-4 Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Vertikal-10 RVSN Suborbital Aeronomy
Ionospheric research
21 December Successful
Apogee: 1,500 kilometres (930 mi)
22 December Soviet Union R-39 Rif Soviet Union Nenoksa Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 22 December Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
23 December
13:15
Soviet Union Molniya-M/ML Soviet Union Baikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union Molniya-1 No.55 Molniya Communications In orbit Successful
27 December Soviet Union R-39 Rif Soviet Union Nenoksa Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight 27 December Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
December Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
December Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus Iraq Iraq
Iraq Suborbital Missile strike   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Perimetr Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown France M4 France Biscarosse France DGA
France DGA Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
Unknown France M4 France Biscarosse France DGA
France DGA Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
Unknown France M4 France Biscarosse France DGA
France DGA Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
Unknown France M4 France Biscarosse France DGA
France DGA Suborbital Test flight Unknown Launch failure
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Kosmos-3MR Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital REV test Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union Vertikal-4 Soviet Union Kapustin Yar Site 107 Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Ionospheric research Unknown Unknown
Apogee: 1,500 kilometres (930 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-27 Zyb Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 620 kilometres (390 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-29R Volna Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union VMF
Soviet Union VMF Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-29R Volna Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union VMF
Soviet Union VMF Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-29R Volna Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union VMF
Soviet Union VMF Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-29 Vysota Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union VMF
Soviet Union VMF Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-29 Vysota Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union VMF
Soviet Union VMF Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-29 Vysota Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union VMF
Soviet Union VMF Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-29 Vysota Soviet Union Submarine, Okhotsk Soviet Union VMF
Soviet Union VMF Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-36MUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-36MUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-36MUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union R-36MUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100NUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100NUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100NUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100NUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100NUTTKh Soviet Union Baikonur Soviet Union RVSN
Soviet Union RVSN Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
Unknown Soviet Union UR-100NUTTKh