1982 Commonwealth Games

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12th Commonwealth Games
1982 Commonwealth Games logo.png
Host city Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Motto The Friendly Games
Nations participating 46
Athletes participating 1,583
Events 141 events in 12 sports
Opening ceremony 30 September 1982
Closing ceremony 9 October 1982
Officially opened by The Duke of Edinburgh
Queen's Baton Final Runner Raelene Boyle
Main venue QEII Stadium
XI XIII  >
Opening ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane. In this photo Matilda is seen as it goes around the stadium, winking to the crowd, 30 September 1982.

The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September–9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium (named for Elizabeth II), in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the venue which was used for the athletics and archery competitions during the Games.[1] Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.

The Chairman of the 1982 Commonwealth Games was Sir Edward Williams.[2]

The 1982 Commonwealth Games Logo was designed by Paulo Ferreira,[3] who was the winner of a nation-wide competition held in 1978. The symbol is derived from the form of a bounding kangaroo. The three bands, forming stylized A's (for Australia), are in colours which are common to flags of many Commonwealth countries.

Matilda the kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games was represented by a cartoon kangaroo,[4] and a gigantic 13-metre (42 feet 8 inches) high mechanical "winking" kangaroo, who travelled around the stadium and winked at the crowd.

The games were officially opened by The Duke of Edinburgh and closed by The Queen.

Participating teams[edit]

Countries and places which competed at the 1982 games

46 Commonwealth nations and territories took part in the 1982 Commonwealth Games.[5] A total of 1,583 athletes and 571 officials participated in the event.[6] The Griffith University campus was used as an athletes village.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).[7]

Bidding Cities[edit]

Bidding for the XII Commonwealth Games was held in Montreal at the 1976 Summer Olympics: Lagos (Nigeria), Brisbane (Australia), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) and Birmingham (England). On 14 July 1976 it was announced that Brisbane had won the rights to stage the Games[8] after the other candidate cities withdrew bids earlier that year.

Brisbane was awarded by default of being the only Candidate City left at the bid election after Birmingham reversed its decision to submit and application.[8] Nigeria's boycott of the Montreal Summer Olympics made Lagos' bid lobbying impractical.[citation needed] The Montreal Summer Olympics were plagued with cost overruns and bidding on a sports festival anywhere in the world was not good politically.[citation needed]

Sports[edit]

Sports contested during the 1982 Commonwealth Games included athletics, archery, badminton, Lawn bowls, boxing, cycling, shooting, swimming, diving, weightlifting and wrestling.[9]

The Bruce Highway was used for road cycling events, boxing was held at Brisbane Festival Hall while weightlifting and wrestling were held at Brisbane City Hall.[9]

Highlights[edit]

Opening Ceremony (30 September)[edit]

The ceremony at the QEII Stadium was held on a fine but extremely windy day. The wind was so strong that skydivers who going to descend into the stadium were cancelled.[6] Instead they made an entrance at the closing ceremony.

Day 1 (1 October)[edit]

The first event of the Games was 100 kilometres (62 mi) Road Trial in cycling. England won the Gold Medal in the event, and Australia won the Silver Medal—coming second to England by only six seconds.

Other sports which were contested on the first day of competition included swimming and diving, weightlifting, shooting and bowls.

Day 2 (2 October)[edit]

Sports contested included swimming, diving, weightlifting, shooting, cycling, bowls and archery.

The day was marred by both Australia and Canada being disqualified in the 4 x 100 metres relay in swimming (both problems occurring during change-overs. The medals awarded for this race went to England, Scotland and New Zealand.

Day 4 (4 October)[edit]

Sports contested included swimming, diving, cycling, athletics, archery, hammer throwing and shooting.

The day was marred when Canada was again disqualified, this time in the 4 x 200 metres freestyle relay. Canada protested against the winners, Australia, as well as against their own disqualification.

Closing Ceremony[edit]

Elizabeth II closed the Games during a colourful ceremony, which included parachute jumpers (who had originally been also intended as part of the Opening Ceremony display) jumping and landing in a special target area within the stadium and red, white and blue balloons. Matilda the Kangaroo also winked at the Queen. Following the closing of the Games, the Queen and Duke left the stand to be driven from the stadium. However, nobody wanted the Games to end and the Australian team formed a 'guard of honour' and ran beside and behind the car in which Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip were travelling, as it circled the stadium several times before finally leaving.[10] Team members from other countries also joined in running after the royal car.

Medals by country[edit]

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1982 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Australia 39 39 29 107
2  England 38 38 32 108
3  Canada 26 23 33 82
4  Scotland 8 6 12 26
5  New Zealand 5 8 13 26
6  India 5 8 3 16
7  Nigeria 5 0 8 13
8  Wales 4 4 1 9
9  Kenya 4 2 4 10
10  Bahamas 2 2 2 6
11  Jamaica 2 1 1 4
12  Tanzania 1 2 2 5
13  Malaysia 1 0 1 2
14  Fiji 1 0 0 1
 Hong Kong 1 0 1 2
 Zimbabwe 1 0 0 1
17  Northern Ireland 0 3 3 6
18  Uganda 0 3 0 3
19  Zambia 0 1 5 6
20  Guernsey 0 1 1 2
21  Bermuda 0 0 1 1
 Singapore 0 0 1 1
 Swaziland 0 0 1 1
Total 143 141 153 437

Medals by event[edit]

Aquatics[edit]

Archery[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Badminton[edit]

Bowls[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Singles Men  Willie Wood (SCO)  Rob Parrella (AUS)  Peter Belliss (NZL)
Pairs Men  David Gourlay & John Watson (SCO)  Lyn Perkins & Spencer Wilshire (WAL)  Denis Dalton & Peter Rheuben (AUS)
Fours Men  Australia (AUS)  New Zealand (NZL)  Northern Ireland (NIR)
Triples Women  Anna Bates, Florence Kennedy & Margaret Mills (ZIM)  Pearl Dymond, Joyce Osborne & Jennifer Simpson (NZL)  Norma Shaw, Mavis Steele & Betty Stubbings (ENG)

Boxing[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight Men  Abraham Wachire (KEN)  John Lyon (ENG)  Lucky Siame (ZAM)
 Leonard Makhanya (SWZ)
Flyweight Men  Michael Mutua (KEN)  Joseph Kelly (SCO)  Grant Richards (AUS)
 Albert Musankabala (ZAM)
Bantamweight Men  Joe Orewa (NGR)  Roy Webb (NIR)  Ray Gilbody (ENG)
 Richard Reilly (AUS)
Featherweight Men  Peter Konyegwachie (NGR)  Peter Hanlon (ENG)  Rodney Harberger (AUS)
 Winfred Kabunda (ZAM)
Lightweight Men  Hussein Khalili (KEN)  James McDonnell (ENG)  Brian Tink (AUS)
 Steve Larrimore (BAH)
Light Welterweight Men  Christopher Ossai (NGR)  Charles Owiso (KEN)  Clyde McIntosh (ENG)
 David Chibuye (ZAM)
Welterweight Men  Chris Pyatt (ENG)  Laston Mukobe (ZAM)  Charles Nwokolo (NGR)
 Chenanda Machaiah (IND)
Light Middleweight Men  Shawn O'Sullivan (CAN)  Nick Croombes (ENG)  Roland Omoruyi (NGR)
 Tommy Carr (NIR)
Middleweight Men  Jimmy Price (ENG)  Douglas Sam (AUS)  Jeremiah Okoroduddu (NGR)
 Kevin McDermott (CAN)
Light Heavyweight Men  Fine Sani (FIJ)  Jonathan Kirisa (UGA)  Kevin Barry (NZL)
 Joseph Poto (ZAM)
Heavyweight Men  Willie DeWit (CAN)  Harold Hylton (ENG)  Willy Isangura (TAN)
 Mohammed Abdallah (KEN)

Cycling[edit]

Diving[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
3 Metres Springboard Diving Women  Jenny Donnet (AUS) 484.65  Sylvie Bernier (CAN) 478.83  Valerie Beddoe (AUS) 446.63
10 Metres Highboard [Platform] Diving Women  Valerie Beddoe (AUS) 404.16  Jennifer McArton (CAN) 390.21  Kathy Keleman (CAN) 359.31

Shooting[edit]

Pistol[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Free Pistol Men/Open  Tom Guinn (CAN) 553  Geoffrey Robinson (ENG) 543  Phil Adams (AUS) 540
Free Pistol - Pairs Men/Open  Phil Adams & John Tremelling (AUS) 1077  Barrie Wickens & Rex Hamilton (NZL) 1075  Geoffrey Robinson & Frank Wyatt (ENG) 1074
Centre-Fire Pistol Men/Open  John Cooke (ENG) 580  James Cairns (SCO) 579  Noel Ryan (AUS) 577
Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs Men/Open  Noel Ryan & Alexander Taransky (AUS) 1151  Mohinder Lal & Ashok Pandit (IND) 1138  John Cooke & John Gough (ENG) 1131
Rapid-Fire Pistol Men/Open  Lee Kui Nang (HKG) 583  Jim Timmerman (CAN) 583  John Cooke (ENG) 582
Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs Men/Open  Peter Heuke & Alexander Taransky (AUS) 1160  James Cairns & Hugh Hunter (SCO) 1152  Sharad Cahuran & Ramakrishnan Vij (IND) 1151
Air Pistol Men/Open  George Darling (ENG) 576  Phil Adams (AUS) 573  Tom Guinn (CAN) 571
Air Pistol - Pairs Men/Open  Phil Adams & Gregory Colber (AUS) 1128  Geoffrey Robinson & George Darling (ENG) 1126  Jim Timmerman & Tom Guinn (CAN) 1125

Rifle[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Small Bore Rifle, Prone Men/Open  Alan Smith (AUS) 1184  Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1184  Bill Watkins (WAL) 1177
Small Bore Rifle, Prone - Pairs Men/Open  Malcolm Cooper & Mike Sullivan (ENG) 1187  Colin Harris & Bill Watkins (WAL) 1183  Patrick Vamplew & Ernest Sopsich (CAN) 1180
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions Men/Open  Alister Allan (SCO) 1146  Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1145  Guy Lorion (CAN) 1144
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - Pairs Men/Open  Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG) 2301  Guy Lorion & Jean-François Sénécal (CAN) 2279  Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO) 2277
Full Bore Rifle Men/Open  Arthur Clarke (SCO) 387  Lord John Swansea (WAL) 385  Charles Trotter (GGY) 384
Full Bore Rifle - Pairs Men/Open  Keith Affleck & Geoffrey Ayling (AUS) 572  John Bloomfield & Dick Rowling (ENG) 570  David Calvert & Hazel Mackintosh (NIR) 563
Air Rifle Men/Open  Jean-François Sénécal (CAN) 574  Matthew Guille (GGY) 572  Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 570
Air Rifle - Pairs Men/Open  Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO) 1137  Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG) 1126  Norbert Jahn & Anton Wurfel (AUS) 1123

Shotgun[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Trap Men/Open  Peter Boden (ENG) 191  Terry Rumbel (AUS) 190  Peter Croft (ENG) 190
Trap - Pairs Men/Open  Jim Ellis & Terry Rumbel (AUS) 190  Peter Croft & Peter Boden (ENG) 186  James Young & Martin Girvan (SCO) 183
Skeet Men/Open  John Woolley (NZL) 197  Ian Hale (AUS) 196  Wally Sykes (ENG) 195
Skeet - Pairs Men/Open  Brian Gabriel & Fred Altmann (CAN) 191  Jim Sheffield & Wally Sykes (ENG) 190  Alex Crikis & Ian Hale (AUS) 190

Weightlifting[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flyweight - Overall Men  Nick Voukelatos (AUS) 207.5  Grunadan Kambiah (IND) 200  Lawrence Tom (NGR) 192.5
Bantamweight - Overall Men  Geoff Laws (ENG) 235  Bijar Kumar Satpathy (IND) 227.5  Lorenzo Orsini (AUS) 222.5
Featherweight - Overall Men  Dean Willey (ENG) 267.5  Tamil Selvin (IND) 245  Chua Koon Siang (SIN) 242.5
Lightweight - Overall Men  David Morgan (WAL) 295  Bill Stellios (AUS) 285  Patrick Bassey (NGR) 277.5
Middleweight - Overall Men  Steve Pinsent (ENG) 312.5  Tony Pignone (AUS) 305  Jacques Demers (CAN) 302.5
Light Heavyweight - Overall Men  Newton Burrowes (ENG) 325  Guy Greavette (CAN) 320  Cosmas Idioh (NGR) 317.5
Middle Heavyweight - Overall Men  Robert Kabbas (AUS) 337.5  Peter Pinsent (ENG) 335  Mike Sabljak (AUS) 325
Sub Heavyweight - Overall Men  Oliver Orok (NGR) 350  Gary Langford (ENG) 350  Kevin Roy (CAN) 340
Heavyweight - Overall Men  John Burns (WAL) 347.5  Joe Kabalan (AUS) 325  Mario Leblanc (CAN) 315
Super Heavyweight - Overall Men  Dean Lukin (AUS) 377.5  Bob Edmond (AUS) 347.5  Bassey Ironbar (NGR) 320

Wrestling[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight Men  Ram Chander Sarang (IND)  Steve Reinsfield (NZL)  Maldwyn Cooper (CAN)
Flyweight Men  Mahabir Singh (IND)  Ray Takahashi (CAN)  Ken Hoyt (AUS)
Bantamweight Men  Brian Aspen (ENG)  Ashok Kumar (IND)  Chris Maddock (NZL)
Featherweight Men  Bob Robinson (CAN)  Chris Brown (AUS)  Austin Atasie (NGR)
Lightweight Men  Jagminder Singh (IND)  Zsigmund Kelevitz (AUS)  Lloyd Renken (CAN)
Welterweight Men  Rajinder Singh (IND)  Ken Reinsfield (NZL)  Brian Renken (CAN)
Middleweight Men  Chris Rinke (CAN)  Wally Koenig (AUS)  Jai Parkash Kangar (IND)
Light Heavyweight Men  Clark Davis (CAN)  Kartar Singh (IND)  Nigel Sargeant (NZL)
Heavyweight Men  Richard Deschatelets (CAN)  Satpal Singh (IND)  Murray Avery (AUS)
Super Heavyweight Men  Wyatt Wishart (CAN)  Rajinder Singh (IND)  Albert Patrick (SCO)

Aboriginal movement protests[edit]

The Brisbane Commonwealth Games were also noted by large-scale protests by the Aboriginal rights movement in Australia, which brought to the centre of international media attention the lack of land rights, poor living condition and suppression of personal and political rights in Queensland in particular, and in Australia as a whole.[11] The protests, which were followed by large-scale arrests, are a significant event in the history of the Australian Aboriginal movement.[12]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Information on QEII Stadium, the arena used for the games
  2. ^ "Commemorating the life of Sir Edward Williams". 2004. Supreme Court of Queensland Library. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  3. ^ The Games' Logo[dead link]
  4. ^ Information on the mascot of the Games[dead link]
  5. ^ Competing Countries 1982 List of nations that took part in the 1982 Games[dead link]
  6. ^ a b Phil Lutton. "Could the Gold Coast ever beat Brisbane's Games?". Brisbane Times (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Past Commonwealth Games". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Cole, John R. (1984). Shaping a city. Albion, Queensland: William Brooks Queensland. pp. 350–353. ISBN 0-85568-619-7. 
  9. ^ a b McBride, Frank; et al (2009). Brisbane 150 Stories. Brisbane City Council Publication. pp. 274–275. ISBN 978-1-876091-60-6. 
  10. ^ http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/could-the-gold-coast-ever-beat-brisbanes-games-20111110-1n9f6.html
  11. ^ Spencer Reiss with Carl Robinson, "Aborigines Vs. Queensland", Newsweek: International Edition, 11 October 1982, p. 13
  12. ^ Foley, G. [The Koori History Website, http://www.kooriweb.org/foley/resources/pdfs/pdf_files. html. "``A short history of the Australian indigenous resistance 1950^ 1990."]. 

References[edit]

  • "XII Commonwealth Games - The Official Pictorial History" —Channel 9 "Today Tonight", O & B Holdings Pty. Ltd., (1982)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°33′30″S 153°3′44″E / 27.55833°S 153.06222°E / -27.55833; 153.06222