1982 Formula One season

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1982 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
Drivers' Champion: Keke Rosberg
Constructors' Champion: Ferrari
Previous: 1981 Next: 1983

The 1982 Formula One season was the 33rd season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1982 Formula 1 World Championship,[1] which commenced on 23 January and ended on 25 September after sixteen races.[2] The Drivers' Championship was won by Keke Rosberg [1] and the Manufacturers' Championship was awarded to Ferrari.[1]

Rosberg was the first driver since Mike Hawthorn in the 1958 season to win the championship with only one race win. 11 drivers won a race during the season, none of them more than two times, including nine different winners in nine consecutive races.[3]

The combination of technical and sporting regulations used during this season prompted many complaints about safety before and during the season. The season saw two fatalities and many serious and violent accidents. Ferrari driver Gilles Villeneuve was killed in an accident during qualifying for the Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder after hitting the March car of Jochen Mass. Italian driver Riccardo Paletti died at the Canadian Grand Prix when his Osella car hit the back of Didier Pironi's stalled car at the start of the race. Pironi, who had been Villeneuve's teammate, suffered massive injuries to his legs in another qualifying accident at the German Grand Prix and never raced in Formula One again.

The season started with a drivers' strike at the first race of the season. Later in the season, the disagreement between the sport's governing body and the teams (known as the FISA–FOCA war) restarted and many of the teams boycotted the San Marino Grand Prix. For the first time since the inception of Formula One more than 30 years earlier, there were no non-Championship races run during 1982. This situation would become permanent from 1984 onward. It was also the only season to host three Grands Prix in the same country (United States): the Caesars Palace Grand Prix, Detroit Grand Prix and United States Grand Prix West.

The 1982 season was the end of an era, in which, since 1950, at least 1 or 2 drivers were killed every year in a Formula One related event. From 1983 onwards, the sport would see 3 more drivers die in Formula One cars: Elio de Angelis in 1986 driving a Brabham during testing at Paul Ricard, Roland Ratzenberger in 1994 during practice for the San Marino Grand Prix, and triple world champion Ayrton Senna during the race itself, barely a day after Ratzenberger's death.

Pre-season[edit]

1982 Drivers' Championship winner, Keke Rosberg
Drivers

The off season saw rumours of several former champions returning to the sport, but in the end only double world champion Niki Lauda returned to Formula One after an absence of two years to partner John Watson at McLaren.[4] The 1981 drivers' champion Nelson Piquet remained at Brabham, partnered by Riccardo Patrese. The Williams team kept Carlos Reutemann, but their 1980 champion Alan Jones retired and was replaced by Finn Keke Rosberg, who had failed to score a single point the previous year with Fittipaldi Automotive. Ferrari and Renault retained their race-winning line ups of Villeneuve and Didier Pironi and Alain Prost and René Arnoux, respectively.

Technology

The two main technological themes of the 1982 season were turbocharging and ground effect. The large automotive manufacturers could afford to develop the expensive new technology of turbocharging, which offered a significant power advantage over naturally aspirated engines. However, turbocharged engines were heavy and initially suffered from turbo lag, a delay between the operation of the throttle and the delivery of the extra power generated by the turbo. The Renault and Ferrari factory teams, together with the small privateer Toleman team, were the only ones to use turbocharged engines throughout the 1982 season. The other two manufacturer teams used V12 atmospheric engines, which all other things being equal are more powerful than a V8 engine of the same capacity. Alfa Romeo were developing their own turbo engine, but for 1982 they retained what motorsport writer Doug Nye has called the most powerful 3-litre F1 engine seen at that time, with 548 bhp.[5] The French Talbot-Ligier team used Matra's less powerful V12 engine. Brabham also had a foot in the turbo camp, as they had been developing a car powered by a BMW turbocharged engine since the previous year, but at the start of the year mainly relied on their older car powered by the naturally aspirated Cosworth DFV engine.

Cosworth DFV-powered Williams FW08 was the last naturally aspirated car to be used to win the Drivers' Championship until 1989.

Britain's specialist race car manufacturers had been following a different technical route, using the less powerful but compact, reliable and widely available Cosworth and focussing on the effectiveness of the chassis. The Lotus team had introduced aerodynamic ground effect with their Lotus 78 in 1978, and rapid progress had been made by others like Williams, McLaren and Brabham in exploiting it more and more effectively. The DFV, and the introduction by McLaren and Lotus of cars built largely from carbon-fibre composites, allowed the teams to create very light cars. Several of the DFV teams felt that the turbo cars had an "unfair" advantage and sought a further weight reduction to equalise performance. The Formula One regulations stated that the weight of the cars must be at least 580 kg including lubricants and coolants. Working within the letter of the regulations, some teams fitted their cars with large water tanks, ostensibly for "water-cooled brakes". In practice, the water was dumped early in the race, allowing the cars to race as much as 50 kg underweight. The regulations stated that the water could be topped up again at the end of the race, before the weight was checked.[6]

For the 1982 season, the Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (FISA), motorsport's world governing body, abandoned the previous year's minimum ride height rule. However, the rules now required that the 'sliding skirts' around the edge of the car be fixed and remain rigid; teams had previously used an almost immovable suspension setup to allow the skirts to consistently seal the low pressure area under the cars. This made the cars depend entirely on their aerodynamic downforce, whilst having the adverse effect of the chassis bouncing up and down all the time. The subsequent excessive g-forces were difficult for drivers to endure, and as a result the cars were extremely unpleasant to drive; 1978 world champion Mario Andretti cited them as one of the reasons he left F1 at the end of 1981,[7] whilst several other drivers complained of medical problems.[citation needed] Ground effect would be banned completely for 1983.

Sporting regulations

The new rules for the season included an increase in the number of cars permitted to enter a Grand Prix from 30 to 34, and the number of starters from 24 to 26. To avoid having all 34 cars on the track at one time, a pre-qualifying session was introduced in which the three teams with the poorest record in the previous year would compete to be allowed into qualification proper. Three companies, Goodyear, Michelin and Avon supplied tyres, including special qualifying tyres, which provided much increased levels of grip during the qualification sessions that determined the starting order for the race. For the first time the number of tyres permitted for qualification was limited, creating a situation which Villeneuve thought "...unnecessarily dangerous. If I have only two chances to set a time, I need a clear track, OK? If it isn't clear, if there's someone in my way, I just have to hope he's looking in his mirrors — I mean, I can't lift, because this is my last chance."[8]

Politics

The Formula One Constructors Association (FOCA) and FISA had been in dispute over the control of the sport since 1979. The worst period of the disagreement (known as the FISA–FOCA war) had ended in 1981 with the signing of the Concorde Agreement. FOCA consisted of the major British teams, while the manufacturer teams (Renault, Ferrari, Alfa Romeo and Talbot-Ligier), together with Italian team Osella and Toleman were aligned with FISA.[9] The 1982 season had an unusually large number of teams representing major motor manufacturers, with Alfa Romeo and Talbot represented as well as Renault and Ferrari.[10]

Season summary[edit]

Politics[edit]

The early races of the season were disrupted by politics. At the first race of the season, the South African Grand Prix, Niki Lauda led a drivers' strike against the "superlicences", newly required for participation in the championship, which included clauses that Lauda believed would unfairly tie drivers to their teams. Most of the drivers locked themselves in a conference room overnight before agreement was reached that the relevant clauses could be re-visited and the race was reinstated. The six factory turbocharged cars, including the Brabham-BMWs on this occasion, had their inherent power advantage exaggerated by the low air density at the high altitude Kyalami circuit and took the first six places on the grid. Alain Prost won the race in his Renault. Despite the pre-race agreement, the race stewards issued a statement during the race indicating that the licences of those drivers who had taken part in the strike were suspended.[11]

The striking drivers were eventually fined $5,000 each and given a one race ban, suspended for six months, but the process of reaching this compromise position took several weeks and contributed to the cancellation of that year's Argentine Grand Prix, due to be the second race of the year. The Brazilian and United States West Grands Prix were both won by DFV-powered cars, and both results were protested by the Ferrari and Renault teams, on the grounds that the leading DFV teams were competing with underweight cars thanks to their water-cooled brakes. The stewards in Brazil ruled that the Piquet's winning Brabham and Rosberg's second-placed Williams were illegal, but their counterparts in the US rejected the same claim against Niki Lauda's McLaren and Rosberg's Williams, although they did uphold the Tyrrell team's protest against Ferrari's use of two rear wings and disqualified Villeneuve. The appeal process meant that the result of the protest would not be known for another month.[12]

On 19 April, the FIA tribunal found in favour of Ferrari and Renault's protest of the Brazilian Grand Prix result. Piquet and Rosberg were disqualified and Prost was awarded the win. The other finishers, including some like title contender John Watson who had also been racing underweight, but had not been protested, were moved up the results accordingly.[13] This gave Prost the lead in the world championship, with 18 points to Lauda's 12 and Rosberg and Watson's 8.[14] The tribunal also ruled that after future races, all cars must be weighed before liquids were topped up. The FOCA teams requested a postponement of the next race, the San Marino Grand Prix, until July to allow consideration of the effects of the judgement, on the grounds that it changed the regulations of the sport. The race organisers refused to delay the race, which went ahead without the majority of the FOCA teams.[15]

Villeneuve and Pironi[edit]

Only 14 cars competed at the San Marino Grand Prix because of the FOCA boycott, leaving the Ferraris to compete with the Renaults until both French cars broke down. By lap 45, Villeneuve and Pironi were contesting the lead, with Villeneuve in front, when their Ferrari team signalled them to slow down. Villeneuve did so and was passed by his team-mate; they swapped the lead again several times before Pironi passed Villeneuve on the final lap for the win.[16] After the race, Villeneuve said that the "Slow" sign at Ferrari had always previously meant that the drivers should hold their positions, adding "People seem to think we had the battle of our lives! [...] I was coasting those last 15 laps."; Pironi said that "The 'Slow' sign means only to use your head [... not that] if you think you can win, don't do it." In an interview the following week, Villeneuve said that he would never speak to Pironi again.[17]

Two weeks later, Villeneuve died after an accident during the final qualifying session for the Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder. Bamsey and Lang write that he was trying to beat Pironi's time,[18] while Ferrari race engineer Mauro Forghieri says that the Canadian was returning to the pits and would not therefore have set a lap time.[19] Villeneuve caught Jochen Mass travelling much more slowly through a left-handed bend and moved to the right to pass him at the same instant that Mass also moved right to let Villeneuve through on the racing line. The two collided and Villeneuve was thrown out of his disintegrating car. He died of a fractured neck in a local hospital at 9:12 that evening.[19] Ferrari withdrew from the race, which John Watson won for McLaren. His team-mate Lauda was disqualified after the race for an underweight car. The results were dominated by the returning FOCA teams; even the only turbo-engined finisher, Piquet's Brabham-BMW, was from their number.[20]

Roebuck writes that the next race, the Monaco Grand Prix, "was a sombre, edgy place [...] the sense of [Villeneuve's] absence was overwhelming": the Canadian had lived in the principality and had won the previous year's race.[21] In the race itself Arnoux led early before spinning off, handing the lead to his Renault teammate Prost. Prost built up a massive lead, but a light rain shower in the closing laps triggered a chaotic finish. Prost crashed out, handing the lead to Patrese. Patrese spun on the penultimate lap and stalled, allowing Pironi into the lead, followed by de Cesaris. On the final lap Pironi, de Cesaris, and Derek Daly all dropped out while in potential race winning positions. Meanwhile, Patrese bump-started his car by coasting down a hill, completed the final two laps, and took his first career victory.[22] Pironi was classified second, despite running out of fuel and stopping on the last lap. After the race, Prost, who had scored no points since the Brazilian Grand Prix in March, led the championship by one point from Watson and two points from Pironi.[23]

North American tour[edit]

Formula One returned to North America for the Detroit Grand Prix, where Watson won again, this time from 17th place on the grid, to take the championship lead.[24] Tragedy struck again in Canada. Pironi qualified on pole, but stalled at the start. His stationary car was hit by the Osella of young Italian Riccardo Paletti, who was killed in the impact and resultant fire. Piquet won the restarted race. Pironi came back to take a dominant victory in the Netherlands, where Arnoux was lucky to escape uninjured from a massive crash after his Renault's throttle stuck open.

"...there was heavy rain; as I buttoned up against the elements I chanced to look across to the end of the straight leading into the stadium.
There was a car—a Ferrari— in the air, 20 feet or so from the ground, its nose pointing skyward. It came down tail first, then began somersaulting, coming to rest finally at the trackside." Journalist Nigel Roebuck describing Pironi's career-ending crash at the 1982 German Grand Prix

Roebuck (1999) pp.209–210

Back to Europe[edit]

Lauda won in Britain, but the real star of the race was Derek Warwick, who hustled the unfancied Toleman into second place late in the race and was closing on Lauda before the car broke down. The next race at Le Castellet's Circuit Paul Ricard saw Frenchman Arnoux take victory in his French Renault, which was popular with the crowd but not with the team, as Arnoux was supposed to give the win to teammate Prost to help the latter's championship cause. But that was a race that saw 4 French drivers finish in the top 4 (Arnoux, Prost, Pironi and Patrick Tambay) and German driver Jochen Mass immediately retire from F1 after a near-catastrophic accident with Mauro Baldi at Signes, the fast corner after the long Mistral straight. Mass's car touched Baldi's, both went off the track and Mass hit the barrier and was then catapulted into grandstands full of people. Miraculously, no one was killed. As it was, Pironi seemed poised to run away with the title, but his quest was ended prematurely at the next race in Germany. During a wet qualifying session, Pironi plowed into the back of Prost's Renault. The Ferrari was launched into the air in an eerily similar accident to the one that killed Villeneuve. Fortunately, Pironi was not thrown from the car, but he suffered career-ending leg injuries. Pironi's crash was so bad that FIA doctor Sid Watkins had considered amputating Pironi's legs to remove him from the wrecked Ferrari, which never happened. Ferrari chose to compete in the next day's race, and Patrick Tambay (who Ferrari had picked to replace Villeneuve) took a somber win after Piquet crashed out of the lead while lapping Eliseo Salazar (Piquet famously punched Salazar for his trouble).

Rosberg wins[edit]

Elio de Angelis scored his first win in Austria, as Rosberg's last-lap lunge for the win came up 0.050 seconds short. However, Rosberg was not to be denied at the next race, a second French round in Dijon-Prenois named the 'Grand Prix of Switzerland' (because motor racing was prohibited in Switzerland at the time, many Swiss automobile clubs raced in Dijon). After toiling in the mid-field for the first half of the race, the Finn went on a charge and was on Prost's tail on the penultimate lap. Rosberg passed Prost on the last lap and held the lead for the remainder of it.

Suddenly, Rosberg (who had scored zero points the previous season) was leading the championship. He duly held onto that lead in Italy (where Arnoux beat the two Ferraris) and in the final round at Las Vegas (where Alboreto took an unlikely win) to become the first Finnish World Champion.

Drivers and constructors[edit]

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyres No Driver Rounds
United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham-BMW BT50 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t G 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet 1, 5–16
2 Italy Riccardo Patrese 1, 5, 9–16
Brabham-Ford BT49C
BT49D
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet 2–3
2 Italy Riccardo Patrese 2–3, 6–8
United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell-Ford 011 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 3 Italy Michele Alboreto All
4 Sweden Slim Borgudd 1–3
United Kingdom Brian Henton 4–16
United Kingdom TAG Williams Racing Team Williams-Ford FW07C
FW07D
FW08
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 5 Argentina Carlos Reutemann 1–2
United States Mario Andretti 3
Republic of Ireland Derek Daly 5–16
6 Finland Keke Rosberg 1–3, 5–16
United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren-Ford MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 M 7 United Kingdom John Watson 1–3, 5–16
8 Austria Niki Lauda 1–3, 5–16
West Germany Team ATS ATS-Ford D5 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 A

G

9 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock All
10 Chile Eliseo Salazar All
United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus-Ford 87B
91
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 11 Italy Elio de Angelis 1–3, 5–16
12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1–3, 5–8, 10, 12–16
Brazil Roberto Moreno 9
United Kingdom Geoff Lees 11
United Kingdom Ensign Racing Ensign-Ford N180B
N181
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 A

P

14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero 1–3, 5–16
France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE30B Renault-Gordini EF1 1.5 V6t M 15 France Alain Prost All
16 France René Arnoux All
United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team
United Kingdom LBT Team March
March-Ford 821 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P

A

17 West Germany Jochen Mass 1–3, 5–11
United Kingdom Rupert Keegan 12–16
18 Brazil Raul Boesel 1–3, 5–16
19 Spain Emilio de Villota 5–9
Brazil Fittipaldi Automotive Fittipaldi-Ford F8D
F9
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P 20 Brazil Chico Serra 1–3, 5–16
Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 179D
182
182B
182T
Alfa Romeo 1260 3.0 V12
Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8t
M 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris All
23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli All
France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier-Matra JS17B
JS19
Matra MS81 3.0 V12 M 25 United States Eddie Cheever 1–3, 5–16
26 France Jacques Laffite 1–3, 5–16
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2 Ferrari 021 1.5 V6t G 27 Canada Gilles Villeneuve 1–5
France Patrick Tambay 9–16
28 France Didier Pironi 1–12
United States Mario Andretti 15–16
United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows-Ford A4
A5
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P 29 United Kingdom Brian Henton 1–3
Switzerland Marc Surer 5–16
30 Italy Mauro Baldi 1–3, 5–16
Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella-Ford FA1C
FA1D
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P 31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier All
32 Italy Riccardo Paletti 1–8
United Kingdom Theodore Racing Team Theodore-Ford TY01
TY02
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 A

G

33 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly 1–3
Netherlands Jan Lammers 5–7, 9–11
United Kingdom Geoff Lees 8
Republic of Ireland Tommy Byrne 12–16
United Kingdom Candy Toleman Motorsport
United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport
Toleman-Hart TG181B
TG181C
TG183
Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P 35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 1–6, 9–16
36 Italy Teo Fabi 1–6, 9–16

Season review[edit]

Rnd Race Date Location Pole Position Fastest Lap Race Winner Constructor Report
1 South Africa South African Grand Prix 23 January Kyalami France René Arnoux France Alain Prost France Alain Prost France Renault Report
2 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix 21 March Jacarepaguá France Alain Prost France Alain Prost France Alain Prost France Renault Report
3 United States United States Grand Prix West 4 April Long Beach Italy Andrea de Cesaris Austria Niki Lauda Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
4 Italy San Marino Grand Prix 25 April Imola France René Arnoux France Didier Pironi France Didier Pironi Italy Ferrari Report
5 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix 9 May Zolder France Alain Prost United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
6 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix 23 May Monaco France René Arnoux Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Report
7 United States Detroit Grand Prix 6 June Detroit France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
8 Canada Canadian Grand Prix 13 June Circuit Gilles Villeneuve France Didier Pironi France Didier Pironi Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-BMW Report
9 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix 3 July Zandvoort France René Arnoux United Kingdom Derek Warwick France Didier Pironi Italy Ferrari Report
10 United Kingdom British Grand Prix 18 July Brands Hatch Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Brian Henton Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
11 France French Grand Prix 25 July Paul Ricard France René Arnoux Italy Riccardo Patrese France René Arnoux France Renault Report
12 West Germany German Grand Prix 8 August Hockenheimring France Didier Pironi Brazil Nelson Piquet France Patrick Tambay Italy Ferrari Report
13 Austria Austrian Grand Prix 15 August Österreichring Brazil Nelson Piquet Brazil Nelson Piquet Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
14 Switzerland Swiss Grand Prix 29 August Dijon France Alain Prost France Alain Prost Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Williams-Ford Report
15 Italy Italian Grand Prix 12 September Monza United States Mario Andretti France René Arnoux France René Arnoux France Renault Report
16 United States Caesars Palace Grand Prix 25 September Caesars Palace France Alain Prost Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Report
  • The Argentine Grand Prix was originally supposed to be held on March 7 at Buenos Aires, but was cancelled less than a month before it was due to take place due to sponsors backing out of the Argentine event thanks to the political repercussions of the South African Grand Prix.[25]

1982 Drivers' Championship final standings[edit]

Pos [1] Driver [1] RSA
South Africa
BRA
Brazil
USW
United States
SMR
San Marino
BEL
Belgium
MON
Monaco
DET
United States
CAN
Canada
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
SUI
Switzerland
ITA
Italy
CPL
United States
Points [1]
1 Finland Keke Rosberg 5 DSQ 2 2 Ret 4 Ret 3 Ret 5 3 2 1 8 5 44
2 France Didier Pironi 18 6 Ret 1 DNS 2 3 9 1 2 3 DNS 39
3 United Kingdom John Watson 6 2 6 1 Ret 1 3 9 Ret Ret Ret 9 13 4 2 39
4 France Alain Prost 1 1 Ret Ret Ret 7 NC Ret Ret 6 2 Ret 8 2 Ret 4 34
5 Austria Niki Lauda 4 Ret 1 DSQ Ret Ret Ret 4 1 8 DNS 5 3 Ret Ret 30
6 France René Arnoux 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 1 2 Ret 16 1 Ret 28
7 France Patrick Tambay 8 3 4 1 4 DNS 2 DNS 25
8 Italy Michele Alboreto 7 4 4 3 Ret 10 Ret Ret 7 Ret 6 4 Ret 7 5 1 25
9 Italy Elio de Angelis 8 Ret 5 4 5 Ret 4 Ret 4 Ret Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 23
10 Italy Riccardo Patrese Ret Ret 3 Ret 1 Ret 2 15 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret 21
11 Brazil Nelson Piquet Ret DSQ Ret 5 Ret DNQ 1 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret Ret 20
12 United States Eddie Cheever Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 2 10 DNQ Ret 16 Ret Ret Ret 6 3 15
13 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly 14 Ret Ret Ret 6 5 7 5 5 7 Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 8
14 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Ret 3 7 Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 8 7 Ret 7
15 Argentina Carlos Reutemann 2 Ret 6
= [1] Canada Gilles Villeneuve Ret Ret DSQ 2 DNS† 6
17 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 10 9 5
= [1] France Jacques Laffite Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret 5
19 United States Mario Andretti Ret 3 Ret 4
20 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Ret 9 Ret 4 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNS 3
21 Switzerland Marc Surer 7 9 8 5 10 Ret 13 6 Ret 15 Ret 7 3
22 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock 10 5 Ret DSQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ 12 DNQ 11 Ret Ret Ret DNQ NC 2
= [1] Chile Eliseo Salazar 9 Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 14 9 DNQ 2
= [1] Italy Bruno Giacomelli 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 7 9 5 Ret 12 Ret 10 2
25 Italy Mauro Baldi DNQ 10 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret 8 6 9 Ret Ret 6 DNQ 12 11 2
26 Brazil Chico Serra 17 Ret DNQ 6 DNPQ 11 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 11 7 DNQ 11 DNQ 1
United Kingdom Brian Henton DNQ DNQ Ret Ret Ret 8 9 NC Ret 8 10 7 Ret 11 Ret 8 0
West Germany Jochen Mass 12 8 8 Ret DNQ 7 11 Ret 10 Ret 0
Sweden Slim Borgudd 16 7 10 0
Brazil Raul Boesel 15 Ret 9 8 DNPQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 13 0
Colombia Roberto Guerrero DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 8 Ret Ret NC DNS 0
United Kingdom Derek Warwick Ret DNQ DNPQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret 15 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Rupert Keegan DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 12 0
United Kingdom Geoff Lees Ret 12 0
Italy Teo Fabi DNQ DNQ DNQ NC Ret DNPQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ 0
Italy Riccardo Paletti DNQ DNPQ DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNS Ret† 0
Republic of Ireland Tommy Byrne DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret 0
Netherlands Jan Lammers DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ 0
Spain Emilio de Villota DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ 0
Brazil Roberto Moreno DNQ 0
Pos Driver RSA
South Africa
BRA
Brazil
USW
United States
SMR
San Marino
BEL
Belgium
MON
Monaco
DET
United States
CAN
Canada
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
SUI
Switzerland
ITA
Italy
CPL
United States
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Championship points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis to the top six finishers[26] in each race.

1982 Manufacturers' Championship final standings[edit]

Pos [1] Manufacturer [1] Car
no.
RSA
South Africa
BRA
Brazil
USW
United States
SMR
San Marino
BEL
Belgium
MON
Monaco
DET
United States
CAN
Canada
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
SUI
Switzerland
ITA
Italy
CPL
United States
Pts [1]
1 Italy Ferrari 27 Ret Ret DSQ 2 DNS 8 3 4 1 4 DNS 2 DNS 74
28 18 6 Ret 1 DNS 2 3 9 1 2 3 DNS 3 Ret
2 United Kingdom McLaren 7 6 2 6 1 Ret 1 3 9 Ret Ret Ret 9 13 4 2 69
8 4 Ret 1 DSQ Ret Ret Ret 4 1 8 DNS 5 3 Ret Ret
3 France Renault 15 1 1 Ret Ret Ret 7 NC Ret Ret 6 2 Ret 8 2 Ret 4 62
16 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 1 2 Ret 16 1 Ret
4 United Kingdom Williams 5 2 Ret Ret Ret 6 5 7 5 5 7 Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 58
6 5 DSQ 2 2 Ret 4 Ret 3 Ret 5 3 2 1 8 5
5 United Kingdom Brabham [1] 1 Ret DSQ Ret 5 Ret DNQ 1 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret Ret 41
2 Ret Ret 3 Ret 1 Ret 2 15 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret
6 United Kingdom Lotus 11 8 Ret 5 4 5 Ret 4 Ret 4 Ret Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 30
12 Ret 3 7 Ret 4 Ret Ret DNQ Ret 12 9 Ret 8 7 Ret
7 United Kingdom Tyrrell 3 7 4 4 3 Ret 10 Ret Ret 7 Ret 6 4 Ret 7 5 1 25
4 16 7 10 Ret Ret 8 9 NC Ret 8 10 7 Ret 11 Ret 8
8 France Ligier [1] 25 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 2 10 DNQ Ret 16 Ret Ret Ret 6 3 20
26 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret
9 Italy Alfa Romeo 22 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 10 9 7
23 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 7 9 5 Ret 12 Ret 10
10 United Kingdom Arrows 29 DNQ DNQ Ret 7 9 8 5 10 Ret 13 6 Ret 15 Ret 7 5
30 DNQ 10 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret 8 6 9 Ret Ret 6 DNQ 12 11
11 West Germany ATS 9 10 5 Ret DSQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ 12 DNQ 11 Ret Ret Ret DNQ NC 4
10 9 Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 14 9 DNQ
12 Italy Osella 31 Ret 9 Ret 4 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNS 3
32 DNQ DNPQ DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNS Ret
13 Brazil Fittipaldi 20 17 Ret DNQ 6 DNPQ 11 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 11 7 DNQ 11 DNQ 1
United Kingdom March-Ford 17 12 8 8 Ret DNQ 7 11 Ret 10 Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 12 0
18 15 Ret 9 8 DNPQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 13
19 DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ
United Kingdom Ensign-Ford 14 DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 8 Ret Ret NC DNS 0
United Kingdom Toleman-Hart 35 Ret DNQ DNPQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret 15 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
36 DNQ DNQ DNQ NC Ret DNPQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ
Hong Kong Theodore-Ford 33 14 Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret 0
Pos Constructor Car
no.
RSA
South Africa
BRA
Brazil
USW
United States
SMR
San Marino
BEL
Belgium
MON
Monaco
DET
United States
CAN
Canada
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
SUI
Switzerland
ITA
Italy
CPL
United States
Pts

Championship points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis to the top six finishers[26] in each race.

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 1982 Formula 1 World Championship, 1983 FIA Yearbook, Grey section, pages 78 & 79
  2. ^ Results, Automobile Year 1982/83, pages 214 to 230
  3. ^ "If you include the final two races of last season, the last seven GPs have had seven different winners – is this a record?". Ask Steven - ESPNF1.com. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Lang (1992) p.75
  5. ^ Nye (1986) p.147
  6. ^ Jenkinson, Denis (May 1983). "The Formula One scene". Motor Sport. LVIII (5). 
  7. ^ Roebuck (1986) p.24 "the cars were getting absurd, really crude, with no suspension movement whatever. It was toggle switch driving with no need for any kind of delicacy...it made leaving Formula One a lot easier than it would have been."
  8. ^ Roebuck (1999) pp.175–176
  9. ^ Lang (1992) pp. 10&92. Lang gives the FISA teams in 1980 as "Ferrari, Renault, Alfa-Romeo, Talbot-Ligier and Osella". By April 1982, Toleman has been added to the list, but "Guy Ligier had recently switched allegiance to FOCA".
  10. ^ In the 1950s, manufacturer teams were common. However, from the 1960s to the 1990s there were rarely more than two manufacturer teams, and for 18 years (1973–1976 and 1986–1999), Ferrari were the only manufacturer-owned team. Since 2000, manufacturers have become common again: five of the ten 2008 F1 teams represent automotive manufacturers.
  11. ^ Roebuck (1999) pp.173–175
  12. ^ Lang (1992) pp.84–88
  13. ^ Roebuck(1999) pp.178–180
  14. ^ Bamsey (1983) p.44
  15. ^ Lang (1992) p.92
  16. ^ Lang (1992) pp.92–95
  17. ^ Donaldson (2003) pp.289–290
  18. ^ Bamsey (1983) p.50, Lang (1992) pp.96–97, Watkins (1997) p.98 and Fearnley (May, 2007) all write that Villeneuve was attempting to beat Pironi. Jenkinson (June 1982) writes only that he "was in the middle of a last desperate bid to improve his grid position."
  19. ^ a b Donaldson (2003) pp.296–298
  20. ^ Bamsey (1983) p.51
  21. ^ Roebuck (1999) p.186
  22. ^ Roebuck (1999) p.187
  23. ^ Bamsey (1983) p.57
  24. ^ Lang (1992) pp.103–107
  25. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/sport/that-1980s-sports-blog/2013/oct/14/remembering-1982-f1-world-championship?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487
  26. ^ a b Peter Higham, The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing, 1995, page 6

References[edit]

Books
Magazines
  • Fearnley, Paul (May 2007). "It's war. Absolutely war.". Motor Sport (Haymarket). pp. 52–61. 
  • Jenkinson, Denis (June 1982). "Grote Prijs van Belgie". Motor Sport (Motor Sport Magazine Ltd.). pp. 708–712.