1982 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1982 in the United Kingdom:|
|1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, Television and music|
- 1 January - ITV launches three regional TV stations - Central, TV South and TV South West.
- 2 January - The Welsh Army of Workers claims responsibility for a bomb explosion at the Birmingham headquarters of Severn Trent Water.
- 10 January - The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2°C is recorded at Braemar, in Aberdeenshire. This equals the record set in the same place in 1895, and the record will be equalled again at Altnaharra in 1995.
- 11 January - Mark Thatcher, son of the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, disappears in the Sahara during Paris-Dakar rally.
- 14 January - Mark Thatcher is found safe and well in the Sahara Desert, six days after going missing.
- 21 January - Miners vote against strike action and accept the National Coal Board offer of a 9.3% pay rise.
- 26 January - Unemployment in the United Kingdom is recorded at over 3 million for the first time since the 1930s. However, the 11.5% of the workforce currently unemployed is approximately half of the record percentage which was reached half a century ago.
- 30 January - 1980 St. Pauls riot: Rioting breaks out in the district of St Pauls, Bristol.
- 1 February - Sales of tabloid newspapers are reported to have been boosted substantially since last summer by the introduction of bingo. The Sun has reportedly enjoyed the biggest rise in sales, now selling more than 4 million copies per day on a regular basis.
- 5 February - Laker Airways collapses, leaving 6,000 passengers stranded, with debts of £270 million.
- 6 February - The Queen celebrates her Pearl Jubilee.
- 12 February - Opening of first Next clothing store, a rebranding of the merged Joseph Hepworth and Kendall chains masterminded by George Davies. It specialises in women's clothing.
- 19 February - The DeLorean Car factory in Belfast is put into receivership.
- 22 February - The Apostolic Delegation is promoted to the Apostolic Nunciature to Great Britain by Pope John Paul II; the first pro-nuncio is Bruno Heim.
- 23 February - The Glasgow-registered coal ship St. Bedan is bombed and sunk by an IRA unit driving a hijacked pilot boat in Lough Foyle.
- 25 February - The European Court of Justice rules that schools in Britain cannot allow corporal punishment against the wishes of parents.
- 27 February - The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company gives its last performance at the end of a final London season, having been in near-continuous existence since 1875.
- 3 March - The Queen opens the Barbican Centre, a performing arts venue in the City of London.
- 12 March - Closure of Queen Street Mill, Burnley, the last steam driven weaving shed to work commercially.
- 18 March
- 19 March - Argentines land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war.
- 25 March - Roy Jenkins wins the Hillhead by-election in Glasgow for the Social Democratic Party, whose dream of an electoral breakthrough looks strong as they still head most of the opinion polls.
- 26 March - The first test tube twins are born, in Cambridge.
- 29 March - Royal Assent in London to the Canada Act 1982 sets the stage for the repatriation of the Canadian Constitution (see 17 April below).
- 1 April - A 12-year-old unnamed Birmingham boy becomes one of the youngest people in England and Wales to be convicted of murder after he admits murdering an eight-year-old boy, and is sentenced to be detained indefinitely.
- 2 April - Falklands War begins as Argentina invades the Falkland Islands.
- 4 April - Falklands War: The British Falkland Islands government surrenders, placing the islands in Argentine control.
- 5 April - Falklands War: Royal Navy task force sets sail to the Falklands from Portsmouth.
- 7 April - Britain declares a 200-mile "exclusion zone" around the Falklands.
- 17 April - By Proclamation of the Queen of Canada on Parliament Hill, Canada repatriates its constitution, granting full political independence from the United Kingdom; included is the country's first entrenched bill of rights.
- 21 April - Walsall F.C.'s hopes of becoming the first Football League club to ground-share are dashed when officials condemn their plans to sell their Fellows Park stadium and become tenants at the Molineux (home of Wolverhampton Wanderers).
- 24 April
- 25 April - Falklands War: Royal Marines recapture South Georgia.
- 30 April - The Conservatives have returned to the top of the opinion polls for the first time since late 1979, with the latest MORI poll showing that they have 43% of the vote, ahead of the SDP-Liberal Alliance.
- 1 May - Falklands War: Operation Black Buck- A Royal Air Force Vulcan bomber takes off from Ascension Island and bombs Port Stanley Airport.
- 2 May - Falklands War: The nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror sinks the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano.
- 4 May - Falklands War: The Type 42 Destroyer, HMS Sheffield, is badly damaged by an Exocet missile. It sinks on 10 May.
- 21 May
- 22 May - FA Cup holders Tottenham Hotspur draw 1-1 with Queen's Park Rangers in the Wembley final, forcing a replay.
- 23 May - Falklands War: HMS Antelope of the Royal Navy explodes.
- 26 May - Official opening of Kielder Water, a reservoir in Northumberland. It is the largest artificial lake in the UK by capacity (200 billion litres) and is surrounded by Kielder Forest, the largest planted woodland in Europe.
- 27 May - Tottenham Hotspur win the FA Cup beating Queens Park Rangers 1-0 in a replay. A sixth-minute penalty from Glenn Hoddle is the only goal of the game.
- 28 May
- Pope John Paul II's visit to the United Kingdom, the first by a reigning pope, begins at Gatwick Airport; he later meets the Queen in London.
- Falklands War: Battle of Goose Green opens, the first land battle of the war. Lieutenant-Colonel H. Jones is killed in an action for which he is awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. British troops reach Darwin, Falkland Islands.
- Tottenham Hotspur equal Aston Villa's record of seven FA Cup triumphs by beating Queens Park Rangers 1-0 in the final replay.
- 29 May
- 31 May - Falklands War: The Battle of Stanley is fought.
- June - All restrictions on hire purchase lifted.
- 3 June - The Israeli ambassador to the UK, Shlomo Argov, is shot outside the Dorchester Hotel.
- 8 June
- 14 June - Falklands War ends as British forces reach the outskirts of Stanley after "yomping" across East Falkland from San Carlos Bay. They arrive to find the Argentine forces flying white flags of surrender. A formal surrender is agreed that day.
- 16 June - Welsh miners go on strike to support health workers demanding a 12% pay rise.
- 19 June - The body of "God's Banker", Roberto Calvi, chairman of Banco Ambrosiano, is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London.
- 21 June - The first child of The Prince and Princess of Wales is born at St Mary's Hospital, London (Paddington), the first birth in direct line of succession to the British throne to take place in hospital.
- 22 June - A British Airways Boeing 747 suffers a temporary four-engine flameout and damage to the exterior of the plane, after flying through the otherwise undetected ash plume from Indonesia's Galunggung.
- 23 June - Support for the Conservative government continues to rise, mainly due to the success of the Falklands campaign, with an MORI opinion poll showing that they have a 51% approval rate.
- 2 July - Roy Jenkins is elected leader of the SDP.
- 5 July - England draw 0-0 with hosts Spain and are eliminated from the World Cup in the second group stage. Ron Greenwood retires as England manager after five years and is succeeded by Ipswich Town manager Bobby Robson.
- 9 July - Michael Fagan breaks into Buckingham Palace and spends 10 minutes talking to the Queen until he is apprehended.
- 20 July - Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings: The Provisional IRA detonates two bombs in central London, killing 8 soldiers, wounding 47 people, and leading to the deaths of 7 horses.
- 21 July - HMS Hermes, the Royal Navy flagship during the Falklands War, returns home to Portsmouth to a hero's welcome.
- 22 July
- Production of the Ford Cortina ends after 20 years and five incarnations (the final two of which were virtually identical). The Cortina's successor, the Sierra, will be built at Dagenham and in Belgium, though in slightly lower volumes as the smaller Escort is now Ford's strongest-selling car.
- Exclusion zone around the Falklands is lifted.
- Margaret Thatcher rejects calls in parliament for a return of the death penalty for terrorist murder.
- 1 August - The government creates Britoil, successor organisation to the British National Oil Company.
- 4 August - The first child of The Prince and Princess of Wales is christened William Arthur Philip Louis.
- 29 August - 65-year-old American Ashby Harper becomes the oldest person to swim the English Channel.
- 30 August - St David's Hall opens in Cardiff as the National Concert Hall and Conference Centre of Wales.
- 7 September - Margaret Thatcher expresses her concern at the growing number of children living in single parent families, but says that she is not opposed to divorce.
- 22 September - An estimated 14% of the workforce is now reported to be unemployed.
- 23 September - Nigel Lawson announces that no industry should remain in state ownership unless there is an "overwhelming" case.
- 28 September - General Motors launches the Spanish built Opel Corsa, which will be sold in Britain from April next year as the Vauxhall Nova. The new front-wheel drive range of small hatchbacks and saloons will effectively replace the Chevette. However, the transport workers union has thrown the future of the new car, which is expected to sell around 50,000 units a year, into jeopardy by blocking imports to Britain.
- 30 September - Lord Denning delivers his last judgement as Master of the Rolls.
- October - Government statistics for unemployment are now based on those claiming benefit rather than those registered unemployed.
- 8 October - With the economy now climbing out of recession after more than two years, Margaret Thatcher vows to stick to her economic policies, and blames previous governments for the decline that she inherited when taking power more than three years ago.
- 11 October - The Mary Rose, flagship of Henry VIII of England that sank in 1545, is raised from the Solent.
- 12 October - A victory parade is held in London to mark the end of the Falklands war.
- 15 October - The Ford Sierra is launched as replacement for the long-running Cortina, and its ultra-modern aerodynamic styling causes controversy among potential buyers who for years had been drawn to the conventional Cortina.
- 21 October - Sinn Féin win first seats on Northern Ireland Assembly, with Gerry Adams winning the Belfast West seat.
- 27 October - Three RUC officers killed by an IRA bomb near Lurgan in Northern Ireland.
- November - The government announces that more than 400,000 council houses have been sold off under the right-to-buy scheme in the last three years.
- 1 November
- 2 November - The fourth terrestrial television channel, Channel 4, begins broadcasting, the first programme broadcast being the game show Countdown, hosted by Richard Whiteley. Another flagship programme is the Liverpool-based soap opera Brookside.
- 7 November - The Thames Barrier is first publicly demonstrated.
- 12 November - Express Lift Tower in Northampton officially opened.
- 15 November - Unemployment remains in excess of 3 million - 13.8% of the workforce.
- 28 November - Opinion polls show the Conservative government with an approval rating of up to 44% and well on course for a second successive election win, 13 points ahead of Labour. Support for the Alliance has halved in the space of a year.
- 30 November - A letter bomb sent by Animal rights activists explodes in 10 Downing Street, with packages sent to the leaders of the other political parties. One member of Downing Street staff is burnt.
- 3 December
- UK release of film Gandhi. This will win eight Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director (Richard Attenborough) and Best Actor (Ben Kingsley) (11 April 1983).
- UK release of film animation The Plague Dogs based on the novel of the same name by Richard Adams. But the film is the most controversial could contain some scene violence.
- 10 December
- British chemist Aaron Klug wins the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes".
- John Robert Vane wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with Sune Bergström and Bengt I. Samuelsson "for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances".
- 12 December - Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp: 30,000 women hold hands and form a human chain around the 14.5 km (9 mi) perimeter fence.
- 15 December - The British colony of Gibraltar gains a pedestrian link to Spain, as the gates which separated the two states are re-opened by the Spanish government after 13 years.
- 23 December - More than 1,200 jobs are lost in the West Midlands when the Round Oak Steelworks closes after 125 years.
- Inflation has fallen to a 10-year low of 8.6%, although some 1,500,000 jobs have reportedly been lost largely due to Government policy in attaining this end.
- British National Oil Corporation privatised as Britoil.
- Alternative rock band The Smiths formed in Manchester by Johnny Marr and Morrissey.
- 7 October - Sue Townsend's novel The Secret Diary of Adrian Mole, Aged 13¾.
- Douglas Adams' novel Life, the Universe and Everything.
- William Boyd's novel An Ice-Cream War.
- Bruce Chatwin's novel On the Black Hill.
- Caryl Churchill's play Top Girls.
- Shirley Conran's novel Lace.
- Richard Dawkins' book The Extended Phenotype.
- 4 January — Richard Logan, footballer
- 9 January — Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
- 16 January — Samuel Preston, singer
- 25 February — Chris Baird, footballer
- 26 February — Lisa Mason, gymnast
- 9 March — Paul Ballard, television presenter
- 5 April — Hayley Atwell, actress
- 24 April — Laura Hamilton, children's television presenter
- 10 May — Adebayo Akinfenwa, footballer
- 15 May — Douglas Simpson, Scottish field hockey forward
- 19 May — Kevin Amankwaah, footballer
- 7 June — Amy Nuttall, actress and opera singer
- 21 June — Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, prince
- 13 July — Simon Clist, footballer
- 30 July — James Anderson, cricketer
- 14 August — Benjamin Cohen journalist, founder of PinkNews.co.uk
- 3 September — Fearne Cotton, television presenter
- 22 September — Billie Piper, singer and actress
- 30 September — Michelle Marsh, model
- 8 October — Glenn Kirkham, English field hockey player
- 21 October — David Mansouri, Scottish field hockey defender
- 28 October — Matt Smith, actor
- 14 November — Stephen Hughes, Scottish footballer
- 12 December — Louise Carroll, Scottish field hockey defender
- 4 February - Alex Harvey, musician (born 1935)
- 21 March Harry H. Corbett, actor (born 1925)
- 31 March - Dave Clement, footballer (born 1948)
- 15 April - Arthur Lowe, actor (born 1915)
- 25 April - Celia Johnson, actress (born 1908)
- 1 May - William Primrose, violist (born 1903)
- 28 May - Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Jones, Falklands War casualty and posthumous recipient of Victoria Cross (born 1940)
- 12 June - Ian McKay, Falklands War casualty and posthumous recipient of Victoria Cross (born 1953)
- 4 July - Terry Higgins, early British casualty of AIDS
- 12 July - Kenneth More, actor (born 1914)
- 5 September - Douglas Bader, World War II fighter pilot (born 1910)
- 20 October - Jimmy McGrory, former footballer (born 1904)
- 8 November - Jimmy Dickinson, former footballer (born 1925)
- 16 November - Arthur Askey, comedian (born 1900)
- 2 December - Marty Feldman, comedian and actor (born 1934)
- 16 December - Colin Chapman, automotive engineer (born 1928)
- "Those were the days". Expressandstar.com. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "1982: Mark Thatcher missing in Sahara". BBC News. 12 January 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: Mark Thatcher found safe and well". BBC News. 15 January 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: UK unemployment tops three million". On This Day. BBC News. 26 January 2008. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. p. 665. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- "1982: Laker Airways goes bust". BBC News. 5 February 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "Next history". Next PLC. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
- "Apostolic Nunciature of Great Britain". GCatholic.org. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-29.
- "Parents win right to forbid school caning". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- Skow, John (8 March 1982). "Music: Final Curtain for D'Oyly Carte". Time. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- "1982: Queen opens Barbican Centre". BBC News. 3 March 1982. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: Judge halts 'obscenity' trial". BBC News. 18 March 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- Brenton, Howard (28 January 2006). "Look back in anger". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 446–447. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Those were the days". Express & Star. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- "Trend | Voting Intention in Great Britain: 1976-present". Ipsos MORI. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- "The Hacienda Manchester". Manchester District Music Archive. Retrieved 2011-03-05.
- "1982: Pope makes historic visit to Canterbury". BBC News. 29 May 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: Israeli ambassador shot in London". BBC News. 3 June 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: Fifty die in Argentine air attack". On This Day. BBC News. 8 June 2008. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "1982: Welsh miners back health workers". BBC News. 16 June 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: Queen fends off bedroom intruder". BBC News. 9 July 1982. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
- "Announcement of the christening of Lady Louise Windsor". Royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- "1982: Mary Rose rises after 437 years". BBC News. 11 October 1982. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: Sinn Féin triumph in elections". BBC News. 21 October 1982. Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1982: RUC officers killed by IRA bomb". BBC News. 27 October 1982. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "1979: Council tenants will have 'right to buy'". BBC News. 20 December 1979.
- Moffatt, Simon (November 2007). "Brookside". Liverpool: BBC. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Johnson, Maureen (28 November 1982). "Britons willing to continue with Thatcher's economics". The Gadsden Times (Gadsden, Alabama). p. 2. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "1982: Animal activists bomb Downing Street". BBC News. 30 November 1982. Archived from the original on 4 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1982". Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1982". Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "Inflation: the Value of the Pound 1750-1998" (PDF). Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 438. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.