1983 in video gaming
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|List of years in video gaming (table)|
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1980 1981 1982 -1983- 1984 1985 1986
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|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- The first Golden Joystick Award ceremony
- A major shakeout of the video game industry begins. By 1986, total video games sales will decrease from US$3.2 billion to US$0.1 billion.
- MCA Universal files suit against Nintendo, claiming that the latter company's video arcade hit Donkey Kong violated Universal's copyright on King Kong. After a brief trial, the judge determined that the rights to the original Kong had passed into the public domain. The case was dismissed, and MCA Universal paid $1.8 million USD in damages to Nintendo.
- Atari files suit against Coleco, claiming violation of Atari's patents on the Atari 2600 video game console. The previous year, Coleco released a peripheral device that made it possible for Atari 2600 game cartridges to be run on the ColecoVision console.
- Infogrames Entertainment SA is established by Bruno Bonnell and Christophe Sapet in Lyon, France.
- Origin Systems is founded by Robert, Richard, and Owen K. Garriott and Chuck Bueche in Austin, Texas; Richard will become better known by the name of his fictional character, Lord British.
- Interplay Productions is founded by Brian Fargo in southern California.
- Navarre Corporation is founded.
- Amusement Developing Section 8 (later known as Sega-AM2), a research and development department of Sega, is established under the supervision of Yu Suzuki in Tokyo, Japan.
- According to Nintendo, total video game sales for 1983 are $3.2 billion USD.
- March, Namco releases the Mappy arcade game.
- June 1, Nintendo releases the Mario Bros. arcade game - which features the first appearance of Mario's younger brother, Luigi.
- June 19, Cinematronics releases Advanced Microcomputer Systems's Dragon's Lair, the first laserdisc video game.
- July, Namco releases the Pac & Pal arcade game (which is also known as Pac-Man & Chomp Chomp).
- August, Namco releases the Phozon arcade game exclusively in Japan.
- October, Namco releases the Libble Rabble arcade game.
- December, Namco releases the Pole Position II arcade game.
- Bally/Midway releases Spy Hunter, an action/racing game. They also release Jr. Pac-Man and Professor Pac-Man without Namco's authorization, and the latter of them was almost an immediate flop.
- Atari releases Star Wars, a vector graphics-based game based on the popular film franchise.
- Konami releases Gyruss in Japan. Centuri distributes the game in North America.
Personal computer and console games
- August 23, Origin Systems publishes Ultima III: Exodus by Richard Garriott, better known as Lord British. Ultima III was the first role-playing video game to feature tactical, turn-based combat, for the Apple II, Atari 800, Commodore 64, and IBM PC.
- December 12, Nintendo publishes Donkey Kong Jr. Math.
- Mattel Electronics publishes World Series Baseball by Don Daglow and Eddie Dombrower, the first video game to use multiple camera angles, for the Intellivision.
- Electronic Arts publishes Dan Bunten's M.U.L.E., an influential multiplayer strategy game, for the Atari 400/800 and the Commodore 64.
- Electronic Arts publishes Bill Budge's Pinball Construction Set, the first example of the "builder" (or "construction set") computer and video game genre, for the Apple II, Atari 800, Commodore 64, and IBM PC.
- Bug-Byte releases Matthew Smith's Manic Miner, an influential early platform game, for the ZX Spectrum.
- Ultimate Play The Game, later known as Rare, releases its first video games, Jetpac and Atic Atac, for the ZX Spectrum.
- Hudson Soft releases Bomberman for the MSX and FM-7.
- Psion release Chequered Flag, the first driving game published for the ZX Spectrum, one of the first computer car simulators, and the first driving game with selectable cars and circuits.
- Spiderdroid is released for the Atari 2600 from Froggo Games Corporation.
- Sega releases the SC-3000 personal computer and the SG-1000 console in Japan.
- Nintendo releases the Family Computer console in Japan. Shortly after its release, complaints begin to surface about rampant system instability, prompting Nintendo to issue a product recall and to rerelease the machine with a new motherboard.
- Coleco releases the Adam home computer.
- Mattel Electronics releases the Aquarius home computer, originally designed by Radofin Electronics Far East.
- Acorn Computers release the Acorn Electron, a cut down version of their BBC Micro to compete in the under £200 home computer market. Problems in manufacture see only 1 in 8 presales being delivered for the Christmas market.
- Liedholm, Marcus and Mattias. "The Famicom rules the world! – (1983–89)". Nintendo Land. Archived from the original on 1 January 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming / Universal Goes Ape". GameSpy.com. 2003. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Atari and Coleco". New York Times. 8 February 1983. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Atari – 1972–2004". Atari – Official Corporate Site. Archived from the original on 17 January 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- GameSpot Staff (2000). "15 Most Influential Games of All Time / Ultima III: Exodus". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- Ackerman, Kyle (2002). "The Saga Behind the Sagas: Interplay and the Business of Gaming". Frictionless Insight. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "SEGA-AM2 Co., LTD.". MobyGames. Archived from the original on 14 February 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Dragon's Lair". KLOV.com. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Spy Hunter". KLOV.com. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Star Wars". KLOV.com. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Gyruss". KLOV.com. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Classic Gaming Expo – Don Daglow". Classic Gaming Expo. 2005. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- Underdogs. "M.U.L.E.". Home of the Underdogs. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- Cassidy, William (2002). "Hall of Fame / Pinball Construction Set". GameSpy.com. Archived from the original on 16 March 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- Broad, Andrew (2006). "Manic Miner/Jet Set Willy". Archived from the original on 21 October 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "GAMES / timeline". Welcome to Rare. Archived from the original on 22 August 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2006.
- Fragmaster. [http://classicgaming.gamespy.com/View.php?view=GameMuseum.Listet.shtml accessyear=2006 "Game of the Week / E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial"]. ClassicGaming.com.
- "The Complete YS Guide to Driving Games". Your Sinclair (59): pp.77. November 1990.
- "Road Racers". CRASH (16): pp.45. May 1985.
- "Sega SC-3000 / SG-1000". Obscure Pixels. Archived from the original on 6 February 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- Klein, Eric S. "Coleco Adam". Eric Klein's Vintage Computers. Archived from the original on 31 January 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2006.
- "Player 3 Stage 3: Contender to the Throne". The Dot Eaters. Retrieved 14 February 2006.