1984 (Van Halen album)

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1984
Studio album by Van Halen
Released January 9, 1984
Recorded 1983 at 5150 Studios in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California
Genre Hard rock, heavy metal
Length 33:17
Label Warner Bros.
Producer Ted Templeman
Van Halen chronology
Diver Down
(1982)
1984
(1984)
5150
(1986)
Singles from 1984
  1. "Jump"
    Released: December 21, 1983
  2. "I'll Wait"
    Released: 1984
  3. "Panama"
    Released: June 1984
  4. "Hot for Teacher"
    Released: 1984

1984 (written as MCMLXXXIV on the album's front cover) is the sixth studio album by American hard rock band Van Halen. It remains Van Halen's most successful album in terms of sales, with 10 million copies shipped in the United States,[1] and U.S. chart performance. 1984 reached number two on the Billboard 200 album chart and remained there for five weeks, behind Michael Jackson's Thriller, on which Eddie Van Halen played guitar. It produced several memorable singles, including "Jump", which reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, the top 13 hits "Panama" and "I'll Wait", and the MTV sensation "Hot for Teacher". 1984 was the last, full-length Van Halen album to feature the band's original frontman David Lee Roth until 2012's A Different Kind of Truth and the final full-length album with all four original members.

Background[edit]

In 1983, Van Halen was written into the Guinness Book of World Records as the "highest paid band of all-time" for its 90 minute set headlining the US Festival. Additionally, the band's guitarist, Eddie Van Halen - already internationally-known for "re-writing the rules of the electric guitar" - performed one of popular music's most famous guitar solos on Michael Jackson's 1983 #1 Billboard hit, Beat It.[2] Each successive Van Halen album had charted higher than its predecessor - and by 1983, Van Halen was arguably the most popular rock band in the world; however, during 1984 - with Van Halen's album, 1984 - the band achieved the pinnacle of its commercial and critical success.[3]

Recording[edit]

Reportedly dissatisfied by the concessions he had made to Van Halen's frontman David Lee Roth and producer Ted Templeman on the group's previous album, the #3 Billboard album hit Diver Down - both of whom had discouraged Eddie Van Halen from making keyboards a prominent instrument in Van Halen's music - Eddie Van Halen built his own studio in his backyard. Eddie Van Halen named that studio 5150 (after the Los Angeles police code for "escaped mental patient.") At 5150, Eddie Van Halen composed Van Halen's follow-up to Diver Down - without as much perceived "interference" from Roth or Templeman. The result was a compromise between the two creative factions in the band - a mixture of keyboard-heavy songs, and the intense rock for which the band had become world famous.[4]

In Rolling Stone's retrospective review of 1984 in its 100 greatest albums of the 1980s, producer Ted Templeman said, "It's real obvious to me [why 1984 won Van Halen a broader and larger audience.] Eddie Van Halen discovered the synthesizer." The review continues, "The foursome had been selling out arenas for more than a decade on the basis of Eddie's virtuosic, fleet-fingered guitar playing, singer David Lee Roth's blunt, raunchy lyrics and the brute force of Michael Anthony's bass and Alex Van Halen's drums. But 1984, abetted by tunes that swirled elements of synth pop into metal — most evidently on the hit single "Jump" — and by a string of campy, low-budget videos that found favor on MTV, carried Van Halen to a new plateau of popularity. No longer viewed as threatening to those with a chronic fear of metal, the band somehow became amusing and even endearing to middle America.[4]

"At the time, Eddie was in the process of building his own studio with Don Landee, the band's longtime engineer (and now its producer). While boards and tape machines were being installed, the guitarist began fiddling around on synthesizers to pass the time. "There were no presets," says Templeman. "He would just twist off until it sounded right." [4]

Singles[edit]

1984 features Van Halen's most prominent use of keyboards to date, particularly on the album's first two hit singles "Jump" and "I'll Wait", as well as the album's one-minute synthesizer and effects instrumental, "1984", (which had been previously incorporated into bassist Michael Anthony's solo on Van Halen's 1982 world tour.)

The summer saw the release of the album's third single "Panama", which featured a heavy guitar riff reminiscent of Van Halen's earlier work (the engine noise was from Eddie revving up his Lamborghini, with microphones being used near the tailpipes). Later, a video of "Hot for Teacher" was released and played regularly on MTV, giving the band a fourth hit which further sustained sales of the album. Other songs on 1984 included "Girl Gone Bad", parts of which previously had been played during the 1982 Tour amidst performances of "Somebody Get Me a Doctor" (most famously at the US Festival show), the hard rock "Drop Dead Legs" and "Top Jimmy", a tribute to James Paul Koncek of the band Top Jimmy & The Rhythm Pigs. The album concludes with "House of Pain", a fiery, heavy metal song that dates back to the band's early club days of the mid-1970s. (A slightly different version of "House of Pain" was recorded by the band years prior to the album's released. The song was demoed when the band recorded material for Gene Simmons to appear on their debut album, but the song was shelved.)

During an interview for the King Biscuit Flower Hour radio show in 1985,[specify] Eddie claimed to have written, "Girl Gone Bad" in a hotel room that he and Valerie Bertinelli had rented. Valerie was asleep, and Eddie woke up during the night with an idea, he had to put on tape. Not wanting to wake Valerie, Eddie grabbed a small cassette recorder and recorded himself playing guitar while in the closet.

Eddie Van Halen claims to have written the arrangement for "Jump" several years before 1984 was recorded - in a 1995 cover story in Rolling Stone, Eddie Van Halen claimed that Roth had rejected the now-famous synth riff for Jump for at least two years before agreeing to write lyrics to it. In his memoir Crazy From The Heat, Roth confirms Eddie's account, admitting a preference for Van Halen's guitar work; however, he claims to now enjoy the song. Additionally in his memoir, Roth writes that he wrote the now-famous lyrics to Jump after watching a man waffle as to whether to commit suicide by jumping off of a skyscraper.

Album cover[edit]

The iconic cover was created by graphic artist Margo Nahas.[5] It was not specifically commissioned; Nahas had been asked to create a cover that featured four chrome women dancing, but declined. Her husband brought her portfolio to the band anyway, and from that material they chose the painting of a cherub stealing cigarettes that was ultimately used.[6] The model was Carter Helm, who was the child of one of Nahas' best friends, who she photographed holding a candy cigarette.[6] The cover, featuring as it did the smoking cherub, was 'censored' in the UK by the addition of a sticker that obscured the cigarette in the cherub's hand, and the packet of cigarettes.

Songwriting credits[edit]

The album's original release credits all songs to Edward Van Halen, Alex Van Halen, Michael Anthony and David Lee Roth.[citation needed] The label on the UK single release for "I'll Wait" (catalog #W9213) credited Michael McDonald as a co-writer, but he was not credited on the US version of the single (catalog #7-29307).[citation needed]

Songs from this album which appeared on compilations released after a royalty renegotiation with the band's label Warner Bros. (Best Of – Volume I, 1996) and a lawsuit brought by Roth (during the preparations for The Best of Both Worlds compilation, 2004),[citation needed] were credited to Edward Van Halen, Alex Van Halen and David Lee Roth, with Michael Anthony's name removed from the credits, as evident in the end song credits of the 2007 film Superbad. Subsequently, Anthony has been removed from all songwriting credits on the 1984 album.

The ASCAP entry for "I'll Wait" lists Michael McDonald as co-writer with Roth and the Van Halens. Like many bands starting out on their career, Van Halen shared songwriting credit equally between all members (including guitar instrumentals, which were clearly composed only by Eddie), but subsequent claims would lend credibility to the view that all songs were entirely or predominantly written by Eddie Van Halen and David Lee Roth, with little input from Van Halen's rhythm section.

In 2004, Roth discovered that the rest of the band had renegotiated a more preferential royalty rate with Warner Bros. for all releases made during his time as lead singer, giving them a royalty rate five times greater than his.[7] It is likely that the removal of Michael Anthony from the songwriting credits results from Roth's claim to have a greater claim of the band's song publishing for this album, because he had been cut out of the separate royalty renegotiation with Warner Bros. Records, which according to Roth happened around 1994. Other sources suggest that Anthony was removed from the credits as part of a renegotiation following his ouster from the band but prior to his temporary reinstatement as a hired musician for the 2004 reunion tour.

Release[edit]

1984 peaked at #2 on the Billboard Magazine album charts, (behind Michael Jackson's Thriller, which featured an Eddie Van Halen guitar solo on "Beat It",) and remained there for 5 straight weeks.[8] As previously noted, it contained the anthems "Jump", "Panama", "I'll Wait" and "Hot for Teacher". "Jump" reached #1 on Billboard's singles chart. 1984 is the second of two Van Halen albums to have achieved RIAA Diamond status, selling over ten million copies in the U.S. alone.

"Jump" was one of the most successful singles of 1984, spending 5 weeks at the Billboard's #1 position. It sold over three million copies alone, making it one of the four best-selling rock songs of the 1980s. "Jump" also charted on Billboard's Dance and R&B charts, exemplifying the song's crossover appeal.

The album's follow-up singles - the synth-driven "I'll Wait," and then perhaps the original Van Halen line-up's most straight-ahead rocker, "Panama", each peaked at Billboard #13, (Pop,) respectively, in March and June. "Hot for Teacher", a bombastic hard rock boogie, was a moderate Billboard Hot 100 success, reaching #56; however, the MTV video for "Hot For Teacher" became wildly popular, making it one of Van Halen's most well-known songs. The "Hot For Teacher" video stars pre-teen lookalikes of the four Van Halen band members; a prototypical nerd named "Waldo;" David Lee Roth as Waldo's bus driver; and numerous teachers stripping. "Jump;" "Panama;" and "Hot For Teacher" remain three of the most popular rock songs played at American arenas in the 2010s.

When Van Halen's 1984 was released in the UK, a removable sticker with the Roman numerals MCMLXXXIV (which is "1984"), had to be placed over the cherub's hand, as it was holding a cigarette and there happened to be a non-smoking campaign happening at the time. The same protocol was upheld for several other bands' albums as well, such as the UK release of Canadian rocker Kim Mitchell's album Akimbo Alogo, where the entire cover was changed due to a smoking reference.

To promote the Album the band ran a contest on MTV. The contest was called, "Lost Weekend" with Van Halen. Fans mailed over 1 million postcards to MTV in hopes of winning the contest. In the promo for MTV, David Lee Roth said, "You won't know where you are, you won't know what's going to happen, and when you come back, you're not gonna have any memory of it."

Kurt Jeffries won the contest and was flown to Detroit to join the band. Kurt was allowed to bring along his best friend. He was given a Lost Weekend t-shirt and a hat. He was also brought on stage and had a large sheet cake smashed in his face which was followed by about a dozen people pouring champagne on him. Little did the band know that Kurt had a metal plate in his head, and shouldn't have been consuming alcohol. When Kurt got back to his hotel room he started vomiting and breaking dishes. Kurt had been taking anti-seizure medication. MTV believed that this was one of their greatest promotions ever. Video footage was shot by MTV and is available on YouTube.

In the band's licensed game, Guitar Hero: Van Halen, three of the nine tracks of this album are available for play; "Jump," "Panama," and "Hot for Teacher."

Theme songs[edit]

After its release, the Winnipeg Jets of the National Hockey League played "Jump" on the arena PA system as the team came onto the ice. They used the song until the team's departure for Phoenix after the 1995-96 season. On the team's return in 2011, public outcry for use of the song again fell on deaf ears as the team wished to leave the past behind stating the 1980s/1990s Jets are a different organization from the one (Atlanta Thrashers) coming in now.

This song is also used by the French soccer team Olympique de Marseille as they enter the field in their Stade Velodrome.

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[3]
Robert Christgau B+[9]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[10]

Reviews for 1984 have generally been favorable. Robert Christgau rated the album a B+. He explained that "Side one is pure up, and not only that, it sticks to the ears" and that "Van Halen's pop move avoids fluff because they're heavy and schlock because they're built for speed, finally creating an all-purpose mise-en-scene for Brother Eddie's hair-raising, stomach-churning chops." He also called side two "consolation for their loyal fans--a little sexism, a lot of pyrotechnics, and a standard HM bass attack on something called 'House of Pain'."[9]

J.D. Considine, a reviewer for Rolling Stone, rated 1984 four out of five stars. He called it "the album that brings all of Van Halen's talent into focus." He stated that ""Jump" is not exactly the kind of song you'd expect from Van Halen", but that "once Alex Van Halen's drums kick in and singer David Lee Roth starts to unravel a typically convoluted story line, things start sounding a little more familiar". Although he mentioned "Jump"'s "suspended chords and a pedalpoint bass in a manner more suited to Asia", he went on to state that "Eddie Van Halen manages to expand his repertoire of hot licks, growls, screams and seemingly impossible runs to wilder frontiers than you could have imagined." He concluded that "what really makes this record work is the fact that Van Halen uses all this flash as a means to an end — driving the melody home — rather than as an end in itself" and that "despite all the bluster, Van Halen is one of the smartest, toughest bands in rock & roll. Believe me, that's no newspeak."[10]

A retrospective review by AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine was extremely positive. He noted that the album caused "a hoopla that was a bit of a red herring since the band had been layering in synths since their third album, Women and Children First". He further stated that "Jump"'s "synths played a circular riff that wouldn't have sounded as overpowering on guitar", but that "the band didn't dispense with their signature monolithic, pulsating rock." He also stated that "where [previous] albums placed an emphasis on the band's attack, this places an emphasis on the songs, and they're uniformly terrific, the best set of original tunes Van Halen ever had." He concluded that "it's the best showcase of Van Halen's instrumental prowess as a band, the best showcase for Diamond Dave's glorious shtick, the best showcase for their songwriting, just their flat-out best album overall. [...] [T]here's no way Van Halen could have bettered this album with Dave around (and they didn't better it once Sammy [Hagar] joined, either)."[3]

At the end of the 1980s, Rolling Stone, which had previously been critical of Van Halen, ranked 1984 at number 81 on its list of the 100 Greatest Albums of the 1980s.[4]

Track listing[edit]

All music and lyrics written by Eddie Van Halen, Alex Van Halen, Michael Anthony and David Lee Roth, except where noted.

Side one
No. Title Length
1. "1984" (instrumental) 1:07
2. "Jump"   4:04
3. "Panama"   3:32
4. "Top Jimmy"   2:59
5. "Drop Dead Legs"   4:14
Side two
No. Title Length
6. "Hot for Teacher"   4:42
7. "I'll Wait" (Van Halen/Van Halen/Anthony/Roth/Michael McDonald) 4:41
8. "Girl Gone Bad"   4:35
9. "House of Pain"   3:19

Personnel[edit]

Production[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Canada (Music Canada)[11] 5× Platinum 500,000^
France (SNEP)[12] Gold 381,300[13]
Germany (BVMI)[14] Platinum 500,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[15] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[16] 12× Platinum 12,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Charts[edit]

Album[edit]

Year Chart Position
1984 The Billboard 200 2 (5 weeks)

Singles[edit]

Year Single Chart Position
1984 "Jump" The Billboard Hot 100 1
1984 "Jump" Mainstream Rock Tracks 1
1984 "Jump" Hot Dance Music/Club Play 17
1984 "I'll Wait" The Billboard Hot 100 13
1984 "I'll Wait" Mainstream Rock Tracks 2
1984 "Panama" The Billboard Hot 100 13
1984 "Panama" Mainstream Rock Tracks 2
1984 "Hot for Teacher" The Billboard Hot 100 56
1984 "Hot for Teacher" Mainstream Rock Tracks 24

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top 100 Albums". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Van Halen - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  3. ^ a b c Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "1984 - Van Halen : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d "100 Best Albums of the Eighties: Van Halen, '1984'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  5. ^ "Where Are They Now: Kids from Album Covers". upvenue.com. 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Feelnumb.com Exclusive Photo: Van Halen The 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) Album Cover". feelnumb.com. 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  7. ^ Halbert, James. "The Gripes of Roth." Classic Rock, 13 April 2004.
  8. ^ "Eddie van Halen". Archived from the original on 17 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-12. 
  9. ^ a b "Consumer Guide Reviews: Van Halen". Robert Christgau. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Considine, J.D. (March 1, 1984). "1984". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved October 8, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Van Halen – 1984". Music Canada. 
  12. ^ "French album certifications – Van Halen – 1984" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select VAN HALEN and click OK
  13. ^ "Les Albums Or :" (in French). Infodisc.fr. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Van Halen; '1984')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  15. ^ "British album certifications – Van Halen – 1984". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter 1984 in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  16. ^ "American album certifications". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH