1984 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||17 May–10 June 1984|
|Stages||22 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,808 km (2,366 mi)|
|Winning time||98h 32' 20" (38.681 km/h or 24.035 mph)|
|Winner||Francesco Moser (ITA)||(Gis Gelati-Tuc Lu)|
|Second||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||(Renault-Elf)|
|Third||Moreno Argentin (ITA)||(Sammontana-Campagnolo)|
|Points||Urs Freuler (SUI)||(Atala-Campagnolo)|
|Mountains||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||(Renault-Elf)|
|Youth||Charly Mottet (FRA)||(Renault-Elf)|
The 1984 Giro d'Italia of cycling, the 67th running of the race, was held from 17 May to 10 June 1984, consisting of 22 stages. It was won by Francesco Moser, who took over the lead from Laurent Fignon in the final stage. Some observers say that Fignon was robbed by Giro organizers who manipulated the race for Moser's victory.
A total of 19 teams were invited to participate in the 1984 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 171 cyclists. Out of the 171 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 143 riders made it to the finish in Verona.
The 19 teams that took part in the race were:
Route and stages
The 1984 edition of the Giro d'Italia began with a short 5 km (3.1 mi) prologue that navigated around the Italian city of Lucca. There were a total of eleven stages that contained categorized mountains. Eight of the stages were primarily flat stages. The official route contained four time trials, three of which were individual and one of which was a team event.
|P||17 May||Lucca||5 km (3 mi)||Individual time trial||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|1||18 May||Lucca to Marina di Pietrasanta||55 km (34 mi)||Team time trial||Renault-Elf|
|2||19 May||Marina di Pietrasanta to Firenze||127 km (79 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|3||20 May||Bologna to Madonna di San Luca||110 km (68 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Moreno Argentin (ITA)|
|4||21 May||Bologna to Numana||238 km (148 mi)||Plain stage||Stefan Mutter (SUI)|
|5||22 May||Numana to Blockhaus||194 km (121 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Moreno Argentin (ITA)|
|6||23 May||Chieti to Foggia||193 km (120 mi)||Plain stage||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|7||24 May||Foggia to Marconia di Pisticci||226 km (140 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|8||25 May||Policoro to Agropoli||228 km (142 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|9||26 May||Agropoli to Cava de' Tirreni||104 km (65 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR)|
|10||27 May||Cava de' Tirreni to Isernia||209 km (130 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Martial Gayant (FRA)|
|11||28 May||Isernia to Rieti||243 km (151 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|29 May||Rest day|
|12||30 May||Rieti to Città di Castello||175 km (109 mi)||Plain stage||Paolo Rosola (ITA)|
|13||31 May||Città di Castello to Lerici||269 km (167 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roberto Visentini (ITA)|
|14||1 June||Lerici to Alessandria||204 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Sergio Santimaria (ITA)|
|15||2 June||Certosa di Pavia to Milan||38 km (24 mi)||Individual time trial||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|16||3 June||Alessandria to Bardonecchia||198 km (123 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR)|
|17||4 June||Bardonecchia to Lecco||249 km (155 mi)||Plain stage||Jürg Bruggmann (SUI)|
|18||5 June||Lecco to Merano||252 km (157 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Bruno Leali (ITA)|
|6 June||Rest day|
|19||7 June||Merano to Selva di Val Gardena||74 km (46 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Marino Lejarreta (ESP)|
|20||8 June||Selva di Val Gardena to Arabba||169 km (105 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|21||9 June||Arabba to Treviso||208 km (129 mi)||Plain stage||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|22||10 June||Soave to Verona||42 km (26 mi)||Individual time trial||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|Total||3,808 km (2,366 mi)|
In the 1984 Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys were awarded. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a purple, or cyclamen jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing in the top 15 in a stage. In addition, points could be won in intermediate sprints.
There was also a mountains classification, the leadership of which was marked by a green jersey. In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. Each climb was categorized as either first, second, or third category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded still more points than the other first-category climbs.
The fourth jersey represented the young rider classification, marked by a white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only neo-professional cyclists - those in their first three years of professional racing - were eligible.
There was also one classification for the teams. The classification was the Trofeo Fast Team. In this classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
||Young rider classification
||Trofeo Fast Team|
|P||Francesco Moser||Francesco Moser||not awarded||?||?||not awarded|
|2||Urs Freuler||Urs Freuler|
|3||Moreno Argentin||Moreno Argentin|
|4||Stefan Mutter||Urs Freuler|
|5||Moreno Argentin||Francesco Moser||Moreno Argentin||Carrera-Inoxpran|
|7||Urs Freuler||Urs Freuler|
|9||Dag Erik Pedersen|
|16||Dag Erik Pedersen|
|20||Laurent Fignon||Laurent Fignon||Renault-Elf|
|21||Guido Bontempi||Johan van der Velde|
|22||Francesco Moser||Francesco Moser||Urs Freuler|
|Final||Francesco Moser||Urs Freuler||Laurent Fignon||Charly Mottet||Renault-Elf|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification|
|1||Francesco Moser (ITA)||Gis Gelati-Tuc Lu||98h 32' 20"|
|2||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault-Elf||+ 1' 03"|
|3||Moreno Argentin (ITA)||Sammontana||+ 4' 26"|
|4||Marino Lejarreta (ESP)||Alfa Lum-Olmo||+ 4' 33"|
|5||Johan van der Velde (NED)||Metauro Mobili||+ 6' 56"|
|6||Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA)||Murella-Rossin||+ 7' 48"|
|7||Lucien van Impe (BEL)||Metauro Mobili||+ 10' 19"|
|8||Beat Breu (SUI)||Cilo-Aufina||+ 11' 39"|
|9||Mario Beccia (ITA)||Malvor-Bottecchia||+ 11' 41"|
|10||Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR)||Murella-Rossin||+ 13' 35"|
|1||Urs Freuler (SUI)||Carrera-Inoxpran||178|
|2||Johan van der Velde (NED)||Metauro Mobili||172|
|3||Francesco Moser (ITA)||Gis Gelati-Tuc Lu||166|
|4||Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR)||Murella-Rossin||160|
|5||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault-Elf||150|
Young rider classification
|1||Charly Mottet (FRA)||Renault-Elf||105h 57' 22"|
|2||Jens Veggerby (DEN)||Fanini-Wührer||+ 3' 59"|
|3||Giocondo Dalla Rizza (ITA)||Supermercati Brianzoli||+ 10' 19"|
|4||Elio Festa (ITA)||Santini-Conti-Galli||+ 10' 52"|
|5||Jesús Ignacio Ibáñez Loyo (ESP)||Zor-Gemeaz Cusin||+ 15' 47"|
Team points classification
- Moser: Giro's mountains to decide race outcome
- "Moser: La Fuerza Destino" [Moser: The Target Strength] (PDF) (in Spanish). Verona, Italy: El Mundo Deportivo. 11 June 1984. p. 28. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- http://pezcyclingnews.com/?pg=fullstory&id=8603&status=True&catname=Feature%20Stories; and Sister in cycling: Morton at the 1984 Giro
- Sister in cycling: Morton at the 1984 Giro
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1984 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- Laura Weislo (2008-05-13). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2009-08-27.