1984 Giro d'Italia

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1984 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates 17 May–10 June 1984
Stages 22 + Prologue
Distance 3,808 km (2,366 mi)
Winning time 98h 32' 20" (38.681 km/h or 24.035 mph)
Winner  Francesco Moser (ITA) (Gis Gelati-Tuc Lu)
Second  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault-Elf)
Third  Moreno Argentin (ITA) (Sammontana-Campagnolo)

Points  Urs Freuler (SUI) (Atala-Campagnolo)
Mountains  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault-Elf)
Youth  Charly Mottet (FRA) (Renault-Elf)
Team Renault-Elf

The 1984 Giro d'Italia of cycling, the 67th running of the race, was held from 17 May to 10 June 1984, consisting of 22 stages. It was won by Francesco Moser, who took over the lead from Laurent Fignon in the final stage.[1][2][3] Some observers say that Fignon was robbed by Giro organizers who manipulated the race for Moser's victory.[4]

Robin Morton, the team manager of the Gianna-Motta-Linea MD team, was the first female team manager ever in the Giro d'Italia.[5]


A total of 19 teams were invited to participate in the 1984 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 171 cyclists. Out of the 171 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 143 riders made it to the finish in Verona.

The 19 teams that took part in the race were:

Route and stages[edit]

The 1984 edition of the Giro d'Italia began with a short 5 km (3.1 mi) prologue that navigated around the Italian city of Lucca. There were a total of eleven stages that contained categorized mountains. Eight of the stages were primarily flat stages. The official route contained four time trials, three of which were individual and one of which was a team event.

Stage results[6]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 17 May Lucca 5 km (3 mi) Individual time trial  Francesco Moser (ITA)
1 18 May Lucca to Marina di Pietrasanta 55 km (34 mi) Team time trial Renault-Elf
2 19 May Marina di Pietrasanta to Firenze 127 km (79 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
3 20 May Bologna to Madonna di San Luca 110 km (68 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Moreno Argentin (ITA)
4 21 May Bologna to Numana 238 km (148 mi) Plain stage  Stefan Mutter (SUI)
5 22 May Numana to Blockhaus 194 km (121 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Moreno Argentin (ITA)
6 23 May Chieti to Foggia 193 km (120 mi) Plain stage  Francesco Moser (ITA)
7 24 May Foggia to Marconia di Pisticci 226 km (140 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
8 25 May Policoro to Agropoli 228 km (142 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Urs Freuler (SUI)
9 26 May Agropoli to Cava de' Tirreni 104 km (65 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR)
10 27 May Cava de' Tirreni to Isernia 209 km (130 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Martial Gayant (FRA)
11 28 May Isernia to Rieti 243 km (151 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
29 May Rest day
12 30 May Rieti to Città di Castello 175 km (109 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Rosola (ITA)
13 31 May Città di Castello to Lerici 269 km (167 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Roberto Visentini (ITA)
14 1 June Lerici to Alessandria 204 km (127 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Sergio Santimaria (ITA)
15 2 June Certosa di Pavia to Milan 38 km (24 mi) Individual time trial  Francesco Moser (ITA)
16 3 June Alessandria to Bardonecchia 198 km (123 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR)
17 4 June Bardonecchia to Lecco 249 km (155 mi) Plain stage  Jürg Bruggmann (SUI)
18 5 June Lecco to Merano 252 km (157 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Bruno Leali (ITA)
6 June Rest day
19 7 June Merano to Selva di Val Gardena 74 km (46 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Marino Lejarreta (ESP)
20 8 June Selva di Val Gardena to Arabba 169 km (105 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
21 9 June Arabba to Treviso 208 km (129 mi) Plain stage  Guido Bontempi (ITA)
22 10 June Soave to Verona 42 km (26 mi) Individual time trial  Francesco Moser (ITA)
Total 3,808 km (2,366 mi)

Classification Leadership[edit]

In the 1984 Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys were awarded. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.[7]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a purple, or cyclamen jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing in the top 15 in a stage. In addition, points could be won in intermediate sprints.[7]

There was also a mountains classification, the leadership of which was marked by a green jersey. In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. Each climb was categorized as either first, second, or third category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded still more points than the other first-category climbs.[7]

The fourth jersey represented the young rider classification, marked by a white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only neo-professional cyclists - those in their first three years of professional racing - were eligible.[7]

There was also one classification for the teams. The classification was the Trofeo Fast Team. In this classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[7]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Trofeo Fast Team
P Francesco Moser Francesco Moser not awarded  ?  ? not awarded
1 Renault-Elf Laurent Fignon Renault-Elf
2 Urs Freuler Urs Freuler
3 Moreno Argentin Moreno Argentin
4 Stefan Mutter Urs Freuler
5 Moreno Argentin Francesco Moser Moreno Argentin Carrera-Inoxpran
6 Francesco Moser
7 Urs Freuler Urs Freuler
8 Urs Freuler
9 Dag Erik Pedersen
10 Martial Gayant
11 Urs Freuler
12 Paolo Rosola
13 Roberto Visentini
14 Sergio Santimaria
15 Francesco Moser
16 Dag Erik Pedersen
17 Jürg Bruggmann
18 Bruno Leali
19 Marino Lejarreta
20 Laurent Fignon Laurent Fignon Renault-Elf
21 Guido Bontempi Johan van der Velde
22 Francesco Moser Francesco Moser Urs Freuler
Final Francesco Moser Urs Freuler Laurent Fignon Charly Mottet Renault-Elf

Final standings[edit]

  Pink jersey   Denotes the winner of the General classification[6]   Green jersey   Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification[6]
  Purple jersey   Denotes the winner of the Points classification[6]   White jersey   Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification[6]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[6]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Francesco Moser (ITA) Pink jersey Gis Gelati-Tuc Lu 98h 32' 20"
2  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Green jersey Renault-Elf + 1' 03"
3  Moreno Argentin (ITA) Sammontana + 4' 26"
4  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) Alfa Lum-Olmo + 4' 33"
5  Johan van der Velde (NED) Metauro Mobili + 6' 56"
6  Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA) Murella-Rossin + 7' 48"
7  Lucien van Impe (BEL) Metauro Mobili + 10' 19"
8  Beat Breu (SUI) Cilo-Aufina + 11' 39"
9  Mario Beccia (ITA) Malvor-Bottecchia + 11' 41"
10  Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR) Murella-Rossin + 13' 35"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1-5)[6]
Rider Team Points
1  Urs Freuler (SUI) A purple jersey Carrera-Inoxpran 178
2  Johan van der Velde (NED) Metauro Mobili 172
3  Francesco Moser (ITA) Pink jersey Gis Gelati-Tuc Lu 166
4  Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR) Murella-Rossin 160
5  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Green jersey Renault-Elf 150

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1-5)[6]
Rider Team Points
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Green jersey Renault-Elf 53
2  Flavio Zappi (ITA) Metauro Mobili 40
3  Moreno Argentin (ITA) Sammontana 30
4  Johan van der Velde (NED) Metauro Mobili 29
5  Jesús Rodríguez Magro (ESP) Zor-Gemeaz Cusin 28

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1-5)[6]
Rider Team Time
1  Charly Mottet (FRA) A white jersey Renault-Elf 105h 57' 22"
2  Jens Veggerby (DEN) Fanini-Wührer + 3' 59"
3  Giocondo Dalla Rizza (ITA) Supermercati Brianzoli + 10' 19"
4  Elio Festa (ITA) Santini-Conti-Galli + 10' 52"
5  Jesús Ignacio Ibáñez Loyo (ESP) Zor-Gemeaz Cusin + 15' 47"

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1-3)[6]
Team Time
1 Renault-Elf 293h 48' 45"
2 Murella-Rossin + 2' 34"
3 Carrera-Inoxpran + 27' 41"

Team points classification[edit]

Final team points classification (1-3)[6]
Team Points
1 Metauro Mobili 351
2 Atala-Campagnolo 336
3 Murella-Rossin 281


  1. ^ Moser: Giro's mountains to decide race outcome
  2. ^ "Moser: La Fuerza Destino" [Moser: The Target Strength] (PDF) (in Spanish). Verona, Italy: El Mundo Deportivo. 11 June 1984. p. 28. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  3. ^ http://hemeroteca.mundodeportivo.com/preview/1984/06/11/pagina-29/1103580/pdf.html
  4. ^ http://pezcyclingnews.com/?pg=fullstory&id=8603&status=True&catname=Feature%20Stories; and Sister in cycling: Morton at the 1984 Giro
  5. ^ Sister in cycling: Morton at the 1984 Giro
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bill and Carol McGann. "1984 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Laura Weislo (2008-05-13). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2009-08-27.