1984 in literature
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The year 1984 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- April 4 - The narrative of George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) begins, causing it to be widely discussed this year. G. K. Chesterton's The Napoleon of Notting Hill (1904) is also set in this year.
- December 19 - Ted Hughes' appointment as Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in succession to Sir John Betjeman is announced, Philip Larkin having turned down the post.
- Of Mice and Men, the novel by John Steinbeck, is removed from Tennessee public schools when the School Board Chair promises to remove all "filthy books" from public school curricula and libraries.
- Saqi Books, independent UK publisher, is founded by Mai Ghoussoub.
- Warren Adler - Random Hearts
- Kingsley Amis - Stanley and the Women
- Martin Amis - Money
- Jeffrey Archer - First Among Equals
- Richard Bachman - Thinner (nom de plume for Stephen King)
- J. G. Ballard - Empire of the Sun
- Iain Banks - The Wasp Factory
- Julian Barnes - Flaubert's Parrot
- J. J. Benitez - Caballo de Troya
- Michael Bishop - One Winter in Eden and Who Made Stevie Crye?
- Simon Brett - A Shock to the System
- David Brin - The Practice Effect
- Anita Brookner - Hotel du Lac
- Sandra Cisneros - The House on Mango Street
- Tom Clancy - The Hunt for Red October
- Bernard & Judy Cornwell (as Susannah Kells) - Fallen Angels
- Marguerite Duras - L'Amant
- Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird -Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (comic book)
- Louise Erdrich - Love Medicine
- Howard Fast - The Outsider
- Leon Forrest - Two Wings to Veil My Face
- Frederick Forsyth - The Fourth Protocol
- John Gardner - Role of Honour
- William Gibson - Neuromancer
- Alasdair Gray - 1982, Janine
- Kent Haruf - The Tie That Binds
- Frank Herbert - Heretics of Dune
- David Hughes - The Pork Butcher
- John Jakes - Love and War
- Stephen King, Peter Straub - The Talisman
- Russell Kirk - Watchers at the Strait Gate
- Milan Kundera - The Unbearable Lightness of Being
- Robert Ludlum - The Aquitaine Progression
- Ruth Manning-Sanders - A Book of Magic Horses
- Robert B. Parker - Valediction
- Ellis Peters
- Mario Puzo - The Sicilian
- Thomas Pynchon - Slow Learner: Early Stories
- Dr. Seuss - The Butter Battle Book
- Bob Shea and Robert Anton Wilson - The Illuminatus! Trilogy (collected edition)
- Michael Slade - Headhunter
- Danielle Steel - Full Circle
- Neal Stephenson - The Big U (debut novel)
- Robert Swindells - Brother in the Land
- John Updike - The Witches of Eastwick
- Gore Vidal - Lincoln
- Janusz Zajdel - Paradyzja
- Howard Barker - Scenes from an Execution
- Dario Fo - Elizabeth: Almost by Chance a Woman
- Beth Henley - The Miss Firecracker Contest
- Elfriede Jelinek - Krankheit oder Moderne Frauen
- David Mamet - Glengarry Glen Ross
- Joshua Sobol - Ghetto
- Tom Stoppard - Rough Crossing
- John Ashbery - A Wave
- Louise Erdrich - Jacklight
- Christopher Gilbert - Across the Mutual Landscape
- Paulette Jiles - Celestial Navigation
- Sharon Olds - The Dead and the Living
- Morrill Cody & Hugh Ford - The Women of Montparnasse, the Americans in Paris.
- Roald Dahl - Boy an autobiography
- Louise Hay - You Can Heal Your Life
- Lee Iacocca - Iacocca: An Autobiography.
- Steven Levy - Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution.
- Derek Parfit - Reasons and Persons.
- Joan Peters - From Time Immemorial: The Origins of the Arab-Jewish Conflict over Palestine.
- Herbert Jay Stern - Judgment in Berlin.
- May 9 - Ezra Klein, American journalist, blogger and columnist
- May 21 - Jackson Pearce,
- July 12 - Amanda Hocking, American fantasy novelist
- August 8 - Owen Jones, British columnist, author and commentator
- September 28 - Helen Oyeyemi, British novelist
- date unknown - Simon Rich, humorist, novelist, and television writer
- February 21 - Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
- February 22 - Jessamyn West, novelist (born 1902)
- March 4 - Odd Bang-Hansen, Norwegian novelist and children's writer (born 1908)
- March 12 - Arnold Ridley, English playwright and actor (b. 1896)
- April 1 - Elizabeth Goudge, English writer (b. 1900)
- April 15 - Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (b. 1925)
- May 16 - Irwin Shaw, American playwright, screenwriter, novelist, and short story writer (born 1913)
- May 19 - John Betjeman, English poet laureate (b. 1906)
- June 10 - Halide Nusret Zorlutuna, Turkish poet and novelist (b. 1901)
- June 30 - Lillian Hellman, American playwright (b. 1905)
- July 6 - Denys Val Baker, Welsh novelist and short story writer (born 1917)
- August 14 - J. B. Priestley, novelist and playwright (born 1894)
- August 25 - Truman Capote, American novelist (born 1924)
- September 7 - Liam O'Flaherty, Irish novelist and short story writer (b. 1896)
- November 6 - Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist and dramatist (b. 1929)
- November 12 - Chester Himes, American writer (b. 1909)
- December 6 - Gray Barker, American writer of books about paranormal phenomena (b. 1925)
- December 14 - Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
- The Australian/Vogel Literary Award: Kate Grenville, Lilian's Story
- Kenneth Slessor Prize for Poetry: Les Murray, The People's Other World
- See 1984 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Prix Goncourt: Marguerite Duras, L'Amant
- Prix Médicis French: Bernard-Henri Lévy, Le Diable en tête
- Prix Médicis International: Elsa Morante, Aracoeli
- Booker Prize: Anita Brookner, Hotel du Lac
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Margaret Mahy, The Changeover
- Cholmondeley Award: Michael Baldwin, Michael Hofmann, Carol Rumens
- Eric Gregory Award: Martyn Crucefix, Mick Imlah, Jamie McKendrick, Bill Smith, Carol Ann Duffy, Christopher Meredith, Peter Armstrong, Iain Bamforth
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: J. G. Ballard, Empire of the Sun, and Angela Carter, Nights at the Circus
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Lyndall Gordon, Virginia Woolf: A Writer's Life
- Whitbread Best Book Award: James Buchan, A Parish of Rich Women
- Agnes Lynch Starrett Poetry Prize: Arthur Smith, Elegy on Independence Day
- Frost Medal: Jack Stadler
- Nebula Award: William Gibson, Neuromancer
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Beverly Cleary, Dear Mr. Henshaw
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: David Mamet, Glengarry Glen Ross
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: William J. Kennedy - Ironweed
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Mary Oliver: American Primitive
- Premio Nadal: José de Tomás García - La otra orilla de la droga
- Howard, Philip (1984-12-20). "'True poet' Ted Hughes is Laureate". The Times (62017) (London). p. 1.
- "Of Mice and Men, 1937 - Information about the Book". SwissEduc.