|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1950s 1960s 1970s – 1980s – 1990s 2000s 2010s|
|Years:||1982 1983 1984 – 1985 – 1986 1987 1988|
|1985 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2738|
|British Regnal year||33 Eliz. 2 – 34 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4681 or 4621
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4682 or 4622
|- Vikram Samvat||2041–2042|
|- Shaka Samvat||1907–1908|
|- Kali Yuga||5086–5087|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 60
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 74
|Thai solar calendar||2528|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1985.|
1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1985th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 985th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 Right Livelihood Award
- 6 References
- January 1
- January 10 – Kenya recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- January 15 – Tancredo Neves is elected president of Brazil by the Congress, ending the 21-year military rule.
- January 17 – British Telecom announces it is going to phase out its famous red telephone boxes.
- January 20 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan is privately sworn in for a second term in office (publicly sworn in, January 21).
- January 27 – The Economic Cooperation Organization is (ECO) formed.
- January 28 – In Hollywood, California, the charity single "We Are the World" is recorded by USA for Africa.
- February 4 - The border between Gibraltar and Spain reopens since Francisco Franco closed it in 1969.
- February 5 – Australia cancels its involvement in U.S.-led MX missile tests.
- February 9 – U.S. drug agent Enrique Camarena is kidnapped and murdered in Mexico (his body is discovered March 5).
- February 10 – Nelson Mandela rejects an offer of freedom from the South African government.
- February 12 – Rafael Addiego Bruno is sworn in as interim President of Uruguay.
- February 14 – CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is freed from captivity in Lebanon.
- February 16 – Israel begins withdrawing troops from Lebanon.
- February 19
- William J. Schroeder becomes the first artificial heart patient to leave the hospital.
- China Airlines Flight 006 is involved in a mid-air incident; while there are 22 minor injuries and 2 serious injuries, no one is killed.
- The first episode of the long running British soap opera EastEnders is broadcast on BBC One.
- February 20 – Minolta releases the Maxxum 7000, the world's first autofocus single-lens reflex camera.
- February 28 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing 9 officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.
- March – The GNU Manifesto, written by Richard Stallman, is first published.
- March 1 – After a 12-year-long dictatorship, Julio María Sanguinetti is sworn in as the first democratically elected President of Uruguay.
- March 3 – An 8.0 on the Richter magnitude scale earthquake hits Santiago and Valparaíso, Chile, leaving 177 dead, 2,575 hurt, 142,489 destroyed houses and about a million people homeless.
- March 4 – The United States Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS, used since then to screen all blood donations in the United States.
- March 8 – A Beirut car bomb, planted in an attempt to assassinate Islamic cleric Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, kills more than 80 people, injuring 200.
- March 11
- March 14 – Five lionesses at the Singapore Zoo are put on birth control after the lion population increases from 2 to 16.
- March 15 – Vice-President Jose Sarney, upon becoming vice president, assumes the duties of president of Brazil, as the new president Tancredo Neves had become severely ill, the day before. Sarney will become Brazil's first civilian president in 21 years, upon Neves' death on April 21.
- March 16 – Associated Press reporter Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut (he is released on December 4, 1991).
- March 17 – Expo '85, a World's Fair, is held in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, until September 16.
- March 21 – Canadian paraplegic athlete and activist Rick Hansen sets out on his 40,000 km, 26 month Man in Motion tour which raises $26M for spinal cord research and quality of life initiatives.
- March 23 – OCAM is dissolved.
- March 24 – United States Army military intelligence officer Arthur D. Nicholson is shot by Soviet military sergeant Aleksandr Ryabtsev at a Soviet military base in Ludwigslust, East Germany.
- March 25 – The 57th Academy Awards are held at in Los Angeles, California with Amadeus winning Best Picture.
- March 31 – WrestleMania debuts at Madison Square Garden.
- April 1
- Two Japanese government-owned corporations, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation, and Japan Tobacco and Salt Public Corporation, are privatized and change their names to Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, and Japan Tobacco.
- Eighth seeded Villanova defeats national powerhouse Georgetown 66–64 to win the first 64 team field NCAA Tournament in Lexington, Kentucky.
- April 11 – The USS Coral Sea collides with the Ecuadorian tanker ship Napo off the coast of Cuba.
- April 12 – El Descanso bombing: A terrorist bombing attributed to the Islamic Jihad Organization in the El Descanso restaurant near Madrid, Spain, mostly attended by U.S. personnel of the Torrejon Air Force Base, causes 18 dead (all Spaniards) and 82 injured.
- April 15 – South Africa ends its ban on interracial marriages.
- April 18 – The United Kingdom has its first ever national Glow-worm day.
- April 19 – The Soviet Union performs a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan.
- April 21 – Brazilian President Tancredo Neves dies, he is succeeded by Vice President Jose Sarney. The Vice President post is left vacant until 1990.
- April 23 – Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke (the response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than 3 months).
- April 28 – The Australian Nuclear Disarmament Party (NDP) splits.
- May 4 – The 30th Eurovision Song Contest takes place in Gothenburg, Sweden. The winning song is La det swinge sung by Bobbysocks! (Norway).
- May 5 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan joins German Chancellor Helmut Kohl for a controversial funeral service at a cemetery in Bitburg, Germany, which includes the graves of 59 elite S.S. troops from World War II.
- May 11
- May 12
- RajaRajan Pandian Birthday Tamil Nadu, India.
- May 13
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Mayor Wilson Goode orders police to storm the radical group MOVE's headquarters to end a stand-off. The police drop an explosive device into the headquarters, killing 11 MOVE members and destroying the homes of 61 city residents in the resulting fire.
- The National Assembly of Kuwait grants women the right to vote. The right is revoked in 1999 and re-instated in 2005.
- May 15 – An explosive device sent by the Unabomber injures John Hauser at University of California, Berkeley.
- May 16 – Scientists of the British Antarctic Survey announce discovery of the ozone hole.
- May 19 – John Anthony Walker Jr. is arrested by the FBI for passing classified Naval communications to the Soviet Union.
- May 23 – Thomas Patrick Cavanaugh is sentenced to life in prison for attempting to sell stealth bomber secrets to the Soviet Union.
- May 25 – Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.
- May 29 – Heysel Disaster: 38 spectators are killed in rioting on the terraces during the European Cup final between Liverpool F.C. and Juventus at Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium.
- May 31 – Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York State and Ontario, killing 77.
- June 6 – The remains of Josef Mengele, the physician notorious for Nazi human experimentation on inmates of Auschwitz concentration camp, buried in 1979 under the name of Wolfgang Gerhard, are exhumed in Embu das Artes, Brazil.
- June 13 – In Auburn, Washington, police defuse a Unabomber bomb sent to Boeing.
- June 14
- TWA Flight 847, carrying 153 passengers from Athens to Rome, is hijacked by a Hezbollah fringe group. One passenger, U.S. Navy Petty Officer Robert Stethem, is killed.
- The Schengen Agreement is signed between certain member states of the European Economic Community, creating the Schengen Area, a bloc of (at this time) 5 states with no internal border controls.
- June 15 – Studio Ghibli, an animation studio, is founded in Tokyo.
- June 17 – John Hendricks launches the Discovery Channel in the United States.
- June 23 – Air India Flight 182, a Boeing 747, is blown up by a terrorist bomb 31,000 feet (9,500 m) above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland, on a Montreal–London–Delhi flight, killing all 329 aboard.
- June 24 – STS-51-G: Space Shuttle Discovery completes its mission, best remembered for having Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a payload specialist.
- June 25 – Irish police foil a Provisional Irish Republican Army–sponsored 'mainland bombing campaign' which targeted luxury vacation resorts.
- June 27 – U.S. Route 66 is officially decommissioned.
- July 1 – The Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons enters into force.
- July 3 – Back to the Future opens in American theatres and ends up being the highest grossing film of 1985 in the United States and the first film in the successful franchise.
- July 4 – Ruth Lawrence, 13, achieves a first in mathematics at Oxford University, becoming the youngest British person ever to earn a first-class degree and the youngest known graduate of Oxford University.
- July 10 – The Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland Harbour by French DGSE agents.
- July 13
- July 19
- July 20 – State President of South Africa, P. W. Botha, declares a state of emergency in 36 magisterial districts of South Africa amid growing civil unrest in black townships.
- July 23 – Commodore launches the Amiga personal computer at the Lincoln Center in New York.
- July 24 – The Black Cauldron, the first Disney movie ever to receive a PG rating, makes its theatrical debut.
- July 31 – Liberia recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- August 2 – Delta Air Lines Flight 191 crashes near Dallas, Texas, killing 137 people.
- August 6 – In Hiroshima, tens of thousands mark the 40th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city.
- August 7 – Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.
- August 12 – Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes in Japan, killing 520 people (the worst single-aircraft disaster in history).
- August 14 – The Accomarca massacre takes place in Ayacucho, Peru.
- August 15 – Three miners die in an accident at a coal mine in southeastern Kentucky.
- August 20 - Iran–Contra affair: The first arms, 96 BGM-71 TOWs, are sent to Iran in exchange for hostages in Lebanon and profits for the Nicaraguan Contras. The public does not know about the arms sale.
- August 22 – British Airtours Flight 28M: The 737's left engine catches fire while on its take off roll, 55 people are killed while trying to evacuate the aircraft.
- August 25 – Samantha Smith, 13, "Goodwill Ambassador" between the Soviet Union and the United States for writing a letter to Yuri Andropov about nuclear war, and eventually visiting the Soviet Union at Andropov's request, dies in the Bar Harbor Airlines Flight 1808 plane crash.
- August 28 - The first smoking ban banning smoking in restaurants in the United States is passed in Aspen, Colorado. 
- August 30 – Éva Risztov, Hungarian Olympic Champion swimmer
- August 31 – Richard Ramirez, the serial killer known as the Night Stalker, is captured in Los Angeles.
- September 1 – The wreck of the RMS Titanic (1912) in the North Atlantic is located by a joint American-French expedition led by Dr. Robert Ballard (WHOI) and Jean-Louis Michel (Ifremer) using side-scan sonar from RV Knorr.
- September 6 – Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9, crashes just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
- September 11 – Pete Rose becomes the all-time hit leader in Major League Baseball, with his 4,192nd hit at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.
- September 13
- September 19 – An 8.1 Richter scale earthquake strikes Mexico City. Around 10,000 people are killed, 30,000 injured, and 95,000 left homeless.
- September 20 – The capital gains tax is introduced to Australia.
- September 22 – The Plaza Accord is signed by 5 nations.
- September 23 – Italian crime reporter Giancarlo Siani is killed by Camorra.
- September 28 – Brixton race riots are sparked with the shooting of Dorothy 'Cherry' Groce by the Metropolitan Police in Brixton, an area of South London, England.
- October 1 – The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters near Tunis.
- October 3 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight.
- October 4 – The Free Software Foundation is founded in Massachusetts, USA.
- October 7 – The cruise ship Achille Lauro is hijacked in the Mediterranean Sea by 4 heavily armed Palestinian terrorists. One passenger, American Leon Klinghoffer, is killed.
- October 18 – The first Nintendo home video game console in United States is released as the Nintendo Entertainment System.
- November 5 – Mark Kaylor defeats Errol Christie to become the middleweight boxing champion, after the two brawl in front of the cameras at the weigh-in.
- November 12 – A total solar eclipse occurs over Antarctica at 14:11:22 UTC.
- November 13 – The Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts, killing an estimated 23,000 people, including 21,000 killed by lahars in the town of Armero, Colombia.
- November 18 – The comic strip Calvin and Hobbes debuts in 35 newspapers.
- November 19 – Cold War: In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
- November 20 – Microsoft Corporation releases the first version of Windows, Windows 1.0.
- November 23 – EgyptAir Flight 648 is hijacked by the Abu Nidal group and flown to Malta, where Egyptian commandos storm the plane; 60 are killed by gunfire and explosions.
- November 25 – An "Aeroflot" Antonov AN-12 cargo airplane, en route from Cuito Cuanavale to Luanda, is shot down by South African Special Forces, and crashes approximately 43 km of Menongue, the provincial center of the Cuando Cubango province, Angola, killing 8 crew members and 13 passengers on board.
- November 26 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan sells the rights to his autobiography to Random House for a record US$3 million.
- November 29 – Gérard Hoarau, exiled political leader from the Seychelles, is assassinated in London.
- December 1
- December 8 – The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is established.
- December 12 – Arrow Air Flight 1285, a Douglas DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing 256, 248 of whom were U.S. servicemen returning to Fort Campbell, Kentucky from overseeing a peacekeeping force in Sinai.
- December 16 – In New York City, Mafia bosses Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead in front of Spark's Steak House, making hit organizer John Gotti the leader of the powerful Gambino organized crime family.
- December 20 - Pope John Paul II announces the instituting of World Youth Day for Catholic youths.
- December 24 – Right-wing extremist David Lewis Rice murders civil rights attorney Charles Goldmark as well as Goldmark's wife and two children in Seattle. Rice suspects the family of being Jewish and Communist and claims his dedication to the Christian Identity movement drove him to the crime.
- December 27
- December 31 - American singer, songwriter and actor Ricky Nelson dies in a plane crash in De Kalb, Texas.
- The Australian state of Victoria celebrates its 150th anniversary.
- Harold Kroto, Robert Curl and Richard Smalley discover C60, soon followed by their discovery of fullerenes.
- Western Sahara is admitted to the Organization of African Unity; Morocco, which claims Western Sahara, leaves in protest.
- Solarquest, the space age real estate game, is first published by Golden.
- Norma Phillips Thornworth is elected president of Mothers Against Drunk Driving.
- ATI Technologies is founded.
- The Tommy Hilfiger brand is established.
- DNA is first used in a criminal case.
- Multiple cases of espionage in the United States prompt the media to label this "The Year of the Spy".
- Africa has a population growth of 3.2 percent per year.
- The Asian tiger mosquito, an invasive species, is first found in Houston, Texas.
- The Famine in Ethiopia continues; USA for Africa ("We Are the World") and Live Aid raise funds for famine relief.
- The Fall of Communism begins with resistance gaining victory in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. Over the next six years, other countries begin renouncing communism, ending with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3
- January 4
- January 5
- January 7 – Lewis Hamilton, British Formula 1 driver
- January 8 – Rachael Lampa, American Christian singer
- January 9 – Bobô, Brazilian footballer
- January 11
- January 16
- January 17
- January 19 – Rika Ishikawa, Japanese singer and host of television and radio programs
- January 20
- Marina Inoue, Japanese voice actress and singer
- January 21
- January 22
- January 23 – Doutzen Kroes, Dutch supermodel
- January 25
- January 26
- January 28
- January 29
- January 30 - Richie Porte, Australian professional cyclist (Tasmanian)
- January 31 - Kalomira, Greek American singer
- February 2 – Fontel Mines, American football player
- February 3 - Eric Babineaux, prominent Raleigh, North Carolina attorney
- February 4
- February 5
- February 6
- February 7
- February 8
- February 9
- February 10 – Anette Sagen, Norwegian ski jumper
- February 11
- February 14
- February 17 – Anne Curtis, Filipino-Australian actress, television host, model, VJ and singer
- February 18
- February 19
- February 20 – Yulia Volkova, Russian singer
- February 22
- February 25
- February 26
- February 28
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4 – Scott Michael Foster, American actor
- March 5 – Kenichi Matsuyama, Japanese actor
- March 7 – Cameron Prosser, Australian swimmer
- March 8 – Ewa Sonnet, Polish model
- March 9
- March 10 – Lassana Diarra, French footballer
- March 11
- March 12
- March 13
- March 14 – Eva Angelina, American pornographic actress
- March 15
- March 18 – Bianca King, Filipina-Canadian actress & model
- March 19 – E. J. Viso, Venezuelan race car driver
- March 21
- March 22
- March 24
- March 25 – Carmen Rasmusen, American singer
- March 26
- March 27
- March 28 – Sauli Koskinen, Finnish reality-television star, radio personality and entertainment reporter
- March 29 – William Chak, Hong Kong actor
- March 31
- April 1 – Josh Zuckerman, American actor
- April 3 – Leona Lewis, English singer
- April 4 – Rudy Fernández, Spanish professional basketball player
- April 7 – KC Concepcion, Filipina actress and singer
- April 9
- April 10
- April 12
- April 13 - Carmen Carrera, American model
- April 15 – Amy Reid, German pornographic actress
- April 16 – Benjamin Rojas, Argentine singer
- April 17
- April 18 - Łukasz Fabiański, Polish footballer
- April 19 – Zhang Xi, Chinese beach-volleybll player
- April 22 – Camille Lacourt, French swimmer
- April 23 – Taio Cruz, British singer
- April 24 - Kaori Nazuka, Japanese voice actress and singer
- April 26 – Nam Gyu-Ri, Korean singer, former member of See Ya
- April 28 – Brandon Baker, American actor
- April 30 – Ashley Alexandra Dupree, American prostitute, R & B singer-songwriter
- May 1 – Drew Sidora, American actress and singer
- May 2
- May 3 – Meagan Tandy, American actress and model
- May 4 – Bo McCalebb, American/Macedonian basketball player
- May 5 - Shoko Nakagawa, Japanese actress, voice actress and singer
- May 6 – Chris Paul, American basketball player
- May 9
- May 10 – Odette Annable, American actress
- May 12 – Dániel Tőzsér, Hungarian footballer
- May 14
- May 15
- May 17 – Christine Nesbitt, Canadian speed skater
- May 21 – Mutya Buena, British singer and songwriter (formerly of Sugababes)
- May 22
- May 23 – Kanyeria, Kenyan music producer
- May 25 – Luciana Abreu, Portuguese singer and actress
- May 26 – Ashley Vincent, English footballer
- May 27 – Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
- May 28
- May 30 – Turk McBride, American National Football League player
- May 31 – Navene Koperweis, American musician
- June 1 – Ari Herstand, American singer/songwriter
- June 2 - Miyuki Sawashiro, Japanese voice actress
- June 4
- June 7 – Charlie Simpson, English musician
- June 9
- June 10
- June 11 – Dmitry Koldun, Belarusian singer
- June 12
- June 13 – Danny Syvret, Canadian ice hockey player
- June 15
- June 17
- June 19 – Ai Miyazato, Japanese golfer
- June 20
- June 21 –
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Phil Bardsley, English footballer
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3 – Minami Keisuke, Japanese singer and actor
- July 5
- July 6 - Ranveer Singh, Bollywood actor.
- July 7 – Seo Woo, Korean actress
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11
- July 12
- July 13 – Guillermo Ochoa, Mexican footballer
- July 14 – Oleksandr Pyatnytsya, Ukrainian javelin thrower
- July 15 – Chris Tiu, Filipino professional basketball player, TV host, commercial model, and politician
- July 16
- July 17 – Tom Fletcher, British musician (McFly)
- July 18 – Chace Crawford, American actor
- July 20
- John Francis Daley, American television and film actor
- July 21 – Vanessa Lengies, Canadian actress
- July 22
- July 23 – Scott Chandler, American football player
- July 24 – Teagan Presley, American porn star
- July 25
- July 27 – Lou Taylor Pucci, American actor
- July 28
- July 30 – Elena Gheorghe, Romanian singer and former member of Mandinga
- August 2 – Britt Nicole (Brittany Nicole Waddell), Christian rock artist
- August 3 – Sonny Bill Williams, New Zealand Rugby League player
- August 4 – Crystal Bowersox, American singer-songwriter
- August 5 – Salomon Kalou, Ivorian footballer
- August 9
- August 10 – Jared Nathan, American actor (d. 2006)
- August 11 – Asher Roth, American rapper
- August 12 – Charlotte Salt, English actress
- August 14 – Ashlynn Brooke, American pornographic actress
- August 16 – Agnes Bruckner, American actress
- August 21 – Melissa M, French singer
- August 25 – Wynter Gordon, American pop/dance singer-songwriter
- August 27
- August 28 – Ashlyne Huff, American singer-songwriter and dancer
- August 29 – Jeffrey Licon, American actor
- August 30
- September 1 – Camile Velasco, Filipina-American actress
- September 2
- September 3
- September 5 – Dilshad Vadsaria, American television actress
- September 7
- September 8 – Denny Morrison, Canadian speed skater
- September 9 - J. R. Smith, American basketball player
- September 10 – Elyse Levesque, Canadian film and television actress
- September 11 – Craig
- September 13 – Emi Suzuki, Chinese-born Japanese female model
- September 14 – Aya Ueto, Japanese actress
- September 15 – Iselin Steiro, Norwegian model
- September 16
- September 17
- September 21
- September 23
- September 24
- September 25 – Calvin Johnson, American football player
- September 26 – Marcin Mroziński, Polish actor, singer and television presenter
- September 28 – Shindong, Korean singer (Super Junior)
- September 29 – Dani Pedrosa, Spanish motorcycle racer
- September 30 – T-Pain, American singer-songwriter, rapper, record producer, and actor
- October 1
- October 3
- October 5
- October 7 – Evan Longoria, American professional baseball player
- October 8
- October 9 – Frankmusik, English electropop musician
- October 10
- October 11
- October 14
- October 16 – Casey Stoner, Australian motorcycle racer
- October 17 – Stephanie McIntosh, Irish-Anglo film actor and model
- October 18 - Iori Nomizu, Japanese voce atress, actress and singer
- October 19 – RR Enriquez, Filipino model, television host and actress
- October 20 – Jennifer Freeman, American actress
- October 22
- October 23
- October 24 – Wayne Rooney, English footballer
- October 25
- October 26
- October 27 – Troian Bellisario, American actress
- November 2 - Josh Grelle, American voice actor
- November 3 – Tyler Hansbrough, American basketball player
- November 4 – Victoria Leigh Soto, American educator (d. 2012)
- November 5
- November 8 – Jack Osbourne, English television personality
- November 10
- November 11
- November 13
- November 15
- November 20 – Dan Byrd, American actor
- November 21 – Carly Rae Jepsen, Canadian singer-songwriter
- November 22 – Asamoah Gyan, Ghanaian football player
- November 23 – Ahn Hyun-Soo, South Korean short track skater
- November 25 – Marcus Hellner, Swedish cross-country skier
- November 27 – Alison Pill, Canadian actress
- November 28
- November 30 – Kaley Cuoco, American actress
- December 1 – Janelle Monáe, African-American R&B/soul musician
- December 2 – Amaury Leveaux, French swimmer
- December 3
- December 4 - Krista Siegfrids, Finnish singer
- December 5 – Frankie Muniz, American actor, musician, writer, producer, and racecar driver
- December 6 – Dulce María, Mexican actress
- December 7 – Jon Moxley, American professional wrestler
- December 8 – Dwight Howard, American basketball player
- December 9 – Wil Besseling, Dutch golfer
- December 10
- December 11 – Samantha Steele, American sportscaster
- December 12
- Juan Camilo Zúñiga, Colombian footballer
- December 14 – Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress
- December 18 – Hana Soukupova, Czech model
- December 19
- December 21
- December 23
- December 26
- December 29 – Alexa Ray Joel, American singer, songwriter and pianist
- December 31 – Jonathan Horton, American gymnast
- January 4 – Sir Brian Horrocks, British general (b. 1895)
- January 5 – Robert L. Surtees, American cinematographer (b. 1906)
- January 13 – Carol Wayne, American actress (b. 1942)
- January 14 – Jetta Goudal, Dutch-born actress (b. 1891)
- January 18 – Mahmoud Mohammed Taha, Sudanese religious thinker (b. 1909)
- January 21 – Florizel von Reuter, American violinist and composer (b. 1890)
- January 22 – Sir Arthur Bryant, British historian (b. 1899)
- January 29
- January 31 – Tatsuzō Ishikawa, Japanese novelist (b. 1905)
- February 4 – Jesse Hibbs, American film director (b. 1906)
- February 6 – Neil McCarthy, British actor (b. 1932)
- February 8 – Marvin Miller, American actor (b. 1913)
- February 11 – Henry Hathaway, American film director (b. 1898)
- February 12 – Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (b. 1924)
- February 18 – Randolph E. Haugan, American author, editor and publisher (b. 1902)
- February 20 – Clarence Nash, American actor (b. 1904)
- February 21
- February 22 – Efrem Zimbalist, Russia-born Jewish American violinist (b. 1890)
- February 26 – Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureates (b. 1910)
- February 27
- March 3 – Iosif Shklovsky, Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist (b. 1916)
- March 8 – Edward Andrews, American actor (b. 1914)
- March 10
- March 12 – Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian conductor (b. 1899)
- March 13 – Mabel Alvarez, American painter (b. 1891)
- March 16 – Roger Sessions, American composer (b. 1896)
- March 21 – Sir Michael Redgrave, English actor (b. 1908)
- March 23
- March 28 – Marc Chagall, Russian-born painter (b. 1887)
- March 29 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun and singer (b. 1933)
- March 30 – Shizuko Kasagi, Japanese singer (b. 1914)
- April 4 – Kate Roberts (author), Welsh-language authors (b. 1891)
- April 7 – Carl Schmitt, German jurist, political theorist, and professor of law (b. 1888)
- April 8 – J. Fred Coots, American songwriter (b. 1897)
- April 10 – Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher (b. 1903)
- April 11 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian head of state (b. 1908)
- April 14 – Noele Gordon, British actress (b. 1919)
- April 15 – Jack Medica, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1914)
- April 16 – Scott Brady, American actor (b. 1924)
- April 17 – Evadne Price (aka Helen Zenna Smith), British writer (b. 1896)
- April 18 – Gertrude Caton–Thompson, English archaeologist (b. 1888)
- April 21 – Tancredo Neves, Brazilian elected president (b. 1910)
- April 22 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)
- April 23 – Kent Smith, American actor (b. 1907)
- April 25 – Richard Haydn, English actor (b. 1905)
- April 26 – Albert Maltz, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten (b. 1908)
- May 1 – Denise Robins, (aka Francesca Wright, Ashley French, Harriet Gray, Julia Kane) British romance novelist (b. 1897)
- May 4 – Clarence Wiseman, the 10th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1907)
- May 5 – Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)
- May 6
- May 7 – Dawn Addams, British actress (b. 1930)
- May 8
- May 9 – Edmond O'Brien, American actor (b. 1915)
- May 10 – Tahar Ben Ammar, Tunisian politician (b. 1889)
- May 12 – Jean Dubuffet, French artist (b. 1901)
- May 13
- May 15 – Rama Devi (Orissa politician), leader of nationalists in Orissa. (b. 1889)
- May 16 – Shirley Ximena Hopper Russell, American artist (b. 1886)
- May 17 – Andrej Bicenko, Russian fresco painter. (b. 1886)
- May 18 – Michel Georges-Michel, painter, journalist, novelist (b. 1883)
- May 19 – W. H. Diddle, American amateur golfer (b. 1882)
- May 22
- May 30 – George K. Arthur, English actor and producer (b. 1899)
- June 1 – Eugène Séguy, French entomologist (b. 1890)
- June 5 – Lord George-Brown, British politician (b. 1914)
- June 6 – Norman W. Walker, British businessman (b. 1886)
- June 7
- June 9 – Matsutarō Kawaguchi, Japanese novelist (b. 1899)
- June 10 – George Chandler, American actor (b. 1898)
- June 11 – Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (b. 1954)
- June 12 – Czesław Marek, Polish composer, pianist (b. 1891)
- June 15 – Percy Fender, English cricketer (b. 1892)
- June 17 – George Jackson, English footballer (b. 1893)
- June 28 – James Craig, American actor (b. 1912)
- July 2
- July 8
- July 9 - Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
- July 16 – Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
- July 17 – Margo, Mexican-American actress (b. 1917)
- July 19
- July 21 – Alvah Cecil Bessie, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten (b. 1904)
- July 22 – Matti Järvinen, Finnish athlete (b. 1909)
- July 23
- July 25 – Grant Williams, American actor (b. 1931)
- July 26 – Grace Albee, American printmaker and wood engraver. (b. 1890)
- July 27 – John Scarne, American magician and card expert (b. 1903)
- August 1 – Helene Engelmann, Austrian figure skater (b. 1898)
- August 2 – Frank Faylen, American actor (b. 1905)
- August 2 – Arnold Horween, Harvard Crimson and NFL football player (b. 1898)
- August 6 – Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (b. 1923)
- August 8 – Louise Brooks, American actress (b. 1906)
- August 10 – Kenny Baker, American actor and singer (b. 1912)
- August 12
- August 14 – Gale Sondergaard, American actor (b. 1899)
- August 15 – Lester Cole, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten (b. 1904)
- August 22 – Paul Peter Ewald, German-born American crystallographer and physicist (b. 1888)
- August 24 – Morrie Ryskind, American dramatist (b. 1895)
- August 25 – Samantha Smith, American schoolgirl activist (b. 1972)
- August 28 – Ruth Gordon, American actress (b. 1896)
- August 29 – Evelyn Ankers, British actress (b. 1918)
- August 30 – Taylor Caldwell, Anglo-American writer (b. 1900)
- August 31 – Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
- September 1 – Stefan Bellof, race car driver and 1984 World SportsCars (Group C) Champion (b. 1957)
- September 4
- September 6
- September 7
- Bruiser Kinard, American football player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1914)
- Rodney Robert Porter, English biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1917)
- José Zabala-Santos, Filipino cartoonist (b. 1911)
- George Pólya, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1887)
- September 8 – John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
- September 9 – Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
- September 10
- September 11
- September 14 – Julian Beck, American actor (b. 1925)
- September 17 – Laura Ashley, Welsh designer (b. 1925)
- September 19 – Italo Calvino, Italian writer (b. 1923)
- September 27 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (b. 1902)
- September 30
- October 1 – E.B. White, American writer (b. 1899)
- October 2
- October 6 – John W. Snyder, American businessman and Cabinet Secretary (b. 1895)
- October 8 – Nelson Riddle, American bandleader (b. 1921)
- October 10
- October 12
- October 14 – Emil Gilels, Soviet pianist (b. 1916)
- October 21
- October 22 – Thomas Townsend Brown, American inventor (b. 1905)
- October 24 – Laszlo Biro, Hungarian inventor of the ballpoint pen (b. 1899)
- October 25 – Morton Downey, American singer (b. 1901)
- October 29 – John Davis Lodge, American actor and politician (b. 1903)
- October 31 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
- November 1
- November 2 – William Lummis, British military historian (b. 1886)
- November 5
- November 8 – Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgian cyclist (b. 1899)
- November 9 – Marie-Georges Pascal, French actress (b. 1946)
- November 11 – Pelle Lindbergh, Swedish Professional Hockey goaltender (b. 1959)
- November 13
- November 16 – Stuart Chase, American economist (b. 1888)
- November 17
- November 19 – Stepin Fetchit, American actor (b. 1902)
- November 24 – Big Joe Turner, American blues singer (b. 1911)
- November 25 – Geoffrey Grigson, British poet, writer, critic (b. 1905)
- November 27 – Fernand Braudel, French historian (b. 1902)
- Johnny McNally - American football player (Green Bay Packers) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
- December 6
- December 7
- December 8 – Bill Wambsganss, second baseman in Major League Baseball (b. 1894)
- December 12
- December 13 – Paul Caraway, American general and High Commissioner (b. 1905)
- December 14 – Roger Maris, American baseball player (b. 1934)
- December 15 – Carlos Romulo, Filipino diplomat (b. 1899)
- December 16 – William H. Pettit, Christian missionary to Bangladesh (b. 1885)
- December 21 – Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
- December 22 – D. Boon, American singer and guitarist (b. 1958)
- December 23
- December 24
- December 26 – Dian Fossey, American biologist (b. 1932)
- December 27 – Harry Hopman, Australian tennis player and coach (b. 1906)
- December 31
- Andrej Bicenko, Russian fresco painter and muralist (b. 1886)
- Kaare Bratung, Norwegian cartoonist (b. 1906)
- Hamlet Gonashvili, Georgian singer (b. 1928)
- Lluís Solé, Spanish geographer and academic (b. 1908)
- Physics – Klaus von Klitzing
- Chemistry – Herbert A. Hauptman, Jerome Karle
- Literature – Claude Simon
- Peace – International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
- Economics – Franco Modigliani
- Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine – Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein
Right Livelihood Award
- Theo van Boven and Cary Fowler, Pat Mooney, Rajni Kothari, Duna Kör, and Rural Advancement Fund International, Lokayan
- Kifner, John (1985-02-15). "U.S. TV Reporter Free In Lebanon". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Farman, J. C.; Gardiner, B. G.; Shanklin, J. D. (1985). "Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction". Nature 315 (6016): 207–10. Bibcode:1985Natur.315..207F. doi:10.1038/315207a0.
- Zehr, Stephen C. (1994). "Accounting for the Ozone Hole: Scientific Representations of an Anomaly and Prior Incorrect Claims in Public Settings". The Sociological Quarterly 35: 603–19. doi:10.1111/j.1533-8525.1994.tb00419.x. JSTOR 4121521.
- "AROUND THE NATION - 3 Killed and One Hurt In Kentucky Coal Mine". United Press International. August 16, 1985. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- Alfred, Randy (2008-02-09). "Sept. 2, 1985: Hey, Everyone, We Found the Titanic". Wired. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- Ballard, Robert D. (December 1985). "How We Found the Titanic". National Geographic 168 (6): 696–718.
- Spector, G (September 24, 1985). "Apple's Jobs Starts New Firm, Targets Education Market". PC Week. p. 109.
- Gaines, Larry; Miller, LeRoy (2006). Criminal Justice In Action: The Core. Thomson/Wadsworth. ISBN 0-495-00305-0.