1985 Giro d'Italia

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1985 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates 16 May - 9 June
Stages 22 + Prologue
Distance 3,998.6 km (2,485 mi)
Winning time 105h 46' 51" (37.893 km/h or 23.546 mph)
Winner  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (La Vie Claire)
Second  Francesco Moser (ITA) (Gis Gelati)
Third  Greg LeMond (USA) (La Vie Claire)

Points  Johan van der Velde (NED) (Vini Ricordi)
Mountains  José Luis Navarro (ESP) (Zor)
Youth  Alberto Volpi (ITA) (Sammontana)
Combination  Urs Freuler (SUI) (Atala)
Team Alpilatte - Cierre

The 1985 Giro d'Italia of cycling was held from 16 May to 9 June 1985, consisting of 22 stages for a total of 3,998 km (2,484 mi), ridden at an average speed of 37.89 km/h (24 mph). It was won by Bernard Hinault (his third success in the race).[1]


A total of 20 teams were invited to participate in the 1985 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 180 cyclists. Out of the 180 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 135 riders made it to the finish in Merano.

The 20 teams that took part in the race were:

Route and stages[edit]

The 1985 edition of the Giro d'Italia began with a short 6.6 km (4.1 mi) prologue that navigated around the Italian city of Verona. There were a total of eleven stages that contained categorized mountains. Nine of the stages were primarily flat stages. The official route contained four time trials, three of which were individual and one of which was a team event.

Out of the eleven mountain stages in the race five of them had summit finishes: stage 4 to Selva di Val Gardena, stage 14 to Gran Sasso d'Italia, and stage 20 to Valnontey di Cogne.

This edition of the Giro was predominantly flat; there were more sprinters and combative riders in the peloton than climbers, with Moser and Saronni both good in time trials. The route had some medium-mountain and a few high-mountain stages, without extreme climbs.

Stage results[2]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 16 May Verona 6.6 km (4 mi) Individual time trial  Francesco Moser (ITA)
1 17 May Verona to Busto Arsizio 218 km (135 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
2 18 May Busto Arsizio to Milan 38 km (24 mi) Team time trial Del Tongo-Colnago
3 19 May Milan to Pinzolo 190 km (118 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)
4 20 May Pinzolo to Selva di Val Gardena 237 km (147 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Hubert Seiz (SUI)
5 21 May Selva di Val Gardena to Vittorio Veneto 225 km (140 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Emanuele Bombini (ITA)
6 22 May Vittorio Veneto to Cervia 237 km (147 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Frank Hoste (BEL)
7 23 May Cervia to Jesi 185 km (115 mi) Plain stage  Orlando Maini (ITA)
24 May Rest day
8a 25 May Foggia to Foggia 45 km (28 mi) Plain stage  Stefano Allocchio (ITA)
8b Foggia to Matera 167 km (104 mi) Plain stage  Acácio da Silva (POR)
9 26 May Matera to Crotone 237 km (147 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Rosola (ITA)
10 27 May Crotone to Paola 203 km (126 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Acácio da Silva (POR)
11 28 May Paola to Salerno 240 km (149 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Stefano Allocchio (ITA)
12 29 May Capua to Maddaloni 38 km (24 mi) Individual time trial  Bernard Hinault (FRA)
13 30 May Maddaloni to Frosinone 154 km (96 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
14 31 May Frosinone to Gran Sasso d'Italia 195 km (121 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Franco Chioccioli (ITA)
15 1 June L'Aquila to Perugia 208 km (129 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Ron Kiefel (USA)
16 2 June Perugia to Cecina 217 km (135 mi) Plain stage  Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)
17 3 June Cecina to Modena 248 km (154 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Daniel Gisiger (SUI)
4 June Rest day
18 5 June Monza to Domodossola 128 km (80 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Rosola (ITA)
19 6 June Domodossola to Saint-Vincent 247 km (153 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Francesco Moser (ITA)
20 7 June Saint-Vincent to Valnontey di Cogne 58 km (36 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Andrew Hampsten (USA)
21 8 June Saint-Vincent to Genoa 229 km (142 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
22 9 June Lido di Camaiore to Lucca 48 km (30 mi) Individual time trial  Francesco Moser (ITA)
Total 3,998.6 km (2,485 mi)

Race overview[edit]

The race started with a prologue, won by Moser. The first stage went to Freuler, one of the best sprinters at that time, and in the 3rd day a Team time trial put Saronni in the lead. Only during the 4th stage real action began, with the Sëlva climb. Hinault attacked but the winner was Hubert Seiz, while Visentini took the lead. The first long individual time trial was won by Hinault (thanks also to a mechanical problem occurred to Moser), who dressed the pink jersey as leader of the general classification. Next another flat stage, and finally the mountains, with the Gran Sasso: Chioccioli won, without any significant changes in the general classification. Ron Kiefel won the 15th stage, from L'Aquila to Perugia, becoming the first American cyclist to win a stage of a Grand Tour.[3]

Real mountains were concentrated in the two final alpine stages, finishing at Saint-Vincent and Valnontey. Moser won the first and a young Andrew Hampsten the second. Hinault maintained the lead and controlled the race during the final stage (an individual time trial from Lido di Camaiore to Lucca).

Hinault showed that he was the strongest rider in the race: he was regular and controlled the Italian teams with his powerful team (La Vie Claire) behind him. Moser showed that at 34 he was still a great cyclist, and the most complete of all Italian riders; despite this, it wasn't enough to beat Hinault. Visentini was in good shape and led the race till the first long ITT, then got sick and was forced to retire. Saronni was the great loser: good at ITT and sprints, he was left behind in the few mountain stages, letting many people to suppose that he had used his final forces to win the 1983 Giro.

Argentin fought for the sprints and a top-10 place, but he fell in the middle of the race and eventually retired. LeMond was preparing the Tour de France and helping Hinault, his result was very good and showed all of his talent. Lejarreta suffered the absence of high mountain stages.

Prim was as usual very regular, although he would have been expected to do more in the TT and compete for 1st place. Baronchelli and Contini were both far of their fitness. Volpi, Giovannetti and Chioccioli showed a good talent (Chioccioli won a mountain stage, Volpi won the classification of the neo-pros).

José Luis Navarro was a good surprise as a climber: he won the mountains classification. Portuguese rider Acácio da Silva did well in the medium mountain stages, but lost time and points during the last week. Freuler was the best sprinter and was contested only by Saronni, Stefano Allocchio and Paolo Rosola. Van der Velde fought for the points classification, but disappeared during the last mountain stages.

Classification leadership[edit]

In the 1985 Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys were awarded. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.[4]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a purple, or cyclamen jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing in the top 15 in a stage. In addition, points could be won in intermediate sprints.[4]

There was also a mountains classification, the leadership of which was marked by a green jersey. In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. Each climb was categorized as either first, second, or third category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded still more points than the other first-category climbs.[4]

The fourth jersey represented the young rider classification, marked by a white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only neo-professional cyclists - those in their first three years of professional racing - were eligible.[4]

There was also one classification for the teams. The classification was the Trofeo Fast Team. In this classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[4]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Pink Jersey
Points classification
Purple Jersey
Mountains classification
Green Jersey
Young rider classification
White Jersey
Trofeo Fast Team
P Francesco Moser Francesco Moser not awarded not awarded not awarded not awarded
1 Urs Freuler Urs Freuler Roberto Calovi Gis Gelati-Trentino Vacanze
2 Del Tongo-Colnago Giuseppe Saronni Del Tongo-Colnago
3 Giuseppe Saronni Giuseppe Saronni Acácio da Silva Alberto Volpi
4 Hubert Seiz Roberto Visentini Johan van der Velde Carrera-Inoxpran
5 Emanuele Bombini
6 Frank Hoste Urs Freuler
7 Orlando Maini Johan van der Velde
8a Stefano Allocchio
8b Acácio da Silva
9 Paolo Rosola
10 Acácio da Silva Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre
11 Stefano Allocchio
12 Bernard Hinault Bernard Hinault Johan van der Velde
Urs Freuler
13 Urs Freuler Urs Freuler
14 Franco Chioccioli Johan van der Velde
15 Ron Kiefel
16 Giuseppe Saronni
17 Daniel Gisiger José Luis Navarro Del Tongo-Colnago
18 Paolo Rosola
19 Francesco Moser
20 Andrew Hampsten Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre
21 Urs Freuler
22 Francesco Moser
Final Bernard Hinault Johan van der Velde José Luis Navarro Alberto Volpi Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre

Final standings[edit]

  Pink jersey   Denotes the winner of the General classification   Green jersey   Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification
  Purple jersey   Denotes the winner of the Points classification   White jersey   Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)
Rank Name Team Time
1  Bernard Hinault (FRA) Pink jersey La Vie Claire 105h 46' 51"
2  Francesco Moser (ITA) Gis Gelati-Trentino Vacanze + 1' 08"
3  Greg LeMond (USA) La Vie Claire + 2' 55"
4  Tommy Prim (SWE) Sammontana-Bianchi + 4' 53"
5  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre + 6' 30"
6  Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA) Supermercati Brianzoli + 6' 32"
7  Silvano Contini (ITA) Ariostea + 7' 22"
8  Michael Wilson (AUS) Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre + 7' 38"
9  Franco Chioccioli (ITA) Maggi Mobili-Fanini + 8' 33"
10  Alberto Volpi (ITA) A white jersey Sammontana-Bianchi + 10' 31"

Points classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Johan van der Velde (NED) A purple jersey Carrera-Inoxpran 195
2  Urs Freuler (SUI) Panasonic-Merckx-Agu 172
3  Francesco Moser (ITA) Gis Gelati-Trentino Vacanze 140
4  Frank Hoste (BEL) Del Tongo 126
5  Franco Chioccioli (ITA) Maggi Mobili-Fanini 122
6  Paolo Rosola (ITA) Sammontana-Bianchi 121
7  Greg LeMond (USA) La Vie Claire 118
8  Giuseppe Saronni (ITA) Del Tongo 117
9  Acácio da Silva (POR) Malvor-Bottecchia 98
10  Bernard Hinault (FRA) Pink jersey La Vie Claire 97

Mountains classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  José Luis Navarro (ESP) Green jersey Gemeaz Cusin-Zor 54
2  Reynel Montoya (COL) Varta-Café de Colombia 47
3  Rafael Acevedo (COL) Varta-Café de Colombia 38
4  Acácio da Silva (POR) Malvor-Bottecchia 32
5  Andrew Hampsten (USA) 7-Eleven 30

Young rider classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Alberto Volpi (ITA) A white jersey Sammontana-Bianchi 105h 57' 22"
2  Marco Giovannetti (ITA) Ariostea + 3' 59"
3  José Luis Navarro (ESP) Green jersey Gemeaz Cusin-Zor + 10' 19"
4  Andrew Hampsten (USA) 7-Eleven + 10' 52"
5  Luca Rota (ITA) Murella-Rossin + 15' 47"
6  Ezio Moroni (ITA) Atala-Ofmega-Campagnolo + 32' 43"
7  Fabrizio Vannucci (ITA) Maggi Mobili-Fanini + 33' 49"
8  Enrico Pochini (ITA) Dromedario-Laminox + 43' 07"
9  Jens Veggerby (DEN) Maggi Mobili-Fanini + 44' 31"
10  Rafael Acevedo (COL) Varta-Café de Colombia + 47' 23"

Team classification[edit]

Team Time
1 Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre 315h 47' 32"
2 Del Tongo-Colnago + 4' 44"
3 La Vie Claire + 5' 29"
4 Ariostea + 13' 52"
5 Maggi Mobili-Fanini + 26' 01"
6 Gis Gelati-Trentino Vacanze + 26' 18"
7 Atala-Ofmega-Campagnolo + 54' 18"
8 Carrera-Inoxpran + 55' 54"
9 Supermercati Brianzoli + 1h 01' 29"
10 Dromedario-Laminox + 1h 21' 33"


  1. ^ "Hinault: Tres Vidas En Rosa" [Hinault: Three Lives In Pink] (PDF) (in Spanish). Lucca, Italy: El Mundo Deportivo. 10 June 1985. p. 34. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Bill and Carol McGann. "1985 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  3. ^ An American in Italy cyclingnews.com, May 5, 2009
  4. ^ a b c d e Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 27 August 2009.