1985 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||16 May - 9 June|
|Stages||22 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,998.6 km (2,485 mi)|
|Winning time||105h 46' 51" (37.893 km/h or 23.546 mph)|
|Winner||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||(La Vie Claire)|
|Second||Francesco Moser (ITA)||(Gis Gelati)|
|Third||Greg LeMond (USA)||(La Vie Claire)|
|Points||Johan van der Velde (NED)||(Vini Ricordi)|
|Mountains||José Luis Navarro (ESP)||(Zor)|
|Youth||Alberto Volpi (ITA)||(Sammontana)|
|Combination||Urs Freuler (SUI)||(Atala)|
|Team||Alpilatte - Cierre|
The 1985 Giro d'Italia of cycling was held from 16 May to 9 June 1985, consisting of 22 stages for a total of 3,998 km, ridden at an average speed of 37.89 km/h. It was won by Bernard Hinault (his third success in the race).
A total of 20 teams were invited to participate in the 1985 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 180 cyclists. Out of the 180 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 135 riders made it to the finish in Merano.
The 20 teams that took part in the race were:
Route and stages
The 1985 edition of the Giro d'Italia began with a short 6.6 km (4.1 mi) prologue that navigated around the Italian city of Verona. There were a total of eleven stages that contained categorized mountains. Nine of the stages were primarily flat stages. The official route contained four time trials, three of which were individual and one of which was a team event.
This edition of the Giro was predominantly flat; there were more sprinters and combative riders in the peloton than climbers, with Moser and Saronni both good in time trials. The route had some medium-mountain and a few high-mountain stages, without extreme climbs.
|P||16 May||Verona||6.6 km (4 mi)||Individual time trial||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|1||17 May||Verona to Busto Arsizio||218 km (135 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|2||18 May||Busto Arsizio to Milan||38 km (24 mi)||Team time trial||Del Tongo-Colnago|
|3||19 May||Milan to Pinzolo||190 km (118 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)|
|4||20 May||Pinzolo to Selva di Val Gardena||237 km (147 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Hubert Seiz (SUI)|
|5||21 May||Selva di Val Gardena to Vittorio Veneto||225 km (140 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Emanuele Bombini (ITA)|
|6||22 May||Vittorio Veneto to Cervia||237 km (147 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Frank Hoste (BEL)|
|7||23 May||Cervia to Jesi||185 km (115 mi)||Plain stage||Orlando Maini (ITA)|
|24 May||Rest day|
|8a||25 May||Foggia to Foggia||45 km (28 mi)||Plain stage||Stefano Allocchio (ITA)|
|8b||Foggia to Matera||167 km (104 mi)||Plain stage||Acácio da Silva (POR)|
|9||26 May||Matera to Crotone||237 km (147 mi)||Plain stage||Paolo Rosola (ITA)|
|10||27 May||Crotone to Paola||203 km (126 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Acácio da Silva (POR)|
|11||28 May||Paola to Salerno||240 km (149 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Stefano Allocchio (ITA)|
|12||29 May||Capua to Maddaloni||38 km (24 mi)||Individual time trial||Bernard Hinault (FRA)|
|13||30 May||Maddaloni to Frosinone||154 km (96 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|14||31 May||Frosinone to Gran Sasso d'Italia||195 km (121 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)|
|15||1 June||L'Aquila to Perugia||208 km (129 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Ron Kiefel (USA)|
|16||2 June||Perugia to Cecina||217 km (135 mi)||Plain stage||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)|
|17||3 June||Cecina to Modena||248 km (154 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Daniel Gisiger (SUI)|
|4 June||Rest day|
|18||5 June||Monza to Domodossola||128 km (80 mi)||Plain stage||Paolo Rosola (ITA)|
|19||6 June||Domodossola to Saint-Vincent||247 km (153 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|20||7 June||Saint-Vincent to Valnontey di Cogne||58 km (36 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Andrew Hampsten (USA)|
|21||8 June||Saint-Vincent to Genoa||229 km (142 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|22||9 June||Lido di Camaiore to Lucca||48 km (30 mi)||Individual time trial||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|Total||3,998.6 km (2,485 mi)|
The race started with a prologue, won by Moser. The first stage went to Freuler, one of the best sprinters at that time, and in the 3rd day a Team time trial put Saronni in the lead. Only during the 4th stage real action began, with the Sëlva climb. Hinault attacked but the winner was Hubert Seiz, while Visentini took the lead. The first long individual time trial was won by Hinault (thanks also to a mechanical problem occurred to Moser), who dressed the pink jersey as leader of the general classification. Next another flat stage, and finally the mountains, with the Gran Sasso: Chioccioli won, without any significant changes in the general classification. Ron Kiefel won the 15th stage, from L'Aquila to Perugia, becoming the first American cyclist to win a stage of a Grand Tour.
Real mountains were concentrated in the two final alpine stages, finishing at Saint-Vincent and Valnontey. Moser won the first and a young Andrew Hampsten the second. Hinault maintained the lead and controlled the race during the final stage (an individual time trial from Lido di Camaiore to Lucca).
Hinault showed that he was the strongest rider in the race: he was regular and controlled the Italian teams with his powerful team (La Vie Claire) behind him. Moser showed that at 34 he was still a great cyclist, and the most complete of all Italian riders; despite this, it wasn't enough to beat Hinault. Visentini was in good shape and led the race till the first long ITT, then got sick and was forced to retire. Saronni was the great loser: good at ITT and sprints, he was left behind in the few mountain stages, letting many people to suppose that he had used his final forces to win the 1983 Giro.
Argentin fought for the sprints and a top-10 place, but he fell in the middle of the race and eventually retired. LeMond was preparing the Tour de France and helping Hinault, his result was very good and showed all of his talent. Lejarreta suffered the absence of high mountain stages.
Prim was as usual very regular, although he would have been expected to do more in the TT and compete for 1st place. Baronchelli and Contini were both far of their fitness. Volpi, Giovannetti and Chioccioli showed a good talent (Chioccioli won a mountain stage, Volpi won the classification of the neo-pros).
José Luis Navarro was a good surprise as a climber: he won the mountains classification. Portuguese rider Acácio da Silva did well in the medium mountain stages, but lost time and points during the last week. Freuler was the best sprinter and was contested only by Saronni, Stefano Allocchio and Paolo Rosola. Van der Velde fought for the points classification, but disappeared during the last mountain stages.
In the 1985 Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys were awarded. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a purple, or cyclamen jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing in the top 15 in a stage. In addition, points could be won in intermediate sprints.
There was also a mountains classification, the leadership of which was marked by a green jersey. In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. Each climb was categorized as either first, second, or third category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded still more points than the other first-category climbs. 
The fourth jersey represented the young rider classification, marked by a white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only neo-professional cyclists - those in their first three years of professional racing - were eligible.
There was also one classification for the teams. The classification was the Trofeo Fast Team. In this classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification|
|1||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||105h 46' 51"|
|2||Francesco Moser (ITA)||Gis Gelati-Trentino Vacanze||+ 1' 08"|
|3||Greg LeMond (USA)||La Vie Claire||+ 2' 55"|
|4||Tommy Prim (SWE)||Sammontana-Bianchi||+ 4' 53"|
|5||Marino Lejarreta (ESP)||Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre||+ 6' 30"|
|6||Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA)||Supermercati Brianzoli||+ 6' 32"|
|7||Silvano Contini (ITA)||Ariostea||+ 7' 22"|
|8||Michael Wilson (AUS)||Alpilatte-Olmo-Cierre||+ 7' 38"|
|9||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||Maggi Mobili-Fanini||+ 8' 33"|
|10||Alberto Volpi (ITA)||Sammontana-Bianchi||+ 10' 31"|
- "Hinault: Tres Vidas En Rosa" [Hinault: Three Lives In Pink] (PDF) (in Spanish). Lucca, Italy: El Mundo Deportivo. 10 June 1985. p. 34. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1985 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- An American in Italy cyclingnews.com, May 5, 2009
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 27 August 2009.