1985 IndyCar season

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1985 IndyCar season
PPG Indy Car World Series
Season
Races 15
Start date April 14
End date November 10
Awards
Drivers' champion United States Al Unser
Constructors' Cup United Kingdom March
Manufacturers' Cup United Kingdom Cosworth
Nations' Cup United States United States
Rookie of the Year Netherlands Arie Luyendyk
Indianapolis 500 winner United States Danny Sullivan
Chronology
Previous season Next season
1984 1986

The 1985 IndyCar season, the seventh in the CART era of U.S. open-wheel racing, consisted of 15 races, beginning in Long Beach, California on April 14 and concluding in Miami, Florida on November 10. The PPG Indy Car World Series Drivers' Champion was Al Unser and the Indianapolis 500 winner was Danny Sullivan. Rookie of the Year was Arie Luyendyk. The 69th Indianapolis 500 was sanctioned by the USAC, but counted in the CART points standings.

Drivers and Teams[edit]

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1985 Indy Car World Series season. All cars used Goodyear tires.

Team Chassis Engine No* Drivers Sponsor Notes
Team Penske March 85C Cosworth 4 (5) United States Danny Sullivan Miller American
5 (1) United States Rick Mears Pennzoil Z-7 Raced by Mears at Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Michigan (both races) and Pocono. Raced by Unser at all other races.
United States Al Unser
11 Hertz/Gould Charge Indianapolis, Michigan (1) and Pocono with Hertz sponsorship, Michigan 2 with Gould Charge sponsorship.
Doug Shierson Racing Lola T900 Cosworth 30 United States Al Unser, Jr. Domino's Pizza
Truesports Co. March 85C Cosworth 3 (10) United States Bobby Rahal Budweiser
8 Canada Ludwig Heimrath, Jr. Red Roof Inns Mid-Ohio only.
Newman/Haas Racing Lola T900 Cosworth 1 (3) United States Mario Andretti Beatrice Andretti was injured at Michigan (1) and missed Road America. Jones replaced Andretti at Road America.
Australia Alan Jones
Patrick Racing March 85C Cosworth 20 Italy Bruno Giacomelli STP Oil Treatment Giacomelli: Long Beach, Portland, Meadowlands, Cleveland, Road America, Mid-Ohio, Sanair, Laguna Seca and Miami. Johncock: Indianapolis. Swindell: Michigan (1) and Pocono. Whittington: Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Michigan (2), Phoenix.
United States Gordon Johncock
United States Sammy Swindell
United States Don Whittington, Jr.
40 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 7-Eleven/STP
60 United States Rich Vogler Kentucky Fried Chicken Indianapolis Only.
All American Racers Eagle 85GC/Lola T900 Cosworth 2 United States Tom Sneva Skoal Bandit Raced an Eagle 85 for Long Beach, Indianapolis and Milwaukee, a Lola T900 for Portland, Sanair, Laguna Seca and Phoenix, and an Eagle 85GC for the remainder of the races.
Lola T900 97 United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr. Indianapolis Only.
Eagle 85GC/Lola T900 98 United States Ed Pimm Raced an Eagle 85 at Long Beach and Indianapolis, a Lola T900 at Milwaukee, and an Eagle 85GC for the remainder of the races. Did not appear at Cleveland.
Kraco Racing March 85C Cosworth 18 United States Kevin Cogan Kraco/Wolff Systems
99 United States Michael Andretti Electrolux/Kraco
Alex Morales Racing March 85C Cosworth 21 United States Johnny Rutherford Vermont American
Machinists Union Racing March 85C Cosworth 55 Mexico Josele Garza Schaefer/Machinists Union
59 United States Pete Halsmer Copenhagen/Machinists Union/Scot Lad Foods Halsmer: Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Portland, Meadowlands, Cleveland, and Michigan (2). Keegan: Mid-Ohio, Laguna Seca and Miami. Ganassi: Michigan (1).
United Kingdom Rupert Keegan
United States Chip Ganassi
Galles Racing March 85C Buick/Cosworth 6 United States Pancho Carter Valvoline/Buick Hawk Carter raced at Long Beach, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Portland, Cleveland, Michigan (both), Pocono, Sanair, and Phoenix. Moreno raced at Meadowlands, Road America, Mid-Ohio, Laguna Seca, and Miami. Buick engine for Long Beach and Indianpolis only.
Brazil Roberto Moreno
Cosworth 7 Australia Geoff Brabham Coors Light
Team Cotter March 85C Cosworth 9 Colombia Roberto Guerrero True Value/Master Mechanic DNS at Meadowlands due to practice wreck
Forsythe Racing Lola T900 Cosworth 32/33 United States Howdy Holmes Jiffy Mixes/Indeck Holmes in with No. 33 at all races except Laguna (accident), Phoenix and Miami. Lammers at Laguna (#32), Phoenix (#32) and Miami (#33).
Netherlands Jan Lammers
Pace Racing March 84C/Lola T900 Cosworth 36 Australia Dennis Firestone Pace Electronics A March 84C was raced in the first six races, and a Lola T900 was raced in the remainder. Firestone raced the car in the first 13 rounds, Bigelow relieved Firestone at Michigan (1), and Crawford raced the car in the final two rounds.
United States Tom Bigelow
United Kingdom Jim Crawford
Dick Simon Racing March 85C Cosworth 22/23 Brazil Raúl Boesel Break Free No. 22 raced by Simon on ovals and Boesel on road/street circuits. No. 23 raced by Simon at Meadowlands, and Boesel at Indianapolis and Michigan (1).
United States Dick Simon
Leader Card Racing March 84C/March 85C Cosworth 24 United States Rocky Moran Justice Brothers/Leader Card/Kentucky Fried Chicken Moran raced at Long Beach (84C), and DNQ'd at Portland (85C) and Meadowlands (84C).
March 84C/March 85C United States Tom Bigelow Kentucky Fried Chicken/Palace Display Vans/Menard/Leader Card Racers Bigelow was listed on the Indianapolis (85C) entry, and raced the car at Milwaukee (85C), Michigan (1)(84C) and Pocono (85C).
March 84C United States Phil Krueger Leader Card Racers Krueger DNQ at Cleveland
March 85C United States Herm Johnson Leader Card Racers/Menard Johnson raced at Road America and Mid-Ohio
March 85C United States Gary Bettenhausen Leader Card Racers/Menard Bettenhausen raced at Sanair, Phoenix and DNS at Michigan (2).
March 84C/March 85C United States Dominic Dobson Leader Card Dobson DNS at Meadowlands (84C), and raced at Laguna Seca (85C) and Miami (85C).
Part-time entries
Canadian Tire Racing March 85C Cosworth 67 United Kingdom Jim Crawford Canadian Tire Sanair only.
76 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Villeneuve at all races except Indianapolis, Michigan (both) and Pocono. Parsons at Indianapolis.
United States Johnny Parsons
Provimi Racing Lola T900 Cosworth 61 Netherlands Arie Luyendyk Provimi Veal All races except Michigan (WD), Pocono and Mid-Ohio (wreck in practice).
Wysard Racing Lola T900 Cosworth 34 United Kingdom Jim Crawford Canadian Tire/Malcolm Konner Crawford at Long Beach, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Meadowlands and Cleveland, Brassfield at Miami. Canadian Tire sponsorship at Indianapolis only, Malcolm Konner sponsorship at Meadowlands only.
United States Darin Brassfield
Arciero Racing Lola T900/March 85C Cosworth 12 United States Bill Whittington Arciero Wines Whittington at all races except Michigan 1, Pocono, Sanair and Phoenix, Lanier at Phoenix. Lola T900 at all races except Michigan (2) and Miami.
United States Randy Lanier
Lola T900 57 Long Beach, Indianapolis, Portland, Meadowlands, Cleveland, Road America, Mid-Ohio, Laguna Seca and Miami.
Hemelgarn Racing Lola T900/March 85C Cosworth 71 Republic of Ireland Michael Roe SPA*erobics/WTTV/Living Well/Autostyle Roe at Long Beach, Indianapolis, Portland, Meadowlands, Cleveland, Gehlhausen at Milwaukee and Michigan 1, Mansilla at Road America, Mid-Ohio, Sanair, and Brayton at Laguna Seca, Phoenix and Miami. Lola T900 at all races except Sanair. Living Well sponsorship at all races except Long Beach. SPA*erobics at all races except Indianapolis, WTTV at Indianapolis only, and Autostyle at all races Brayton drove.
United States Spike Gehlhausen
Argentina Enrique Mansilla
United States Scott Brayton
Brayton Racing March 85C Cosworth/Buick 37 United States Scott Brayton Dreisbach & Sons/Hardee's/Jolly Rancher Buick engine at Indianapolis and Milwaukee, Dreisbach & Sons sponsorship at Long Beach and Michigan (2), Hardee's sponsorship at Indianapolis and Milwaukee, and Jolly Rancher sponsorship at Portland, Meadowlands, Cleveland, Michigan (1) and Pocono.
Interscope Racing March 85C Cosworth 25 United States Danny Ongais Interscope Racing Long Beach, Indianapolis, Cleveland, Michigan (both), Pocono, Phoenix and Miami only
AMI Racing March 85C Cosworth 43 United States John Paul, Jr. Satellite Technology Paul Jr. at Indianapolis and Cleveland, Lammers at Portland and Meadowlands.
Netherlands Jan Lammers
Gohr Racing March 85C Chevy 56 United States Steve Chassey Genesee Beer Raced at all rounds except Long Beach and Sanair
Circle Bar Racing Lola T900 Cosworth 38 United States Chet Fillip Circle Bar Truck Corral Indianapolis (DNQ), Milwaukee, Cleveland and Michigan (1) only
Menard Cashway Lumber March 85C Cosworth 8 United States Herm Johnson Menard Racing Indianapolis only (DNQ).
Tom Hess Racing Lola T800 Cosworth 27 (29) United States Dick Ferguson Kapsreiter Bier Long Beach only.
Lola T900 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly Indianapolis only.
United States Jeff Wood Colin Bennett Cleveland only.
United Kingdom Ian Ashley Hess Racing Miami only.
Purcell Racing March 83C Cosworth 50 United States Tom Bigelow Zanetis Indianapolis only, neither car qualified.
United States Phil Krueger
51 Drilling & Producing
United States Jerry Karl
Gilmore Racing March 85C/Lola T900 Cosworth 14 United States A. J. Foyt Copenhagen/Gilmore Entered at Indianapolis, Meadowlands, Cleveland, Michigan (1), Pocono, Sanair, Phoenix and Miami. Ran Sanair with Lola T900.
March 84C 41 United States Mike Nish Gilmore/Foyt Indianapolis (DNQ) and Phoenix (DQ, Practice) only.
March 85C Chevy 44 United States George Snider Foyt Chevrolet Indianapolis only
Cosworth 84 United States Chip Ganassi Calumet Farms Indianapolis only
Dale Coyne Racing Lola T800 Chevy 19 United States Dale Coyne Dale Coyne Racing Entered all rounds except Indianapolis and Sanair
Theodore Racing Theodore Cosworth 15 Brazil Chico Serra Ensign Racing Portland only.
  • - The number in parenthesis is the number the car used at the Indianapolis 500, if a different number was used.

Race winners[edit]

Round Date Event Name Event Location Winner
1 April 14 Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach Long Beach, California United States Mario Andretti
2 May 26 Indianapolis 500 Indianapolis Motor Speedway United States Danny Sullivan
3 June 2 Dana-Rex Mays Classic at Milwaukee Milwaukee Mile United States Mario Andretti
4 June 16 Stroh's/G. I. Joe's 200 at Portland Portland International Raceway United States Mario Andretti
5 June 30 Meadowlands United States Grand Prix Meadowlands Sports Complex United States Al Unser, Jr.
6 July 7 Budweiser Cleveland Grand Prix Cleveland, Ohio United States Al Unser, Jr.
7 July 28 Michigan 500 Michigan International Speedway Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
8 August 4 Provimi Veal 200 at Road America Road America Canada Jacques Villeneuve
9 August 18 Domino's Pizza 500 at Pocono Pocono Raceway United States Rick Mears
10 September 1 Escort 200 at Mid Ohio Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course United States Bobby Rahal
11 September 8 Molson Indy 300 at Sanair Super Speedway Sanair Super Speedway United States Johnny Rutherford
12 September 22 Detroit News 200 at Michigan International Speedway Michigan International Speedway United States Bobby Rahal
13 October 6 Stroh's 300K at Laguna Seca Laguna Seca Raceway United States Bobby Rahal
14 October 13 Dana 150 at Phoenix Phoenix International Raceway United States Al Unser
15 November 20 Beatrice Indy Challenge Miami, Florida United States Danny Sullivan
  Oval/Speedway
  Road Course/Street Circuit
  • Indianapolis was USAC-sanctioned but counted towards the CART title.

Full Series results[edit]

Drivers[edit]

Pos Driver LB
IND
MIL
POR
MEA
CLE
MIC1
ROA
POC
MDO
SAN
MIC2
LAG
PIR
MIA
Pts
1 United States Al Unser 5 4 4 3 3 2* 7 3 27 13* 12 2 1* 4 151
2 United States Al Unser Jr. 9 25 7 2* 1* 1 15 17* 2* 4 3 23 3 2 3 150
3 United States Bobby Rahal 27 27 9 20 25 28 6 4 4 1* 10 1* 1* 6 2* 133
4 United States Danny Sullivan 3 1 4 27 18 27 14 13 5 2 5 8 8 4 1 126
5 United States Mario Andretti 1* 2* 1* 1 26 14* 10 7 7 15 21 11 3 27 114
6 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 2 13 8 3 2 8 1 5 6 8 25 13 24 8 26 104
7 United States Tom Sneva 8 20 2 24 6 11 3 21 8 15 7 5 19 19 21 66
8 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 7 DNQ 22 23 21 4 1 3 11 25 13 17 54
9 United States Michael Andretti 19 8 19 28 4 7 27 2 13 14 19 25 9 5 25 53
10 United States Rick Mears 21 3 30 1 2 51
11 United States Johnny Rutherford 10 6 23 9 14 15 4 DNS 14 22 1 9 21 26 19 51
12 Mexico Josele Garza 28 31 7 12 27 6 19 18 26 11 6 6 7 10 9 46
13 United States Ed Pimm 12 9 21 19 DNS 5 11 20 9 8 3 14 9 12 45
14 United States Kevin Cogan 23 11 16 5 7 9 7 25 17 21 9 4 17 22 24 44
15 Australia Geoff Brabham 6 19 12 14 24 2 29 15 19 13 4 16 10 12 22 41
16 United States Pancho Carter 13 33 5 13 16 16 12 2 10 7 37
17 Colombia Roberto Guerrero 26 3 6 15 DNS 19 13 19 18 18 23 24 4 21 28 34
18 Netherlands Arie Luyendyk 17 7 17 21 10 5 Wth 6 DNS 18 15 22 25 7 33
19 Italy Bruno Giacomelli 18 10 5 10 22 6 16 6 14 32
20 United Kingdom Jim Crawford 4 16 DNS 9 13 20 15 16 16
21 United States Bill Whittington 16 14 DNS 26 16 24 24 5 17 DNQ 8 15
22 United States Scott Brayton 11 30 DNQ 6 15 25 8 16 22 26 18 DNQ 15
23 Australia Alan Jones 3 14
24 United States Danny Ongais DNQ 17 20 22 7 14 6 14
25 United States Howdy Holmes 14 10 11 17 13 22 9 10 21 16 21 18 DNS 12
26 Netherlands Jan Lammers 16 12 5 20 13 11
27 Republic of Ireland Michael Roe 21 DNQ 7 8 26 11
28 Brazil Roberto Moreno 28 16 25 16 5 10
29 United States Johnny Parsons 5 10
30 Brazil Raul Boesel 20 18 11 11 12 28 8 23 20 23 10
31 Argentina Enrique Mansilla 9 10 12 8
32 United States Pete Halsmer DNQ 15 8 19 11 7
33 Australia Dennis Firestone 22 DNQ 20 18 DNQ 21 11 20 9 17 14 DNS 23 6
34 United States Steve Chassey DNQ DNS DNQ 20 DNS 12 26 11 12 14 15 11 DNQ 6
35 United Kingdom Rupert Keegan 19 12 10 4
36 United States Dick Simon 26 13 17 25 10 17 19 DNQ 3
37 United States Chet Fillip DNQ 10 18 17 3
38 United States Dominic Dobson DNS 18 11 2
39 United States Herm Johnson DNQ 12 24 1
40 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly 12 1
41 United States Randy Lanier 24 DNQ 22 22 20 14 20 13 17 15 0
42 United States Spike Gehlhausen 14 18 0
43 United States John Paul, Jr. 15 17 0
44 United States Phil Krueger DNQ DNQ 21 15 0
45 United States Rocky Moran 15 DNQ DNQ 0
46 United States Gary Bettenhausen 22 DNS 16 0
47 United States Tom Bigelow DNQ 18 26 23 0
48 United Kingdom Ian Ashley 18 0
49 United States A.J. Foyt 28 23 24 24 23 20 0
50 United States Don Whittington, Jr. 24 DNQ 20 24 0
51 United States Chip Ganassi 22 22 0
52 United States Dale Coyne DNQ DNS DNQ DNQ DNS 24 23 27 28 DNS 27 DNQ DNQ 0
53 United States Sammy Swindell 23 25 0
54 United States Rich Vogler 23 0
55 United States Jeff Wood 23 0
56 United States Dick Ferguson 25 DNQ 0
57 Brazil Chico Serra 25 0
58 Canada Ludwig Heimrath, Jr. 26 0
59 United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr. 29 0
60 United States George Snider 32 0
United States Darin Brassfield DNQ -
United States Frank Chianelli DNQ -
United States Tom Gloy DNS -
United States Gordon Johncock Wth -
United States Jerry Karl DNQ -
United States Mike Nish DNQ EX -
United States Willy T. Ribbs Wth -
United States Ken Schrader DNP -
Pos Driver LB IND MIL POR MEA CLE MIC1 ROA POC MDO SAN MIC2 LAG PIR MIA Pts
Color Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green 4th & 5th place
(Top 5)
Light Blue 6th–10th place
(Top 10)
Dark Blue Finished
(Outside Top 10)
Purple Did not finish
(Ret)
Red Did not qualify
(DNQ)
Brown Withdrew
(WD)
Black Disqualified
(DSQ)
White Did not start
(DNS)
Blank Did not
participate
(DNP)
Driver
replacement
(Rpl)
Injured
(Inj)
Race not held
(NH)
Not competing
In-line notation
Bold Pole position
Italics Ran fastest race lap
* Led most race laps
Rookie of the Year
Rookie

Point Scoring System:

  • Points are awarded based on each driver's resulting place (regardless of whether the car is running at the end of the race):
Position 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Points 20 16 14 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1

Bonus Points:

  • 1 For Pole Position
  • 1 For Leading The Most Laps Of The Race

Highlights[edit]

Mario Andretti dominated the first half of the season before breaking his collarbone in a crash during the Michigan 500, the first accident of his career that would force him to miss a later race. Andretti missed the race at Road America and was replaced by another former World Champion (1980) Alan Jones of Australia. Jones, who a month later returned to F1 with the Carl Haas owned Haas Lola team, finished third in the only IndyCar start of his career.

In the Sanair race (Molson Indy Montreal), Roberto Guerrero had a strong lead until he lost control and spun. Late in the race Jacques Villeneuve collided with leader Bobby Rahal in attempt to challenge for the lead, taking both out. The race finished under a yellow flag, but the safety car entered pit lane on the final lap, and thinking there would be a final restart, Pancho Carter passed Johnny Rutherford after the safety car entered pit lane and before the finish line. CART initially declared Carter the winner, but an appeals panel later overturned the decision and confirmed Rutherford's victory. In many codes of motorsport (typically FIA Code) the safety car enters pit lane as the field is on the final lap, and the cars cross the checkered flag together without the safety car on course. However, this practice is not accepted in North America, where the safety car leads the leaders to the finish line if the safety car situation exists.

Al Unser, Sr. won the season championship. Unser drove primarily in a substitution role for Penske's regular driver Rick Mears, who was recovering from leg injuries suffered in 1984. Mears ran only a partial schedule including the Indy 500 and a few other oval events.

Going into the final race of the season at Miami, the father and son duo of Al Unser, Sr. and Al Unser, Jr. emerged 1-2 in the championship points standings. In the closing laps of the final race, Danny Sullivan was leading, with Unser, Jr. in third. Roberto Moreno was running 4th and Al Unser, Sr. was fifth. As it stood, Unser, Jr. was tentatively the points leader, but Al Sr. was charging. With a few laps left in the race, Unser, Sr. passed Moreno for 4th position, and at the checkered flag, clinched the championship by 1 point over his son Al Jr.

References[edit]

See also[edit]