1985 in Israel
Events in the year 1985 in Israel.
- Prime Minister of Israel – Shimon Peres (Alignment)
- President of Israel – Chaim Herzog
- Chief of General Staff - Moshe Levi
- Government of Israel - 21st Government of Israel
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- 16 February – Israel begins withdrawing troops from Lebanon.
- 10 March – Twelve IDF soldiers are killed in a suicide car attack near Metulla.
- 11 June – HaBonim disaster: 22 are killed in collision between a bus and a train near Kibbutz HaBonim.
- July – The 1985 Maccabiah Games are held.
- 4 September – The Israeli new shekel (NIS) is introduced. It does not replace the old shekel as Israel's official currency until 1 January 1986.
- 5 October – Ras Burqa massacre: An Egyptian soldier shoots and kills seven Israeli vacationers (including four children) at Ras Burqa, a beach resort in the Sinai peninsula.
- 21 November – Jonathan Pollard is arrested in the United States by the FBI and subsequently convicted of spying for Israel.
The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1985 include:
Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets
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The most prominent Palestinian Arab terror attacks committed against Israelis during 1985 include:
- 9 April – A Palestinian Arab suicide car bomber drives an explosive-laden vehicle into an Israeli army patrol, killing 2 soldiers.
- 25 September – An Arab terrorist cell takes over an Israeli yacht off the coast of Larnaca, Cyprus and kills its three Israeli occupants. An elite section of the PLO known as Force 17 claims responsibility for the attack.
- 7 October – The Italian cruise ship MS Achille Lauro is hijacked in the Mediterranean Sea by Palestinian Arab militants. The hijackers' original aim was to use the ship to slip into Israel. However, crew members discover them cleaning weapons, and the group then seizes control of the ship; holding the passengers and crew hostage, they direct the vessel to sail to Tartus, Syria, and demand the release of 50 Palestinian Arabs then in Israeli prisons. During the incident, the militants kill the passenger Leon Klinghoffer, a 69-year-old wheelchair-bound Jewish American, and throw him overboard.
- 27 December – Palestinian Arab militants from Abu Nidal's militant group open fire at the counters of El Al in the airports of Rome and Vienna. 18 Israelis were killed and 40 were injured.
Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets
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- 1 October – Operation Wooden Leg: Following the attack in Cyprus, the Israeli Air Force bombs PLO Headquarters near Tunis.
- The founding of the West Bank settlement of Oranit.
- The founding of the communal settlement Shaharut.
- 1 April – Shay Doron, Israeli basketball player.
- 4 April – Dudi Sela, Israeli tennis player.
- 30 April – Gal Gadot, Israeli actress and model.
- 4 June – Bar Refaeli, Israeli model.
- 18 January – Mordechai Bentov (born 1900), Russian (Poland)-born Israeli journalist and politician.
- 31 January – Menachem Bader (born 1895), Austro-Hungarian (Galicia)-born Haganah member and Israeli politician.
- 24 April – Yitzhak Kahan (born 1913), Austro-Hungarian (Galicia)-born Israeli jurist, sixth President of the Supreme Court of Israel.
- 29 September – Yona Wallach (born 1944), Israeli poet.
- 6 October – Noah Moses (born 1912), publisher and editor of Yedioth Ahronoth.
- 7 December – Shlomo Rosen (born 1905), Austro-Hungarian (Austrian Silesia)-born Israeli politician and minister.
- 30 November – Joseph Zaritsky (born 1985), Russian (Ukraine)-born Israeli painter.
- Full date unknown
- Benjamin Akzin (born 1904), Russian (Latvia)-born early Zionist activist and Israeli university professor.
- Moshe Rudolf Bloch (b 1902), German-born Israeli scientist.
- Moshe Rachmilewitz (born 1898), Russian (Belarus)-born leading Israeli doctor.
- Eliezer Smoli (born 1901), Russian (Ukraine)-born Israeli writer, famous for his children's books.
Major public holidays
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- 1985 in Israeli film
- 1985 in Israeli television
- 1985 in Israeli music
- 1985 in Israeli sport
- Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1985
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