1985 in aviation

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This is a list of aviation-related events from 1985. It remains one of the deadliest years in aviation history for aviation disasters, including the crash of Japan Airlines Flight 123, bombing of Air India Flight 182, crash of Arrow Air Flight 1285, crash of Aeroflot Flight 7425, crash of Iberia Airlines Flight 610, Delta Air Lines Flight 191, Galaxy Airlines Flight 203, and British Airtours Flight 28M, a mid-air collision between Aeroflot Flight 8381 and a Soviet Air Forces transport aircraft, the hijacking of Egyptair Flight 648, and various crashes and other incidents with under 50 fatalities. August 1985 remains the worst single month for commercial aviation fatalities in history.

Events[edit]

  • Ryanair founded initially as a full-service carrier.

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

  • In the Iran-Iraq War, Iraqi Air Force aircraft carry out 158 sorties against Iranian cities over a three-day period.[6]
  • March 4 – The Iraqi Air Force conducts its first raid against the Iranian nuclear reactor under construction at Bushehr.[7]
  • March 10–11 – Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force aircraft conduct the first air raid against Baghdad in months. The Iraqi Air Force retaliates with a raid on Tehran.[8]
  • March 15 – American Eagle Airlines, a commuter subsidiary of American Airlines, begins service.
  • March 11–18 – A fully committed Iraqi Air Force flies 150 to 200 sorties a day as Iraq turns back an Iranian offensive out of the Hawizeh Marshes.[8]
  • March 19–23 – Iraqi strike aircraft and helicopters join artillery in employing mustard gas to halt an Iranian offensive in the Majnoon area.[9]
  • March 31 – Iraq claims to have hit about 30 ships in air attacks in the Persian Gulf since January 1, while Iran has hit seven over the same time period. Some estimates place the number of Iraqi attacks since March 1984 at 65 and Iranian attacks over the same period at 25.[10]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

August 1985 remains commercial aviation‍ '​s deadliest month for passengers and crew (a distinction from the non-passenger fatalities of the September 11, 2001 attacks) in history.

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

First flights[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

October[edit]

December[edit]

Entered service[edit]

December

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 217.
  2. ^ "38 killed in crash at airport". The News and Courier. 21 January 1985. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  3. ^ TWA History Timeline
  4. ^ globalsecurity.org ETOPS: Extended Range Operation with Two-Engine Airplanes
  5. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 206.
  7. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 521.
  8. ^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 202.
  9. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 203.
  10. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 205.
  11. ^ Polmar, Norman, "Stars of David and Red Stars," Naval History, February 2013, p. 12.
  12. ^ Polmar, Norman, "Stars of David and Red Stars," Naval History, February 2013, p. 13.
  13. ^ Account of incident from USA Today.
  14. ^ Stevens, William K. (14 May 1983). "Police Drop Bomb on Radicals' Home in Philadelphia". New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Frank Trippett (May 27, 1985). "It Looks Just Like a War Zone". TIME magazine. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  16. ^ a b c Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 209.
  17. ^ a b c d Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 211.
  18. ^ Grier, Peter, "The Flying Tomato Can," Air Force Magazine, February 2009.
  19. ^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 211-212.
  20. ^ Gardiner, Robert, Conway‍ '​s All the World‍ '​s Fighting Ships 1947-1982, Part One: The Western Powers, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1983, ISBN 0-87021-918-9, p. 66.
  21. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 212.
  22. ^ "Passengers, Crew in Soviet Hijacking All Safe". Los Angeles Times. December 26, 1985. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  23. ^ Anonymous, "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, December 27, 2012, p. 22.
  24. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 211, 212.
  25. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 279.
  26. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 339.
  27. ^ "T-46A is flown". Flight International 26 October 1985, p. 8.
  28. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 23.