1986 Commonwealth Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
13th Commonwealth Games
1986 Commonwealth Games logo.svg
Host city Edinburgh, Scotland
Nations participating 27 nations of the Commonwealth
Athletes participating 1,660
Events 161 events in 10 sports
Opening ceremony 24 July 1986
Closing ceremony 2 August 1986
Officially opened by Elizabeth II
Main venue Meadowbank Stadium
XII XIV  >

The 1986 Commonwealth Games were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, between 24 July and 2 August 1986. They were the second Games to be held in Edinburgh.

Organisation and controversy[edit]

Unlike the 1970 Games in Edinburgh, which were popular and successful, the 1986 Games are ill-famed for the wide political boycott connected with them and the resulting financial mismanagement.[1]

The majority of Commonwealth nations staged a boycott, so that the Games appeared to be a whites-only event. Thirty two of the eligible fifty nine countries—largely African, Asian and Caribbean states—stayed away because of the Thatcher government's policy of keeping Britain's sporting links with apartheid South Africa in preference to participating in the general sporting boycott of that country. Consequently, these Games witnessed the lowest number of athletes since Auckland 1950.[2]

Further controversy arose when it was revealed that through this much-reduced participation and the resultant decline in anticipated broadcasting and sponsorship revenues, the Organising Committee was facing a big financial black hole. The boycott ended any prospect of securing emergency government assistance. Businessman Robert Maxwell stepped in to offer funding, taking over as chairman; but although he promised to invest £2m, his contribution was just £250,000. On a budget of £14m, the Games opened with a deficit of £3m, which later grew to £4.3m, and instead of putting enough money into the event to save it, the new chairman of the Games asked creditors to forgo half the payment due to them to keep the event out of liquidation. The debt was finally paid off in 1989, with the city of Edinburgh losing approximately £500,000.[3]

Several participants were excluded because they breached the amateurism rules, most notably lawn bowlers Phil Skoglund from New Zealand and Willie Wood from Scotland, both of whom have competed in subsequent games.

Participating teams[edit]

Participating countries

27 teams were represented at the 1986 Games.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).

Opening ceremony[edit]

The theme of the opening ceremony celebrated the "Spirit of Youth" and included 6500 Scottish schoolchildren taking part in a series of large Mass Games-style Gymnastics routines. The theme song "Spirit of Youth" was written by Gerard Kenny. The ceremony began on the esplanade of Edinburgh Castle from which hundreds of schoolchildren ran down the Royal Mile, through Holyrood Park to Meadowbank Stadium.[4] The Bermudan team took part in the opening ceremony, before being ordered to boycott the games and leave.

Venues[edit]

Medals by country[edit]

This is the last Commonwealth Games to date in which Australia did not top the medal rankings.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  England 52 43 49 144
2  Canada 51 34 31 116
3  Australia 40 46 35 121
4  New Zealand 8 16 14 38
5  Wales 6 5 12 23
6  Scotland 3 12 18 33
7  Northern Ireland 2 4 9 15
8  Isle of Man 1 0 0 1
9  Guernsey 0 2 0 2
10  Swaziland 0 1 0 1
11  Hong Kong 0 0 3 3
12  Malawi 0 0 2 2
13  Botswana 0 0 1 1
 Jersey 0 0 1 1
 Singapore 0 0 1 1
Total 163 163 176 502

Medals by event[edit]

Aquatics[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Badminton[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Mixed
Mixed Team  England
Andy Goode
Fiona Elliot
Gillian Clark
Gillian Gowers
Helen Troke
Nigel Tier
Nick Yates
Richard Outterside
Steve Baddeley
 Canada
Claire Blackhouse
Denyse Julien
John Goss
Johanne Falardeau
Ken Poole
Linda Cloutier-Marks
Mike deBelle
Michael Bitten
Michael Butler
Sandra Skillings
 Australia
Audrey Tuckey
Darren McDonald
Gordon Lang
Julie McDonald
Karen Jupp
Michael Scandolera
Paul Heng Kong
Rhonda Cator
Tracey Small
Yu Sze
Mixed Doubles  Australia
Mike Scandolera
Audrey Tucker
 England
Andy Goode
Fiona Elliott
 Scotland
Billy Gilliland
Christine Heatly
Men
Men's Singles  Steve Baddeley (ENG)  Sze Yu (AUS)  Nick Yates (ENG)
Men's Doubles  Scotland
Billy Gilliland
Dan Travers
 England
Andy Goode
Nigel Tier
 New Zealand
Kerrin Harrison
Glenn Stewart
Women
Women's Singles  Helen Troke (ENG)  Fiona Elliott (ENG)  Gillian Clark (ENG)
Women's Doubles  England
Gillian Clark
Gillian Gowers
 Canada
Johanne Falardeau
Denyse Julian
 England

Fiona Elliott
Helen Troke

Bowls[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Singles  Ian Dickison (NZL)  Ian Schuback (AUS)  Richard Corsie (SCO)
Pairs  Scotland
George Adrain
Grant Knox
 Canada
Bill Boettger
Ronnie Jones
 England
Chris Ward
David Ward
Fours  Wales  Canada  Northern Ireland
Women
Singles  Wendy Line (ENG)  Senga McCrone (SCO)  Flora Anderson (BOT)
Pairs  Northern Ireland
Freda Elliott
Margaret Johnston
 Guernsey
Janet Nicolle
Marie Smith
 England
Betty Stubbings
Jean Valls
Fours  Wales  Australia  England

Boxing[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight  Scott Olson (CAN)  Mark Epton (ENG)  Johnston Todd (NIR)
 Wilson Docherty (SCO)
Flyweight  John Lyon (ENG)  Leonard Makhanya (SWZ)  Kerry Webber (WAL)
 Steve Beaupré (CAN)
Bantamweight  Sean Murphy (ENG)  Roy Nash (NIR)  Glen Brooks (SCO)
 John Sollitoe (JER)
Featherweight  Billy Downey (CAN)  Peter English (ENG)  Chris Carleton (NIR)
 Johnny Wallace (NZL)
Lightweight  Asif Dar (CAN)  Neil Haddock (WAL)  Lyton Mphande (MAW)
 Joe Jacobs (ENG)
Light Welterweight  Howard Grant (CAN)  David Clencie (AUS)  Brendan Lowe (NIR)
 Solomon Kondowe (MAW)
Welterweight  Darren Dyer (ENG)  John McAllister (SCO)  John Shaw (CAN)
 Damien Denny (NIR)
Light Middleweight  Dan Sherry (CAN)  Rick Finch (AUS)  Glynn Thomas (WAL)
 Alex Mullen (SCO)
Middleweight  Rod Douglas (ENG)  Jeff Harding (AUS)  Patrick Tinney (NIR)
 George Ferrie (SCO)
Light Heavyweight  Jim Moran (ENG)  Harry Lawson (SCO)  Brent Kosolofski (CAN)
Heavyweight  James Peau (NZL)  Douggie Young (SCO)  Dominic D'Amico (CAN)
 Eric Cardouza (ENG)
Super Heavyweight  Lennox Lewis (CAN)  Aneurin Evans (WAL)  James Oyebola (ENG)

Cycling[edit]

Track[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Time Trial  Martin Vinnicombe (AUS) 00:01:06  Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:01:06  Maxwell Rainsford (AUS) 00:01:07
Sprint  Gary Neiwand (AUS)  Alex Ongaro (CAN)  Eddie Alexander (SCO)
Individual Pursuit  Dean Woods (AUS) 00:04:44  Colin Sturgess (ENG) 00:04:51  Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:04:54
Team Pursuit  Australia
Glenn Clarke
Brett Dutton
Bill Hardy
Wayne McCarney
Dean Woods
00:04:27  New Zealand
Gary Anderson
Russell Clune
Stephen Swart
Andrew Whitford
00:04:34  England
Chris Boardman
Gary Colman
Rob Muzio
Jon Walshaw
Guy Rowland
overtaken
10 Miles (16 Kilometres) Scratch  Wayne McCarney (AUS) 00:19:41  Dean Woods (AUS) 00:19:41  Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:19:41

Road[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Road Race  Paul Curran (ENG) 04:08:50  Brian Fowler (NZL) 04:08:50  Jeff Leslie (AUS) 04:08:50
Team Time Trial  England 02:13:16  New Zealand 02:14:50  Northern Ireland 02:16:13

Rowing[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Single Sculls  England
Steve Redgrave
00:07:28  Australia
Richard Powell
00:07:33  New Zealand
Eric Verdonk
00:07:39
Double Sculls  Canada
Bruce Ford
Pat Walter
00:06:19  Australia
Paul Reedy
Brenton Terrell
00:06:21  England
Carl Smith
Alan Whitwell
00:06:34
Coxless Pairs  England
Andy Holmes
Steve Redgrave
00:06:40  New Zealand
Barrie Mabbott
Ian Wright
00:06:43  Scotland
Ewan Stuart
David Riches
00:06:43
Coxless Fours  Canada
Grant Mann
Kevin Neufeld
Paul Steele
Pat Turner
00:06:01  New Zealand
Andrew Stevenson
Shane O'Brien
Neil Gibson
Don Symon
00:06:01  England
Graham Faultless
Richard Ireland
Mostyn Field
Humphrey Hatton
00:06:06
Coxed Fours  England
Martin Cross
Adam Clift
Andy Holmes
Steve Redgrave
Adrian Ellison
00:06:08  New Zealand
Nigel Atherfold
Chris White
Greg Johnston
Bruce Holden
Andrew Bird
00:06:10  Australia
Mark Doyle
James Galloway
Michael McKay
James Tomkins
Dale Caterson
00:06:11
Eights  Australia 00:05:44  England 00:05:46  New Zealand 00:05:48
Lightweight Single Sculls  Australia
Peter Antonie
00:07:16  Canada
Peter Tattersall
00:07:27  England
Carl Smith
00:07:27
Lightweight Coxless Fours  England
Christopher Bates
Peter Haining
Neil Staite
Stuart Forbes
00:06:26  Australia
Simon Cook
Brian Digby
Merrick Howes
Joseph Joyce
00:06:28  Canada
Dave Henry
Brian Peaker
Bob Thomas
Ryan Tierney
00:06:36
Women
Single Sculls  New Zealand
Stephanie Foster
00:07:43  Canada
Lisa Wright
00:07:49  England
Gillian Bond
00:07:53
Double Sculls  New Zealand
Stephanie Foster
Robin Clarke
00:07:22  Canada
Heather Clarke
Lisa Robertson
00:07:49  England
Diane Prince
Claire Parker
00:07:55
Coxless Pairs  Canada
Kathryn Barr
Andrea Schreiner
00:07:35  England
Pauline Bird
Fiona Johnson
00:07:42  Australia
Catherine Hall
Alison Smith
00:07:53
Coxed Fours  Canada
Tina Clarke
Tricia Smith
Lesley Thompson
Jane Tregunno
Jenny Wallinga
00:06:50  Australia
Debbie Bassett
Susan Chapman-Popa
Robyn Grey-Gardner
Marilyn Kidd
Kaylynn Fry
00:06:54  England
Joanne Gough
Elizabeth Callaway
Kate Holroyd
Patricia Reid
Alison Norrish
00:07:06
Eights  Australia 00:06:44  England 00:06:46  Canada NTT
Lightweight Single Sculls  Australia
Adair Ferguson
00:07:45  New Zealand
Philippa Baker
00:07:46  Canada
Heather Hattin
00:07:52
Lightweight Coxless Fours  England
Alexa Forbes
Gillian Hodges
Linda Clark
Judith Burne
00:06:55  Australia
Deborah Clingeleffer
Amanda Cross
Virginia Lee
Karin Riedel
00:07:00  Canada
Anne Drost
Marni Hamilton
Marlene van der Horst
Wendy Wiebe
00:07:01

Shooting[edit]

Pistol[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men/Open
Free Pistol  Greg Yelavich (NZL) 551  Phil Adams (AUS)
 Ho Kar Fai (HKG)
549
Free Pistol – Pairs  Canada
Tom Guinn
Claude Beaulieu
1099  England
Paul Leatherdale
Richard Wang
1090  Australia
Phil Adams
Bengt Sandström
1085
Centre-Fire Pistol  Bob Northover (ENG) 583  Phil Adams (AUS) 582  Rod Hack (AUS) 580
Centre-Fire Pistol – Pairs  Australia
Phil Adams
Rod Hack
1165  England
Bob Northover
Michael Cutler
1157  New Zealand
Rex Hamilton
Barry O'Neale
1153
Rapid-Fire Pistol  Pat Murray (AUS) 591  Adrian Breton (GGY) 588  Mark Howkins (CAN) 585
Rapid-Fire Pistol – Pairs  England
Brian Girling
Terry Turner
1169  Australia
Pat Murray
Jack Mast
1152  Canada
Mark Howkins
André Chevrefils
1150
Air Pistol  Greg Yelavich (NZL) 575  Tom Guinn (CAN) 574  Gilbert U (HKG) 574
Air Pistol – Pairs  England
Paul Leatherdale
Ian Reid
1143  Australia
Phil Adams
Bruce Favell
1143  New Zealand
Greg Yelavich
Barrie Wickens
1140

Rifle[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men/Open
Small Bore Rifle, Prone  Alan Smith (AUS) 599  Alister Allan (SCO) 598  Gale Stewart (CAN)
 John Knowles (SCO)
597
Small Bore Rifle, Prone – Pairs  Canada
Michael Ashcroft
Gale Stewart
1175  Australia
Donald Brook
Alan Smith
1171  Wales
Terry Wakefield
Colin Harris
1165
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions  Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1170  Alister Allan (SCO) 1167  Jean-François Sénécal (CAN) 1150
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions – Pairs  England
Malcolm Cooper
Sarah Cooper
2278  Canada
Jean-François Sénécal
Michael Dion
2276  Scotland
Alister Allan
Bill MacNeill
2241
Full Bore Rifle  Stan Golinski (AUS) 396  Alain Marion (CAN) 396  John Bloomfield (ENG) 395
Full Bore Rifle – Pairs  Canada
Bill Baldwin
Alain Marion
583  Australia
James Corbett
Stan Golinski
583  Northern Ireland
David Calvert
Martin Millar
582
Air Rifle  Guy Lorion (CAN) 588  Sharon Bowes (CAN) 583  Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 582
Air Rifle – Pairs  Canada
Guy Lorion
Sharon Bowes
1167  Australia
Wolfgang Jobst
Anton Wurfel
1151  England
Malcolm Cooper
Robert Smith
1146

Shotgun[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men/Open
Trap  Ian Peel (ENG) 195  Peter Boden (ENG) 192  Roland Phillips (WAL) 192
Trap – Pairs  England
Peter Boden
Ian Peel
185  Northern Ireland
Tom Hewitt
Eamon Furphy
183  Australia
Terry Rumbel
Domingo Diaz
183
Skeet  Nigel Kelly (IOM) 196  Joe Neville (ENG)
 Brian Gabriel (CAN)
195
Skeet – Pairs  England
Joe Neville
Ken Harman
195  Canada
Brian Gabriel
Don Kwasyncia
193  New Zealand
John Woolley
Jeff Farrell
189

Weightlifting[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Flyweight – Overall  Greg Hayman (AUS) 212.5  Charlie Revolta (SCO) 185  Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 177.5
Bantamweight – Overall  Nick Voukelatos (AUS) 245  Clayton Chelley (NZL) 217.5  Teo Yong Joo (SIN) 215
Featherweight – Overall  Ray Williams (WAL) 252.5  David Lowenstein (AUS) 250  Jeffrey Brice (WAL) 235
Lightweight – Overall  Dean Willey (ENG) 315  Ron Laycock (AUS) 307.5  Langis Côté (CAN) 290
Middleweight – Overall  Bill Stellios (AUS) 302.5  Louis Payer (CAN) 300  Neil Taylor (WAL) 270
Light Heavyweight – Overall  Dave Morgan (WAL) 350  Robert Kabbas (AUS) 325  Peter May (ENG) 317.5
Middle Heavyweight – Overall  Keith Boxell (ENG) 350  David Mercer (ENG) 342.5  Guy Greavette (CAN) 340
Sub Heavyweight – Overall  Denis Garon (CAN) 360  Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 332.5  Andrew Saxton (ENG) 327.5
Heavyweight – Overall  Kevin Roy (CAN) 375  Gino Frantangelo (AUS) 372.5  Andrew Davies (WAL) 370
Super Heavyweight – Overall  Dean Lukin (AUS) 392.5  David Bolduc (CAN) 347.5  Charles Garzarella (AUS) 342.5

Wrestling[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Light Flyweight  Ron Moncur (CAN)  Duncan Burns (ENG)  David Connelly (SCO)
Flyweight  Chris Woodcroft (CAN)  James McAlary (AUS)  Nigel Donahue (ENG)
Bantamweight  Mitch Ostberg (CAN)  Steve Reinsfield (NZL)  Brian Aspen (ENG)
Featherweight  Paul Hughes (CAN)  Dan Cumming (AUS)  Stephen Bell (NZL)
Lightweight  Dave McKay (CAN)  Zsigmund Kelevitz (AUS)  Stephen Cooper (ENG)
Welterweight  Gary Holmes (CAN)  George Marsh (AUS)  Fitzlloyd Walker (ENG)
Middleweight  Chris Rinke (CAN)  Wally Koenig (AUS)  Anthony Bell (ENG)
Light Heavyweight  Noel Loban (ENG)  Doug Cox (CAN)  Graeme English (SCO)
Heavyweight  Clark Davis (CAN)  Robert Algie (NZL)  David Kilpin (ENG)
Super Heavyweight  Wayne Brightwell (CAN)  Albert Patrick (SCO)  Keith Peache (ENG)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Preceded by
Brisbane
Commonwealth Games
Edinburgh
XIII Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Auckland