1986 Indianapolis 500
|Indianapolis Motor Speedway|
|Season||1986 CART season|
|Date||May 31, 1986|
|Average speed||170.722 mph (274.750 km/h)|
|Pole position||Rick Mears|
|Pole speed||216.828 mph (348.951 km/h)|
|Rookie of the Year||Randy Lanier|
|Most laps led||Rick Mears (76)|
|National anthem||David Hasselhoff|
|Back Home Again in Indiana||John Davies|
|Starting Command||Mary F. Hulman|
|Pace car||Chevrolet Corvette|
|Pace car driver||Chuck Yeager|
|TV in the United States|
|Announcers||Jim Lampley, Sam Posey|
|Nielsen Ratings||8.8 / 31|
The 70th Indianapolis 500 was held at Indianapolis on Saturday, May 31, 1986. After being rained out on May 25–26, the race was rescheduled for the following weekend. Bobby Rahal was the winner, becoming the first driver in Indy history to complete the 500 miles (800 km) in less than three hours.
Kevin Cogan, who was a key fixture in the controversial crash on the opening lap of the 1982 race, took the lead in dramatic fashion with 13 laps to go. He appeared to be on his way to victory, and redemption, but saw his lead evaporate when a caution came out with six laps remaining. With two laps to go, the green flag came back out, and second place Bobby Rahal got the jump on the restart and grabbed the lead. Rahal pulled away and won the race, with car owner Jim Trueman, stricken with cancer, cheering him on in the pit area. Trueman died eleven days after the victory.
The race was sanctioned by USAC, and was included as part of the 1986 CART/PPG Indy Car World Series. For the first time ever, ABC Sports televised the race live "flag-to-flag" on network television in the United States. The race celebrated the 75th anniversary of the first 500, but there was very little fanfare outside of the cover art of the official program.
- 1 Offseason news
- 2 Race schedule
- 3 Practice and qualifying
- 4 Carburetion Day
- 5 Rain delay
- 6 Race summary
- 7 Race box score
- 8 Starting grid
- 9 Post race
- 10 Broadcasting
- 11 Quotes
- 12 Gallery
- 13 Notes
The highlight of offseason construction at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway was the construction of an new, state-of-the-art garage area. Just days after the 1985 race, the old Gasoline Alley garage area, most of which had stood since the 1940s, was dismantled and demolished. Official groundbreaking for the new facility occurred on August 26, 1985. The new concrete garages increased to 96 units (up from 88), and each stall provided approximately 30% more working room than their predecessors. The green and white barn doors were replaced with overhead garage doors, and the layout was changed from east-west to north-south. Most of the work was completed in April, however, some of the finishing touches were still being completed during the first week of on-track activity.
Though the new garages were universally praised for their increased space and function, they were criticized for lack of aesthetics, and for breaking tradition. The plain precast concrete walls hinted at modern or Brutalist architecture, similar to the cookie-cutter stadiums of the era that were largely criticized in baseball and football. The design was a sharp and striking contrast to the previous garage complex, which led some to call them too plain or "antiseptic."
A new victory lane area was constructed for the 1986 race. From 1971-1985, the winner drove up the checkerboard ramps into the "horseshoe" area below the Master Control Tower. A hydraulic platform was now used, which was located in the actual pit area, in line with the pit stalls. The car would drive onto the platform, and it would raise into the air, and then slowly spin 360° for the fans to see the winner.
This victory lane was popular, but could only a hold a small number of people when raised. It would be used through 1993.
On August 19, 1985, after years of being shown tape delayed, ABC Sports signed an initial three-year deal to cover the Indianapolis 500 live flag-to-flag starting in 1986. Longtime anchor Jim McKay was moved to the host position, and play-by-play would be handled by Jim Lampley and Sam Posey.
The Daytona 500 had been shown live flag-to-flag on CBS since 1979, and ABC officials had wanted to do the same for Indianapolis for several years. ABC's landmark telecast was scheduled to feature 32 cameras, three RaceCams, and an hour-long live pre-race.
Practice and qualifying
Practice - week 1
Practice started on Opening Day, Saturday May 3. Chip Ganassi earned the honor of first car on the track. Michael and Mario Andretti led the speed chart for the day, both over 210 mph (340 km/h). On the second day of practice, the Andrettis continued their dominance, again posting the top two speeds.
On Tuesday May 6, three single cars crashes marked the first incidents of the month. Danny Ongais, Herm Johnson, and Johnny Parsons all suffered single-car crashes in turn one, with Johnson's the most serious. Around 3:30 p.m., a piece of bodywork flew off Johnson's car in turn 1, which caused him to break into a hard spin. His car hit nearly head on into the retaining wall, and he suffered serious fractures to his feet and back.
Penske teammates Rick Mears and Danny Sullivan nudged the speeds up over 214 mph (344 km/h) by Wednesday May 7, then the day ended early due to a rain shower. On Thursday May 8, Emerson Fittipaldi joined them as the third driver over 214 mph (344 km/h).
By Friday May 9, the last practice session before pole day, seven drivers were over 214 mph (344 km/h), with Mears still the fastest of the month at 214.694 mph (345.517 km/h). The only incident of the day was a suspension failure and spin by Johnny Rutherford, but no wall contact resulted.
Pole Day time trials
During the morning practice on Saturday May 10, Rick Mears set an all-time unofficial track record, at 217.548 mph (350.110 km/h). Later in the session, Michael Andretti and Bobby Rahal both broke the 216 mph (348 km/h) barrier. No incidents were reported.
Mario Andretti took the honor of first-in-the-field, with a qualifying run of 212.300 mph (341.664 km/h). Three cars later, defending champion Danny Sullivan took the provisional pole position with a new track record of 215.382 mph (346.624 km/h). The speed did not hold up long, as less than an hour later, Rick Mears blistered the track with a first lap of 217.581 mph (350.163 km/h) and a four lap average of 216.828 mph (348.951 km/h). Mears' one- and four- lap track records would stand for two years.
Michael Andretti squeezed himself into the front row, with a run of 214.522 mph (345.240 km/h), faster than his father Mario. Emerson Fittipaldi ran 2 laps over 213 mph (343 km/h), but a flat tire slowed his average to just over 210 mph (340 km/h). Bobby Rahal managed one lap over 214 mph (344 km/h), and qualified 4th.
With about 10 minutes to go, A. J. Foyt lined up to make an attempt, but his car failed technical inspection, and he was sidelined for the day. After qualifying was over, the cars of Raul Boesel and Dick Simon, both of the same team, were disqualified for faulty pop-off valve fitting.
Second day time trials
After missing out on a qualifying attempt on pole day, A. J. Foyt took to the track on Sunday May 11 to qualify for his 29th career Indy 500. He posted the 5th fastest speed in the field, but since he was a second day qualifier, he lined up deep in the field.
Practice - week 2
Rain delayed the opening of practice on Monday May 12, and only 21 cars took laps Tuesday (May 13). Both days saw light activity, and the biggest news came off-the-track. Two-time winner Gordon Johncock planned to end a one-year retirement, and purchase a back-up car from Penske. His funding fell through at the last minute, and he was forced to sit out the race.
On Tuesday May 14, Mario Andretti was practicing his qualified car. A suspension piece failed, and he crashed hard into the turn 3 wall. Newman/Haas Racing would spend the next several days trying to make repairs, but the car's tub was rendered a total loss. Later in the week, Andretti started practicing his back-up car, which the team announced he would be driving on race day.
The remainder of the week saw sparse track activity. Most cars on the track belonged to yet-unqualified cars. Thursday May 15 was almost a complete wash out due to a thunderstorm.
Day 3 time trials
Despite threatening weather for the next two days, the third day of qualifying saw only four additional cars added to the field. Jim Crawford was the fastest of the day, over 209 mph (336 km/h). Dick Simon, who was disqualified the previous weekend, put his car back into the field with a speed of 204.978 mph (329.880 km/h).
The day ended with 1 position left vacant in the field.
Bump Day time trials
As many as 12 cars started the day with hopes to make the field on the final day of time trials. Rain kept the track closed until 3 p.m., with qualifying finally getting underway at 4 p.m. By late afternoon, however, several cars were pulled out of line and chose not to make an attempt.
George Snider went out first in an A. J. Foyt back-up car, and filled the field to 33 cars. That placed Dick Simon on the bubble as the slowest car in the field. After a wave-off by Steve Chassey, Gary Bettenhausen took to the track, found some much sought after speed, and bumped his way into the field with ease.
With Geoff Brabham on the bubble, and with rain approaching, Rick Miaskiewicz was the next car out. His first two laps were not nearly fast enough, and his team waved him off. That gave Derek Daly just enough time to get out on the track. His first two laps were fast enough to bump Brabham, but as he was completing his second lap, the skies poured rain, and the run was negated.
On Thursday, May 23, the final scheduled practice session was held. All 33 qualified cars except Phil Krueger took practice laps. At 11:43 a.m., a major crash occurred. A brake rotor on Dennis Firestone's car exploded, blowing his left rear tire. He spun wildly out of turn four, collecting the car of Roberto Moreno. Both cars spun into the inside wall, and Firestone slammed into the pit-entrance barrier, splitting the car in half. Moreno continued to spin through the pits, running into the back of George Snider's car, and crashing into the parked car of Josele Garza.
None of the drivers were seriously injured, however, Firestone's car was damaged beyond repair. The following day, Firestone's car was withdrawn from the field. George Snider and Roberto Moreno announced they would be driving back-up cars in the race. Both cars moved to the back of the grid. After Firestone withdrew, the first alternate Dick Simon was awarded the 33rd starting position.
Rick Mears led the speed chart for the afternoon, with a hand-timed lap of 212.7 mph (342.3 km/h). Later in the day, Penske Racing and driver Danny Sullivan won the annual Miller Indy Pit Stop Contest. Sullivan's team defeated the Truesports team (Bobby Rahal) in the final round to win the event for the second year in a row.
The race was scheduled to be held Sunday May 25. Race morning saw overcast skies and steady rain. Track drying efforts began around 10:45 a.m. EST. The track was close to dry, and spectators began filing into their seats. The cars were then wheeled to the pits, in preparations for a start. At 1:15 p.m., however, the rain resumed, and threatened to wash out the entire day. The rain stopped, and track drying efforts started a second time. The rain returned once more, and at 3:35 p.m., officials rescheduled the race for Monday. During the delay, ABC-TV diverted its programming for several minutes in favor of live coverage of Hands Across America.
Grim memories of the tragic 1973 race were still in many people's minds, and all involved were determined to make certain the race would not be hastily put on in a rushed, last-minute, fashion. In addition, officials were uncommitted on how late they would permit a start, and if they would aim for a 101-lap race (the minimum distance for the event to be official), or insist on adequate time for a full 200-lap race before sunset.
On Monday May 26, there was no chance to hold the race, as it rained all day. The infield turned into a sea of mud, and most of the spectators departed the grounds. At 3:20 p.m., officials announced that the race was going to be postponed, but did not yet announce the date or time to which it would be rescheduled. ABC television was scheduled to cover the race live for the first time, and track officials were faced with the possibility of running the race on Tuesday in front of empty grandstands. Around 6 p.m. on Monday evening, a deal had been struck to reschedule the race for Saturday May 31.
During the week, teams spent time resting and relaxing, while others prepared for the next race at Milwaukee. Track crews worked diligently to clean up the infield, and make it passable for Saturday. As a result of the postponement, a special 30-minute practice session was arranged on Friday May 30. Participants were held to a 120 mph (190 km/h) speed limit, and it served mostly as an oil leak check exercise. Some drivers, including polesitter Rick Mears, as well as Bobby Rahal, did not even participate.
For the weekend, the Rex Mays 200 at Milwaukee, originally scheduled for Sunday June 1, was pushed back one week to accommodate the Indy rain delay. The 1986 race marked the first time since 1973 that the race was pushed to another day, and the first time since 1915 that 'not a single wheel had turned' all weekend because of rain. It also marked the first time since 1967 the race was held May 31; until 1971, when the race was always held on May 30, if that day was a Sunday, it was held the ensuing Monday, May 31.
Saturday May 31 saw sunny skies and temperatures in the low 80s. Traditional pre-race ceremonies were retooled slightly, with some replacement performers, and a smaller balloon spectacle. Mary F. Hulman gave the starting command just minutes before 11 a.m., and the field pulled away for the parade and pace laps.
On the final pace lap, Tom Sneva veered off-course at the exit of turn 2. Further down the backstretch, a massive smoke bomb was set off by some unruly spectators. The yellow flag was displayed, and the start was waved off. The next time by, the field was red flagged, and halted on the frontstretch. Sneva's crash was cleaned up, but it was determined that the field had burned an unnecessary four laps of fuel. A decision was made to replenish each of the 32 remaining cars' pitside fuel tanks with 3 gallons of methanol. The red flag wound up delaying the start by over a half-hour.
At 11:34 a.m., Tony George gave the command to restart the engines, and the field assembled for two pace laps. The field was straggling through the fourth turn to take the green, and Michael Andretti jumped into the lead from the outside of the front row. He set a new all-time record for the first lap at 202.940 mph (326.600 km/h), the first time the opening lap was run over 200 mph (320 km/h).
After charging from the 30th starting position, Mario Andretti's day was short-lived. On the 15th lap, he brought out the yellow when he stalled in turn 3 with an ignition problem. Michael Andretti set the early pace, leading the first 42 laps.
The first half of the race saw record average speed, with only two yellows for 10 laps, and no major incidents. The second yellow on lap 52 came out for debris when Michael Andretti lost a mirror. Rick Mears came to the lead by lap 49, and held it until the next round of pit stops. On lap 83, Bobby Rahal took the lead for 19 laps, and led at the halfway point.
Johnny Parsons spun out of turn two on lap 102, and came to a stop along the inside wall. The car suffered minor damage, and Parsons was uninjured. After another long stretch of green, Rich Vogler crashed in turn 3 on lap 135.
On the 135th lap, Rahal (1st) and Cogan (2nd) pitted under caution. Rahal's team nearly made a serious error, and did not change the left-front tire (it had not been changed yet in the race). Rahal had to pit once again the next time around to correct the oversight. Since the field was under caution, the consequences were not quite as serious, but he still fell from 1st to 4th.
On the restart, Rick Mears resumed as the leader. Short-pitting due to poor handling, 4th place Michael Andretti was the first of the leaders to pit again (on lap 163). Mears led all the way until his final scheduled pit stop on lap 165. Moments later Roberto Moreno brought out the caution by stalling in turn four. After Rahal and Cogan cycled through their final planned stops on lap 166, Mears again found himself up front. Michael Andretti (at the tail-end of the lead lap in 4th place) actually led the field behind the pace car as the field went back to green with 31 laps to go.
With 14 laps to go, Rick Mears led Bobby Rahal and Kevin Cogan. Fourth place Michael Andretti was still clinging on to the tail-end of the lead lap, just ahead of Mears. As the leaders approached traffic, Rahal looked to pass Mears for the lead. Down the backstretch, Rahal took the lead and headed towards turn 3. Cogan passed Mears on the outside of turn four and took second place. Down the frontstretch, Rahal was caught up behind the lap car of Randy Lanier. Cogan diced back and forth, and slipped by Rahal going into turn one.
With then 13 laps to go, Cogan suddenly pulled out to a sizable 3-second lead. Cogan's car was visibly loose in the turns, and on several occasions nearly clipped the outside wall in turn 2. With 7 laps to go, fourth place Michael Andretti ducked into the pit area for a splash of fuel. On lap 194, Arie Luyendyk who was running 11th, spun exiting turn four. His car whipped around and lightly tagged the inside wall near the entrance of the pits. The yellow flag came out, and the field was bunched up behind the pace car.
Safety crews were able to quickly clean up the incident. Cogan led, with Rahal second, and Mears third, all together on the track. With 2½ laps to go, the lights on the pace car were turned off, signifying that the field was ready to go back to green. Cogan, Rahal, and Mears picked up the pace in the northchute, and came out of turn four for a restart and 2 laps to go. Rahal got the jump on Cogan out of turn four, and took the lead mid-way down the frontstretch. Rahal led at the line, and dove in front of Cogan in turn one.
Down the backstretch, Rahal pulled to over a 1-second lead, and Mears set up to pass Cogan in turn three. Cogan held off the challenge, as Rahal took the white flag. Rahal's speed on the 199th lap was a noteworthy 203 mph (327 km/h). Rahal pulled out to a 1.4 second advantage, and won his first Indianapolis 500. Cogan and Mears finished second and third, in what was the closest three-car finish to date. Rahal's final lap was an all-time record 209.152 mph (336.598 km/h), the fastest race lap to-date in Indy 500 competition.
Rahal completed the 500 miles (800 km) in 2 hours, 55 minutes, 43.470 seconds; becoming the first driver to complete the Indianapolis 500 in less than three hours. His average speed of 170.722 broke Rick Mears' 1984 record. Rahal later claimed his fuel light had come on during the final lap, and a post-race inspection showed that only two gallons of methanol fuel remained in his tank.
Race box score
|3||1||4||Rick Mears (W)||216.828||1||200||76||Running|
|5||9||30||Al Unser, Jr.||211.533||11||199||6||Flagged|
|8||12||21||Johnny Rutherford (W)||210.220||15||198||0||Flagged|
|9||2||1||Danny Sullivan (W)||215.382||2||197||0||Flagged|
|10||13||12||Randy Lanier (R)||209.964||16||195||0||Flagged|
|15||19||61||Arie Luyendyk||207.811||30||188||0||Crash T4|
|16||14||15||Pancho Carter||209.635||18||179||0||Wheel Bearing|
|19||32||9||Roberto Moreno (R)||209.469||19||158||0||Stalled|
|20||15||81||Jacques Villeneuve (R)||209.397||20||154||0||Main Bearing|
|22||5||11||Al Unser (W)||212.295||7||149||0||Vibration|
|24||21||14||A.J. Foyt (W)||213.212||5||135||0||Spun in pits|
|25||27||6||Rich Vogler||209.089||22||132||0||Crash T3|
|27||28||95||Johnny Parsons||207.894||29||100||0||CV Joint|
|28||18||16||Tony Bettenhausen, Jr.||208.933||25||77||0||Valve Spring|
|29||26||31||Jim Crawford||208.911||26||70||0||Head Gasket|
|31||24||42||Phil Krueger (R)||207.948||28||67||0||Engine|
|32||30||2||Mario Andretti (W)||212.300||6||19||0||Ignition|
|33||7||33||Tom Sneva (W)||211.878||9||0||0||Crash T2|
|1||Rick Mears (W)||Danny Sullivan (W)||Michael Andretti|
|2||Bobby Rahal||Al Unser (W)||Kevin Cogan|
|3||Tom Sneva (W)||Roberto Guerrero||Al Unser, Jr.|
|4||Ed Pimm||Emerson Fittipaldi||Johnny Rutherford (W)|
|5||Randy Lanier (R)||Pancho Carter||Jacques Villeneuve (R)|
|6||Danny Ongais||Josele Garza||Tony Bettenhausen, Jr.|
|7||Arie Luyendyk||Geoff Brabham||A.J. Foyt (W)|
|8||Raul Boesel||Scott Brayton||Phil Krueger (R)|
|9||Chip Ganassi||Jim Crawford||Rich Vogler|
|10||Johnny Parsons||Gary Bettenhausen||Mario Andretti† (W)|
|11||George Snider††||Roberto Moreno†† (R)||Dick Simon‡|
- † - Mario Andretti qualified 5th on pole day. A few days later, he crashed his already-qualified car, and it was damaged beyond repair. The car was replaced with a back-up car, and was moved the rear of the field.
- †† - George Snider and Roberto Moreno were both involved in the multi-car crash on Carburetion Day. Both primary cars were damaged beyond repair. Their cars were replaced with back-up cars, and moved to the rear of the field.
- ‡ - After Dennis Firestone withdrew his wrecked car, Dick Simon was added to field in the 33rd position as the first alternate
Qualified cars withdrawn
- Dennis Firestone; wrecked on Carburetion Day and withdrawn.
- First alternate: Dick Simon (#23) - Bumped - Named to starting field on 5/23
- Second alternate: none
Failed to qualify
- Derek Daly (#28) - Incomplete qualifying run due to rain
- Rick Miaskiewicz (#19) - Waved off
- Steve Chassey (#56/#65) - Waved off
- Steve Bren (#25)
- Spike Gehlhausen (#10)
- Rupert Keegan (#56/#65) - Did not make an attempt
- Jan Lammers (#98) - Did not make an attempt
- Herm Johnson (#28) - Wrecked in practice, injured
- Mike Nish (#44/#45)
- John Paul, Jr. (#31) Paul withdrew after a few days of practice after being sentenced to prison for his involvement in drug trafficking with his father, John Paul, Sr.
The race celebration was emotional for the Truesports team, in that owner Jim Trueman was stricken with cancer. Visibly frail and lacking strength, he managed to arrive in victory lane to celebrate with his driver Bobby Rahal. Due to the rain delay, the traditional victory banquet was canceled. A makeshift victory luncheon was held in its place on Sunday June 1 at the Speedway Motel. The top three finishers were invited to the private reception.
The city of Columbus held a victory celebration downtown on June 5. Over 300 Red Roof Inn employees took part in a parade down Broad Street. Trueman was too sick to attend. On June 11, Trueman succumbed to his illness, at the age of 52.
Rahal and the Truesports team rode the wave of success to five additional wins during the CART season, and clinched the 1986 CART championship. The team made it back-to-back titles by winning the 1987 CART championship as well.
The race was carried live on the IMS Radio Network. Paul Page served as the chief announcer for the tenth year. It was Page's thirteenth year overall as part of the network crew. Lou Palmer reported from victory lane. Bobby Unser, Page's frequent booth partner on NBC, joined the broadcast for the first time as "driver expert."
Ron Carrell, who debuted in 1965, missed the race for the first time. Carrell would eventually return as a pit reporter for a few additional years. Jerry Baker, who debuted on the crew in 1974, moved to the high profile Turn 1 location, where he would remain through 2011. Gary Gerould (one of Page's NBC colleagues), made his first appearance as a pit reporter, sharing duties in the south pits with Lou Palmer.
Luke Walton reprised his traditional duty of introducing the starting command during the pre-race, however, he did not have an active role during the race.
|Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network|
|Booth Announcers||Turn Reporters||Pit/garage reporters|
Turn 1: Jerry Baker
|Luke Walton (pre-race)
Sally Larvick (interviews)
|Bob Forbes (north pits/garages)
Chuck Marloe (center pits)
Gary Gerould (south pits)
Lou Palmer (south pits)
The initial live broadcast set for Sunday May 25 was rained out. The telecast was filled with interviews, talk, and highlights of previous races. The broadcast returned on Saturday May 31 for the live coverage of the race.
Three pit reporters served on the crew, joined by Donna de Varona, who was slated to serve as a roving reporter, conducting interviews and other features. However, she appeared only on the original Sunday telecast, and did not return on Saturday. Dr. Joe Randolph was also announced as part of the team, slated to report from the medical center, but he never appears on-air.
Three RaceCams were used (none were utilized in 1985), with defending champion Danny Sullivan the highest-profile driver to feature one. For the first time, the broadcast carried all of the pre-race ceremonies live, although they omitted coverage of the invocation.
The broadcast has re-aired numerous times on ESPN Classic since the mid-2000s.
|Booth Announcers||Pit/garage reporters|
Donna de Varona (May 25 only)
Dr. Joe Randolph (not utilized)
|“||The final roar of the racing engines...Bobby Rahal accelerates...and Bobby Rahal has won his first Indianapolis 500.||”|
|“||I'm kind of busy right now Sam, I'll talk to you afterwards.||”|
|“||I wouldn't want to talk to me either.||”|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1986 Indianapolis 500.|
Winning car owner Jim Trueman
- "1986 Indianapolis 500 Yearbook". Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course. 1986.
- Indianapolis Motor Speedway (May 1986). "New Garages for Indy Horsepower". In Donaldson, William R. 1986 Indianapolis 500 Official Program (IMS Corporation): 88.
- 1986 Indy 500 Pole Day Telecast - ABC Sports, May 10, 1986
- Indianapolis Motor Speedway (May 1986). "ABC Sports Live". In Donaldson, William R. 1986 Indianapolis 500 Official Program (IMS Corporation): 83.
- "Ganassi's first run started hectic month". Indianapolis Star. 1986-05-24.
- "1986 Indianapolis 500 Daily Trackside Report" (PDF). Indy500.com. 1986. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- Hungness, Carl (1986). The 1986 Indianapolis 500 Yearbook. Carl Hungness Publishing. ISBN 0-915088-44-4.
- "Rahal wins hotly contested Indy 500 in final laps". Lawrence Journal-Worlf. 1983-06-01. Retrieved 2012-08-29.
- 1986 Indianapolis 500 Day-By-Day Trackside Report For the Media
- Indianapolis 500 History: Race & All-Time Stats - Official Site
- 1986 Indianapolis 500 Radio Broadcast, Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network
|1985 Indianapolis 500
|1986 Indianapolis 500
|1987 Indianapolis 500