1986 Tour de France
|Route of the 1986 Tour de France
Followed counterclockwise, finishing in Paris
|Dates||July 4–July 27, 1986|
|Stages||23 + Prologue|
|Distance||4,093.4 km (2,544 mi)|
|Winning time||110h 35' 19" (37.020 km/h or 23.003 mph)|
|Winner||Greg LeMond (United States)||(La Vie Claire)|
|Second||Bernard Hinault (France)||(La Vie Claire)|
|Third||Urs Zimmermann (Switzerland)||(Carrera-Inoxpran)|
|Points||Eric Vanderaerden (Belgium)||(Panasonic-Merckx-Agu)|
|Mountains||Bernard Hinault (France)||(La Vie Claire)|
|Youth||Andrew Hampsten (United States)||(La Vie Claire)|
|Combination||Greg LeMond (United States)||(La Vie Claire)|
|Sprints||Gerrit Solleveld (Netherlands)||(Kwantum-Decosol-Yoko)|
|Team||La Vie Claire|
The 1986 Tour de France was the 73rd running of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour consisted of 23 stages, beginning with a prologue in Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, on 4 July, and concluded on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 27 July, This year had the first American cycling team, 7-Eleven, in Tour's history. The race was organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation, was shown on television in 72 countries, with the total viewers estimated at one billion.
Following the success of Bernard Hinault in the previous edition, the La Vie Claire team was heavily favored. Hinault promised to return Greg LeMond's support to win the race, however, continuing attacks cast doubt on Hinault's sincerity. He claimed that his tactics were simply to wear down LeMond's (and his) opponents and that he ultimately knew that LeMond would be the winner because of time losses earlier in the race. Regardless of his true motives, this tactic worked well, and rivals Laurent Fignon of Système U and Carrera-Inoxpran's Urs Zimmermann were put on the defensive from the first day. Fignon quit the race due to injuries aggravated by stress.
The ascent of the legendary Alpe d'Huez gave spectators a spectacular stage in which Hinault made a suicidal solo attack to demoralize the opposition, to be matched only by LeMond at the top. In a gesture of respect, the two riders reached the top hand-in-hand, beaming smiles, and LeMond let Hinault finish first to claim the stage. However, within hours their competition resumed during interviews in French television.
The race was won by LeMond, the first American to win the Tour, with a winning margin of three minutes and ten seconds over Hinault, and Zimmermann completed the podium, ten minutes and 54 seconds down on Hinault. In the race's other classifications, Hinault won the mountains classification, Système U rider Thierry Marie the points classification, La Vie Claire's Andrew Hampsten won the young rider classification, with La Vie Claire finishing at the head of the team classification by one hour 51 minutes, after placing four riders inside the final overall top ten placings.
- 1 Participating teams
- 2 Pre-race favourites
- 3 Route and stages
- 4 Race overview
- 5 Classification leadership
- 6 Classification standings
- 7 Aftermath
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Bibliography
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
A total of 21 teams participated in the 1986 Tour de France. Each team sent a squad of ten riders, which meant that the race would start with a peloton of 210 cyclists. 7-Eleven became the Tour's first team from the United States, with a squad consisting of eight Americans, one Canadian and one Mexican. From the 210 riders that began this edition, 132 made it to the finish in Paris.
The 21 teams that took part in the race were:
Bernard Hinault, winner of the 1985 Tour de France, had promised to support his team mate Greg LeMond, who had finished second in 1985. After their domination in 1985, their La Vie Claire team was the clear favourite. Past winner Laurent Fignon was working on his comeback, for the Système U team.
Route and stages
The route of the 1986 Tour de France was announced in October 1985. Tour director Levitan felt after the 1985 Tour de France that the race had been too easy, and made the course in 1986 extra difficult, including more mountain climbs than before. This angered Hinault, who threatened to skip the 1986 Tour.
|P||4 July||Boulogne-Billancourt||4.6 km (2.9 mi)||Individual time trial||Thierry Marie (FRA)|
|1||5 July||Nanterre – Sceaux||85 km (52.8 mi)||Plain stage||Pol Verschuere (BEL)|
|2||5 July||Meudon – Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines||56 km (34.8 mi)||Team time trial||Système U|
|3||6 July||Levallois-Perret – Liévin||214 km (133.0 mi)||Plain stage||Pello Ruiz (ESP)|
|4||7 July||Liévin – Évreux||243 km (151.0 mi)||Plain stage||Johan van der Velde (NED)|
|5||8 July||Evreux – Villers-sur-Mer||124.5 km (77.4 mi)||Plain stage||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|6||9 July||Villers-sur-Mer – Cherbourg||200 km (124.3 mi)||Plain stage||Ludo Peeters (BEL)|
|7||10 July||Cherbourg – Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët||201 km (124.9 mi)||Plain stage||Eddy Planckaert (BEL)|
|8||11 July||Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët – Nantes||204 km (126.8 mi)||Plain stage||Bernard Hinault (FRA)|
|9||12 July||Nantes||61.5 km (38.2 mi)||Individual time trial||Jose-Angel Sarrapio (ESP)|
|10||13 July||Nantes – Futuroscope||183 km (113.7 mi)||Plain stage||Rudy Dhaenens (BEL)|
|11||14 July||Futuroscope – Bordeaux||258.3 km (160.5 mi)||Plain stage||Pedro Delgado (ESP)|
|12||15 July||Bayonne – Pau||217.5 km (135.1 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Greg LeMond (USA)|
|13||16 July||Pau – Superbagnères||186 km (115.6 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Niki Rüttimann (SUI)|
|14||17 July||Superbagnères – Blagnac||154 km (95.7 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Matteo Trentin (ITA)|
|15||18 July||Carcassonne – Nîmes||225.5 km (140.1 mi)||Plain stage||Frank Hoste (BEL)|
|16||19 July||Nîmes – Gap||246.5 km (153.2 mi)||Hilly stage||Jean-François Bernard (FRA)|
|17||20 July||Gap – Serre Chevalier||190 km (118.1 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eduardo Chozas (ESP)|
|18||21 July||Briançon – Alpe d'Huez||162.5 km (101.0 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Bernard Hinault (FRA)|
|22 July||Rest day|
|19||23 July||Villard-de-Lans – Saint-Étienne||179.5 km (111.5 mi)||Hilly stage||Julián Gorospe (ESP)|
|20||24 July||Saint-Étienne||58 km (36.0 mi)||Individual time trial||Bernard Hinault (FRA)|
|21||25 July||Saint-Étienne – Puy de Dôme||190 km (118.1 mi)||Hilly stage||Erich Mächler (SUI)|
|22||26 July||Clermont-Ferrand – Nevers||194 km (120.5 mi)||Plain stage||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|23||27 July||Cosne-sur-Loire – Paris||255 km (158.4 mi)||Plain stage||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|Total||4,093.4 km (2,544 mi)|
The prologue was won by Thierry Marie, with Hinault in second place, just two seconds slower. Marie lost the lead in the first stage to Alex Stieda, thanks to bonus time that Stieda won in intermediate sprints.
The following stages were flat. Although the lead changed several times (first to Dominique Gaigne, then to Johan van der Velde and later to Jørgen V. Pedersen), there were no significant time differences between the favourites. The first test for them was the ninth stage, an individual time trial. Won by Hinault, it put him in third place, 49 seconds in front of LeMond, who had suffered from a flat tire.
Stages 12 and 13 were in the Pyrenees. In the 12th stage, Hinault and his team mate Jean-François Bernard were in front together with Pedro Delgado. LeMond was part of the chasing group, but because he was part of the same team as Hinault and Bernard, he did not help with the chase. Only at the last part of the stage, LeMond escaped from that group, taking only Luis Herrera with him, but by then he was already four minutes behind on the stage. Hinault let Delgado win the stage, but Hinault became the new leader in the general classification, with LeMond in second place, five minutes behind.
In the thirteen stage, Hinault attacked again, on the Tourmalet, the first of the four big climbs. LeMond was in the same situation as the day before: he had the power to do more, but did not want to chase his team mate. Hinault extended his lead to almost three minutes at the start of the Col d'Aspin. But Hinault was getting tired, and was caught by a small group (including LeMond) on the Peyresourde, the third climb of the day. On the final climb of the day, to Superbagnères, Hinault attacked again. This time, he was quickly caught, and some time later, Andrew Hampsten (from the same team as Hinault and LeMond) attacked. Hampsten was joined by LeMond, and Hampsten paced LeMond as far as he could, and then LeMond left on his own for the stage victory. On these final kilometres, Hinault lost several minutes to LeMond, and at the end of the stage, Hinault was still leading the general classification, but only 40 seconds in front of LeMond.
In stages 14 to 16, travelling from the Pyrenees to the Alps, there were no important changes in the general classification.
In stage 17, in the Alps, Urs Zimmermann (third in the general classification) attacked in the climb of the Col d'Izoard. LeMond followed him, leaving Hinault behind. The stage was won by Eduardo Chozas; LeMond kept following Zimmermann until the finishline, and Hinault lost three minutes to them. This made LeMond the new leader of the race, with Zimmermann in second place, and Hinault third.
In the 18th stage, Hinault attacked several times, but every time he was rejoined by LeMond and others. After an attack on the Col du Télégraphe, Zimmermann was unable to follow. LeMond and Hinault only had Steve Bauer and Pello Ruiz-Cabestany with them, but on the climb of the Croix de Fer, they could not follow so it was just LeMond and Hinault. They stayed together until the finish, where LeMond allowed Hinault to win. The margin with Zimmermann (third to finish on that stage) was more than 5 minutes, and it was clear that Zimmermann could no longer win the Tour.
Hinault still had a small chance of beating his team mate LeMond. One of those chances was in the individual time trial in stage 20. Halfway his race, LeMond fell, and had to change bikes after the fall, losing time in that way. Hinault won the stage, beating LeMond by 25 seconds.
Stage 21 was the last mountainous stage of the Tour. On the final climb, LeMond was able to leave Hinault behind, and increased his lead to more than three minutes.
After that, the final classification was settled. On the last stage of the Tour, LeMond crashed and needed a new bike; his team mates (including Hinault) waited for him, and escorted him back to the other riders. Hinault joined the sprint for the final stage victory, but finished in fourth place, beaten by Guido Bontempi.
LeMond won the general classification ahead of Hinault.
There were several classifications in the 1986 Tour de France, six of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification,where cyclists were given points for finishing among the best in a stage finish. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey. There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey. There was also a combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications, its leader wore the combination jersey. Another classification was the debutant classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey. The sixth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. Its leader wore a red jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps. There was also a team points classification. After each stage, the stage rankings of the best three cyclists per team were added, and the team with the least total lead this classification, and were identified by green caps.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
|Denotes the leader of the general classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the young rider classification|
|Denotes the leader of the team classification|
|1||Greg LeMond (USA)||La Vie Claire||110h 35' 19"|
|2||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||+3' 10"|
|3||Urs Zimmermann (SUI)||Carrera-Inoxpran||+10' 54"|
|4||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||La Vie Claire||+18' 44"|
|5||Claude Criquielion (BEL)||Hitachi-Marc-Splendor||+24' 36"|
|6||Ronan Pensec (FRA)||Peugeot-Shell||+25' 59"|
|7||Niki Rüttimann (SUI)||La Vie Claire||+30' 52"|
|8||Álvaro Pino (ESP)||Zor-BH||+33' 00"|
|9||Steven Rooks (NED)||PDM-Concorde||+33' 22"|
|10||Yvon Madiot (FRA)||Système U||+33' 27"|
|1||Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)||Panasonic-Merckx-Agu||277|
|2||Jozef Lieckens (BEL)||Joker-Emerxil-Eddy Merckx||232|
|3||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||210|
|4||Greg LeMond (USA)||La Vie Claire||210|
|5||Guido Bontempi (ITA)||Carrera-Inoxpran||166|
|1||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||351|
|2||Luis Herrera (COL)||Café de Colombia-Piles Varta||270|
|3||Greg LeMond (USA)||La Vie Claire||265|
|4||Urs Zimmermann (SUI)||Carrera-Inoxpran||191|
|5||Eduardo Chozas (ESP)||Teka||172|
|6||Samuel Cabrera (COL)||Reynolds-TS Batteries||162|
|7||Ronan Pensec (FRA)||Peugeot-Shell||139|
|8||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||La Vie Claire||133|
|9||Claude Criquielion (BEL)||Hitachi-Marc-Splendor||123|
|10||Jean-François Bernard (FRA)||La Vie Claire||105|
|1||La Vie Claire||331h 35' 48"|
|2||Peugeot-Shell||+1h 51' 50"|
|3||Système U||+2h 00' 50"|
|4||PDM-Concorde||+2h 23' 50"|
|5||Carrera-Inoxpran||+2h 26' 36"|
|6||Fagor||+2h 28' 52"|
|7||Panasonic-Merckx-Agu||+2h 31' 08"|
|8||Teka||+2h 43' 36"|
|9||Zor-BH||+2h 43' 36"|
|10||Café de Colombia-Piles Varta||+2h 55' 45"|
Team points classification
|2||La Vie Claire||1674|
|1||Greg LeMond (USA)||La Vie Claire||87|
|2||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||87|
|3||Claude Criquielion (BEL)||Hitachi-Marc-Splendor||68|
|4||Urs Zimmermann (SUI)||Carrera-Inoxpran||61|
|5||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||La Vie Claire||59|
Young rider classification
|1||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||La Vie Claire||110h 54' 03"|
|2||Ronan Pensec (FRA)||Peugeot-Shell||+7' 15"|
|3||Jean-François Bernard (FRA)||La Vie Claire||+17' 01"|
|4||Jesus Blanco (ESP)||Teka||+44' 32"|
|5||Peter Stevenhaagen (NED)||PDM-Concorde||+51' 56"|
Intermediate sprints classification
|1||Gerrit Solleveld (NED)||Kwantum-Decosol-Yoko||305|
|2||Dirk De Wolf (BEL)||Hitachi-Marc-Splendor||170|
|3||Dominique Arnaud (FRA)||Reynolds-TS Batteries||145|
|4||Johan van der Velde (NED)||Panasonic-Merckx-Agu||86|
|5||Julián Gorospe (ESP)||Reynolds-TS Batteries||60|
|6||Régis Simon (FRA)||ROM-Meral-Mavic||57|
|7||Adri van der Poel (NED)||Kwantum-Decosol-Yoko||55|
|8||Guido Winterberg (SUI)||La Vie Claire||50|
|9||Greg LeMond (USA)||La Vie Claire||49|
|10||Eduardo Chozas (ESP)||Teka||45|
Before the race, Hinault had promised to help LeMond win the Tour. After the race, when he was reminded of that promise, Hinault said that the many attacks that he made were not against LeMond, but against his competitors.
Hinault retired shortly after the Tour. LeMond could not defend his Tour victory in the 1987 Tour de France, because he was badly injured in a shooting accident in early 1987. He recovered for a few years, but came back to win the 1989 and 1990 tours.
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