1986 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1986.



Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images


gen et sp nov

nomen dubium


Early Cambrian

"northern Siberia"


possible jr synonym of Pojetaia


gen et sp nov

not valid

Li & Zhou

Early Cambrian

Henan province


jr synonym of Pojetaia runnegari


Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[3] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[4]

Name Status Authors Notes Images


Valid taxon

  • Dodson


Valid taxon


Valid taxon


Jr. synonym of Herrerasaurus


Valid taxon


Misidentified pterosaur.

  • Kessler
  • Jurcsák


Valid taxon

  • Ingavat


Valid taxon

  • Martinez
  • Gimenez
  • Rodriguez
  • Bochatey


New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes



Wiffen Moisley



  • Fossil jaw fragments containing multicusped teeth were found in Dockum Group rocks in western Texas.[11] One fragment, apparently from a lower jaw, contained two teeth, each with five cusps.[11] Another fragment, from an upper jaw, also contained several multi-cusped teeth.[11] These finds are very similar to the pterosaur genus Eudimorphodon and may be attributable to this genus, although without better fossil remains it is impossible to be sure.[11]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes






Bonaparte Sanchez, T.M



Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Hulitherium tomasetti

Valid taxon

Bernard Tomasetti & Plane


New Guinea



Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Abies milleri[12]

sp nov


Schorn & Wehr


Tom Thumb Tuff, Klondike Mountain Formation


One of the oldest fir species


  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b Elicki, O.; Gürsu, S. (2009). "First record of Pojetaia runnegari Jell, 1980 and Fordilla Barrande, 1881 from the Middle East (Taurus Mountains, Turkey) and critical review of Cambrian bivalves". Paläontologische Zeitschrift 83 (2): 267–291. doi:10.1007/s12542-009-0021-9. 
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  5. ^ Dodson, P. 1986. Avaceratops lammersi: a new ceratopsid from the Judith River Formation of Montana. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 138: pp. 305-317.
  6. ^ Charig, A.J. and A.C. Milner. 1986. Baryonyx, a remarkable new theropod dinosaur. Nature 324 (6095): pp. 359-361.
  7. ^ Barsbold, R. 1986. [Raubdinosaurier Oviraptoren]. In: Vorobyeva, E. I. (ed.). Herpetologische Untersuchungen in der Mongolischen Volksrepublik. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. Inst. Evolyucionnoy Morfologii i Ekologil Zhivotnykh im. A. M. Severtsova, Moskva: pp.210-223.
  8. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1986. The early radiation and phylogenetic relationships of the Jurassic sauropod dinosaurs, based on vertebral anatomy. In: The beginnings of the age of dinosaurs (K. Padian, ed.). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK: pp. 247-258.
  9. ^ Buffetaut, E. and R. Ingevat. 1986. Unusual theropod dinosaur teeth from the Upper Jurassic of Phu Wiang northeastern Thailand. Rev. Paleobiol. 5: pp. 217-220.
  10. ^ Martinez, R, O. Gimenez, J. Rodriguez, and G. Bochatey. 1985. Xenotarsosaurus bonapartei nov. gen. et sp. (Carnosauria, Abelisauridae) un nuevo Theropoda de la Formacion Bajo Barrel Chubut, Argentina. Actas IV Congreso Argentino de Paleontoloiga y Bioestratigraffa 2: pp. 23-31.
  11. ^ a b c d Wellnhofer, Peter (1991). "Summary of Triassic Pterosaurs." The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Pterosaurs. London, UK: Salamander Books Limited. p. 67. ISBN 0-86101-566-5.
  12. ^ Schorn, H.E.; Wehr, W.C. (1986). "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, Ferry County, Washington.". Burke Museum Contributions in Anthropology and Natural History 1: 1–7.