1987 Giro d'Italia

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1987 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates 21 May – 13 June
Stages 22 + Prologue, including one split stage
Distance 3,915 km (2,433 mi)
Winning time 105h 39' 42" (37.045 km/h or 23.019 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Stephen Roche (IRL) (Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)
Second  Robert Millar (GBR) (Panasonic-Isostar)
Third  Erik Breukink (NED) (Panasonic-Isostar)

Points  Johan van der Velde (NED) (Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe)
Mountains  Robert Millar (GBR) (Panasonic-Isostar)
Youth  Roberto Conti (ITA) (Selca – Conti)
Combination  Stephen Roche (IRL) (Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)
Team Panasonic-Isostar
1986
1988

The 1987 Giro d'Italia was the 70th running of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours races. The Giro started in San Remo, on 21 May, with a 4 km (2.5 mi) prologue and concluded in Saint-Vincent, on 13 June, with a 32 km (19.9 mi) individual time trial. A total of 180 riders from 20 teams entered the 22-stage race, that was won by Irishman Stephen Roche of the Carrera Jeans-Vagabond team. The second and third places were taken by British rider Robert Millar and Dutchman Erik Breukink, respectively. It was the second time in the history of the Giro that the podium was occupied solely by non-Italian riders. Roche's victory in the 1987 Giro was his first step in completing the Triple Crown of Cycling – winning the Giro d'Italia, the Tour de France, and the World Championship road race in one calendar year – becoming the second rider ever to do so.

Defending champion Roberto Visentini took the first race leader's maglia rosa (English: pink jersey) after winning the opening prologue, before losing the lead to Breukink the following stage. Roche took the overall lead after his team, Carrera Jeans-Vagabond, won the stage three team time trial. Roche's teammate Visentini regained the lead for a two–day period after the stage 13 individual time trial. The fifteenth stage of the 1987 Giro has been recognized as an iconic event in the history of the Giro because Roche rode ahead of teammate Visentini, despite orders from team management, and went on to take the race lead. Following the fifteenth leg, Roche successfully defended the overall lead from attacks from Visentini and the other general classification contenders to the event's end in Saint-Vincent.

Stephen Roche became the first Irishman to win the Giro d'Italia. In addition to the general classification, Roche also won the combination classification. Amongst the other classifications that the race awarded, Johan van der Velde of Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe won the points classification and Selca – Conti's Roberto Conti completed the Giro as the best neo-professional in the general classification, finishing fifteenth overall. Panasonic-Isostar finishing as the winners of the team classification, ranking each of the twenty teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.

Teams[edit]

The outside of a casino in Italy.
The team presentation ceremony took place on 21 May outside the Casino of San Remo.

A total of 20 teams were invited to participate in the 1987 Giro d'Italia, nine of which were based outside of Italy.[1][2] Each team sent a squad of nine riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 180 cyclists.[1][2] The presentation of the teams – where each team's roster and manager are introduced in front the media and local dignitaries – took place on 20 May, at the Casino of San Remo.[1][2] From the riders that began this edition, 133 made it to the finish in Saint-Vincent.[3][4]

The teams entering the race were:[5]

Pre-race favorites[edit]

Reigning champion Roberto Visentini returned to the race in 1987 to defend his crown,[6] despite not winning many races in his spring campaign.[7] Outside of Visentini, an El Mundo Deportivo writer and Ormezzano named several riders as contenders for the overall classification, including Giuseppe Saronni, then world champion Moreno Argentin, Stephen Roche,and Robert Millar.[1][6] In addition, the El Mundo Deportivo writer believed Jean-François Bernard to be a dark-horse candidate since Toshiba-Look team leader Greg LeMond were not participating in the race.[6][8] LeMond was absent due to injuries sustained in a hunting accident.[8] l'Unita writer Gino Sala named Roche, Saronni, and Visentini as riders he believed were the top three challengers for the overall crown.[2] Notable Italian cyclist Francesco Moser did not participate in the race due to head trauma and bruises sustained in the weeks prior to the race.[1][2][9] Ormezzano believed that Guido Bontempi, Urs Freuler, Argentin, and Paolo Rosola had a great chance to win a stage in the race.[1] Mario Fossati, of La Repubblica, believed Bontempi, Bernard, and Phil Anderson could win a stage at the event.[4]

Both Ormezzano and the El Mundo Deportivo writer believed the race would be a battle between Carrera Jeans-Vagabond teammates, Visentini and Roche.[1][6] The El Mundo Deportivo writer stated that Visentini had the edge in the time trial discipline and sprinting, while Roche had the advantage in climbing.[6] It was widely believed that Roche came into the race in great shape after winning the Tour de Romandie and finishing high in a few single day races.[6][7][9] Author Bill McGann thought that the race would be a battle between Visentini and Gianbattista Baronchelli.[7]

Route and stages[edit]

A mountain in the distance.
Monte Terminillo hosted the end of the 134 km (83 mi) sixth stage and the start of the 205 km (127 mi) seventh stage.

The route for the 1987 edition of the Giro d'Italia was revealed to the public on television by head organizer Vincenzo Torriani, on 21 February 1987.[10][11][12] It contained five time trials, four of which were individual and one of which was a team event.[12] There were thirteen stages containing categorized climbs, of which five had summit finishes: stage 1a, to San Romolo;[13][14] stage 6, to Monte Terminillo;[14] stage 15, to Sappada;[7][15] stage 19, to Madesimo;[14] and stage 21, to Pila.[7][14][16] Another stage with a mountain-top finish was stage 13, which consisted of a climbing time trial to San Marino.[14][16] The organizers chose to include one rest day.[7] When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 56.4 km (35 mi) longer, contained one more rest day and individual time trial.[17] In addition, this race contained the same amount of stages, but one more set of half stages.[17] The race's sixteenth stage, which went from Sappada to Canazei, was named the queen stage for the five categorized climbs it contained.[16][18]

Race director Torriani was happy with the success the 1985 Giro d'Italia had when passing through the Aosta Valley and chose to include the mountainous region that lies adjacent to the Rhône-Alpes after a two-year absence.[10] La Stampa writer, along with Maggiorino Ferrero of the Federiciclo regionale, believed that the stages that go through Aosta Valley will be decisive in the general classification race.[10] Carlo Champvillair, a climbing champion of Aosta Valley, believed the race route to be very well done and technical.[10] l'Unita writer Gino Sala believed the time trial in San Marino, the sixth stage with the finish atop Monte Terminillo, and the stages including the Dolomites would heavily influence the general classification.[2] In addition, he stated that the route was suited for complete, strong, and durable riders.[2]

Stage characteristics and winners[12][14][19]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 21 May San Remo 4 km (2 mi) Individual time trial  Roberto Visentini (ITA)
1a 22 May San Remo to San Romolo 31 km (19 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Erik Breukink (NED)
1b Poggio di San Remo to San Remo 8 km (5 mi) Individual time trial  Stephen Roche (IRL)
2 23 May Imperia to Borgo Val di Taro 242 km (150 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Moreno Argentin (ITA)
3 24 May Lerici to Camaiore 43 km (27 mi) Team time trial Carrera Jeans-Vagabond
4 25 May Camaiore to Montalcino 203 km (126 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Moreno Argentin (ITA)
5 26 May Montalcino to Terni 208 km (129 mi) Plain stage  Eddy Planckaert (BEL)
6 27 May Terni to Monte Terminillo 134 km (83 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jean-Claude Bagot (FRA)
7 28 May Rieti to Roccaraso 205 km (127 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Moreno Argentin (ITA)
8 29 May Roccaraso to San Giorgio del Sannio 168 km (104 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Rosola (ITA)
9 30 May San Giorgio del Sannio to Bari 257 km (160 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
10 31 May Bari to Termoli 210 km (130 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Rosola (ITA)
1 June Rest day
11 2 June Giulianova to Osimo 245 km (152 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Robert Forest (FRA)
12 3 June Osimo to Bellaria 197 km (122 mi) Plain stage  Guido Bontempi (ITA)
13 4 June Rimini to San Marino (San Marino) 46 km (29 mi) Individual time trial  Roberto Visentini (ITA)
14 5 June San Marino (San Marino) to Lido di Jesolo 260 km (162 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Cimini (ITA)
15 6 June Lido di Jesolo to Sappada 224 km (139 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Johan van der Velde (NED)
16 7 June Sappada to Canazei 211 km (131 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Johan van der Velde (NED)
17 8 June Canazei to Riva del Garda 206 km (128 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Marco Vitali (ITA)
18 9 June Riva del Garda to Trescore Balneario 213 km (132 mi) Plain stage  Giuseppe Calcaterra (ITA)
19 10 June Trescore Balneario to Madesimo 160 km (99 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jean-François Bernard (FRA)
20 11 June Madesimo to Como 156 km (97 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Rosola (ITA)
21 12 June Como to Pila 252 km (157 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Robert Millar (GBR)
22 13 June Aosta to Saint-Vincent 32 km (20 mi) Individual time trial  Stephen Roche (IRL)
Total 3,915 km (2,433 mi)

Race overview[edit]

A man on straddling a bike in sunglasses.
Moreno Argentin (pictured during the Coors Classic in 1987) won three individual stages at the event.

The Giro began with a brief 4 km (2.5 mi) prologue that navigated through the streets of San Remo. The returning winner of the Giro, Roberto Visentini, won the opening prologue by two tenths of a second over the Canadian rider Steve Bauer.[20] The next race day held two stages, the first of which was a short 31 km (19.3 mi) stage with a summit finish and the second, a downhill individual time trial.[20] Panasonic-Isostar's Erik Breukink took the stage with a solo attack.[21] His performance in stage 1a was enough to earn him the coveted race leader's maglia rosa (English: pink jersey),[20] which he kept until stage 4a. Stephen Roche took the time trial with a three-second margin over the time trial specialist Lech Piasecki.[7] Johan van der Velde formed a lead group with around 30 km (18.6 mi) to go in the second stage, but due to him being a threat to the race lead, he was not given a large advantage and was subsequently caught by the chasing peloton 7 km (4.3 mi) from the finish.[20] The main field remained intact for the remaining kilometers and the race geared up for a sprint finish which was won by Moreno Argentin.[20]

The third stage was a lengthy team time trial that stretched from Lerici to Camaiore. Carrera Jeans-Vagabond beat out the Del Tongo squad by fifty-four seconds to win the leg. In addition to winning the day of racing, Carrera Jeans-Vagabond's Roche took the overall lead.[7][15] As the leading group on the road approached the finish line, the stage's winner Argentin sprinted away with 800 m (2,624.7 ft) to go and managed to create a gap of two seconds between himself and the second placed rider.[22][23] The fifth stage was relatively flat and was used to setup the race to enter the Apennine mountains following day.[24] The leg culminated with a field sprint that was won by the Belgian Eddy Planckaert after he overcame Paolo Rosola in the closing meters.[23][25]

Roche successfully defended the race lead, until the stage thirteen 46 km (28.6 mi) climbing individual time trial to Monte Titano in San Marino,[26] where he lost the lead to his teammate and the stage winner Visentini.[27] Roche claimed his performance in the stage was hampered due to injuries sustained from a crash in a prior stage.[28] The fourteenth stage of the event was the longest leg of the race at 260 km (161.6 mi).[28][29] The day of racing ended finished with a field sprint that Paolo Cimini barely won after overtaking Rosola in the final meters.[28][29]

An overhead picture of a city.
San Marino hosted the end of the stage 13 individual time trial, as well as the start of the 260 km (161.6 mi) fourteenth stage.

The fifteenth stage saw the race enter the Dolomites and traverse three major climbs within the mountain chain.[7] On the descent of the Monte Rest, Roche formed a leading group with two other riders after speeding away from the race leader's group.[7] Despite orders from his team management, Roche continued with the move.[7][30] Carrera Jeans-Vagabond chased after the Roche group in order to protect the advantage of Roche's teammate and race leader Visentini.[7][15] Roche crossed the line in twelfth place, 56 seconds after the stage winner van der Velde, which allowed him to take the race lead by five seconds over Tony Rominger.[28][31] Roche's actions, taking the race lead away from Visentini and disobeying team commands, gained him the hatred of the tifosi, the Italian sports fans.[32]

The sixteenth leg of the race contained five categorized climbs before concluding in the municipality of Canazei.[33][34] On the descent of the Pordoi Pass, van der Velde escaped and caught up to the leader on the road before going on to win his second consecutive stage.[33] Meanwhile behind van der Velde, Visentini tried several times to attack Roche on the slopes of the Passo Fedaia; however, Roche marked all of his moves and the two raced into the finish a part of the same group.[7][33] Stage 17 was the race's final day in the Dolomites.[7][33] On a day marred by poor weather, a breakaway group of three was given a significant gap as the main general classification contenders rode in a collective group behind.[33][35] Italian Marco Vitali out-sprinted his two fellow breakaway members to win his first Grand Tour stage win.[33][35][36]

As the eighteenth stage began the riders within the peloton felt they deserved a rest day after three difficult stages in the Dolomites and collectively rode at a non-aggressive pace for over three-quarters of the stage.[33][37][38] Riders began to attack and form breakaway groups with around 30 km (18.6 mi) to go; however, the sprinters' teams reeled in all attacks and prepared for a sprint finish that was won by Giuseppe Calcaterra.[33][37][38] During the nineethen stage, Jean-François Bernard attacked after the leading group of riders finished the climb of the San Marco Pass.[33] Three riders joined Bernard before the start of the final climb in Madesimo, but Bernard dropped them early on in the climb and rode the final 18 km (11.2 mi) alone to win the stage.[33][39] Millar and Marino Lejarreta managed to gain over thirty seconds on Roche after they attacked on the final climb.[33][39] Despite a crash occurring within the final kilometer, the main field still managed to hold a bunch sprint which was won by Gewiss-Bianchi rider Rosola.[33][40]

A picture of a cyclist wearing a helmet.
By winning the twenty-first stage, Robert Millar (pictured here on the Tour de France in 1993) vaulted to second overall.

In the twenty-first leg, the general classification contenders were a part of the same leading group until the final climb to the summit finish in Pila.[33][41] Lejarreta attacked 12 km (7.5 mi) from the finish and only seven other riders were able to mark, which included the likes of Millar and Roche.[41] He attacked again over six kilometers later and only Roche and Millar remained with him.[41] Despite several attacks by Lejarreta, the group rode up to the finish together where Millar won the stage after unleashing a sprint for the line with over 300 meters to go.[41] Millar's performance on the stay brought him to second place overall.[33][41] The final stage of the 1987 Giro d'Italia was a 32 km (19.9 mi) individual time trial.[15] Roche beat out the second place finisher, Dietrich Thurau, by fourteen seconds to win the day and the Giro itself.[42] In doing so, Roche became the first Irishman to win the Giro d'Italia.[3][43] The other podium positions were filled by non-Italian riders for the second time in the history of the race.[3][44]

Success in the stages was limited to seven of the twenty competing squads, five of the which won multiple stages, while four riders achieved multiple stage victories. The riders that won more than one stage were Moreno Argentin in stages 2,[45] 4,[46] and 7,[47] Roberto Visentini in the prologue[13] and stage 13,[27] Paolo Rosola in stages 8,[48] 10, and 20,[49] and Stephen Roche stages 1b[21] and 22.[42] Gewiss-Bianchi collected a total of six stage wins through two riders, Argentin and Rosola. Gewiss-Bianchi wasn't the only team to win six stages, as Carrera Jeans-Vagabond achieved the same feat, with two stage wins from Roche and Visentini, Guido Bontempi in stage 12,[50] and stage 3 which was the team time trial.[5] Panasonic-Isostar amassed a total of three stage victories, with Erik Breukink in stage 1a,[21] Eddy Planckaert in stage 5,[25] and Robert Millar in stage 21.[51] Atala – Ofmega also acquired three stage wins, with Urs Freuler in stage 9,[52] Marco Vitali in stage 17,[36] and Giuseppe Calcaterra in stage 18.[53] Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe won two stages with Johan van der Velde in stages 15[31] and 16.[34] Fagor – MBK also collected two stage victories with Jean-Claude Bagot in stage 6[54] and Robert Forest in stage 11.[55] Toshiba-Look and Remac – Fanini both won a single stage at the Giro. Remac – Fanini's Paolo Cimini won stage 14[56] by means of a bunch sprint, while Toshiba-Look rider Jean-François Bernard took stage 19[39] through a solo attack in the mountains.

Classification leadership[edit]

A picture of a mountain.
The Pordoi Pass was the Cima Coppi for the 1987 running of the Giro d'Italia.

Four different jerseys were worn during the 1987 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.[57]

For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs.[57] The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo Pordoi.[9][16] The first rider to cross the Pordoi Pass was Fagor – MBK's Jean-Claude Bagot.[33] The white jersey was worn by the leader of young rider classification, a ranking decided the same way as the general classification, but considering only neo-professional cyclists (in their first three years of professional racing).[3][57] Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.[57]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Pink Jersey
Points classification
Purple Jersey
Mountains classification
Green Jersey
Young rider classification
White Jersey
Trofeo Fast Team
P Roberto Visentini Roberto Visentini not awarded not awarded not awarded Carrera Jeans-Vagabond
1a Erik Breukink Erik Breukink Erik Breukink Erik Breukink Lech Piasecki Panasonic-Isostar
1b Stephen Roche
2 Moreno Argentin Robert Millar
3 Carrera Jeans-Vagabond Stephen Roche Carrera Jeans-Vagabond
4 Moreno Argentin Stephen Roche
5 Eddy Planckaert
6 Jean-Claude Bagot Tony Rominger
7 Moreno Argentin Moreno Argentin
8 Paolo Rosola
9 Alessio Di Basco
10 Paolo Rosola Paolo Rosola
11 Robert Forest
12 Guido Bontempi
13 Roberto Visentini Roberto Visentini
14 Paolo Cimini
15 Johan van der Velde Stephen Roche Panasonic-Isostar
16 Johan van der Velde
17 Marco Vitali Johan van der Velde
18 Giuseppe Calcaterra
19 Jean-François Bernard Roberto Conti
20 Paolo Rosola
21 Robert Millar
22 Stephen Roche
Final Stephen Roche Johan van der Velde Robert Millar Roberto Conti Panasonic-Isostar

Final standings[edit]

Legend
  Pink jersey   Denotes the winner of the General classification[3][7]   Green jersey   Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification[3][7]
  Purple jersey   Denotes the winner of the Points classification[3][7]   White jersey   Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification[3][7]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[58]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Stephen Roche (IRL) Pink jersey Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 105h 39' 42"
2  Robert Millar (GBR) Green jersey Panasonic-Isostar + 3' 40"
3  Erik Breukink (NED) Panasonic-Isostar + 4' 17"
4  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) Caja Rural – Seat + 5' 11"
5  Flavio Giupponi (ITA) Del Tongo + 7' 42"
6  Marco Giovannetti (ITA) Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe + 11' 05"
7  Phil Anderson (AUS) Panasonic-Isostar + 13' 36"
8  Peter Winnen (NED) Panasonic-Isostar + 13' 56"
9  Johan van der Velde (NED) Purple jersey Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe + 13' 57"
10  Steve Bauer (CAN) Toshiba-Look + 14' 41"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–5)[7]
Rider Team Points
1  Johan van der Velde (NED) Purple jersey Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe 175
2  Paolo Rosola (ITA) Gewiss-Bianchi 171
3  Stephen Roche (IRL) Pink jersey Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 153
4  Erik Breukink (NED) Panasonic-Isostar 144
5  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) Caja Rural – Seat 110

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–5)[7]
Rider Team Points
1  Robert Millar (GBR) Green jersey Panasonic-Isostar 97
2  Jean-Claude Bagot (FRA) Fagor – MBK 53
3  Johan van der Velde (NED) Purple jersey Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe 32
4  Roberto Pagnin (ITA) Gewiss-Bianchi 26
 Marino Lejarreta (ESP) Caja Rural – Seat

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–5)[7]
Rider Team Points
1  Roberto Conti (ITA) White jersey Selca – Conti 106h 00' 33"
2  Jiří Škoda (CZE) Ecoflam – B.F.B. – Mareco + 5' 48"
3  Rodolfo Massi (ITA) Magniflex + 14' 22"
4  Andreas Kappes (FRG) Toshiba-Look + 16' 29"
5  Stefano Tomasini (ITA) Remac – Fanini + 20' 59"

Combination classification[edit]

Final combination classification (1–3)[3]
Rider Team Points
1  Stephen Roche (IRL) Pink jersey Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 80
2  Robert Millar (GBR) Green jersey Panasonic-Isostar 68
3  Paolo Rosola (ITA) Gewiss-Bianchi 60

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–3)[3][7]
Team Time
1 Panasonic-Isostar-Colnago-Agu 313h 06' 14"
2 Carrera Jeans-Vagabond + 9' 03"
3 Gis Gelati – Jollyscarpe + 21' 25"

Aftermath[edit]

 A man on a bike in a cycling jersey.
Stephen Roche (pictured during the 1987 Tour de France) went on to win the Tour and the men's road race and the UCI Road World Championships in the same calendar year.

Upon completing the final stage, Roche told the media that he felt he silenced any critics who doubted whether he should have won by winning the final time trial.[3] In addition, he announced his intentions to race the Tour de France in July.[3][7] Roche went on to win the Tour by a margin of 40 seconds over the second place finisher and became the fifth rider to win the Giro and Tour in the same year.[59][60][61][62] In September, Roche then won the men's road race at the 1987 UCI Road World Championships and became the second rider to win the Triple Crown of Cycling, which consists of winning two of the Grand Tour races and the men's road race at the UCI Road World Championships in a single calendar year.[32][61][63][64][65] For his efforts at the Giro d'Italia during his career, Roche was inducted into the Giro d'Italia Hall of Fame in 2014.[61][66][67] Visentini did not win any stages or classifications at major cycling races after dropping out of the 1987 edition of the Giro d'Italia;[7] he retired from cycling in 1990 at the age of 33.[67]

A La Repubblica writer believed it to be the second worst performance by Italian riders after 1972 due to no Italian riders finishing inside the top four. and many famous Italian cyclists not completing the race.[68] Mario Fossati, of La Repubblica, believed that stage winners Johan van der Velde and Jean-François Bernard performed very strongly, as well as Moreno Argentin whom he said was operating on "alternating current."[69] Fossati further wrote that Paolo Cimini and Giuseppe Calcaterra could have promising careers based on their efforts at the 1987 Giro d'Italia.[69]

Since the race's completion, the event has become famous for the duel that took place between teammates Roche and Visentini.[7][32][61][62] Many writers point to the fifteenth stage as the defining moment of the race;[7][30][32][61][62][67][70] some have even said that it is one of the most famous in the Giro d'Italia and cycling history.[7][70] On that day, Roche – who was in second place and over two minutes behind race leader Visentini – attacked despite orders from his management to stop.[7][61][62][71] Upon completing the stage, Visentini told the press that either Roche or himself would not start the following day,[18][72] while Roche held a press conference from his hotel and answered questions.[72] In addition, Carrera team David Boifava spoke in front of the press and ordered both Roche and Visentini to silence themselves.[18] The following day, many Italian newspapers called Roche a betrayer or cheat for his actions.[7][67][72][73][74] Despite Visentini's words, both started the sixteenth stage after receiving orders from Carrera company boss Tito Tachella.[7][73] In the days following the fifteenth stage, the Italian fans threw and spat things at Roche in the days until the race's conclusion which led to Roche receiving police protection.[7][73][74] Looking back on the incident, Roche claimed that he just descended the mountain quicker than Visentini and did nothing wrong,[72][74] while Visentini maintains that Roche attacked him when he should have been aiding him.[67] La Repubblica writer Mario Fossati wrote that Roche violated the rules of the community and the team aspect of the game for what he did on the fifteenth stage.[72] While some critics believe Roche's moves were acceptable because he was the stronger rider.[67][69]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Gian Paolo Ormezzano (21 May 1987). "C'è il Giro, non c'è Moser" [There's the Tour, there is no Moser]. La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). p. 23. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Gino Sala (21 May 1987). "Campione cercasi disperatamente" [Champion wanted desperately] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian) (PCI). p. 27. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "B... Roche De Oro" [Golden Roche] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 14 June 1987. p. 41. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Mario Fossati (19 May 1987). "Sognando Un Giro d'Altri Tempi" [Dreaming A Giro of Other Times]. La Repubblica (in Italian). Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso. p. 45. Archived from the original on 24 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Golpe De Mano De "Carrera" En El "Giro"" [Carrera's hand strikes in the Giro] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 25 May 1987. p. 55. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Visentini-Roche: Duelo "Fratricida"" [Visentini-Roche: Duel "Fratricide"] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 21 May 1987. p. 30. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
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