1987 Indianapolis Ramada Inn A-7D Corsair II Crash
|Date||October 20, 1987|
|Summary||In-flight engine failure|
|Fatalities||9 (All in the Ramada Inn)|
|Aircraft type||A-7D Corsair II|
|Operator||United States Air Force|
The Ramada Inn Air Crash and Fire was an aircraft accident that occurred at the Airport Ramada Inn in Indianapolis, Indiana when a United States Air Force pilot failed to reach the runway and the plane crashed into a nearby Ramada Inn.
On the morning of October 20, 1987, a United States Air Force A-7D-4-CV Corsair II, serial 69-6207, piloted by Major Bruce L. Teagarden, 35, was en route to Nevada via Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma, after departing Pittsburgh International Airport earlier in the day. At 9:11 a.m., Teagarden notified controllers at Indianapolis International Airport that his aircraft had sustained some sort of engine failure about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of the city at around 31,000 feet and he was returning to Indianapolis to attempt an emergency landing. Controllers at Indianapolis routed Teagarden to Runway 5L, but due to the low cloud ceiling and poor visibility over Indianapolis, Teagarden was at 3,100 feet (940 m) mean sea level when he came to the threshold and was forced to try to land on Runway 32 instead.
Teagarden made a right turn to head east away from the airport, but continued to drop from 3,100 feet (940 m) to 2,000 feet (610 m) just to the east of Interstate 465 at the eastern edge of the airport where controllers lost him from the radar. As his altitude dropped, Teagarden was forced to eject from the aircraft 500 feet (150 m) above ground, and the plane made a slight right turn towards the Park Fletcher business development. It struck the Bank One branch in the 5600 block of Bradbury Avenue, bounced off the roof, flew across the street and hit an embankment, went 25 feet (7.6 m) airborne, and then crashed into the front of the Ramada Inn. Teagarden landed in the parking lot of the Ace Supply Company, four blocks from the hotel, suffering bruises and muscle strain.
As the plane crashed into the Ramada Inn, the cockpit and engine went into the lobby, killing nine people immediately or within minutes; another died a week later from burns. The wings went into the upper floors of the top of the carport and upper floors of the hotel. The aircraft's jet fuel ignited on impact, causing a fireball that covered the front of the hotel up to the fourth floor. Indianapolis Airport crash trucks arrived on the scene a minute after impact, and firefighters used foam to bring the fire under control four minutes later. Other elements of the Airport fire department searched the building for survivors, while assistance was requested from the Indianapolis Fire Department, Wishard Ambulance Service, the Wayne Township Fire Department, and the Decatur Township Fire Department.
Meanwhile, the hotel was evacuated by Ramada Inn staff and guests.
The Air Force paid out $50,427 ($104679.6 when adjusted for inflation) in property claims damages, according to the New York Times on 26 October. Major Teagarden remained grounded until a flight evaluation board determined whether he acted properly during the incident. In the end, Teagarden was found blameless in the tragedy, because of the controller's actions.
The cause of the crash, which was revealed in the Air Force's final report in January 1988, was a defective gear in the accessory gearbox. It sheared, causing the driveshaft to rip open the lubricating oil system, and the engine then seized up soon afterward. Prior to the accident, in November 1984, Air Force mechanics first noticed excessive wear on the driveshafts of another Corsair. The notice of the wear which later appeared on two other Corsairs, prompted a safety directive to check driveshaft splines - teethlike parts that fit into grooves on the turbine to drive various parts of the engine - during compressor work on all of the Corsairs remaining in service.
For more than two years, the charred building stood as a reminder of the tragedy. The hotel owners never rebuilt because they were unable to decide on an appropriate design. Currently, a parking lot stands on the site. The bank branch damaged by the plane is still standing today. It has been converted to a hospice.
- Indianapolis Star staff report, Indiana plane crashes, The Indianapolis Star Online, May 1, 2002, accessed October 8, 2006.
- "Flying in an Analog...". www.Check-Six.com. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Kirby, Randolph E., Ramada Inn Air Crash and Fire, Wayne Township, Indiana, page 2, U.S. Fire Administration Technical Report Series, accessed October 8, 2006.
- Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Parker, Laura, and Peterson, Bill, staff writers, "Air Force Jet Hits Indiana Hotel After Losing Power; Nine Killed" Wednesday, 21 October 1987, page A-1, A-8
- Washington, D.C.: Washington Post, Parker, Laura, staff writer, "Pilot Said Jet Flipped Out of Control In Landing Attempt, Witnesses Report" Thursday, 22 October 1981, page A-20
- Kirby, page 5
- Cracks in the Black Dike accessed April 18, 2007.
- New York, N.Y.: New York Times, "Property Claims Paid by Air Force At $50,427 in Indianapolis Crash", Monday, 26 October 1987, page B-10.
- City marks 20th anniversary of plane crash tragedy.