1987 in Japan
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Events in the year 1987 in Japan.
1987 was the second year of the Japanese asset price bubble: land values in Tokyo rose more than 85 percent between July 1986 and July 1987.
- Emperor: Hirohito
- Prime Minister: Yasuhiro Nakasone (L–Gunma) until November 6, Noboru Takeshita (L–Shimane)
- Chief Cabinet Secretary: Masaharu Gotōda (L–Tokushima) until November 6, Keizō Obuchi (L–Gunma)
- Chief Justice of the Supreme Court: Kōichi Yaguchi
- President of the House of Representatives: Kenzaburō Hara (L–Hyōgo)
- President of the House of Councillors: Masaaki Fujita (L–Hiroshima)
- Diet sessions: 108th (regular session opened in December 1986, to May 27), 109th (extraordinary, July 6 to September 19), 110th (extraordinary, November 6 to November 11), 111th (extraordinary, November 27 to December 12), 112th (regular, December 28 to 1988, May 25)
- February 9: First public float of NTT.
- April 1: Japanese National Railways are privatized and become the Japan Railways Group companies.
- November 6: Noboru Takeshita becomes prime minister.
- NTT began the first mobile phone service in Japan.
- Shoko Asahara founded Aum Shinrikyo.
- Construction began on Kansai International Airport.
- Susumu Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for Physics.
- January 3: Nana Yanagisawa, actress and fashion model
- January 8: Saori Gotō, voice actress
- January 23: Yuto Nakamura, football player
- February 15: Azumi Yamamoto, voice actress
- March 15: Momoko Shibuya, actress
- March 24: Yuma Asami, adult video actress
- March 26: YUI, singer
- May 2: Miyu Uehara, gravure idol and television personality (died 2011)
- May 7: Asami Konno, J-pop singer
- May 20: Taku Takeuchi, ski jumper
- May 22: Takuya Eguchi, voice actor
- May 22: Tao Okamoto, model
- July 3: Mikie Hara, gravure idol and actress
- June 3: Masami Nagasawa, actress
- July 11: Shigeaki Kato, singer
- July 17: Mio Nishimaki, wrestler
- June 17: Nozomi Tsuji, performer
- June 25: Takahiro Itō, actor and voice actor (died 2009)
- July 28: Sumire, model (died 2009)
- August 11: Kazuki Sorimachi, football player
- August 16: Eri Kitamura, voice actress and singer
- August 24: Daichi Miura, singer and dancer
- September 11: Kaori Matsumoto, judoka
- September 26: Rina Nagasaki, gravure idol
- September 28: Sho Uchida, freestyle swimmer
- October 1: Hiroki Aiba, actor, dancer, and singer
- October 3: Asami Kitagawa, swimmer
- October 4: Atomu Tanaka, football player
- October 23: Miyuu Sawai, model, actress, and idol
- October 23: Naomi Watanabe, actress and comedienne
- October 27: Thelma Aoyama, J-Pop and R&B singer
- October 29: Makoto Ogawa, pop singer
- November 11: Yuya Tegoshi, singer
- November 27: Yuria Haga, model and actress
- December 18: Miki Ando, figure skater
- December 18: Ayaka, singer
- January 21: Ikki Kajiwara, author, manga writer, and film producer
- February 3: Prince Takamatsu
- March 8: Iwao Yamawaki, photographer
- April 5: Tsuneko Nakazato, novelist
- April 15: Masatoshi Nakayama, master of Shotokan karate
- April 21: Haruyasu Nakajima, baseball player
- May 10: Sadamichi Hirasawa, tempera painter
- June 6: Mori Mari, author
- June 16: Kōji Tsuruta, actor
- July 17: Yujiro Ishihara, actor
- July 20: Ichirō Arishima, comedian and actor
- August 5: Tatsuhiko Shibusawa, novelist, art critic, and translator of French literature
- August 7: Nobusuke Kishi, former prime minister
- August 10: Prince Yamashina Takehiko
- August 16: Sumiko Kurishima, actress and master of traditional Japanese dance
- November 11: Hiroshi Kawaguchi, actor
- December 29: Jun Ishikawa, author
- Yen value: US$1 = ¥122 (low) to ¥152 (high)