1988 Indianapolis 500

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72nd Indianapolis 500
Indy500winningcar1988.JPG
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis 500
Sanctioning body USAC
Season 1988 Indy Car World Series
Date May 29, 1988
Winner Rick Mears
Winning team Penske Racing
Average speed 144.809
Pole position Rick Mears
Pole speed 219.198
Fastest qualifier Mears
Rookie of the Year Billy Vukovich III
Most laps led Danny Sullivan (91)
Pre-race ceremonies
National anthem Sandi Patty
"Back Home Again in Indiana" Jim Nabors
Starting Command Mary F. Hulman
Pace car Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme
Pace car driver Chuck Yeager
Attendance 400,000 (estimated)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Announcers Paul Page, Sam Posey, and Bobby Unser
Chronology
Previous Next
1987 1989

The 72nd Indianapolis 500 was held Sunday May 29, 1988 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Team Penske dominated the month, sweeping the top three starting positions with Rick Mears winning the pole position, Danny Sullivan at the center of the front row, and Al Unser, Sr. on the outside. Mears set a new track record, becoming the first driver to break the 220 mph barrier in time trials. On race day, the Penske teammates proceeded to lead 192 of the 200 laps, with Rick Mears taking the checkered flag, his third-career Indy 500 victory. The race represented the milestone 50th victory in Championship car racing for owner Roger Penske and Penske Racing.[1]

The victory was the first of six consecutive Indy 500 wins by the Chevy Indy V-8 engine, and seven overall by Ilmor-constructed powerplants. The victory also marked a triumphant return of success for the Penske chassis (in this case the PC-17), after dismal results in 1987 (PC-16), and sparse use in the previous four seasons.

The race was the third event of the 1988 CART/PPG Indycar World Series, and was sanctioned by USAC.

Background[edit]

The Ilmor Chevrolet Indy V-8 engine

Defending champion Al Unser, Sr. returned to Penske to join a three-car effort with Rick Mears and Danny Sullivan. After a dismal go around with the PC-16 ('87), Penske introduced the brand-new PC-17 ('88), with promise. Mears and Sullivan, respectively won the pole positions for the first two races of the CART season. For the third year, Penske was fielding the Chevy Ilmor Indy V-8 engine.

Back-to-back defending CART champion, and 1986 Indy winner Bobby Rahal returned for his last season at Truesports. However, the team dropped Cosworth DFX and the took up development of the Judd AV engine. The engine was known to be down on horsepower, but excelled in fuel mileage and reliability, particularly in the 500-mile races.

Among the other changes included Al Unser, Jr., who left Shierson and re-joined Galles, who was now sporting the Ilmor Chevy. Raul Boesel took his place in the #30 Dominos Pizza entry.

During a tire test session in September 1987, Roberto Guerrero suffered a crash, and a serious head injury. After a lengthy recovery, Guerrero was back in the cockpit for 1988. Jim Crawford, who suffered serious leg injuries during time trials in 1987, also returned, signing with King Racing.

Billy Vukovich III, son of Bill Vukovich II, and grandson of two-time winner Bill Vukovich, would become the first third-generation driver in Indy history.

Many of the cars in the field were sporting the chrome wheel disc inserts, giving the 1988 month of May a unique visual appearance.

After becoming famous for being "first in line" at the Indy 500 from 1950-1987, longtime fan Larry Bisceglia of Chicago, and later from Phoenix, fell ill and missed the 1988 race. With failing health, he died December 7, 1988.

Rule changes[edit]

Starting in 1988, teams were allowed to have six crew members over-the-wall during a pit stops. The crews would consist of four tire changers, a fueler, and a fuel vent/airhose man. Previously they were only allowed five (i.e., three tire changers). This was due in part to the fact that after the series changed from bias-ply tires to radials, the left-front tire (which at the time was seldom changed) would now be changed much more frequently.

For 1988, turbocharger "boost" pressure was reduced from 47 to 45 inHG. Stock-block engines were permitted 55 inHG.

Race schedule[edit]

Race schedule — April/May 1988
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
24
 
25
 
26
 
27
 
28
 
29
ROP
30
ROP
1
ROP
2
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
7
Practice
8
Practice
9
Practice
10
Practice
11
Practice
12
Practice
13
Practice
14
Time Trials
15
Time Trials
16
Practice
17
Practice
18
Practice
19
Practice
20
Practice
21
Time Trials
22
Bump Day
23
 
24
 
25
 
26
Carb Day
27
Mini-Marathon
28
Parade
29
Indy 500
30
Memorial Day
31
 
       
Color Notes
Green Practice
Dark Blue Time trials
Silver Race day
Red Rained out
Blank No track activity

* Includes days where track activity
was significantly limited due to rain

ROP — denotes Rookie Orientation Program

Practice - Week 1[edit]

Rookie Orientation[edit]

Six drivers took part in rookie orientation. John Andretti led the group, putting in 220 laps with a top speed of 201.974 mph. After being denied entry five years ago, Harry Sauce returned to attempt the program once again.

Saturday May 7[edit]

Opening day saw Raul Boesel first out on the track for Shierson. Dick Simon (211.665 mph) posted the best lap of the day, with less than 15 minutes to go in the session.

Sunday May 8[edit]

The track closed about two hours early due to rain. Mario Andretti set the best lap of the day (210.970 mph), but did not eclipse Simon's speed from Saturday.

Monday May 9[edit]

Rick Mears turned the fastest lap of the month thus far at 213.118 mph. Two cars, Teo Fabi in the Porsche entry, and Ludwig Heimrath, Jr. suffered mechanical/engine-related problems.

Tuesday May 10[edit]

Rick Mears turned the fastest unofficial practice lap in Indy history, breaking the 220 mph for the first time. His lap of 220.048 mph was just a tick faster than Mario Andretti's lap of 219.995 mph.

Roberto Guerrero was involved in the first crash of the week. He spun in turn one and tapped the outside wall. His car suffered damage to the rear wing. He was not injured.

Wednesday May 11[edit]

After two days of Mears topping the speed chart, Mario Andretti moved back into the top spot. His lap of 221.565 mph broke the day-old unofficial track record at 5:45 p.m.

Thursday May 12[edit]

Ludwig Heimrath, Jr. went high in turn 2 and brushed the outside wall, the second crash of the month. His car whipped around, and hit the wall again. He was not injured, and car had light damage.

Mario Andretti (219.084 mph) led the speed chart, with Scott Brayton second.

Friday May 13[edit]

The final day of practice was anticipated to be a duel between Rick Mears and Mario Andretti, the two drivers who had distanced themselves from the rest of the field. Mears and Andretti finished the day with identical laps at 221.465 mph to tie at the top of the speed chart. Danny Sullivan came in third-best with a lap of 218.446 mph.

Andretti finished the week of practice with the fastest over speed, set on Wednesday. Mears was second, and the pair went into time trials as the favorites for the pole position.

Time Trials - First weekend[edit]

Danny Sullivan makes his time trial run

Pole day - Saturday May 14[edit]

On pole day morning, Rick Mears blistered the track with a lap of 222.827 mph during the morning practice session. It was a new all-time unofficial track record. Raul Boesel and Tom Bigelow suffered single-car crashes during the session.

Mario Andretti drew the coveted first qualifying attempt. After his success in practice, his qualifying attempt was disappointingly slow. His first lap of 217.014 mph was his fastest, but 4 mph slower than he practiced a day earlier. His final lap of 212.761 mph pulled his four-lap average down to 214.692 mph.

About one hour into the session, Al Unser, Sr. took to the track and completed his attempt at 215.270 mph, good enough to take over the provisional pole position. Derek Daly and Scott Brayton completed runs over 212 mph, and by 1 p.m., the field was filled to ten cars.

At 1:21 p.m., Danny Sullivan took to the track and set a one-lap track record of 217.749 mph on his second lap. His four-lap average fell short of a record, but his speed of 216.214 mph took over the pole position for the moment. not to be upstaged, Rick Mears took to the track at 2 p.m. His first lap of 220.453 mph was an all-time official track record, the first driver to break the 220 mph barrier. His four-lap average of 219.198 mph won him the coveted pole position. It was his then-record fourth Indy 500 pole position.

With Penske cars Mears, Sullivan, and Unser, ranked 1st-2nd-3rd, the team had the opportunity to become the first team ever to sweep all three spots on the front row of the starting grid. After Mears' run, the track stayed mostly quiet until the final hour.

With better conditions at 5 p.m., Arie Luyendyk put his car in the field at just over 213 mph. Al Unser, Jr. was the last car with a realistic shot at the front row. Unser, Jr. fell short, with a speed of 214.186 mph, good enough for 5th position.

At the end of the day, Bobby Rahal was among those not yet in the field. His first presentation to the line was aborted when the car would not crank. He waved off two attempts, the second attempt was averaging 212.8 mph after three laps. A. J. Foyt went out early, but debris on the track forced him to pull off. His second attempt was too slow, and he waved off.

At the end of the day, the field was filled to 19 cars.

Second day - Sunday May 15[edit]

At hot 88 degree day kept cars off the track most of the afternoon. At about 5:30 p.m., Jim Crawford put his car in the field at 210.564 mph. Bobby Rahal was the only other qualifier, with a speed of 208.526 mph, slower than his speeds from Saturday.

At the close of the first weekend of time trials, there were 21 cars in the field. Among those not in the field yet were A. J. Foyt, Raul Boesel, Johnny Rutherford, and rookie John Andretti.

Practice - Week 2[edit]

Monday May 16[edit]

Rookie Harry Sauce spun in turn one during the final phase of his rookie test. The car was not damaged. Mario Andretti (216.398 mph) was the fastest of the day.

Tuesday May 17[edit]

Gordon Johncock took to the track for his first shakedown laps of the month. Rookie Dominic Dobson completed his refresher test. Danny Sullivan (214.183 mph), was the fastest of the day.

Wednesday May 18[edit]

Spike Gehlhausen wrecked hard in turn 1, and was taken to the hospital. X-rays were negative, however, but he was out for the rest of the month. After struggling getting up to speed, Harry Sauce withdrew. Rookie Dale Coyne also announced he would not attempt to qualify. Pancho Carter (208.574 mph) was the fastest non-qualified driver, while Al Unser, Sr. (210.280 mph) was the fastest overall.

Thursday May 19[edit]

Raul Boesel (213.270 mph) topped the speed chart for the day. Rookie Scott Atchison wrecked in turn 4. he spent the night in the hospital, but was cleared to drive.

Friday May 20[edit]

The final full day of practice saw Pancho Carter (213.878 mph) and Raul Boesel (213.068 mph) lead the non-qualified drivers. Mario Andretti drove a back-up car to 212.314 mph.

Time Trials - Second weekend[edit]

Third Day - Saturday May 21[edit]

Nine cars completed qualifying runs, filling the field to 30 cars. Raul Boesel (211.058 mph) was the fastest of the day, with Dominic Dobson (210.096 mph) second fastest, and the fastest rookie. A. J. Foyt secured a starting position in his record 31st consecutive Indy 500.

As time expired, Steve Chassey made this third and final attempt, which was good enough to make the field.

Pancho Carter crashed twice during the day. On his final qualifying lap, he brushed the wall in the final turn, and slid and spun down the mainstretch. Later in the day, he wrecked his backup car in turn 2 during a practice run. He was uninjured.

Bump Day - Sunday May 22[edit]

The final day of time trials opened with three positions left unfilled. Johnny Rutherford was the first car to make an attempt, and qualified comfortably at 208.442 mph. Later, Howdy Holmes and Stan Fox filled the field to 33 cars. Scott Atchison (205.142 mph) was the first car on the bubble.

Atchison survived three attempts, but Ludwig Heimrath, Jr. bumped him out at 3:45 p.m. The move put Rich Vogler (206.463 mph) on the bubble. Ed Pimm made an attempt but wrecked, and Gordon Johncock waved off after a lap of only 206.049 mph.

At 5:54 p.m., Johncock made his final attempt, bumping Volger. However, Johncock himself was now on the bubble at 206.693 mph. As time expired, Rich Vogler got in his backup car and bumped his way back into the field with a speed of 207.126 mph.

Carburetion Day - Thursday May 26[edit]

A total of 31 of the 33 qualified cars took to the track on the final practice session. Two of the alternates took laps, for a total of 33 cars on the track. A few cars experienced minor mechincal problems, but there were no accidents. Mario Andretti (215.105 mph) was the fastest car of the day. Penske teammates Danny Sullivan and pole-sitter Rick Mears were second and third.

Penske Racing, with driver Danny Sullivan, won the Miller Pit Stop Contest.

The day before the race, Al Unser, Jr. reportedly came down with the flu; however, he planned to drive on race day.

Race summary[edit]

The front row during the pace lap. From left to right: Al Unser, Sr. (outside), Danny Sullivan (middle), Rick Mears (pole position)

Start[edit]

Danny Sullivan darted into the lead at the green flag, with Rick Mears in second. In turn two, Scott Brayton spun, collecting Roberto Guerrero, and both cars crashed into the outside wall. Tony Bettenhausen, behind the incident, also crashed. On lap 6, the green flag came back out. Danny Sullivan got the jump on the start, and pulled out to a comfortable lead.

The top five would be Sullivan, Rick Mears, Al Unser, Sr., Al Unser, Jr., and Mario Andretti.

First half[edit]

During the first sequence of pit stops, Tom Sneva crashed coming out of turn four on lap 34. Under the yellow, Teo Fabi in the Porsche debut, pulled out of his pit stall with one of the rear wheels not secured. The wheel came off, and the car bottomed out, creating a terminal oil leak. Danny Sullivan continued to dominate in the lead, with Rick Mears falling to 10th place with handling problems. Al Unser, Sr. and Al Unser, Jr. continued to hold on to the top five, with Arie Luyendyk also lurking. Jim Crawford also began working his way into the top ten.

Three additional single-car crashes occurred prior to the halfway point. A. J. Foyt wrecked coming out of turn two on lap 58, due to handling problems and slick conditions. On the ensuing restart on lap 64, Arie Luyendyk tagged Ludwig Heimrath, Jr., sending Heimrath spinning and crashing out of turn four. Steve Chassey crashed in turn 4 on lap 81, suffering a concussion.

Both Mario Andretti (gearbox) and Al Unser, Jr. (CV joint) came to the pits for long repairs. Both cars re-entered the race several laps down.

On lap 93, the caution came out for debris on the track. Rick Mears had just un-lapped himself, and got back on to the lead lap. Leader Danny Sullivan pitted, giving the lead for the first time to Jim Crawford in the Buick-powered machine. Crawford blistered the track for the next several laps, with a noticeably drastic racing line, dipping deep below the white line, and aggressive dicing through traffic.

Second half[edit]

Jim Crawford led 8 laps.

At lap 100, Jim Crawford led, with Rick Mears finally back up to second, Al Unser, Sr. third, and now Danny Sullivan back to fourth. On lap 102, Sullivan's front wing adjusters broke, sending his car up into the outside wall in turn 1. After leading 92 laps, Sullivan was out, but Penske teammates Rick Mears and Al Unser, Sr. were now in control.

After a caution for debris (Unser ran over a rabbit), Rick Mears took the lead on lap 113.

Johnny Rutherford crashed in turn 1, similar to Sullivan's crash. It would be Rutherford's final lap of Indy 500 competition (he would fail to qualify in subsequent years). After trading positions, Rick Mears took over the lead for good on lap 129.

With Mears pulling away, the rest of the top three was being battled out amongst Al Unser, Sr. and Jim Crawford. Emerson Fittipaldi worked his way up to the top five, as did Bobby Rahal in the Judd.

After several long pit stops to repair gearbox problems, an oil leak, and electrical gremlins, Mario Andretti finally called it quits. With the leaders at lap 170, Mario was about 50 laps down with a dead engine. Mario was credited with 118 laps in 20th place.

Finish[edit]

With Rick Mears seemingly in control, the only battle that remained was for second place. Emerson Fittipaldi was running second, but he was deep in traffic. In the final 20 laps, USAC officials were contemplating issuing a one-lap penalty for Fittipaldi for passing a car(s) under the yellow. After first penalizing Fittipaldi, then retracting the penalty, USAC henceforth decided to impose it. The penalty dropped Fittipaldi out of the top five. The resulting scoring adjustments elevated Jim Crawford into second place, and Al Unser, Sr. into third.

On lap 194, Jim Crawford got sideways in turn three, which flat-spotted his tires. He ducked into the pit area to change tires, but the crew had difficulty changing them, and he lost several seconds. He dropped back to 6th on the track. Suddenly Penske teammates Rick Mears and Al Unser, Sr. were running 1st-2nd. Moments later, on lap 197 a piece of bodywork flew off of Michael Andretti's car. The yellow came out, and the safety crews were unable to clean up the debris before the white flag came out for the final lap. The race finished under caution with Rick Mears winning his third Indy 500. For the moment, Al Unser, Sr. was second, Michael Andretti third, and Bobby Rahal worked all the way up to 4th in the Judd-powered entry.

After the race, during the post-race scoring evaluation, Patrick Racing threatened to protest Emerson Fittipaldi's one-lap penalty. When official results were posted on Monday morning, USAC once and for all retracted Fittipaldi's penalty, reinstating his laps, which elevated him to a second place finish. Al Unser, Sr. was officially third. Jim Crawford's exciting day finished with a 6th place.

Grid[edit]

Row Inside Middle Outside
1 United States Rick Mears (W) United States Danny Sullivan (W) United States Al Unser (W)
2 United States Mario Andretti (W) United States Al Unser, Jr. Netherlands Arie Luyendyk
3 United States Scott Brayton Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Republic of Ireland Derek Daly
4 United States Michael Andretti United States Randy Lewis Colombia Roberto Guerrero
5 United States Kevin Cogan United States Tom Sneva (W) United States Phil Krueger
6 United States Dick Simon Italy Teo Fabi United Kingdom Jim Crawford
7 United States Bobby Rahal (W) Brazil Raul Boesel United States Dominic Dobson (R)
8 United States A.J. Foyt (W) United States Bill Vukovich III (R) United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr.
9 Finland Tero Palmroth (R) United States Steve Chassey United States John Andretti (R)
10 United States Rocky Moran (R) United States Stan Fox United States Johnny Rutherford (W)
11 Canada Ludwig Heimrath United States Rich Vogler United States Howdy Holmes

Race results[edit]

Finish Start No Name Qual Rank Laps Led Status
1 1 5 United States Rick Mears (W) 219.198 1 200 89 Running
2 8 20 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 212.512 8 200 0 Running
3 3 1 United States Al Unser, Sr. (W) 215.270 3 199 12 Flagged
4 10 18 United States Michael Andretti 210.183 12 199 0 Flagged
5 19 4 United States Bobby Rahal (W) 208.526 21 199 0 Flagged
6 18 15 United Kingdom Jim Crawford 210.564 11 198 8 Flagged
7 20 30 Brazil Raul Boesel 211.058 10 198 0 Flagged
8 15 97 United States Phil Krueger 208.212 24 196 0 Flagged
9 16 22 United States Dick Simon 207.555 28 196 0 Flagged
10 6 7 Netherlands Arie Luyendyk 213.611 6 196 0 Flagged
11 13 11 United States Kevin Cogan 209.552 17 195 0 Flagged
12 33 21 United States Howdy Holmes 206.970 33 192 0 Flagged
13 5 3 United States Al Unser, Jr. 214.186 5 180 0 Flagged
14 23 56 United States Billy Vukovich III (R) 208.545 20 179 0 Flagged
15 11 24 United States Randy Lewis 209.774 14 175 0 Flagged
16 28 48[2] United States Rocky Moran (R) 207.181 31 159 0 Engine
17 32 29 United States Rich Vogler 207.126 32 159 0 Crash T3
18 21 92 United States Dominic Dobson (R) 210.096 13 145 0 Lost Coolant
19 25 23 Finland Tero Palmroth (R) 208.001 25 144 0 Engine
20 4 6 United States Mario Andretti (W) 214.692 4 118 0 Electrical
21 27 98 United States John Andretti (R) 207.894 27 114 0 Engine
22 30 17 United States Johnny Rutherford (W) 208.442 22 107 0 Crash T1
23 2 9 United States Danny Sullivan (W) 216.214 2 101 91 Crash T1
24 26 35 United States Steve Chassey 207.951 26 73 0 Crash T4
25 31 71 Canada Ludwig Heimrath 207.214 30 59 0 Crash T4
26 22 14 United States A.J. Foyt (W) 209.696 15 54 0 Crash BS
27 14 81 United States Tom Sneva (W) 208.659 18 32 0 Crash T4
28 17 8 Italy Teo Fabi 207.244 29 30 0 Accident Pits
29 9 10 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly 212.295 9 18 0 Gearbox
30 29 84 United States Stan Fox 208.579 19 2 0 Half Shaft
31 7 91 United States Scott Brayton 212.624 7 0 0 Crash T2
32 12 2 Colombia Roberto Guerrero 209.632 16 0 0 Crash T2
33 24 16 United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr. 208.342 23 0 0 Crash T2

(R) - Denotes Rookie

Alternates[edit]

Failed to Qualify[edit]

Broadcasting[edit]

Radio[edit]

The race was carried live on the IMS Radio Network. In September of 1987, Paul Page left NBC Sports and joined ABC. As a result, Page left the IMS Radio Network, and vacated his position as Voice of the 500. Veteran personality Lou Palmer, who debuted with the network in 1958, was elevated to the chief announcer position for 1988.

Outside of Page's departure, a few changes were made to the crew for 1988. Pancho Carter, who failed to qualify for the race, served as "driver expert." Bob Lamey debuted on the crew, taking the Turn 2 location on top of the VIP Suites. Howdy Bell, who was previously in that spot, moved to the pit area and shared the north pits with Chuck Marlow. Luke Walton covered the starting command during the pre-race, but did not have a role during the race itself.

After the race, with Palmer now in the booth, Bob Forbes conducted the victory lane winner's interview. Sally Larvick, (Paul Page's wife), who had worked on the crew from 1982-1987 in only a limited role (conducting interviews with celebrities, etc.), elevated to a full pit reporter starting in 1988.

Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network
Booth Announcers Turn Reporters Pit/garage reporters

Chief Announcer: Lou Palmer
Driver expert: Pancho Carter
Statistician: John DeCamp
Historian: Donald Davidson

Turn 1: Jerry Baker
Turn 2: Bob Lamey
Turn 3: Larry Henry
Turn 4: Bob Jenkins

Luke Walton (pre-race)
Bob Forbes (garages)
Howdy Bell (north pits)
Chuck Marlowe (north pits)
Sally Larvick (center pits)
Ron Carrell (south/center pits)
Gary Gerould (south pits)

Television[edit]

The race was carried live flag-to-flag coverage in the United States on ABC Sports. Major changes were ushered in for 1988. Don Ohlmeyer was brought in as one of the directors, and a new style of the broadcast reflected Ohlmeyer's influence. The opening tease featured Alan Silvestri's score from the film The Delta Force, in a medley with the instrumental song "Katydid's Ditty" by Mason Williams. The Delta Force intros (known as the "Page Teases"), narrated by Paul Page, would become a popular fixture of the ABC telecasts of the Indy 500, Brickyard 400, and other Indycar races, through 1998 and reprised again in 2001.

With Jim McKay departed, Paul Page served as both host and play-by-play announcer. Bobby Unser and Sam Posey returned as color commentators, and this three-man booth crew would cover the Indy 500 and other Indycar races on ABC through 1995.

Jack Arute and Brian Hammons served as pit reporters, the only time a crew of only two men covered the pits since going to a live broadcast.

New RaceCam angles debuted for 1988. Along with the "over-the-shoulder" camera, there were also cameras facing backwards from the cars, as well as a cockpit camera looking up at the driver.

ABC Television
Booth Announcers Pit/garage reporters

Host/Announcer: Paul Page
Color: Sam Posey
Color: Bobby Unser

Jack Arute
Brian Hammons

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Penske Racing 100 wins statistics
  2. ^ Greuter, Henri. "Fiasco Italo-Brittanico". Autosport. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 

Works cited[edit]


1987 Indianapolis 500
Al Unser
1988 Indianapolis 500
Rick Mears
1989 Indianapolis 500
Emerson Fittipaldi