1988 Tooheys 1000

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1988 Tooheys 1000
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The 1988 Tooheys 1000 was a 1000 km endurance motor race for Group A Touring Cars.[1] It was held on 2 October 1988 at the Mount Panorama Circuit just outside Bathurst in New South Wales, Australia. The race was the opening round of the 1988 FIA Asia-Pacific Touring Car Championship [2] and was the 29th running of the “Bathurst 1000”.[3]

The race winning Longhurst/Mezera Ford Sierra RS500

The 1988 edition was the only race in the history of the Bathurst 1000 to have commenced with a rolling start.

Controversy[edit]

On the Friday afternoon immediately at the close of final qualifying, Holden Special Vehicles driver Tom Walkinshaw lodged a formal protest against the leading Australian Ford Sierras, targeting all three Dick Johnson Racing (DJR) cars, along with the Tony Longhurst and Colin Bond entries. Curiously no European-built Fords (or those with some European build/driver connection) were protested, Walkinshaw claiming it was only the Australian cars as they were the fastest, despite the presence of the Eggenberger Motorsport built Allan Moffat ANZ Sierra as 4th fastest qualifier (faster than Bond and the 3rd DJR entry). Also left alone in the protest was the Sierra's of team mates Andrew Miedecke (5th in a car with a technical link to Andy Rouse, while Miedecke's co-driver at Bathurst was Steve Soper) and Andrew Bagnall (7th set by co-driver Pierre Dieudonné), and the Team CMS Sweden Sierra (10th).

The feeling among the protested Australian Sierra teams was that the protest was designed to severely disrupt their race preparations, with only Longhurst's team able to get their Sierra somewhere near its pre-protest speed. All three teams had to pull their cars engine's and suspension apart after Friday's qualifying for the scrutineers before having to put them back together again before Saturday's Tooheys Top Ten. This was particularly disruptive for Dick Johnson's team as they had all three of their cars protested, despite the #18 car only qualifying 12th compared to Johnson's pole and John Bowe in 2nd. The protest prompted DJR team owner Johnson to say at a press conference that Walkinshaw would "Protest against the cut in his bagpipes if he could" and that "All he wants to do is win and he doesn't care how he does it".

The Walkinshaw protest was countered by DJR team manager Neal Lowe who protested the three HSV team Holden Commodores, calling on his knowledge of the Commodore from his time with the old Holden Dealer Team in 1986. The counter-protest by DJR focused on the front air dam, steering rack and the size of the rear spoiler on only the factory backed Commodores.

On race day, Walkinshaw advised the Australian Racing Drivers Club (ARDC) and FISA officials that should one of the protested cars win the race, his protest against that car was to be immediately withdrawn. His reasons given for this was so that the winner would be known on the day rather than months later, as had been the case with the 1987 race.

Ultimately the Walkinshaw protests were found to be invalid and was dismissed. The HSV Team cars had been entered by Perkins Engineering and not by TWR, therefore the Scot had no authority to lodge a protest and the stewards of the meeting erred in allowing it to proceed, though all of the Sierras were eventually cleared by FISA. However, the damage was done to the leading Australian Fords and it was only race winners Tony Longhurst Racing who managed to get their car back up to speed after being dismantled by scrutineers on the Friday before the Top 10 run off.

In an ironic twist, the DJR protest against two of the three HSV team cars (only the Perkins built cars and not the TWR British built Walkinshaw/Jeff Allam car) was successful with the modifications made to the cars steering racks found to be illegal. Ultimately the Australian Racing Drivers Club saw no need to change the results to show the cars as disqualified as the spare HSV Car (#40) was only driven in Wednesday's practice session, while the Larry Perkins/Denny Hulme/Walkinshaw #10 car, as well as the #20 Walkinshaw/Allam car both failed to finish. The fact that the Perkins built cars were disqualified and the Sierra's were cleared raised some eyebrows as during the 1988 Australian Touring Car Championship, Larry Perkins had been vocal that the Sierra's were running illegally and was pushing for CAMS to enforce the rules.

Race Summary[edit]

The 1988 race, under the first time sponsorship of Tooheys Brewery, was won by Tony Longhurst and Tomas Mezera driving a Ford Sierra RS500. It was the first victory in the “Bathurst 1000” for a turbocharged vehicle, and the first victory by a four-cylinder car since Bob Holden and Rauno Aaltonen won in the legendary Morris Cooper S in 1966. It was also the only time in the race's history that there was a rolling start, as dictated by FISA regulations, rather than the traditional standing start. The Ford Sierras dominated the race as expected, but reliability had plagued the Fords. Several that had led the race retired, however sufficient examples finished to fill the three podium positions. Second was the last survivor of the three-car Dick Johnson Racing team, driven by former factory Toyota racer John Smith and DJR lead drivers Dick Johnson and John Bowe whose own hastily re-built cars had both failed early. Alfredo Costanzo qualified in the #18 DJR Sierra but did not get to race, as Johnson and Bowe took over that car. Third was the Caltex-sponsored Sierra of Colin Bond and 1980 Formula One World Champion Alan Jones. The Caltex Sierra had to survive the Walkinshaw protest and post race disqualification (later overruled) to be finally classified third in December 1988. Indeed it was Bond who successfully argued that Walkinshaw had no authority to lodge the original protest.

Defending race winners Peter Brock, David Parsons and Peter McLeod all failed to finish the race. Brock and Parsons, driving BMW M3s for Brock's Mobil 1 Racing, were both out with engine trouble just after half way through the race. It had been hoped by the team that the reliability shown by the BMW's in the European Touring Car Championship against the much faster, but relatively fragile Ford Sierra's would see them leading late in the race. Ironically the reverse was true and it was the BMW's which proved fragile.

McLeod, driving one of the new Holden Commodore's (built by Brock) with Melbourne solicitor Jim Keogh, was out with engine failure on lap 7. It was the team's second engine failure of the day having lost their race engine in the Sunday morning warmup session. It was a cruel blow for the McLeod team after both McLeod and Keogh had crashed during practice and qualifying, but work on the car and a Saturday night change of setup had seen McLeod record a faster warmup time than either driver had managed in qualifying.

Class structure[edit]

Cars competed in three engine capacity classes.

Class A[edit]

Taylor/Kennedy Mitsubishi Starion

For cars of over 2500cc engine capacity, it featured the turbocharged Ford Sierras, Nissan Skylines and Mitsubishi Starions, the V8 Holden Commodores and a BMW 635 CSi.

Class B[edit]

For cars of over 1601-2500cc engine capacity, it was composed of BMW M3s and a Mercedes-Benz 190E.

Class C[edit]

For cars of under 1600cc engine capacity, it was composed exclusively of various models of Toyota Corolla.

Tooheys Dozen[edit]

Due to FISA regulations the Top 10 run-off was not for Pole Position in 1988, but only for AUD$40,000 in prizemoney. This was the only time since the run off began as Hardies Heroes in 1978 that the top 10 grid positions had not been decided in the run off. As a result the Australian Racing Drivers Club invited non-top 10 qualifiers and former race winners Allan Grice (Holden Commodore - 11th) and Peter Brock (BMW M3 - 16th) to participate.

After 10 years of being known as "Hardies Heroes", the name of the runoff was changed to the "Tooheys Top 10" (dozen for 1988) to go along with new race sponsor Tooheys Brewery.

Pos No Team Driver Car TD Qual
1 9 Allan Moffat Enterprises West Germany Klaus Niedzwiedz Ford Sierra RS500 2:18.24 2:18.02
2 25 Benson & Hedges Racing Australia Tony Longhurst Ford Sierra RS500 2:18.51 2:17.96
3 28 Shell Ultra Hi Racing Australia John Bowe Ford Sierra RS500 2:18.95 2:17.52
4 17 Shell Ultra Hi Racing Australia Dick Johnson Ford Sierra RS500 2:19.22 2:16.46
5 6 Miedecke Motorsport Australia Andrew Miedecke Ford Sierra RS500 2:19.60 2:18.78
6 4 Caltex CXT Racing Team Australia Colin Bond Ford Sierra RS500 2:20.33 2:19.84
7 8 Andrew Bagnall Belgium Pierre Dieudonné Ford Sierra RS500 2:20.71 2:20.34
8 21 Team CMS Sweden Sweden Ulf Granberg Ford Sierra RS500 2:21.82 2:22.20
9 10 Holden Special Vehicles Australia Larry Perkins Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 2:22.47 2:21.00
10 15 Peter Jackson Nissan Racing Australia George Fury Nissan Skyline HR31 GTS-R 2:22.72 2:21.92*
11 2 ICL Racing Australia Allan Grice Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 2:22.87 2:22.32
12 56 Mobil 1 Racing Australia Peter Brock BMW M3 2:25.11 2:23.76

* 9th fastest qualifier George Fury used the #15 Nissan Skyline as co-driver Mark Skaife had crashed the #30 car in practice and it was still being repaired at the time of the Top 10. This was only allowed as the Top 10 didn't count for grid positions.
* Fury and Swedish train driver Ulf Granberg were the only drivers to actually go faster than their qualifying times.
* Jim Richards set the qualifying time of 2:23.76 in the #56 Mobil 1 Racing BMW M3, but Peter Brock drove the car in the runoff.
* Klaus Niedzwiedz became the second West German driver in succession to win the runoff after his Eggenberger team mate Klaus Ludwig had won in 1987. Driving Allan Moffat's Eggenberger built Ford Sierra RS500, Niedzwiedz's time of 2:18.24 was 1.28 seconds slower than Ludwig's 1987 time.
* As the shootout was not for grid positions, Tom Walkinshaw withdrew the #10 HSV Holden VL Commodore SS Group A of Larry Perkins (who was suffering from the flu). Its place was to be taken by the Mitsubishi Starion Turbo of 1986 pole winner Gary Scott. However, after protesting Perkins was re-included and the Starion was removed from the list at the last minute.
* Allan Grice had an unconventional start to his shootout lap, using the escape road at Murrays Corner to gain more speed along pit straight. It didn't work as his Les Small prepared Commodore finished 11th, 4/10ths slower than Perkins.

Official results[edit]

Pos Class No Team Drivers Car Laps Qual
Pos
1 A 25 Benson & Hedges Racing Australia Tony Longhurst
Australia Tomas Mezera
Ford Sierra RS500 161 3
2 A 18 Shell Ultra Hi Racing Australia John Smith
Australia Dick Johnson
Australia John Bowe
Australia Alfredo Costanzo
Ford Sierra RS500 160 12
3 A 4 Caltex CXT Racing Team Australia Colin Bond
Australia Alan Jones
Ford Sierra RS500 158 6
4 B 53 John Sax New Zealand Trevor Crowe
New Zealand Peter Janson
BMW M3 156 36
5 A 44 Caltex CXT Racing Team Australia Bruce Stewart
Australia John Giddings
Ford Sierra RS500 155 28
6 A 37 Brian Callaghan Australia Brian Callaghan
Australia Barry Graham
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 152 20
7 A 46 Sunliner Campmobiles New Zealand Tony Hunter
Australia Steve Harrington
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A 151 33
8 A 24 Jagparts Australia Gerald Kay
Australia Geoff Munday
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A 150 38
9 C 71 Toyota Team Australia New Zealand John Faulkner
Australia Drew Price
Toyota Corolla GT 146 41
10 A 31 Ralliart Australia Australia Terry Shiel
Australia Brad Jones
Australia Mike Preston
Mitsubishi Starion Turbo 145 27
11 C 73 Toyota Team Australia New Zealand Brett Riley
Australia Peter McKay
Toyota Corolla FX-GT AE82 145 42
12 C 74 Bryan Bate New Zealand Andrew Maher
New Zealand Bryan Bate
New Zealand Dave Barrow
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 145 42
13 A 23 Chris Lambden United Kingdom Chris Lambden
Australia Kerry Baily
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 141 35
14 A 12 Bob Forbes Racing Australia Kevin Bartlett
Australia John Harvey
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 140 22
15 A 2 ICL Racing Australia Allan Grice
United Kingdom Win Percy
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 139 11
16 C 72 Toyota Team Australia Australia Mike Freeman
Australia Mike Oliver
Toyota Corolla FX-GT AE82 133 44
17 C 78 Bob Holden Motors Australia Bob Holden
Australia Jim Faneco
Australia Damon Beck
Toyota Corolla FX-GT AE82 128 45
18 A 49 Alcair Air Conditioning Australia Bob Tindal
Australia Wayne Park
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A 127 32
19 B 55 Bryce Racing New Zealand Paul Radisich
West Germany Ludwig Finauer
BMW M3 113 19
DNF A 22 Lusty Engineering Australia Graham Lusty
Australia John Lusty
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 141 34
DNF A 10 Holden Special Vehicles Australia Larry Perkins
New Zealand Denny Hulme
United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 137 8
DNF A 39 Lansvale Smash Repairs Australia Steve Reed
Australia Trevor Ashby
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 135 26
DNF A 9 Allan Moffat Enterprises Canada Allan Moffat
Germany Klaus Niedzwiedz
Australia Gregg Hansford
Ford Sierra RS500 129 4
DNF A 41 Mulvihill Motorsport Australia Tony Mulvihill
Australia Geoff Leeds
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 118 31
DNF C 75 Belgrave 2-Way Radio Services Australia David Ratcliff
Australia Mike Mortimer
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 118 48
DNF A 45 Mark Petch Motorsport/
Wolf Racing Australasia
New Zealand Robbie Francevic
West Germany Armin Hahne
Ford Sierra RS500 103 14
DNF A 6 Miedecke Motorsport Australia Andrew Miedecke
United Kingdom Steve Soper
Ford Sierra RS500 102 5
DNF A 50 Leeson Civil Engineering Australia Garry Willmington
Australia John Leeson
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 101 30
DNF B 54 John Sax New Zealand John Sax
New Zealand John Sorenson
New Zealand Kayne Scott
BMW M3 100 40
DNF B 56 Mobil 1 Racing Australia Peter Brock
Australia Neil Crompton
New Zealand Jim Richards
BMW M3 89 16
DNF C 76 Bob Holden Motors Australia Dennis Rogers
Australia Garry Jones
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 89 47
DNF A 16 Ralliart Australia Australia Gary Scott
Japan Akihiko Nakaya
Mitsubishi Starion Turbo 88 15
DNF C 77 Marc Ducquet Australia Marc Ducquet
Australia Brian Selby
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 85 46
DNF A 19 Mathews/Finnigan Racing Australia Terry Finnigan
Australia Ken Mathews
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 84 23
DNF A 26 Formula 1 Investments Australia Graham Moore
Australia Tony Noske
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 79 21
DNF B 57 Mobil 1 Racing Australia David Parsons
New Zealand Jim Richards
Australia Neil Crompton
BMW M3 68 24
DNF A 36 Everlast Battery Service Australia Bill O'Brien
Australia Ray Lintott
Australia Brian Sampson
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 66 25
DNF A 33 Garry Rogers Motorsport Australia Garry Rogers
United States John Andretti
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 37 18
DNF B 51 Phil Ward Racing Australia Phil Ward
Australia David Clement
Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.3-16 27 39
DNF A 28 Shell Ultra Hi Racing Australia John Bowe
United Kingdom Robb Gravett
New Zealand Neville Crichton
Ford Sierra RS500 26 2
DNF A 17 Shell Ultra Hi Racing Australia Dick Johnson
Australia John Bowe
Ford Sierra RS500 22 1
DNF A 14 Netcomm Australia Australia Murray Carter
Australia Steve Masterton
Ford Sierra RS500 22 37
DNF A 30 Peter Jackson Nissan Racing Australia George Fury
Australia Mark Skaife
Nissan Skyline HR31 GTS-R 17 9
DNF A 8 Andrew Bagnall New Zealand Andrew Bagnall
Belgium Pierre Dieudonné
Ford Sierra RS500 9 7
DNF A 3 Yellow Pages Australia Peter McLeod
Australia Jim Keogh
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 7 29
DNF A 21 Team CMS Sweden Sweden Ulf Granberg
Sweden Christer Simonssen
New Zealand Ian Tulloch
Ford Sierra RS500 6 10
DNF A 20 Holden Special Vehicles United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw
United Kingdom Jeff Allam
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 5 13
DNF A 15 Peter Jackson Nissan Racing Australia Glenn Seton
Sweden Anders Olofsson
Nissan Skyline HR31 GTS-R 0 17
DNQ A 11 Ray Gulson Australia Ray Gulson
Australia Graham Gulson
BMW 635 CSi
DNQ A 47 Craig Kinmoth Australia Alf Grant
Australia Craig Kinmoth
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A
DNQ A 38 Grellis Marketing Australia Ray Ellis
Australia Bruce Williams
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A
DNQ A 48 Tony Kavich Australia Tony Kavich
Australia Ken Davison
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A
DNQ A 29 The Xerox Shop Australia Alan Taylor
Australia Kevin Kennedy
Mitsubishi Starion Turbo
DNS A 40 Holden Special Vehicles United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw
Australia Larry Perkins
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV

Italics indicate driver practiced in the car but did not race.

Statistics[edit]

  • Pole Position – #17 Dick Johnson – 2:16.46
  • Fastest Lap – #25 Tony Longhurst – 2:19.06 - Lap 4 (new lap record)
  • Average Speed – 142 km/h
  • Race time of winning car- 7:02:10.28

See also[edit]

1988 Australian Touring Car season

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tooheys 1000 Bathurst 1988, touringcarracing.net Retrieved on 29 January 2013
  2. ^ FIA Asia-Pacific Touring Car Championship – 1988 Index, touringcarracing.net Retrieved on 29 January 2013
  3. ^ Records, Titles and Awards, 1989 CAMS Manual of Motor Sport, page 55

External links[edit]