1988 in spaceflight

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1988 in spaceflight
STS-26 Return to Flight Launch - GPN-2000-001870.jpg
Space Shuttle Discovery launches on STS-26R, the first US manned spaceflight after the Challenger accident
Orbital launches
First 6 January
Last 29 December
Total 121
Catalogued 116
National firsts
Satellite  Israel
 Luxembourg
Orbital launch  Israel
Space traveller  Afghanistan
Rockets
Maiden flights Ariane 4
Long March 4A
Shavit
Retirements Energia
Titan 34D
Manned flights
Orbital 5
Total travellers 19


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
7 June
21:38:16
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U2 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz TM-5 Low Earth (Mir) Mir EP-2 7 September
00:48:38
Successful
Manned flight launching three cosmonauts and landing two, computer problems during deorbit nearly resulted in loss of crew, and delayed landing by one day
7 July
17:38
Soviet UnionProton-K Soviet UnionBaikonur site LC200/39 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionFobos 1 Intended: Areocentric
Actual: Heliocentric
Mars orbiter In orbit Spacecraft failure
stationary lander Phobos lander In orbit Never deployed
Loss of communication 2 September 1988 en route to Mars
12 July
17:01
Soviet UnionProton-K Soviet UnionBaikonur site LC200/40 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionFobos 2 Areocentric Mars orbiter In orbit Spacecraft failure
stationary lander Phobos lander In orbit Never deployed
"hopping" lander Phobos lander In orbit Never deployed
Loss of communication 27 March 1989 near Phobos
29 August
04:23:11
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U2 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz TM-6 Low Earth (Mir) Mir EP-3 21 December
09:57:00
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts, one remained on Mir as part of EO-3, first Afghan space traveller
29 September
15:37:00
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-26R NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 3 October
16:37:11
Successful
United StatesTDRS-3 (TDRS-C) NASA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Manned flight with five astronauts, first US manned spaceflight after the Challenger accident in 1986, TDRS deployed using Inertial Upper Stage
15 November
03:00:02
Soviet UnionEnergia Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 110/37 Soviet Union
Soviet Union Buran 1K1 Low Earth Test flight 06:26 Successful
Soviet Union 37KB No.3770 Low Earth (Buran) Test flight Successful
Unmanned test, only flight of Buran and final flight of Energia
26 November
14:49:34
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U2 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz TM-7 Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-4/EP-4 27 April 1989
02:57:58
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts
2 December
14:30:34
United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-27R NASA/NRO Low Earth Satellite deployment 6 December
23:30:39
Successful
United StatesUSA-34 (Lacrosse) NRO/CIA Low Earth Radar imaging 25 March 1997 Successful
Manned flight with five astronauts

Deep-space rendezvous[edit]

There were no deep-space rendezvous in 1988.

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]