1988 in the United Kingdom
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|1988 in the United Kingdom:|
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Events from the year 1988 in the United Kingdom.
- January – Elizabeth Butler-Sloss becomes the first woman to be appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal.
- 3 January – Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest serving British prime minister this century, having been in power for eight years and 244 days.
- 4 January – Sir Robin Butler replaces Sir Robert Armstrong as Cabinet Secretary, on the same day that Margaret Thatcher makes her first state visit to Africa when she arrives in Kenya.
- 5 January – Actor Rowan Atkinson launches the new Comic Relief charity appeal.
- 7 January – Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock calls for a further £1.3 billion to made available for the National Health Service.
- 9 January – One of the worst incidents of football hooliganism this season sees 41 suspected hooligans arrested at the FA Cup third round tie between Arsenal and Millwall at Highbury.
- 11 January – The government announces that inflammable foam furniture will be banned from March next year.
- 14 January – Unemployment figures are released for the end of 1987, showing the 18th successive monthly fall. Just over 2,600,000 people are now jobless in the United Kingdom – the lowest total for seven years. More than 500,000 of the unemployed found jobs during 1987.
- 22 January –
- - Colin Pitchfork is sentenced to life imprisonment after admitting the rape and murder of two girls in Leicestershire in 1983 and 1986, the first conviction for murder in the UK based on DNA fingerprinting evidence.
- - 22 January – Peugeot's 405 saloon, winner of the European Car of the Year award, goes on sale in Britain.
- 23 January – David Steel announces that he will not stand for the leadership of the new Social and Liberal Democratic Party.
- 24 January – Arthur Scargill is re-elected as leader of the National Union of Mineworkers by a narrow majority.
- 28 January – The Birmingham Six lose an appeal against their convictions.
- 1 February – Victor Miller, a 33-year-old warehouse worker from Wolverhampton, confesses to the murder of 14-year-old Stuart Gough, who was found dead in Worcestershire last month.
- 3 February – Nurses throughout the UK strike for higher pay and more cash for the National Health Service.
- 4 February – Nearly 7,000 ferry workers go on strike in Britain, paralysing the nation's seaports.
- 5 February – The first BBC Red Nose Day raises £15 million for charity.
- 7 February – It is reported that more than 50% of men and 80% of women working full-time in London are earning less than the lowest sum needed to buy the cheapest houses in the capital.
- 13 – 28 February – Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada, but do not win any medals.
- 15 February – Norman Fowler, Secretary of State for Employment, announces plans for a new training scheme which the government hopes will give jobs to up to 600,000 people who are currently unemployed.
- 16 February – Thousands of nurses and co-workers form picket lines outside British hospitals as they go on strike in protest against what they see as inadequate NHS funding.
- 26 February – Multiple rapist and murderer John Duffy is sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommendation that he should never be released.
- 1 March – British Aerospace launches a takeover bid for the government-owned Rover Group, the largest British-owned carmaker.
- 3 March – The SDP merges with the Liberal Party to create the Social and Liberal Democratic Party. Its interim leaders are David Steel and Robert Maclennan. The merger means that the Liberal Party has ceased to exist after 129 years.
- 4 March – Halifax Building Society reveals that year-on-year house prices rose by 16.9% last month.
- 6 March – Operation Flavius: A Special Air Service team of the British Army shoots dead three unarmed members of a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) Active Service Unit in Gibraltar.
- 7 March – Margaret Thatcher announces a £3 billion regeneration scheme to improve a series of inner city areas by the year 2000.
- 9 March – It is revealed that the average price of a house in Britain reached £60,000 at the end of last year, compared to £47,000 in December 1986.
- 10 March – The Prince of Wales narrowly avoids death in an avalanche while on a skiing holiday in Switzerland. Major Hugh Lindsay, former equerry to the Queen, is killed.
- 15 March – Chancellor Nigel Lawson announces that the standard rate of income tax will be cut to 25p in the pound, while the maximum rate of income tax will be cut to 40p from 60p in the pound.
- 16 March – Milltown Cemetery attack: Three men are killed and 70 are wounded in a gun and grenade attack by loyalist paramilitary Michael Stone on mourners at Milltown Cemetery in Belfast during the funerals of the three IRA members killed in Gibraltar.
- 17 March – The fall in unemployment continues with just over 2,500,000 people now registered as unemployed in the UK. However, there is a blow for the city of Dundee, when Ford Motor Company scraps plans to build a new electronics plant in the city – a move which ends hopes of 1,000 new jobs being created for this city which has high unemployment.
- 19 March – Corporals killings in Belfast: British Army corporals Woods and Howes are abducted, beaten and shot dead by Irish republicans after driving into the funeral cortege of IRA members killed in the Milltown Cemetery attack.
- 29 March – Plans are unveiled for Europe's tallest skyscraper to be built at Canary Wharf. The office complex will cost around £3 billion to build and is set to open in 1992.
- 9 April – The house price boom is reported to have boosted wealth in London and the south-east by £39 billion over the last four years, compared with an £18 billion slump in Scotland and north-west England.
- 10 April – Golfer Sandy Lyle becomes the first British winner of the US Masters.
- 21 April – The government announces that nurses will receive a 15% pay rise, at a cost of £794 million which will be funded by the Treasury.
- 24 April - Luton Town FC beat Arsenal in the Littlewoods Cup final at Wembley 3-2. The match was won in the 92nd minute with a goal by Brian Stein after Luton had come back from being 2-1 down and goalkeeper Andy Dibble saving a penalty in the 79th minute. Luton scorers Brian Stein (2) and Danny Wilson. Attendance 96,000
- May – The first 16-year-olds sit General Certificate of Secondary Education examinations, replacing both the O-level and CSE. The new qualifications are marked against objective standards rather than relatively.
- 2 May – Three off-duty British servicemen are killed in The Netherlands by the IRA.
- 6 May – Graeme Hick makes English cricket history by scoring 405 runs in a county championship match.
- 7 May – The proposed Poll tax, which is expected to come into force next year, will see the average house rise in value by around 20%, according to a study.
- 14 May – Wimbledon F.C., who have been Football League members for just 11 seasons and First Division members for two, win the FA Cup with a 1–0 win over league champions Liverpool at Wembley. Lawrie Sanchez scored the winning goal in the first half, while Liverpool's John Aldridge missed a penalty in the second half. In Scotland, Celtic beat Dundee United 2-1 in the Scottish Cup final with two late goals from Frank McAvennie to complete the Scottish double.
- 19 May
- Unemployment is now below 2,500,000 for the first time since early 1981.
- House prices in Norwich, one of the key beneficiaries of the current economic boom, have risen by 50% in the last year.
- 24 May
- Local Government Act becomes law. The controversial Section 28 prevents local authorities from "promoting homosexuality". Local authorities are also obliged to outsource more services, and dog licences are abolished (except in Northern Ireland).
- Albert Dock in Liverpool reopened by Prince Charles as a leisure and business centre including the Tate Liverpool art museum.
- 31 May – the BBC controversial film, Tumbledown is broadcast despite Ministry of Defence concern
- 2 June – U.S. President Ronald Reagan makes a visit to Britain.
- 11 June – Some 80,000 people attend a concert at Wembley Stadium in honour of Nelson Mandela, the South African anti-apartheid campaigner who turned 70 on that day and has been in prison since 1964.
- 15 June – Five British soldiers are killed by the IRA in Lisburn.
- 16 June – More than 100 English football fans are arrested in West Germany in connection with incidents of football hooliganism during the European Championships.
- 18 June – England's participation in the European Football Champions ended when they finished bottom of their group having lost all three games.
- 23 June – Three gay rights activists invade the BBC television studios during the six o'clock bulletin of the BBC News.
- July – The Freeze art exhibition is held at Surrey Docks in London Docklands, it is organised by Damien Hirst and is considered significant in the development of the Young British Artists.
- 5 July – The Church of England announces that it will allow the ordination of women priests from 1992.
- 6 July
- 18 July – Paul Gascoigne, 21-year-old midfielder, becomes the first £2 million footballer signed by a British club when he leaves Newcastle United and joins Tottenham Hotspur.
- 28 July – Paddy Ashdown, MP for Yeovil in Somerset, is elected as the first leader of the Social and Liberal Democratic Party.
- 28 July - Paddy Ashdown an ex-Royal Marine commando is elected leader of the Social Democrats and Liberal Democrats
- 29 July – Most provisions of the Education Reform Act come into effect in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The Act introduces Grant-maintained schools and Local Management of Schools, allowing schools to be taken out of the direct control of local government; a National Curriculum with Key Stages; an element of parental preference in the choice of schools; published league tables of school examination results; controls on the use of the word 'degree' by UK institutions; and abolition of tenure for new academics.
- 31 July – Economists warn that the house price boom is likely to end next year.
- 1 August – A British Army soldier is killed by IRA terrorists at Inglis Barracks in North London.
- 2 August – Everton F.C. pay £2.3 million for West Ham United striker Tony Cottee, 22, breaking the national record set six weeks ago by Paul Gascoigne's transfer.
- 8 August – The first child (a girl) of TRH The Duke and Duchess of York is born at Portland Hospital in London. She was fifth in line to the throne until the birth of Prince George of Cambridge on the 22 July 2013. She is currently sixth in line.
- 14 August – Scunthorpe United F.C.'s Glanford Park is opened; the first new stadium to be built by a Football League club since the 1950s. Their last game at their original ground, Old Showground, was on 18 May.
- 18 August – Ian Rush becomes the most expensive player to join a British club when he returns to Liverpool F.C. for £2.7 million after a year at Juventus in Italy.
- 20 August – Six British soldiers are killed by an IRA bomb near Belfast. 27 other people are injured.
- 22 August
- 29 August – 14-year-old Matthew Sadler becomes Britain's youngest international chess master.
- 31 August – Postal workers walk out on strike over a dispute concerning bonuses paid to recruit new workers in London and the South East.
- 3 September – Economic experts warn that the recent economic upswing for most of the developed world is almost over, and that these countries – including Britain – face a recession in the near future.
- 9 September – The England cricket team's tour to India is cancelled after Captain Graham Gooch and seven other players are refused visas because of involvement in South African cricket during the apartheid boycott.
- 13 September – Royal Mail managers and Union of Communication Workers representatives agree a settlement to end the postal workers strike.
- 17 September – 2 October – Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, and win 5 gold, 10 silver and 9 bronze medals.
- 24 September – The house price boom is reported to be slowing as a result of increased mortgage rates.
- 30 September – A Gibraltar jury decides that the 3 IRA members killed on 6 March were killed "lawfully".
- October – Vauxhall launches the third generation of its popular Cavalier family saloon.
- 9 October – Labour MP and Shadow Chancellor John Smith, 50, is hospitalised with a heart attack in Edinburgh.
- 12 October – As Pope John Paul II addresses the European Parliament, Ian Paisley heckles and denounces him as the Antichrist.
- 13 October – The House of Lords rules that extracts of the banned book Spycatcher can be published in the media.
- 18 October – Jaguar unveils its new Jaguar XJ220 supercar at the Motor Show. It is set go into production in 1990, costing £350,000 and being the world's fastest production car with a top speed of 220 mph.
- 27 October – Three IRA supporters are found guilty of conspiracy to murder in connection with a plot to kill Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Tom King.
- 28 October – British Rail announces a 21% rise in the cost of long distance season tickets.
- 2 November – Victor Miller is sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Stuart Gough.
- 4 November – Margaret Thatcher presses for freedom for the people of Poland on her visit to Gdańsk.
- 9 November – The government unveils plans for a new identity card scheme in an attempt to clamp down on football hooliganism.
- 15 November - The Education Secretary, Kenneth Baker, says that the national testing will place great emphasis on grammar.
- 30 November –
- – A government report reveals that up to 50,000 people in Britain may be HIV positive, and that by the end of 1992 up to 17,000 people may have died from AIDS.
- – A bronze statue of former prime minister Clement Attlee, who died in 1967, is unveiled outside Limehouse Library in London by fellow former prime minister Harold Wilson.
- 3 December – Health minister Edwina Currie provokes outrage by stating that most of Britain's egg production is infected with the salmonella bacteria, causing an immediate nationwide fall in egg sales.
- 6 December – The last shipbuilding facilities on Wearside, once the largest shipbuilding area in the world, are to close with the loss of 2,400 jobs.
- 10 December – James W. Black wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with Gertrude B. Elion and George H. Hitchings "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment".
- 12 December – 35 people are killed in a collision between three trains at Clapham in London.
- 15 December – Unemployment is now only just over 2,100,000 – the lowest level for almost eight years.
- 16 December – Edwina Currie resigns as Health minister.
- 19 December
- The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors publishes its house price survey, revealing a deep recession in the housing market.
- PC Gavin Carlton, 29, is shot dead in Coventry in a siege by two armed bank robbers. His colleague DC Leonard Jakeman is also shot but survives. One of the gunmen gives himself up to police, while the other shoots himself dead.
- 20 December – The three-month-old daughter of the Duke and Duchess of York is christened Beatrice Elizabeth Mary.
- 21 December – Pan Am Flight 103 explodes over the Scottish town of Lockerbie, Dumfries and Galloway killing a total of 270 people – 11 on the ground and all 259 who were on board. It is believed that the cause of the explosion was a terrorist bomb.
- Inflation remains low for the seventh year running, now standing at 4.9%.
- 17 May – Hello! magazine launched in the UK.
- Iain M. Banks' novel The Player of Games.
- Bruce Chatwin's novel Utz.
- Physicist Stephen Hawking's book A Brief History of Time.
- David Lodge’s novel Nice Work.
- Terry Pratchett's Discworld novels Sourcery and Wyrd Sisters.
- 7 January – Alan Lowing, Scottish footballer
- 10 January – Michael Mcilorum, English rugby player
- 12 January – Chris Casement, Northern Irish footballer
- 25 January – Daniel Haynes, English footballer
- 13 February - Aston Merrygold, English singer in boy band JLS
- 27 March - Jessie J, English recording artist
- 5 May - Adele, English recording artist and songwriter
- 10 May - Adam Lallana, English footballer
- 13 July - Tulisa, English recording artist
- 8 August – Princess Beatrice of York, daughter of The Duke and Duchess of York
- 24 August – Rupert Grint, actor (Ron Weasley in the Harry Potter films)
- 25 August
- 20 November – Mz Bratt, electro/grime artist
- 2 December
- 30 December – Leon Jackson, singer
- 2 January – E. B. Ford, geneticist (born 1901)
- 7 January – Trevor Howard, actor (born 1913)
- 13 January – Donald Healey, rally driver, automobile engineer and speed record holder (born 1898)
- 16 January – Ballard Berkeley, actor (born 1904)
- 22 February - Cecil Beresford Ramage, actor, politician and barrister (born 1895)
- 18 March – Percy Thrower, gardener and broadcaster (born 1913)
- 12 April – Harry McShane, socialist (born 1891)
- 14 April – John Stonehouse, government minister noted for faking his own death (born 1925)
- 15 April – Kenneth Williams, comic actor (born 1926)
- 23 April – Michael Ramsey, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1904)
- 11 May – Kim Philby, spy (born 1912)
- 16 May – Charles Keeping, illustrator (born 1924)
- 18 May - Sir Brandon Rhys-Williams, Conservative Party MP (born 1927)
- 8 June - Russell Harty, television presenter (born 1934)
- 7 July - Jimmy Edwards, writer and actor (born 1920)
- 1 August - Steve Mills, footballer (born 1953)
- 8 August - Alan Napier, actor (born 1903)
- 19 August – Frederick Ashton, choreographer (born 1904, Ecuador)
- 27 August – William Sargant, psychiatrist (born 1907)
- 11 September - Roger Hargreaves, (born 1935)
- 16 September - Dick Pym, footballer (born 1893)
- 20 September – Roy Kinnear, actor (born 1934)
- 1 October – Sacheverell Sitwell, writer (born 1897)
- 9 October – Jackie Milburn, footballer (born 1924)
- 15 October – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, composer, music critic, pianist, and writer (born 1892)
- 20 October – Sheila Scott, aviator (born 1927)
- Sanders, John (2000). Forensic Casebook of Crime. London: True Crime Library/Forum Press. ISBN 1-874358-36-2.
- "Nurses protest for better pay". BBC News. 3 February 1988. Archived from the original on 3 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 454–455. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "IRA gang shot dead in Gibraltar". BBC News. 7 March 1988. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Avalanche hits royal ski party". BBC News. 10 March 1988. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Three shot dead at Milltown Cemetery". BBC News. 16 March 1988. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Judges free man jailed over IRA funeral murders". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 6 September 2004. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1984: O-Levels to be replaced by GCSEs". BBC News. 20 June 1984. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- "Hick makes cricketing history". BBC News. 6 May 1988. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Piper Alpha oil rig ablaze". BBC News. 6 July 1988. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Ashdown to lead Britain's third party". BBC News. 28 July 1988. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Tony Cottee". Soccerbase. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
- "Glanford Park". Scunthorpe United Football Club. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
- "Ian Rush". Soccerbase. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
- "Britain's Postal Strike Ends With a Settlement". New York Times. 13 September 1988. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- "'SAS killed lawfully' – Gibraltar jury". BBC News. 30 September 1988. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Government loses Spycatcher battle". BBC News. 13 October 1988. Archived from the original on 30 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Egg industry fury over salmonella claim". BBC News. 3 December 1988. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988". Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "35 dead in Clapham rail collision". BBC News. 12 December 1988. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Jumbo jet crashes onto Lockerbie". BBC News. 21 December 1988. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 515. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.