1989 Formula One season

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1989
FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1988 Next: 1990
Alain Prost won the Drivers' title for McLaren-Honda on 76 points.
Prost's team mate Ayrton Senna was the runner up, 16 points behind.
Riccardo Patrese came third on 40 points for Williams.
McLaren-Honda won the Constructors' Championship in 1989 with the MP4/5.

The 1989 Formula One season was the 40th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1989 FIA Formula One World Championship, which commenced on 26 March 1989 and ended on 5 November after sixteen races. Alain Prost won his third Drivers' World Championship, and McLaren won the Constructors' Championship.

Pre-season[edit]

Technical and rules changes[edit]

  • Turbocharged engines had been banned at the end of 1988, as they were felt to be making the sport dangerous and expensive.
  • In response to the above, a number of new teams were expected to enter the series, and there would be 39 drivers now competing for 26 places on the starting grid. To reduce the number of cars down to 30 in order to render Qualifying itself manageable, a separate 1-hour Pre-Qualifying Session was held at Friday morning during every GP weekend. 13 cars from teams with lowest results from previous 2 half-seasons were forced to pre-qualify, and only 4 fastest cars would advance to Qualifying proper. At the halfway point of the season the group of teams required to pre-qualify during the first half would be revised, based on the results during last 2 half-seasons.
    • At the start of the season, some new (Onyx) and returning (Brabham) teams had to pre-qualify, along with two Osellas and Zakspeeds and single EuroBrun. Four teams who had run single car in 1988 had to run one car in pre-qualifying at the beginning: Dallara, Coloni, Rial and AGS.
    • At the halfway of the season, Alex Caffi in the 2nd Dallara, both Brabhams and Volker Weidler in the Rial (although he had never got out of pre-qualifying in the 1st half of the season and was soon replaced during the 2nd half of the Season by Pierre-Henri Raphanel) moved up, whilst Gabriele Tarquini's AGS (although he had scored a point for his team), both Larrousse Cars and Roberto Moreno's Coloni, which had only qualified three times and never finished a Grand Prix in the 1st half of 1989, were demoted.
  • Another new regulation[1] decreed by FISA was that, in the interest of safety, the driver's feet must be situated behind the front axle-line. Designers, not thinking of the driver's comfort, simply designed smaller and more cramped cockpits.The problem was first highlighted at the first round, the Brazilian Grand Prix, with focus on the Ross Brawn designed Arrows cars. Both drivers, Derek Warwick and Eddie Cheever, suffered severe cramping and felt the new regulations were in fact making it more dangerous, with Cheever saying that "if (he) got sideways ... (he) simply cannot correct with the steering wheel" due to his lanky frame.[2]

Team and driver changes[edit]

Race-by-race[edit]

Race One: Brazil[edit]

The climate as the Formula One circus arrived at Jacarepagua was one of much optimism in what many saw as a new age, with many revelling in the brutal and much more appealing sounds of the V10 and V12 engines. Brazil proved to be an excitement filled race, and dramatic too. Qualifying had a few surprises, with Riccardo Patrese, scoring his first front row start since 1983, next to the home favourite, world champion Ayrton Senna. Williams and Renault were both surprised by the position, but both highly pleased with Thierry Boutsen qualifying fourth alongside the high powered Ferrari of Berger and in front of Prost who could only manage 5th.

The race started with a bang, as Senna's hopes at a home grand prix victory were dashed as he squeezed Berger a little too much.[clarification needed] Senna went on to finish two laps down whilst Berger retired on the spot.

Double world champion Alain Prost's McLaren had been having problems all weekend, and when his two stop strategy was ruined by a clutch failure, he knew he had to continue the race having made just one of his scheduled two pit stops. He finished second. Nigel Mansell secured a surprising win for the Scuderia, with no problems despite ongoing gearbox faults all weekend and a lack of winter testing (Mansell also had the steering wheel come loose on the back straight and had to have it changed in his final stop, which luckily was scheduled for the end of that lap). The final step of the podium was taken by local Maurício Gugelmin. Grand Prix debutant Johnny Herbert, Derek Warwick and Alessandro Nannini scored the remaining points. Warwick was desperately unlucky. He lost over 20 seconds in a slow pit stop and only finished 17.8 seconds behind Mansell at the finish suggesting a win or podium place had gone begging.

Race Two: San Marino[edit]

At Imola, "normal service" was resumed. McLaren settled on the front row of the grid and stayed that way for the race, with Mansell's Ferrari retiring midway with gearbox issues. Gerhard Berger, despite showing promise by setting the fastest time in the wet Friday qualifying, suffered a brake problem and careened off the track at Tamburello at high speed, forcing the race to be stopped after the third lap. Berger miraculously survived with just a broken rib, shoulder bone and burns to his back and hands. He gave a thumbs up and the race was restarted not too long after. Senna went on to win with Prost second. Patrese's engine failed and Boutsen was disqualified (but he got his 4th position back in an appeal), so the third place was taken by the Benetton Ford of Alessandro Nannini.

After the Grand Prix, Prost seemed disgruntled and said he wished to not make a comment on the race, other than that "orders were not respected". Senna refused to comment on the matter. Before the race at Monaco, Prost said he wanted "nothing to do with (Senna)" and refused to speak with him.

Race Three: Monaco[edit]

With Berger out, there were 29 cars in qualifying instead of 30, because Ferrari did not have a replacement driver. Senna had scored his third pole of the season, with the number 2 car of Prost again alongside. March introduced their new 1989 design.[3] Senna went on to win by almost a whole minute over Prost while Stefano Modena secured a valuable third for the underfunded Brabham team on its return to Formula One after a year out. This result effectively allowed Brabham to avoid prequalifying in the second half of the season. Modena, however, failed to score any points in any other Grand Prix in 1989. Michele Alboreto secured his first points since leaving Ferrari for Tyrrell.

During practice Prost revealed his discontent with Senna. According to Prost the pair had an agreement that if they were leading, whoever won the start would not be challenged by the other at the first corner, an agreement he previously had with former team mates Niki Lauda and Keke Rosberg. Despite Marlboro's John Hogan supporting Prost's story by stating he was present when the agreement was made, Senna continued to deny that any such agreement existed. He also contended that the corner he passed Prost at, Tosa, was actually the third turn on the Imola circuit after Tamburello and Villeneuve.

Race Four: Mexico[edit]

In Mexico, Gerhard Berger made a return despite continued pain in his fingers. However, transmission and gearbox problems forced the Ferraris to retire from point-scoring positions for the third race straight. While they lamented their results, McLaren and Senna took a third win on the trot by a differing choice of tyres. Prost's choice, and the wrong set of tyres being given to him at a pit stop, sent him down the order to fifth. Patrese was second for Williams, while Alboreto doubled his efforts in Monaco by scoring third. Gabriele Tarquini was able to bring his barely prequalified AGS home in sixth for a well-celebrated point.

Mexico was the first time that Prost would publicly complain that his Honda V10 did not seem to work as well as Senna's, pointing out that early in the race he was clearly faster than Senna through the Peraltada curve heading onto the long front straight, but that even with a tow from Senna he was not able to make any ground on him. Then later in the race when Senna was coming up to lap Prost (who had much fresher tyres), the Brazilian was easily able to catch and pass him on the straight despite being slower through the final turn (it was later revealed that Prost ran less wing than Senna which should have theoretically given him better straight line speed).

Race Five: United States[edit]

The United States Grand Prix had a new destination, this time in the hot desert of Phoenix, Arizona. It was a new place, but the same old dirty and dusty street circuits, and while considerably wider and faster than both Detroit and Dallas, it was bumpy and the mostly right angled turns gave the drivers few reference points for when to use their brakes. Senna made the most of his skill and scored another pole, Prost again playing second fiddle by over a second. Prost though believed that his race set up was superior to his team mate's and was confident of winning his first Grand Prix of the year.

Senna won the start and built up a small lead over Prost. Senna suffered an electrical problem when leading the race and his engine started to misfire. He signalled Prost through to a lead he would not lose on lap 34. Williams ended up being the only team to finish with both cars as the dirty track and unforgiving concrete walls ended six races, with the heat and dust cutting out many more. One driver, Alessandro Nannini, suffered from a severely sore neck after a crash in the morning warm-up and retired from fourth place on lap 10. Mansell and Berger suffered with the Ferrari V12s cutting out from identical alternator failures and both eventually retired. Patrese's second gave him third place in the championship, while Prost took the lead. Ecstatic Phoenix native Eddie Cheever celebrated his and his team's first podium of the season at his own home grand prix. The Brabhams, on the other hand, continued their lacklustre return, both drivers retiring with worn-out brakes. Dallara's Alex Caffi was the victim of a bizarre crash. Holding down 5th place, he was put into the wall on lap 52 by his own team mate Andrea de Cesaris when he was trying to lap him. The notorious de Cesaris later claimed he did not even know Caffi was there trying to lap him.

The race of attrition saw Christian Danner score a surprise 4th place in his Rial. The race ran for the full 2 hours and was flagged after 75 of the scheduled 81 laps. Alain Prost scored his only ever win in the USA, while Cheever's 3rd place was his final podium in Formula One.

Race Six: Canada[edit]

The Canadian Grand Prix was run in wet conditions and provided many retirements, but also a new winner. Senna was comfortably leading with only three laps to go when engine problems forced him to retire, handing Boutsen his first victory. Patrese came home second to make it a 1–2 finish for Williams, the first time a team other than McLaren had achieved this since Ferrari in Monza the previous year. Making up for his Phoenix indiscretion, Andrea de Cesaris picked up third for Dallara, the first ever podium finish for the small Italian team.

Triple World Champion Nelson Piquet picked up his and Lotus's first points of the year by finishing 4th, only 4.8 seconds behind de Cesaris.

Race Seven: France[edit]

In his home race, Prost took pole and won convincingly, while fellow Frenchman Jean Alesi made his debut for the Tyrrell team, replacing Alboreto due to the team now having Camel sponsorship which conflicted with his personal Marlboro sponsorship. This proved to pay off as Alesi secured a fourth place finish (having run second at one stage). Nigel Mansell ended Ferrari's run of retirements with a secure second while Patrese was third. Swede Stefan Johansson finished 5th, scoring the Onyx team's first points, and Olivier Grouillard took the final points paying position. Senna, meanwhile, was forced to retire straight after the restart with a differential problem.

The race had to be restarted when, on the first lap, Gugelmin caused a major first corner accident when he lost control of his March, flew into the air and landed on Mansell's rear wing. Luckily, no one was hurt and all drivers managed to take the restart. The French marshals were widely criticised for tipping the upside down March back on its wheels before Gugelmin had a chance to get out of the car.

Race Eight: Great Britain[edit]

The British Grand Prix proved much the same – McLaren front row, Senna retiring, and Prost winning. Mansell finished second in his home race to please the British fans, whose Mansellmania coupled with the tifosi made for hysteria. Nannini finished third, Piquet 4th, while both Minardis, Martini followed by Pérez-Sala, took the final 2 points positions.

At this, the halfway point of the championship, Prost's lead over Senna had increased to 20 points. Despite much talk, he downplayed the thought of a third championship. "I don't want to start talking about the championship, getting into all that," he said, "but I'm much happier now, yes. Motivated again. I've had no engine problems since Mexico, which is nice, and also I'm pleased to see Ferrari getting more competitive: both Nigel and Gerhard can win races and that can only help me."[4]

Race Nine: Germany[edit]

In Germany, however, Senna's bad luck ended after scoring a treble – pole, fastest lap and the win, but he had to fight almost all the way with Prost to do so. After both McLarens suffered bad mid-race stops for tyres, Prost emerged in the lead and looked to have the race in his grasp but lost top gear with less than two laps to go. Berger's pointless season continued with a tire puncture causing a spectacular accident and robbing him of a possible podium. Mansell picked up a third place and mused everyone's thoughts: "If any of the circuits in the world is ideal for McLaren-Honda, it's Hockenheim."[5] Patrese, Piquet and Warwick took the remaining three points-paying positions, respectively.

Race Ten: Hungary[edit]

The dirty Hungaroring provided an almost gripless practice and qualifying, that eventually led to the first non-McLaren pole position of the year – Riccardo Patrese made a Senna-like performance with a 0.31 gap between him and Senna. Another surprise was the equally impressive Alex Caffi, who scored third with a time less than a second slower than that of Patrese – in a car that had been notoriously midfield. The Ferraris, however, suffered badly. Mansell was over two seconds off Patrese's time of an impressive 1:19.7, whilst Berger constantly complained of gear shift troubles – even asking the team to change the gearbox pre-race, which they didn't.

This eventually cost him a point scoring position, as the gearbox went on to fail. Countering this was Mansell's impressive 12th-to-first race, even overtaking Senna in the area he excelled most, lapping back markers – an impressive move on a track notorious for mediocre and unpassable races. He went on to compare the race to his win at Silverstone two years earlier and dedicated it to the late Enzo Ferrari, a year after the Old Man's death. Caffi's race was the exact counterpoint of Mansell's – despite a strong start he finished a lonely seventh, earning no points. Senna finished nearly half a minute behind Mansell in second, while Prost again suffered problems and finished fourth. Patrese retired from the lead and Boutsen finished third. The final two points positions were taken by American Eddie Cheever in the Arrows, finishing 5th, followed by Piquet in 6th.

Race Eleven: Belgium[edit]

A wet Spa showcased Senna's wet weather skills at their best. 'Magic' (Senna's nickname during the wet[6]) shone that day to give him another win despite engine troubles that also befell Prost with Mansell in third saying that problems like that he could certainly use – he finished less than two seconds behind Senna. Boutsen, Nannini and Warwick, in that order, took the final three points-paying positions.

Race Twelve: Italy[edit]

The Italian Grand Prix sealed the end of two things: Gerhard Berger's terrible season (he scored a second place on both the grid and in the race) and Prost's relationship with McLaren. Having become progressively distanced from the team due to his conflict with Senna, he announced his switch to Ferrari for 1990, and after inheriting the race win when Senna retired from the lead late on, he proceeded to give the trophy he had won to the tifosi. McLaren boss Ron Dennis' usual composure was shattered and he hurled his trophy at his driver's feet, storming off (Dennis was unhappy with Prost giving the trophy to the tifosi as contractually all trophies won were the property of the team). Prost later said it was an unsatisfactory win and that he did not hold out much hope for the championship despite his points lead as he felt Honda were clearly favouring Senna. Boutsen inherited third for Williams. The final points went to Patrese, who finished fourth, followed by Brit Martin Brundle for Brabham and Jean Alesi in the Tyrrell.

Race Thirteen: Portugal[edit]

The World Championship was virtually decided in the thirteenth round at Estoril, as Prost finished second to Berger and Senna retired in controversial circumstances when he collided with Mansell, who had illegally reversed in the pit-lane and ignored the resultant black disqualification flags. Mansell was subsequently banned from the next race.

This was Prost's twelfth points finish of the season, which meant that he now had to drop points as only the eleven best points finishes counted, but he still led by 24 points with three races left.

Johansson finished a fine third for the struggling Onyx team (a result that meant they did not have to go through pre-qualifying in the first half of 1990), marveling at the car's performance on a low-grip track and speaking of optimism for Spain. Nannini finished in fourth, while Pierluigi Martini qualified fifth and finished in that position, also leading for one lap; the only time in the Minardi team's 21-year history that it led a Grand Prix. Tyrrell racing finished in sixth for the 2nd consecutive race, although it was Jonathan Palmer that earned the point for them in Portugal. The new Williamses, however, suffered near-simultaneous and identical motor blow-outs. Up until then they looked promising.

Race Fourteen: Spain[edit]

Senna kept the Championship alive in Spain by taking pole position and leading throughout, beating Berger by almost half a minute. Prost drove a cautious race and finished third, dropping more points, but it meant that Senna had to win both remaining races to have any chance of beating the Frenchman to the title. Meanwhile, Alesi scored another strong fourth place for the Tyrrell team.

Race Fifteen: Japan[edit]

Then the Formula One circus arrived at Suzuka, Japan for the now infamous penultimate round for the championship. Prost said he would not leave the door open for his teammate, who he felt had made far too many risky moves on him.[7]

Senna took pole, but Prost beat him away from the grid and led by 1.4 seconds by the end of the first lap. By lap 15, however, Senna was all over the back of Prost's McLaren after moving through both Williams and Benettons. He whittled down Prost's 5 second lead to just under a second by lap 30, but the latter pulled a few seconds ahead by the 35th lap. By the end of lap 46, with 7 to go, the gap was just over a second. Senna, further back than he had been earlier in the race, made a move on Prost in the chicane before the start-finish straight. True to his word, Prost closed the gap and the two skidded into the escape road and both engines stalled.[citation needed] Prost jumped from his car. Senna, however, got a push from the marshals and returned to the track.

After pitting for repairs, Senna worked his way past both Williams and the Benettons to take a three second victory. However, his altercation with Prost seven laps earlier meant he had missed the chicane and, according to FIA and FISA president Jean Marie Balestre, had not completed the lap. It is worth noting that many drivers in previous races had used the escape roads near chicanes after on-track incidents, as is customary, without receiving penalties. He was disqualified and Nannini revelled in his first grand prix victory. The new Williams FW13s finished second and third, putting them five points ahead of the Ferrari team in the race for second.

McLaren went to appeal the decision. With the matter hanging in the air, Senna went on record saying it was a plot and conspiracy against him by FIA and FISA president Jean Marie Balestre who he said favored Alain Prost. Senna would comment again on the matter after sealing his 1991 championship, reiterating his belief that he had been unfairly treated.

Race Sixteen: Australia[edit]

The final round at Adelaide saw the race run under heavy rain. Prost elected to withdraw at the end of the first lap in such torrentially wet conditions and would score no points. Senna, who considered quitting in protest of his disqualification in the previous race, was convinced to race by friends and team members. Starting from pole, by lap ten he had over 30 seconds to the Williams pair and counting. Instead of relaxing, he continued to push in poor visibility. On lap 13, he ran into the rear of Brundle's Brabham and was out of the race. The two Williams Renaults scored a double podium finish with Boutsen winning, despite being a strong proponent of not starting in such conditions.

The Australian Grand Prix was overshadowed by the ongoing controversy surrounding the Japanese race, but once the appeals had been considered, Prost was crowned the champion for the third time.

Drivers and constructors[edit]

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1989 FIA Formula One World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No Driver Rounds
United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Honda MP4/5 Honda RA109A 3.5 V10 G 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna All
2 France Alain Prost All
United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell-Ford 017B
018
Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer All
4 Italy Michele Alboreto 1–6
France Jean Alesi 7–10, 12, 14–16
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 11, 13
United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams-Renault FW12C
FW13
Renault RS1 3.5 V10 G 5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen All
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese All
United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Brabham-Judd BT58 Judd EV 3.5 V8 P 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle All
8 Italy Stefano Modena All
United Kingdom Arrows Grand Prix International Arrows-Ford A11 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 9 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 1–6, 8–16
Northern Ireland Martin Donnelly 7
10 United States Eddie Cheever All
United Kingdom Camel Team Lotus Lotus-Judd 101 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G 11 Brazil Nelson Piquet All
12 Japan Satoru Nakajima All
United Kingdom Leyton House March Racing Team March-Judd 881
CG891
Judd CV 3.5 V8
Judd EV 3.5 V8
G 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin All
16 Italy Ivan Capelli All
Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella-Ford FA1M89 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P 17 Italy Nicola Larini All
18 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani All
United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd Benetton-Ford B188
B189
Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8
Ford HBA4 3.5 V8
G 19 Italy Alessandro Nannini All
20 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 1–6
Italy Emanuele Pirro 7–16
Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara-Ford F189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P 21 Italy Alex Caffi All
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris All
Italy Minardi Team SpA Minardi-Ford M188B
M189
Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini 1–14, 16
Italy Paolo Barilla 15
24 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala All
France Ligier Loto Ligier-Ford JS33 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 25 France René Arnoux All
26 France Olivier Grouillard All
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 640 Ferrari 035/5 3.5 V12 G 27 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1–13, 15–16
28 Austria Gerhard Berger 1–2, 4–16
France Larrousse Calmels
France Equipe Larrousse
Lola-Lamborghini LC88B
LC89
Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G 29 France Yannick Dalmas 1–6
France Éric Bernard 7–8
Italy Michele Alboreto 9–16
30 France Philippe Alliot All
Italy Coloni SpA Coloni-Ford FC188B
C3
Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 31 Brazil Roberto Moreno All
32 France Pierre-Henri Raphanel 1–10
Italy Enrico Bertaggia 11–16
Italy EuroBrun Racing EuroBrun-Judd ER188B
ER189
Judd CV 3.5 V8 P 33 Switzerland Gregor Foitek 1–11
Argentina Oscar Larrauri 12–16
West Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 891 Yamaha OX88 3.5 V8 P 34 West Germany Bernd Schneider All
35 Japan Aguri Suzuki All
United Kingdom Moneytron Onyx Formula One Onyx-Ford ORE-1 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 36 Sweden Stefan Johansson All
37 Belgium Bertrand Gachot 1–12
Finland JJ Lehto 13–16
West Germany Rial Racing Rial-Ford ARC2 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 38 West Germany Christian Danner 1–13
Switzerland Gregor Foitek 14
Belgium Bertrand Gachot 15–16
39 West Germany Volker Weidler 1–10
France Pierre-Henri Raphanel 11–16
France Automobiles Gonfaronnaises Sportives AGS-Ford JH23B
JH24
Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 40 France Philippe Streiff 1
Italy Gabriele Tarquini 2–16
41 West Germany Joachim Winkelhock 1–7
France Yannick Dalmas 8–16
Italy First Racing First-Judd F189 Judd CV 3.5 V8 P 42 Italy Gabriele Tarquini 1

Season review[edit]

Rd. Grand Prix Date Location Pole Position Fastest Lap Winning Driver Constructor Report
1 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix 26 March Jacarepaguá Brazil Ayrton Senna Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Ferrari Report
2 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix 23 April Imola Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
3 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix 7 May Monaco Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
4 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix 28 May Hermanos Rodríguez Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
5 United States United States Grand Prix 4 June Phoenix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
6 Canada Canadian Grand Prix 18 June Circuit Gilles Villeneuve France Alain Prost United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
7 France French Grand Prix 9 July Paul Ricard France Alain Prost Brazil Maurício Gugelmin France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix 16 July Silverstone Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
9 Germany German Grand Prix 30 July Hockenheimring Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix 13 August Hungaroring Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Ferrari Report
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix 27 August Spa-Francorchamps Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix 10 September Monza Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
13 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix 24 September Estoril Brazil Ayrton Senna Austria Gerhard Berger Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Ferrari Report
14 Spain Spanish Grand Prix 1 October Jerez Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix 22 October Suzuka Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Report
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix 5 November Adelaide Brazil Ayrton Senna Japan Satoru Nakajima Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report

1989 Drivers Championship final standings[edit]

Pos [8] Driver [8] BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
USA
United States
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points [8][9]
1 France Alain Prost 2 2 2 (5) 1 Ret 1 1 2 (4) 2 1 2 3 Ret Ret 76 (81)
2 Brazil Ayrton Senna 11 1 1 1 Ret 7 Ret Ret 1 2 1 Ret Ret 1 DSQ Ret 60
3 Italy Riccardo Patrese 15 Ret 15 2 2 2 3 Ret 4 Ret Ret 4 Ret 5 2 3 40
4 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1 Ret Ret Ret Ret DSQ 2 2 3 1 3 Ret DSQ Ret Ret 38
5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ret 4 10 Ret 6 1 Ret 10 Ret 3 4 3 Ret Ret 3 1 37
6 Italy Alessandro Nannini 6 3 8 4 Ret DSQ Ret 3 Ret Ret 5 Ret 4 Ret 1 2 32
7 Austria Gerhard Berger Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 1 2 Ret Ret 21
8 Brazil Nelson Piquet Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 4 8 4 5 6 DNQ Ret Ret 8 4 Ret 12
9 France Jean Alesi 4 Ret 10 9 5 4 Ret Ret 8
10 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 5 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 6 10 6 Ret Ret 9 6 Ret 7
11 United States Eddie Cheever Ret 9 7 7 3 Ret 7 DNQ 12 5 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 8 Ret 6
12 Sweden Stefan Johansson DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret DSQ 5 DNPQ Ret Ret 8 DNPQ 3 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 6
13 Italy Michele Alboreto 10 DNQ 5 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 DNPQ DNQ DNPQ 6
14 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 4 11 14 15 5 DNQ Ret DNQ 5
15 Italy Pierluigi Martini Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 9 Ret 9 7 5 Ret 6 5
16 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin 3 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 10 Ret 7 7 4
17 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 13 10 13 Ret 8 3 DNQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 7 10 Ret 4
18 Italy Stefano Modena Ret Ret 3 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret DNQ 14 Ret Ret 8 4
19 Italy Alex Caffi DNPQ 7 4 13 Ret 6 Ret DNPQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 9 Ret 4
20 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Ret Ret 6 9 Ret DNPQ DNPQ Ret 8 12 Ret 6 8 Ret 5 Ret 4
21 Japan Satoru Nakajima 8 NC DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret 8 Ret Ret DNQ 10 7 Ret Ret 4 3
22 West Germany Christian Danner 14 DNQ DNQ 12 4 8 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 3
23 Italy Emanuele Pirro 9 11 Ret 8 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 2
24 France René Arnoux DNQ DNQ 12 14 DNQ 5 Ret DNQ 11 DNQ Ret 9 13 DNQ DNQ Ret 2
25 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer 7 6 9 Ret 9 Ret 10 Ret Ret 13 14 Ret 6 10 Ret DNQ 2
26 France Olivier Grouillard 9 DSQ Ret 8 DNQ DNQ 6 7 Ret DNQ 13 Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 1
27 Italy Gabriele Tarquini DNA 8 Ret 6 7 Ret Ret DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 1
28 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 6 DNQ Ret 15 8 12 Ret Ret DNQ 1
29 France Philippe Alliot 12 Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNPQ 16 Ret 9 6 Ret Ret 1
Italy Ivan Capelli Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
France Éric Bernard 11 Ret 0
Belgium Bertrand Gachot DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 13 12 DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ 0
Italy Nicola Larini DSQ 12 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Martin Donnelly 12 0
Brazil Roberto Moreno DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Finland JJ Lehto DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret 0
Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret 0
West Germany Bernd Schneider Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ 0
France Pierre-Henri Raphanel DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
France Yannick Dalmas DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Italy Paolo Barilla Ret 0
West Germany Volker Weidler DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DSQ DNQ 0
Switzerland Gregor Foitek DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ 0
Japan Aguri Suzuki DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
West Germany Joachim Winkelhock DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Italy Enrico Bertaggia DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Argentina Oscar Larrauri DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
France Philippe Streiff DNA 0
Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
USA
United States
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.

Championship points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the first six places in each race. Only the best eleven results for each driver were retained.[8]

1989 Constructors Championship final standings[edit]

Pos.[8] Constructor [8][10] Car
no.
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
USA
United States
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points [8]
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1 11 1 1 1 Ret 7 Ret Ret 1 2 1 Ret Ret 1 DSQ Ret 141
2 2 2 2 5 1 Ret 1 1 2 4 2 1 2 3 Ret Ret
2 United Kingdom Williams-Renault 5 Ret 4 10 Ret 6 1 Ret 10 Ret 3 4 3 Ret Ret 3 1 77
6 15 Ret 15 2 2 2 3 Ret 4 Ret Ret 4 Ret 5 2 3
3 Italy Ferrari 27 1 Ret Ret Ret Ret DSQ 2 2 3 1 3 Ret DSQ Ret Ret 59
28 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 1 2 Ret Ret
4 United Kingdom Benetton-Ford 19 6 3 8 4 Ret DSQ Ret 3 Ret Ret 5 Ret 4 Ret 1 2 39
20 4 11 14 15 5 DNQ 9 11 Ret 8 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5
5 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford 3 7 6 9 Ret 9 Ret 10 Ret Ret 13 14 Ret 6 10 Ret DNQ 16
4 10 DNQ 5 3 Ret Ret 4 Ret 10 9 Ret 5 DNQ 4 Ret Ret
6 United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 11 Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 4 8 4 5 6 DNQ Ret Ret 8 4 Ret 15
12 8 NC DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret 8 Ret Ret DNQ 10 7 Ret Ret 4
7 United Kingdom Arrows-Ford 9 5 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 9 6 10 6 Ret Ret 9 6 Ret 13
10 Ret 9 7 7 3 Ret 7 DNQ 12 5 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 8 Ret
8 Italy Dallara-Ford 21 DNPQ 7 4 13 Ret 6 Ret DNPQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 9 Ret 8
22 13 10 13 Ret 8 3 DNQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 7 10 Ret
9 United Kingdom Brabham-Judd 7 Ret Ret 6 9 Ret DNPQ DNPQ Ret 8 12 Ret 6 8 Ret 5 Ret 8
8 Ret Ret 3 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret DNQ 14 Ret Ret 8
10 United Kingdom Onyx-Ford 36 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret DSQ 5 DNPQ Ret Ret 8 DNPQ 3 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 6
37 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 13 12 DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret
11 Italy Minardi-Ford 23 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 9 Ret 9 7 5 Ret Ret 6 6
24 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 6 DNQ Ret 15 8 12 Ret Ret DNQ
12 United Kingdom March-Judd 15 3 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 10 Ret 7 7 4
16 Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
13 West Germany Rial-Ford 38 14 DNQ DNQ 12 4 8 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 3
39 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ EX DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ
14 France Ligier-Ford 25 DNQ DNQ 12 14 DNQ 5 Ret DNQ 11 DNQ Ret 9 13 DNQ DNQ Ret 3
26 9 DSQ Ret 8 DNQ DNQ 6 7 Ret DNQ 13 Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret
15 France AGS-Ford 40 DNA 8 Ret 6 7 Ret Ret DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 1
41 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ
= United Kingdom Lola-Lamborghini 29 DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 DNPQ DNQ DNPQ 1
30 12 Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNPQ 16 Ret 9 6 Ret Ret
Italy Osella-Ford 17 DSQ 12 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 0
18 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret
Italy Coloni-Ford 31 DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
32 DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ
West Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha 34 Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ 0
35 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ
Italy Euro Brun-Judd 33 DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Italy First-Judd 42 DNA 0
Pos Constructor Car
no.
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
USA
United States
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Pts

Championship points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the first six places in each race.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 30, paragraph 11
  2. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 30, paragraph 15.
  3. ^ Henry, Alan ed. (1989) Autocourse 1989–90 p.121 Hazleton publishing ISBN 0-905138-62-7
  4. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 92, paragraph 12
  5. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 96, grand prix summary.
  6. ^ F1 Saga british television series. 1994.
  7. ^ http://www.prostfan.com/senna2.htm – Prost on Senna.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h 1989 Formula One World Championship points tables, 1990 FIA Yearbook, white section, page 60
  9. ^ Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  10. ^ Constructors Championship results published in the 1990 FIA Yearbook recognise only the chassis constructor, ie McLaren, Williams, Ferrari etc