1989 Giro d'Italia

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1989 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates May 21 — June 11
Stages 22, including one split stage
Distance 3,418 km (2,124 mi)
Winning time 93h 30' 16" (36.512 km/h or 22.688 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Système U)
Second  Flavio Giupponi (ITA) (Malvor-Sidi)
Third  Andrew Hampsten (USA) (7-Eleven)

Points  Giovanni Fidanza (ITA) (Chateau d'Ax-Salotti)
Mountains  Luis Herrera (COL) (Café de Colombia-Mavic)
Youth  Vladimir Poulnikov (URS) (Alfa Lum-STM)
Intergiro  Jure Pavlič (YUG) (Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)
Team Fagor - MBK
1988
1990

The 1989 Giro d'Italia was the 72nd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Taormina on 21 May with a 123 km (76.4 mi) flat stage that ended in Catania. The race concluded in Florence with a 53 km (32.9 mi) individual time trial on 11 June. Twenty-two teams entered the race, which was won by the Frenchman Laurent Fignon of the Super U team. Second and third respectively were the Italian Flavio Giupponi and the American rider, Andrew Hampsten.

In the race's other classifications, Vladimir Poulnikov of the Alfa Lum-STM finished the Giro as the best neo-professional in the general classification, finishing in eleventh place overall; Café de Colombia rider Luis Herrera won the mountains classification, Giovanni Fidanza of the Chateau d'Ax-Salotti team won the points classification, and Carrera Jeans-Vagabond rider Jure Pavlič won the inaugural intergiro classification. Fagor - MBK finished as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team classification, ranking each of the twenty-two teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.

Teams[edit]

There were 22 teams that were invited to compete in the 1989 Giro d'Italia. Each team consisted of nine riders, so the Giro started with 198 riders. Of the 198 riders that started the race, 141 of them reached the finish line in Florence

The 22 teams that competed in the race were:[1]

Route and Stages[edit]

A mountain in the distance.
Mount Etna hosted the end of the 132 km (82 mi) second stage that began in the nearby city of Catania.

The route for the 1989 edition of the Giro d'Italia was revealed to the public on television by head organizer Vincenzo Torriani, on 21 January 1989.[2][3][4] It contained four time trial events, three of which were individual and one a team event. There were eleven stages containing categorized climbs, of which three had summit finishes: stage 2, to Mount Etna; stage 8, to Gubbio; and stage 13, to Auronzo di Cadore. Another stage with a mountain-top finish was stage 18, which consisted of a climbing time trial to Monte Generoso. The organizers chose to not include any rest days. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 161 km (100 mi) shorter, contained the number of rest days and time trials, and had one more stage. In addition, this race contained one less set of half stages.

The race's sixteenth stage was supposed to go through both the Gavia and the Tonale, but due to poor weather on the day the stage was cancelled.

Stage characteristics and winners[1][5]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 21 May Taormina to Catania 123 km (76 mi) Plain stage  Jean-Paul van Poppel (NED)
2 22 May Catania to Mount Etna 132 km (82 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Acácio da Silva (POR)
3 23 May Villafranca Tirrena to Messina 32.5 km (20 mi) Team time trial Ariostea
4 24 May Scilla to Cosenza 204 km (127 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Rolf Järmann (SUI)
5 25 May Cosenza to Potenza 275 km (171 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Stefano Giuliani (ITA)
6 26 May Potenza to Campobasso 223 km (139 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Stefan Joho (SUI)
7 27 May Isernia to Rome 208 km (129 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
8 28 May Rome to Gran Sasso d'Italia 179 km (111 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  John Carlsen (DEN)
9 29 May L'Aquila to Gubbio 221 km (137 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Bjarne Riis (DEN)
10 30 May Pesaro to Riccione 36.8 km (23 mi) Individual time trial  Lech Piasecki (POL)
11 31 May Riccione to Mantua 244 km (152 mi) Plain stage  Urs Freuler (SUI)
12 1 June Mantua to Mira 148 km (92 mi) Plain stage  Mario Cipollini (ITA)
13 2 June Padua to Auronzo di Cadore 207 km (129 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Luis Herrera (COL)
14 3 June Auronzo di Cadore to Corvara 131 km (81 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Flavio Giupponi (ITA)
15a 4 June Corvara to Trento 131 km (81 mi) Plain stage  Jean-Paul van Poppel (NED)
15b Trento to Trento 83.2 km (52 mi) Plain stage  Lech Piasecki (POL)
16 5 June Trento to Santa Caterina di Valfurva 208 km (129 mi) Stage with mountain(s) Stage Cancelled
17 6 June Sondrio to Meda 137 km (85 mi) Plain stage  Phil Anderson (AUS)
18 7 June Mendrisio (Switzerland) to Monte Generoso (Switzerland) 10.7 km (7 mi) Individual time trial  Luis Herrera (COL)
19 8 June Meda to Tortona 198 km (123 mi) Plain stage  Jesper Skibby (DEN)
20 9 June Voghera to La Spezia 220 km (137 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
21 10 June La Spezia to Prato 216 km (134 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Gianni Bugno (ITA)
22 11 June Prato to Florence 53 km (33 mi) Individual time trial  Lech Piasecki (POL)
Total 3,418 km (2,124 mi)

Classification Leadership[edit]

Four different jerseys were worn during the 1989 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.[6]

A mountain with some roads visible.
The Passo di Gavia was the Cima Coppi for the 1989 Giro d'Italia.

For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs.[6] The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo di Gavia, but due to inclement weather the stage containing the Gavia was cancelled. The white jersey was worn by the leader of young rider classification, a ranking decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1969 were eligible for it.[6]

The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey.[6] The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey.[6] Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.[6]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Trofeo Fast Team
1 Jean-Paul van Poppel Jean-Paul van Poppel Jean-Paul van Poppel  ?  ? Atala
2 Acácio da Silva Acácio da Silva Acácio da Silva Chateau d'Ax
3 Ariostea Silvino Contini
4 Rolf Järmann
5 Stefano Giuliani
6 Stefan Joho
7 Urs Freuler Giovanni Fidanza
8 John Carlsen Erik Breukink Fagor
9 Bjarne Riis Acácio da Silva Acácio da Silva
10 Lech Piasecki Erik Breukink Rolf Sörensen Alfa Lum
11 Urs Freuler
12 Mario Cipollini
13 Luis Herrera Giovanni Fidanza Fagor
14 Flavio Giupponi Laurent Fignon
15a Jean-Paul van Poppel
15b Lech Piasecki
16 Stage Cancelled
17 Phil Anderson
18 Luis Herrera
19 Jesper Skibby
20 Laurent Fignon
21 Gianni Bugno
22 Lech Piasecki
Final Laurent Fignon Giovanni Fidanza Luis Herrera Vladimir Poulnikov Fagor

Final standings[edit]

Legend
  A pink jersey   Denotes the winner of the General classification[7]   A green jersey   Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification[7]
  A purple jersey   Denotes the winner of the Points classification[7]   A white jersey   Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification[7]
  A blue jersey   Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[7]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Pink jersey Système U 93h 30' 16"
2  Flavio Giupponi (ITA) Malvor + 1' 15"
3  Andrew Hampsten (USA) 7 Eleven-American Airlines + 2' 46"
4  Erik Breukink (NED) Panasonic-Isostar-Colnago-Agu + 5' 02"
5  Franco Chioccioli (ITA) Del Tongo + 5' 43"
6  Urs Zimmermann (SUI) Carrera Jeans-Vagabond + 6' 28"
7  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Hitachi + 6' 34"
8  Marco Giovannetti (ITA) Seur + 7' 44"
9  Stephen Roche (IRL) Fagor + 8' 09"
10  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) Caja Rural + 8' 09"

Points classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Giovanni Fidanza (ITA) purple jersey Chateau d'Ax 172
2  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Pink jersey Système U 139
3  Erik Breukink (NED) Panasonic-Isostar-Colnago-Agu 128
4  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Del Tongo 116
5  Acácio da Silva (POR) Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 111
6  Flavio Giupponi (ITA) Malvor 105
7  Phil Anderson (AUS) TVM 101
8  Adriano Baffi (ITA) Ariostea 100
9  Andrew Hampsten (USA) 7 Eleven-American Airlines 98
10  Lech Piasecki (POL) Malvor 95

Mountains classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Luis Herrera (COL) A green jersey Café de Colombia 70
2  Stefano Giuliani (ITA) Jolly 38
3  Henry Cardenas (COL) Café de Colombia 34
 Jure Pavlič (YUG) A blue jersey Carrera Jeans-Vagabond
5  Flavio Giupponi (ITA) Malvor 28
6  Roberto Conti (ITA) Selca 25
7  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Pink jersey Système U 22
8  Stefano Tomasini (ITA) Pepsi 21
9  Acácio da Silva (POR) Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 16
10  Erik Breukink (NED) Panasonic-Isostar-Colnago-Agu 13

Young rider classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Vladimir Poulnikov (URS) A white jersey Alfa Lum 93h 40' 06"
2  Piotr Ugrumov (URS) Alfa Lum + 4' 37"
3  Luca Gelfi (ITA) Del Tongo + 27' 49"
4  Jos van Aert (NED) Hitachi + 31' 00"
5  Jure Pavlič (YUG) Carrera Jeans-Vagabond + 39' 24"
6  John Carlsen (DEN) Fagor + 45' 00"
7  Sergei Uslamin (URS) Alfa Lum + 46' 38"
8  Sergei Sukhorutchenko (URS) Alfa Lum + 1h 08' 31"
9  Nikolai Golovatenko (URS) Alfa Lum + 1h 17' 41"
10  Miguel Arroyo (MEX) ADR-Agrigel-Bottechia + 1h 19' 58"

Intergiro classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Jure Pavlič (YUG) A blue jersey Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 49h 50' 00"
2  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Système U + 4' 07"
3  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Hitachi + 4' 24"

Trofeo Fast Team classification[edit]

Team Time
1 Fagor 279h 59' 13"
2 Caja Rural + 13' 27"
3 Alfa Lum + 16' 11"
4 Seur + 16' 37"
5 Del Tongo + 20' 35"
6 Café de Colombia + 28' 41"
7 TVM + 29' 00"
8 Carrera Jeans-Vagabond + 37' 47"
9 Malvor + 39' 08"
10 Chateau d'Ax + 39' 57"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gira il Giro" [Turn the Tour] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 21 May 1989. p. 47. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Un Giro d'Italia per gli scalatori" [A Tour of Italy for climbers] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 21 January 1989. p. 30. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Gian Paolo Ormezzano (22 January 1989). "Un Giro che fara soffrire" [A tour that will do suffer] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). p. 21. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "El Giro-89 Tambien Pidio Paso" [The Giro-89 also requested paso] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 22 January 1989. p. 51. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "Giro 89: Una Tentacion Para Los Escaladores" [Giro 89: A Temptation For Climbers] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 23 January 1989. p. 64. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "A Golpe de Fignon" [A Fignon Coup] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 12 June 1989. p. 72. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.