1989 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||May 21 — June 11|
|Stages||22, including one split stage|
|Distance||3,418 km (2,124 mi)|
|Winning time||93h 30' 16" (36.512 km/h or 22.688 mph)|
|Winner||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||(Système U)|
|Second||Flavio Giupponi (ITA)||(Malvor-Sidi)|
|Third||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||(7-Eleven)|
|Points||Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)||(Chateau d'Ax-Salotti)|
|Mountains||Luis Herrera (COL)||(Café de Colombia-Mavic)|
|Youth||Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)||(Alfa Lum-STM)|
|Intergiro||Jure Pavlič (YUG)||(Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)|
|Team||Fagor - MBK|
The 1989 Giro d'Italia was the 72nd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Taormina on 21 May with a 123 km (76.4 mi) flat stage that ended in Catania. The race concluded in Florence with a 53 km (32.9 mi) individual time trial on 11 June. Twenty-two teams entered the race, which was won by the Frenchman Laurent Fignon of the Super U team. Second and third respectively were the Italian Flavio Giupponi and the American rider, Andrew Hampsten.
In the race's other classifications, Vladimir Poulnikov of the Alfa Lum-STM finished the Giro as the best neo-professional in the general classification, finishing in eleventh place overall; Café de Colombia rider Luis Herrera won the mountains classification, Giovanni Fidanza of the Chateau d'Ax-Salotti team won the points classification, and Carrera Jeans-Vagabond rider Jure Pavlič won the inaugural intergiro classification. Fagor - MBK finished as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team classification, ranking each of the twenty-two teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.
There were 22 teams that were invited to compete in the 1989 Giro d'Italia. Each team consisted of nine riders, so the Giro started with 198 riders. Of the 198 riders that started the race, 141 of them reached the finish line in Florence
The 22 teams that competed in the race were:
Route and Stages
The route for the 1989 edition of the Giro d'Italia was revealed to the public on television by head organizer Vincenzo Torriani, on 21 January 1989. It contained four time trial events, three of which were individual and one a team event. There were eleven stages containing categorized climbs, of which three had summit finishes: stage 2, to Mount Etna; stage 8, to Gubbio; and stage 13, to Auronzo di Cadore. Another stage with a mountain-top finish was stage 18, which consisted of a climbing time trial to Monte Generoso. The organizers chose to not include any rest days. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 161 km (100 mi) shorter, contained the number of rest days and time trials, and had one more stage. In addition, this race contained one less set of half stages.
The race's sixteenth stage was supposed to go through both the Gavia and the Tonale, but due to poor weather on the day the stage was cancelled.
|1||21 May||Taormina to Catania||123 km (76 mi)||Plain stage||Jean-Paul van Poppel (NED)|
|2||22 May||Catania to Mount Etna||132 km (82 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Acácio da Silva (POR)|
|3||23 May||Villafranca Tirrena to Messina||32.5 km (20 mi)||Team time trial||Ariostea|
|4||24 May||Scilla to Cosenza||204 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Rolf Järmann (SUI)|
|5||25 May||Cosenza to Potenza||275 km (171 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Stefano Giuliani (ITA)|
|6||26 May||Potenza to Campobasso||223 km (139 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Stefan Joho (SUI)|
|7||27 May||Isernia to Rome||208 km (129 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|8||28 May||Rome to Gran Sasso d'Italia||179 km (111 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||John Carlsen (DEN)|
|9||29 May||L'Aquila to Gubbio||221 km (137 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Bjarne Riis (DEN)|
|10||30 May||Pesaro to Riccione||36.8 km (23 mi)||Individual time trial||Lech Piasecki (POL)|
|11||31 May||Riccione to Mantua||244 km (152 mi)||Plain stage||Urs Freuler (SUI)|
|12||1 June||Mantua to Mira||148 km (92 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|13||2 June||Padua to Auronzo di Cadore||207 km (129 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Herrera (COL)|
|14||3 June||Auronzo di Cadore to Corvara||131 km (81 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Flavio Giupponi (ITA)|
|15a||4 June||Corvara to Trento||131 km (81 mi)||Plain stage||Jean-Paul van Poppel (NED)|
|15b||Trento to Trento||83.2 km (52 mi)||Plain stage||Lech Piasecki (POL)|
|16||5 June||Trento to Santa Caterina di Valfurva||Stage with mountain(s)||Stage Cancelled|
|17||6 June||Sondrio to Meda||137 km (85 mi)||Plain stage||Phil Anderson (AUS)|
|18||7 June||Mendrisio (Switzerland) to Monte Generoso (Switzerland)||10.7 km (7 mi)||Individual time trial||Luis Herrera (COL)|
|19||8 June||Meda to Tortona||198 km (123 mi)||Plain stage||Jesper Skibby (DEN)|
|20||9 June||Voghera to La Spezia||220 km (137 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|21||10 June||La Spezia to Prato||216 km (134 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Gianni Bugno (ITA)|
|22||11 June||Prato to Florence||53 km (33 mi)||Individual time trial||Lech Piasecki (POL)|
|Total||3,418 km (2,124 mi)|
Four different jerseys were worn during the 1989 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs. The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo di Gavia, but due to inclement weather the stage containing the Gavia was cancelled. The white jersey was worn by the leader of young rider classification, a ranking decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1969 were eligible for it.
The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey. The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey. Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
||Young rider classification
||Trofeo Fast Team|
|1||Jean-Paul van Poppel||Jean-Paul van Poppel||Jean-Paul van Poppel||?||?||Atala|
|2||Acácio da Silva||Acácio da Silva||Acácio da Silva||Chateau d'Ax|
|7||Urs Freuler||Giovanni Fidanza|
|8||John Carlsen||Erik Breukink||Fagor|
|9||Bjarne Riis||Acácio da Silva||Acácio da Silva|
|10||Lech Piasecki||Erik Breukink||Rolf Sörensen||Alfa Lum|
|13||Luis Herrera||Giovanni Fidanza||Fagor|
|14||Flavio Giupponi||Laurent Fignon|
|15a||Jean-Paul van Poppel|
|Final||Laurent Fignon||Giovanni Fidanza||Luis Herrera||Vladimir Poulnikov||Fagor|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification|
|1||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Système U||93h 30' 16"|
|2||Flavio Giupponi (ITA)||Malvor||+ 1' 15"|
|3||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||7 Eleven-American Airlines||+ 2' 46"|
|4||Erik Breukink (NED)||Panasonic-Isostar-Colnago-Agu||+ 5' 02"|
|5||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||Del Tongo||+ 5' 43"|
|6||Urs Zimmermann (SUI)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 6' 28"|
|7||Claude Criquielion (BEL)||Hitachi||+ 6' 34"|
|8||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Seur||+ 7' 44"|
|9||Stephen Roche (IRL)||Fagor||+ 8' 09"|
|10||Marino Lejarreta (ESP)||Caja Rural||+ 8' 09"|
|1||Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)||Chateau d'Ax||172|
|2||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Système U||139|
|3||Erik Breukink (NED)||Panasonic-Isostar-Colnago-Agu||128|
|4||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Del Tongo||116|
|5||Acácio da Silva (POR)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||111|
|6||Flavio Giupponi (ITA)||Malvor||105|
|7||Phil Anderson (AUS)||TVM||101|
|8||Adriano Baffi (ITA)||Ariostea||100|
|9||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||7 Eleven-American Airlines||98|
|10||Lech Piasecki (POL)||Malvor||95|
|1||Luis Herrera (COL)||Café de Colombia||70|
|2||Stefano Giuliani (ITA)||Jolly||38|
|3||Henry Cardenas (COL)||Café de Colombia||34|
|Jure Pavlič (YUG)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond|
|5||Flavio Giupponi (ITA)||Malvor||28|
|6||Roberto Conti (ITA)||Selca||25|
|7||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Système U||22|
|8||Stefano Tomasini (ITA)||Pepsi||21|
|9||Acácio da Silva (POR)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||16|
|10||Erik Breukink (NED)||Panasonic-Isostar-Colnago-Agu||13|
Young rider classification
|1||Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)||Alfa Lum||93h 40' 06"|
|2||Piotr Ugrumov (URS)||Alfa Lum||+ 4' 37"|
|3||Luca Gelfi (ITA)||Del Tongo||+ 27' 49"|
|4||Jos van Aert (NED)||Hitachi||+ 31' 00"|
|5||Jure Pavlič (YUG)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 39' 24"|
|6||John Carlsen (DEN)||Fagor||+ 45' 00"|
|7||Sergei Uslamin (URS)||Alfa Lum||+ 46' 38"|
|8||Sergei Sukhorutchenko (URS)||Alfa Lum||+ 1h 08' 31"|
|9||Nikolai Golovatenko (URS)||Alfa Lum||+ 1h 17' 41"|
|10||Miguel Arroyo (MEX)||ADR-Agrigel-Bottechia||+ 1h 19' 58"|
Trofeo Fast Team classification
|1||Fagor||279h 59' 13"|
|2||Caja Rural||+ 13' 27"|
|3||Alfa Lum||+ 16' 11"|
|4||Seur||+ 16' 37"|
|5||Del Tongo||+ 20' 35"|
|6||Café de Colombia||+ 28' 41"|
|7||TVM||+ 29' 00"|
|8||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 37' 47"|
|9||Malvor||+ 39' 08"|
|10||Chateau d'Ax||+ 39' 57"|
- "Gira il Giro" [Turn the Tour] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 21 May 1989. p. 47. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Un Giro d'Italia per gli scalatori" [A Tour of Italy for climbers] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 21 January 1989. p. 30. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Gian Paolo Ormezzano (22 January 1989). "Un Giro che fara soffrire" [A tour that will do suffer] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). p. 21. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "El Giro-89 Tambien Pidio Paso" [The Giro-89 also requested paso] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 22 January 1989. p. 51. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Giro 89: Una Tentacion Para Los Escaladores" [Giro 89: A Temptation For Climbers] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 23 January 1989. p. 64. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "A Golpe de Fignon" [A Fignon Coup] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 12 June 1989. p. 72. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.