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Events from the year 1989 in Canada.
- January 1: The Canadian-American Free Trade Agreement comes into effect.
- January 21: Brian Peckford announces his resignation from politics, giving the party 2 months to find a replacement as party leader and premier.
- January 30: Prime Minister Brian Mulroney shuffles his cabinet, appointing 6 new ministers and reassigning the responsibilities of 19 others.
- February 10: President of the United States George H. W. Bush Prime Minister Mulroney in Ottawa, laying the groundwork for the Acid Rain Treaty of 1991.
- February 20: In the Yukon Territory, the ruling New Democrats narrowly maintain control of the Yukon Legislative Assembly, winning 9 seats vs. the Progressive Conservative Party's 7.
- March 1: The Canadian Space Agency is created.
- March 10: An Air Ontario flight crashes near Dryden, Ontario killing 24
- March 13: 2:44 AM ET: A solar coronal mass ejection causes a blackout across all of Quebec, as it hits the Hydro-Québec power grid, affecting 6 million people for more than 9 hours.
- March 13: Deborah Grey wins a by-election to become the first Reform Party Member of Parliament.
- March 20: Alberta election: Don Getty's PCs win a sixth consecutive majority.
- March 22: Thomas Rideout becomes premier of Newfoundland, replacing Brian Peckford.
- April 20: The Liberal Party of Newfoundland, led by Clyde Wells, wins the Newfoundland general election.
- May 3: John Turner resigns as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada.
- May 5: Clyde Wells becomes premier of Newfoundland, defeating Thomas Rideout in a general election.
- May 25: The Calgary Flames defeat the Montreal Canadiens to win the 1989 Stanley Cup Finals.
- May 29: The Liberal Party of Prince Edward Island, led by Joe Ghiz, remains in power following the Prince Edward Island general election.
- June 3: The SkyDome (now known as Rogers Centre) is opened in Toronto.
- June 5: The federal government announces sweeping cuts to Via Rail
- July 31: Cable television network CBC Newsworld is launched.
- August 2: Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs Bernard Valcourt resigns after he is convicted of drunk driving.
- September 1: French cable sports network, RDS, signs on.
- September 25: In the Quebec general election, the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Robert Bourassa, is reelected with a large Liberal majority.
- October 6: Prime Minister Mulroney nominates Ray Hnatyshyn to succeed Jeanne Sauvé as Governor General of Canada.
- October 8: The Cormier Village hayride accident kills 13 people and injures 45.
- October 15 – Wayne Gretzky becomes the leading scorer in the history of the National Hockey League.
- December 2: Audrey McLaughlin is elected head of the NDP replacing Ed Broadbent becoming the first female major party leader in Canadian history
- December 6: École Polytechnique Massacre: Marc Lépine murders fourteen women at the École Polytechnique of the Université de Montréal in Montreal, Quebec. The event proves a spur to both the Canadian feminist and gun control movements.
- December 21: Quebec uses the notwithstanding clause for the first time.
- December 31: All rail service is terminated in Prince Edward Island after CN Rail abandons its historic rail lines in the province.
Full date unknown
Arts and literature
January to June
- January 20 - Beatrice Lillie, comic actress (b.1894)
- January 22 - Farquhar Oliver, politician (b.1904)
- January 31 - William Stephenson, soldier, airman, businessperson, inventor and spymaster (b.1897)
- February 9 - Ken Adachi, writer and literary critic (b.1929)
- May 14 - Joe Primeau, ice hockey player (b.1906)
- May 14 - E. P. Taylor, business tycoon and race horse breeder (b.1901)
- June 14 - Louis-Philippe-Antoine Bélanger, politician (b.1907)
- June 26 - Howard Charles Green, politician and Minister (b.1895)
July to December
- July 3 - Peter Fox, politician (b.1921)
- July 13 - Samuel Boulanger, politician (b.1909)
- August 10 - George Ignatieff, diplomat (b.1913)
- November 11 - Kenneth MacLean Glazier, Sr., minister and librarian (b.1912)
- September 12 - Elyse Hopfner-Hibbs, gymnast
- November 13 - Victor Davis, swimmer, Olympic gold medalist and World Champion (b.1964)
- November 15 - George Manuel, Aboriginal leader (b.1921)
- November 29 - Nancy Bell, senator (b.1924)
- December 6 - Marc Lépine, murderer responsible for the École Polytechnique massacre (b.1964)
- December 26 - Doug Harvey, ice hockey player (b.1924)
- December 26 - Maryon Pearson, wife of Lester B. Pearson, 14th Prime Minister of Canada (b.1901)
- ^ "Space Weather Blackout - Massive Power Grid Failure". NBC Washington Weathernet. 2010-08-04. Archived from the original on 14 August 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- ^ "Elected in By-Elections". parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-03-04.