198 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 3rd century BC2nd century BC1st century BC
Decades: 220s BC  210s BC  200s BC  – 190s BC –  180s BC  170s BC  160s BC
Years: 201 BC 200 BC 199 BC198 BC197 BC 196 BC 195 BC
198 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 198 BC
Ab urbe condita 556
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4553
Bahá'í calendar −2041 – −2040
Bengali calendar −790
Berber calendar 753
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 347
Burmese calendar −835
Byzantine calendar 5311–5312
Chinese calendar 壬寅(Water Tiger)
2499 or 2439
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
2500 or 2440
Coptic calendar −481 – −480
Discordian calendar 969
Ethiopian calendar −205 – −204
Hebrew calendar 3563–3564
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −141 – −140
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2904–2905
Holocene calendar 9803
Igbo calendar −1197 – −1196
Iranian calendar 819 BP – 818 BP
Islamic calendar 844 BH – 843 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2136
Minguo calendar 2109 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 346

Year 198 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Catus and Flamininus (or, less frequently, year 556 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 198 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • The Battle of Panium is fought between Seleucid forces led by Antiochus III and Ptolemaic forces led by Scopas of Aetolia. The Seleucids win the battle which allows Antiochus III to obtain entire possession of Palestine and Coele-Syria from King Ptolemy V of Egypt. Though the Romans send ambassadors to Ptolemy V, they are unable to lend him any serious assistance against Antiochus III.
  • In the resulting peace, Antiochus III agrees to give his daughter Cleopatra in marriage to Ptolemy V.


  • Following the defeat of the Han at the hands of the Xiongnu at Baideng in 200 BC, courtier Liu Jing (劉敬) is dispatched by Han emperor Gaozu for negotiations. The peace settlement eventually reached between the parties includes a Han princess given in marriage to the chanyu (called heqin 和親 or "harmonious kinship"); periodic tribute of silk, liquor and rice to the Xiongnu; equal status between the states; and the Great Wall as mutual border. This treaty sets the pattern for relations between the Han and the Xiongnu for some sixty years.