1990–98 Indonesian military operations in Aceh

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1990-98 Indonesian military operations in Aceh
Part of the Insurgency in Aceh (1976–2005)
IndonesiaAceh.png
Location of Aceh in Indonesia
Location Aceh, Indonesia
Belligerents
 Indonesia Free Aceh Movement
Commanders and leaders
Indonesia Suharto Hasan di Tiro

The 1990–98 Indonesian military operations in Aceh also known as Operation Red Net (Indonesian: Operasi Jaring Merah) or "Military Operation Area" (Indonesian: Daerah Operasi Militer/DOM) was launched in early 1990s until August 22, 1998 against the separatist movement of Free Aceh Movement (GAM) in Aceh. During that period, the Indonesian army practised large-scale and systematic human rights abuses against the Acehnese.[1] The war was characterised as the dirtiest war in Indonesia involving arbitrary executions, kidnapping, torture and disappearances, and the torching of villages.[2] Amnesty International called the military operations response as a "shock therapy" for GAM.[3] Villages that were suspected of harboring GAM operatives were burnt down and family members of suspected militants were kidnapped and tortured.[3] It is estimated more than 300 women and children were raped[4] and between 9.000 (9,000) and 12.000 (12,000) people, mostly civilians, were killed between 1989 and 1998 in the operation.[5]

Background[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rizal Sukma (26 February 2004). Security operations in Aceh: goals, consequences, and lessons. East-West Center Washington. ISBN 978-1-932728-04-0. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Harriet Martin (15 August 2006). Kings of Peace Pawns of War: The Untold Story of Peacemaking. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-9057-5. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Amnesty International report (27 July 1993). "INDONESIA: "SHOCK THERAPY": RESTORING ORDER IN ACEH 1989-1993". Amnesty International. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  4. ^ "Acheh | Timeline; An Achenese Chronology". 
  5. ^ "Conflict and Peacemaking in Aceh: A Chronology | Worldwatch Institute". 

External links[edit]