1990 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||May 18 — June 6|
|Stages||Prol. + 19|
|Distance||3,450 km (2,144 mi)|
|Winning time||91h 51' 06" (37.609 km/h or 23.369 mph)|
|Winner||Gianni Bugno (ITA)||(Château d'Ax-Salotti)|
|Second||Charly Mottet (FRA)||(RMO)|
|Third||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||(Seur)|
|Points||Gianni Bugno (ITA)||(Château d'Ax-Salotti)|
|Mountains||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||(Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)|
|Youth||Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)||(Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori)|
|Intergiro||Phil Anderson (AUS)||(TVM)|
The 1990 Giro d'Italia was the 73rd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Bari on May 18 with a 13 km (8.1 mi) individual time trial. The race came to a close with a mass-start stage that began and ended in Milan on June 6. Twenty-two teams entered the race, which was won by the Italian Gianni Bugno of the Château d'Ax-Salotti team. Second and third respectively were the Frenchman Charly Mottet and the Italian rider, Marco Giovannetti. Bugno held the maglia rosa from the first to the last stage (before him, only Girardengo in 1919, Binda in 1927 and Merckx in 1973 achieved the same).
In addition to the general classification, Gianni Bugno also won the points classification. In the race's other classifications, Vladimir Poulnikov of the Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori team completed the Giro as the best neo-professional in the general classification, finishing in fourth place overall; Carrera Jeans-Vagabond rider Claudio Chiappucci won the mountains classification, and TVM rider Phil Anderson won the intergiro classification. ONCE finished as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team classification, ranking each of the twenty-two teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.
Twenty-two teams were invited by the race organizers to participate in the 1990 edition of the Giro d'Italia, ten of which were based outside of Italy. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 198 cyclists. From the riders that began the race, 163 made it to the finish in Milan.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stages
The route for the 1990 edition of the Giro d'Italia was revealed to the public on television by head organizer Vincenzo Torriani on 16 December 1989 in Milan. It contained three time trial events, all of which were individual. There were eleven stages containing categorized climbs, of which four had summit finishes: stage 3, to Mount Vesuvius; stage 7, to Vallombrosa; stage 16, to Passo Pordoi; and stage 17, to Aprica. Another stage with a mountain-top finish was stage 19, which consisted of a climbing time trial to Sacro Monte di Varese. The organizers chose to not include any rest days. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 336 km 32 km (20 mi) longer, contained the same amount of rest days, and one less individual time trial. In addition, this race contained the same number of half stages, one, as the year before.
|1||18 May||Bari to Bari||13 km (8 mi)||Individual time trial||Gianni Bugno (ITA)|
|2||19 May||Bari to Sala Consilina||239 km (149 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)|
|3||20 May||Sala Consilina to Mount Vesuvius||190 km (118 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eduardo Chozas (ESP)|
|4a||21 May||Ercolano to Nola||31 km (19 mi)||Plain stage||Stefano Allocchio (ITA)|
|4b||Nola to Sora||164 km (102 mi)||Plain stage||Phil Anderson (AUS)|
|5||22 May||Sora to Teramo||233 km (145 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Fabrizio Convalle (ITA)|
|6||23 May||Teramo to Fabriano||200 km (124 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luca Gelfi (ITA)|
|7||24 May||Fabriano to Vallombrosa||197 km (122 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Gianni Bugno (ITA)|
|8||25 May||Reggello to Marina di Pietrasanta||188 km (117 mi)||Plain stage||Stefano Allocchio (ITA)|
|9||26 May||La Spezia to Langhirano||176 km (109 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)|
|10||27 May||Grinzane Cavour to Cuneo||68 km (42 mi)||Individual time trial||Luca Gelfi (ITA)|
|11||28 May||Cuneo to Lodi||241 km (150 mi)||Plain stage||Adriano Baffi (ITA)|
|12||29 May||Brescia to Baselga di Pinè||193 km (120 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Éric Boyer (FRA)|
|13||30 May||Baselga di Pinè to Udine||224 km (139 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|14||31 May||Klagenfurt (Austria) to Klagenfurt (Austria)||164 km (102 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Alan Peiper (AUS)|
|15||1 June||Velden am Wörther See (Austria) to Dobbiaco||226 km (140 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Éric Boyer (FRA)|
|16||2 June||Dobbiaco to Passo Pordoi||171 km (106 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Charly Mottet (FRA)|
|17||3 June||Moena to Aprica||223 km (139 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Leonardo Sierra (VEN)|
|18||4 June||Aprica to Gallarate||180 km (112 mi)||Plain stage||Adriano Baffi (ITA)|
|19||5 June||Gallarate to Sacro Monte di Varese||39 km (24 mi)||Individual time trial||Gianni Bugno (ITA)|
|20||6 June||Milan to Milan||90 km (56 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|Total||3,450 km (2,144 mi)|
Five different jerseys were worn during the 1990 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs. The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo Pordoi. It was crossed twice by the riders, for the first climbing of the mountain, Italian Maurizio Vandelli was the first over the climb, while Charly Mottet was first over the second passing. The white jersey was worn by the leader of young rider classification, a ranking decided the same way as the general classification, but considering only neo-professional cyclists (in their first three years of professional racing).
The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey. The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey. Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
||Young rider classification
||Trofeo Fast Team|
|1||Gianni Bugno||Gianni Bugno||Gianni Bugno||?||Joachim Halupczok||?||Diana-Colnago-Animex|
|2||Giovanni Fidanza||Giovanni Fidanza||Castorama|
|3||Eduardo Chozas||Gianni Bugno||Daniel Steiger|
|4a||Stefano Allocchio||Giovanni Fidanza|
|5||Fabrizio Convalle||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond|
|7||Gianni Bugno||Gianni Bugno|
|8||Stefano Allocchio||Giovanni Fidanza|
|9||Vladimir Poulnikov||Joachim Halupczok|
|10||Luca Gelfi||Gianni Bugno||Diana-Colnago-Animex|
|11||Adriano Baffi||Phil Anderson|
|12||Éric Boyer||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond|
|16||Charly Mottet||Vladimir Poulnikov||ONCE|
|17||Leonardo Sierra||Gianni Bugno|
|18||Adriano Baffi||Phil Anderson|
|19||Gianni Bugno||Gianni Bugno|
|Final||Gianni Bugno||Gianni Bugno||Claudio Chiappucci||Vladimir Poulnikov||Phil Anderson||ONCE|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification|
|1||Gianni Bugno (ITA)||Château d'Ax-Salotti||91h 51' 04"|
|2||Charly Mottet (FRA)||RMO||+ 6' 33"|
|3||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Seur||+ 9' 01"|
|4||Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)||Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori||+ 12' 19"|
|5||Federico Echave (ESP)||CLAS-Cajastur||+ 12' 25"|
|6||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||Del Tongo-Rex||+ 12' 36"|
|7||Marino Lejarreta (ESP)||ONCE||+ 14' 31"|
|8||Piotr Ugrumov (URS)||Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori||+ 17' 02"|
|9||Massimiliano Lelli (ITA)||Ariostea||+ 17' 14"|
|10||Leonardo Sierra (VEN)||Selle Italia-Eurocar||+ 19' 12"|
|1||Gianni Bugno (ITA)||Château d'Ax-Salotti||195|
|2||Phil Anderson (AUS)||TVM||176|
|Mario Cipollini (ITA)||Del Tongo-Rex|
|4||Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)||Château d'Ax-Salotti||167|
|5||Adriano Baffi (ITA)||Ariostea||118|
Young rider classification
|1||Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)||Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori||92h 03' 27"|
|2||Piotr Ugrumov (URS)||Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori||+ 4' 43"|
|3||Massimiliano Lelli (ITA)||Ariostea||+ 4' 55"|
|4||Leonardo Sierra (VEN)||Selle Italia-Eurocar||+ 6' 53"|
|5||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 18' 10"|
|1||Phil Anderson (AUS)||TVM||47h 56' 08"|
|2||Massimo Ghirotto (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 39"|
|3||Luca Gelfi (ITA)||Del Tongo-Rex||+ 3' 33"|
|4||Werner Stutz (SUI)||Frank||+ 4' 22"|
|5||Gianni Bugno (ITA)||Château d'Ax-Salotti||+ 5' 08"|
|1||ONCE||276h 33' 04"|
|2||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 3' 57"|
|3||Del Tongo-Rex||+ 7' 39"|
|4||Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori||+ 16' 48"|
|5||Ariostea||+ 28' 54"|
- "El corazón en un "Bugno"" [The heart in "Bugno"] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 7 June 1990. p. 48. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Curzio Maltese (17 December 1989). "Un Giro mundial-dipendente" [A tour mundial-dependent] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). p. 23. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Gianni Pignata (16 December 1989). "Una <<crono>> da Alba a Cuneo forse deciderá il Giro d'Italia" [A time trial from Alba in Cuneo perhaps will decide the Tour of Italy] (PDF). Stampa Sera (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). p. 25. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La Montaña Presidira El Giro 90" [Mountain's preside in the '90 Giro] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 17 December 1989. p. 51. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La etapa de hoy" [Today's Stage] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 20 May 1990. p. 48. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La etapa de hoy" [Today's Stage] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 24 May 1990. p. 38. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La etapa de hoy" [Today's Stage] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 2 June 1990. p. 39. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La etapa de hoy" [Today's Stage] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 3 June 1990. p. 41. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La etapa de hoy" [Today's Stage] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 5 June 1990. p. 44. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "I resultati del Giro del '90" [The Results of the '90 Tour] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian) (PCI). 24 May 1991. p. 36. Archived from the original on 22 March 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2012.