1990 Tour de France

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1990 Tour de France
Map of France with the route of the 1990 Tour de France
Route of the 1990 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 30 June–22 July 1990
Stages 21+Prologue
Distance 3,403.8 km (2,115 mi)
Winning time 87h 38' 35" (38.621 km/h or 23.998 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Greg LeMond (USA) (Z-Tomasso)
Second  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) (Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)
Third  Erik Breukink (NED) (PDM-Concorde)

Points  Olaf Ludwig (GER) (Panasonic-Sportlife)
Mountains  Thierry Claveyrolat (FRA) (RMO)
Youth  Gilles Delion (FRA) (Helvetia-La Suisse)
Team Z-Tomasso
1989
1991

The 1990 Tour de France was the 77th Tour de France, taking place June 30 to July 22, 1990. The total race distance was 21 stages over 3404 km, with riders averaging 38.62 km/h.[1] American Greg LeMond repeated his 1989 victory in the overall competition, becoming a three-time winner despite not winning an individual stage, something which as of 2013 has happened only once again, in 2006. The surprise of the Tour was Claudio Chiappucci, who won ten minutes in the first stage, and was still leading the race two days before the end.

The points classification was won by Olaf Ludwig, while the mountains classification was won by Thierry Claveyrolat.

Differences from the 1989 Tour de France[edit]

The 1989 Tour de France included the Combination classification and the Intermediate sprints classification. The 1990 Tour, however, did not feature these classifications.

Participants[edit]

The 1990 Tour started with 198 cyclists, divided into 22 teams of 9 cyclists:[2] Sixteen teams qualified based on the FICP team ranking,[3] while six teams were given wildcards.[4]

dagger: wildcard teams.

The Alfa Lum team was made out of Soviet cyclists.[5]

The winner of the previous year, Greg LeMond, had for the first time in his career the full support of his team mates Z-Tomasso, however he did not have a great pre-season, being overweight and suffering from mononucleosis.[5] LeMond had won the 1989 UCI Road World Championships, but had not won any race since.[6]

The organising newspaper L'Équipe was expecting a close battle between LeMond and Laurent Fignon, who had finished in second place in 1989, only eight seconds behind LeMond.[6]

Pedro Delgado, the winner of 1988, was part of the strong Banesto team, with Miguel Indurain to help him in the mountains. The fourth favourite was Erik Breukink.[6]

Stages[edit]

The 1990 Tour de France started on 30 June, and had two rest days. On the first rest day, the cyclists were transferred from Rouen to Strasbourg, on the second rest day the cyclists were in Villard-de-Lans.[7]

Stage results[2][8]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
P 30 June Futuroscope Individual time trial 6.3 km (3.9 mi)  Thierry Marie (FRA)
1 1 July FuturoscopeFuturoscope Plain stage 138.5 km (86.1 mi)  Frans Maassen (NED)
2 1 July FuturoscopeFuturoscope Team time trial 44.5 km (27.7 mi) Panasonic
3 2 July PoitiersNantes Plain stage 233.0 km (144.8 mi)  Moreno Argentin (ITA)
4 3 July NantesMont Saint-Michel Plain stage 203.0 km (126.1 mi)  Johan Museeuw (BEL)
5 4 July AvranchesRouen Plain stage 301.0 km (187.0 mi)  Gerrit Solleveld (NED)
6 6 July SarrebourgVittel Plain stage 202.5 km (125.8 mi)  Jelle Nijdam (NED)
7 7 July VittelÉpinal Individual time trial 61.5 km (38.2 mi)  Raúl Alcalá (MEX)
8 8 July ÉpinalBesançon Plain stage 181.5 km (112.8 mi)  Olaf Ludwig (GER)
9 9 July BesançonGeneva Hilly stage 196.0 km (121.8 mi)  Massimo Ghirotto (ITA)
10 10 July GenevaSaint-Gervais Stage with mountain(s) 118.5 km (73.6 mi)  Thierry Claveyrolat (FRA)
11 11 July Saint-GervaisAlpe d'Huez Stage with mountain(s) 182.5 km (113.4 mi)  Gianni Bugno (ITA)
12 12 July FontaineVillard-de-Lans Individual time trial 33.5 km (20.8 mi)  Erik Breukink (NED)
13 14 July Villard-de-LansSaint-Étienne Hilly stage 149.0 km (92.6 mi)  Eduardo Chozas (ESP)
14 15 July Le Puy-en-VelayMillau Hilly stage 205.0 km (127.4 mi)  Marino Lejarreta (ESP)
15 16 July MillauRevel Plain stage 170.0 km (105.6 mi)  Charly Mottet (FRA)
16 17 July BlagnacLuz Ardiden Stage with mountain(s) 215.0 km (133.6 mi)  Miguel Indurain (ESP)
17 18 July LourdesPau Stage with mountain(s) 150.0 km (93.2 mi)  Dmitri Konychev (URS)
18 19 July PauBordeaux Plain stage 202.0 km (125.5 mi)  Gianni Bugno (ITA)
19 20 July Castillon-la-BatailleLimoges Plain stage 182.5 km (113.4 mi)  Guido Bontempi (ITA)
20 21 July Lac de VassivièreLac de Vassivière Individual time trial 45.5 km (28.3 mi)  Erik Breukink (NED)
21 22 July Brétigny-sur-OrgeParis (Champs-Élysées) Plain stage 182.5 km (113.4 mi)  Johan Museeuw (BEL)

Race details[edit]

In the prologue, LeMond showed that he was in good shape by finishing second, behind specialist Thierry Marie.[5] The first and the second stage were run on the same day, the second stage in the team time trial format. Most cyclists wanted to save energy in the first stage, and Steve Bauer saw this as an opportunity to escape and win enough time to lead the general classification, as he had done in 1988. Similarly, Claudio Chiappucci, who had won the mountains classification in the Giro d'Italia earlier that year, saw it as an opportunity to gain points for the mountains classification, so he could wear the polka-dot jersey as leader for this classification for a few stages, and enjoy the accompanied publicity.[6]

Chiappucci and Bauer escaped early in the stage, and were joined by Ronan Pensec and Frans Maassen. The rest of the peloton allowed them to stay away, so the group finished more than ten minutes ahead of the other cyclists. These four were not considered real favourites for the overall victory, although Bauer and Pensec had already finished in the top ten of the Tour before. Maassen won the stage, and Bauer became the leader of the general classification.[5]

In the next few stages, the four men in the breakaway remained on top of the general classification. In the fourth stage, Robert Millar crashed, and lost nine minutes, putting him out of contention for the overall victory.[5]

The time trial of stage 7 was won by Raul Alcala, with Miguel Indurain in second place. The four men from the breakaway all finished in the top 25, and were still minutes ahead of the rest in the general classification.[5]

In stage ten in the Alps, Thierry Claveyrolat escaped to win points for the mountains classification, and stayed away to the finish, to win the stage. Behind him, Pensec and Chiappucci finished together with the big names, while Bauer and Maassen lost some time. Pensec became the new leader of the general classification.[5]

The eleventh stage was also in the Alps, and the big favourites showed themselves. Bugno won the stage before LeMond and Breukink, but Pensec was only 48 seconds behind, and Chiappucci 86 seconds. Bauer and Maassen lost more than 20 minutes, so after this stage Pensec was leading the general classification, almost one and a half minute before Chiappucci, with LeMond in third place, still more than nine minutes behind.[5]

This was followed by an individual time trial in stage twelve. Pensec could not set a good time, but Chiappucci finished in eighth place, and became the new leader. The winner of the time trial, Breukink, jumped to third place, seven minutes behind Chiappucci, with LeMond now in fourth place, at seven and a half minutes.[5]

In the thirteenth stage, Pensec escaped early in the stage, forcing Chiappucci's team to chase him. When they had finally caught him, LeMond attacked, with Breukink and Delgado following him.[6] Chiappucci's team mates could not help him anymore, Chiappucci was not helped by other teams, and lost almost five minutes. He was still leading the general classification, but now only with a margin of two minutes on Breukink.[5]

Chiappucci understood that he had a chance to win the Tour, but that he would have to show something special. In the sixteenth stage, he escaped, hoping to win time on LeMond and Breukink. Breukink had a bad day, and lost considerable time,[6] but LeMond was able to get back to Chiappucci just before the final climb. At that climb, LeMond left Chiappucci behind. The stage was won by Indurain with LeMond in second place. In the general classification, Chiappucci kept a slim lead of five seconds on LeMond, but a time trial still due, which was LeMond's specialty.[5]

Cyclist wearing a yellow jersey
Greg LeMond in the final stage, leading the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.

In the seventeenth stage, LeMond punctured. Chiappucci and his team mates then increased their speeds (breaking the unwritten rules of not attacking when others have mechanical failures). Some of LeMond's team mates were in a break-away, and they were ordered to wait for LeMond so they could help him. They were not allowed to turn around and ride towards LeMond, so they had to wait for seven minutes until LeMond was with them. The worked together and were able to get LeMond back to Chiappucci, but LeMond was angry at Chiappucci's tactics.[6] The stage was won by Dimitri Konyshev, the first Soviet rider to win a Tour de France stage.[9]

In the last time trial in stage twenty, Breukink won, and as expected LeMond gained enough time on Chiappucci to win the Tour.[5]

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification Team classification
Combativity classification
P Thierry Marie Thierry Marie Thierry Marie no award Viatcheslav Ekimov PDM-Concorde no award
1 Frans Maassen Steve Bauer Frans Maassen Claudio Chiappucci Buckler-Colnago-Decca Steve Bauer
2 PDM-Concorde Z-Tomasso
3 Moreno Argentin Olaf Ludwig Moreno Argentin
4 Johan Museeuw Sören Lilholt
5 Gerrit Solleveld Buckler-Colnago-Decca Gerrit Solleveld
6 Jelle Nijdam Dimitri Konychev Sören Lilholt
7 Raúl Alcalá
8 Olaf Ludwig Michel Vermote
9 Massimo Ghirotto
10 Thierry Claveyrolat Ronan Pensec Thierry Claveyrolat Gilles Delion Z-Tomasso
11 Gianni Bugno Thierry Claveyrolat
12 Erik Breukink Claudio Chiappucci
13 Eduardo Chozas
14 Marino Lejarreta
15 Charly Mottet Eduardo Chozas
16 Miguel Indurain
17 Dmitri Konychev
18 Gianni Bugno
19 Guido Bontempi
20 Erik Breukink Greg LeMond
21 Johan Museeuw
Final Greg LeMond Olaf Ludwig Thierry Claveyrolat Gilles Delion Z-Tomasso Eduardo Chozas

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1990 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[10]

The points classification was calculated in another way: the first cyclists to finish in a stage received points, based on their rank and the type of stage. All stages (except time trials) also had one or more intermediate sprints, where some points could be won. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[10]

Additionally, there was the mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs into categories; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[10]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[10] The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[11]

There was also the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1966 were eligible.

For the combativity classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Greg LeMond (USA) Z 90h 43' 20"
2  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Vagabond +2' 16"
3  Erik Breukink (NED) PDM +2' 29"
4  Pedro Delgado (ESP) Banesto +5' 01"
5  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) ONCE +5' 05"
6  Eduardo Chozas (ESP) ONCE +9' 14"
7  Gianni Bugno (ITA) Chateau d'Ax +9' 39"
8  Raúl Alcalá (MEX) PDM +11' 14"
9  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Lotto-Superclub +12' 04"
10  Miguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto +12' 47"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[12]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Olaf Ludwig (GER) Panasonic 256
2  Johan Museeuw (BEL) Lotto-Superclub 221
3  Erik Breukink (NED) PDM 118
4  Jean-Claude Colotti (FRA) RMO-Mavic-Liberia 117
5  Sean Kelly (IRE) PDM 116
6  Greg LeMond (USA) Z 108
7  Giovanni Fidanza (ITA) Chateau d'Ax 108
8  Adriano Baffi (ITA) Ariostea 107
9  Adrie van der Poel (NED) Weinmann-SMM-Uster 105
10  Davis Phinney (USA) Seven-Eleven-Hoonved 87

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[12]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Thierry Claveyrolat (FRA) RMO-Mavic-Liberia 321
2  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 179
3  Roberto Conti (ITA) Ariostea 160
4  Miguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto 153
5  Greg LeMond (USA) Z 135
6  Johan Bruyneel (BEL) Lotto-Superclub 124
7  Dmitri Konychev (URS) Alfa Lum 118
8  Reynel Montoya (COL) Ryalco-Postobón 105
9  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) ONCE 94
10  Eduardo Chozas (ESP) ONCE 90

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[12]
Rank Team Time
1 Z 272h 21' 21"
2 ONCE +16"
3 Banesto +23' 44"
4 PDM +33' 05"
5 RMO +56' 31"
6 Ryalco-Postobón +1h 09' 36"
7 Lotto-Superclub +1h 15' 09"
8 Castorama-Raleigh +1h 43' 47"
9 7-Eleven-Hoonved +1h 48' 31"
10 Helvetia-La Suisse +2h 02' 30"

Young rider classification[edit]

Young rider classification (1–10)[12]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Gilles Delion (FRA) Helvetia 91h 00' 17"
2  Pascal Lino (FRA) RMO-Mavic-Liberia +13' 41"
3  Dmitri Konychev (URS) Alfa Lum +14' 14"
4  Miguel Angel Martinez (ESP) ONCE +21' 42"
5  Alvaro Mejia (COL) Ryalco-Postobón +48' 07"
6  Viatcheslav Ekimov (URS) Panasonic +57' 35"
7  Gerrit de Vries (NED) Buckler +1h 06' 57"
8  Luc Leblanc (FRA) Castorama-Raleigh +1h 14' 16"
9  Roberto Gusmeroli (ITA) Chateau d'Ax +1h 16' 10"
10  Melchor Mauri (ESP) ONCE +1h 16' 43"

Combativity classification[edit]

Final combativity classification (1–6)[12]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Eduardo Chozas (ESP) ONCE 37
2  Thierry Claveyrolat (FRA) RMO-Mavic-Liberia 30
3  Dmitri Konychev (URS) Alfa Lum 27
4  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Vagabond 24
5  Jean-Claude Colotti (FRA) RMO-Mavic-Liberia 23
6  Charly Mottet (FRA) RMO-Mavic-Liberia 22
7  Michel Vermote (BEL) RMO-Mavic-Liberia 21
8  Greg LeMond (USA) Z 19
9  Søren Lilholt (DEN) Histor-Sigma 19
10  Phil Anderson (AUS) TVM-Yoko 17

References[edit]

  1. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "77ème Tour de France 1990" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Trois équipes" (in French). Le soir. 18 May 1990. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Ploeg Priem naar de Tour". Leidsche Courant (in Dutch) (Regionaal Archief Leiden). 14 June 1990. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2008). The Story of the Tour de France: 1965-2007. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 191–197. ISBN 1-59858-608-4. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Birnie, Lionel. "Classic races: 1990 Tour de France". Cyclesport. IPC Media. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  7. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 4" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  8. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 15 Aug 2011. 
  9. ^ "TOUR DE FRANCE : LeMond Has Flat as Konyshev Wins 17th Stage". Los Angeles Times. July 18, 1990. 
  10. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  11. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c d e McGann, Bill. "1990 Tour de France". Bike race info. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 

External links[edit]