1990 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1990.

Fungi[edit]

newly named[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Coprinites[2]

Valid

  • Poinar
  • Singer

Burdigalian (Miocene)

 Dominican Republic

first mushroom genus described from the fossil record

Actinopterygii ("Ray-finned Fish")[edit]

Newly named taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Veronavelifer Valid
  • Bannikov
Eocene Monte Bolca  Italy

Dinosaurs[edit]

  • All Anatosaurus species except A. copei were moved to the previously existing genus Edmontosaurus by Brett-Surman
  • "Seismosaurus" gastroliths documented.[3]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Agilisaurus[6] Valid taxon
  • Peng G.
Anatotitan[7] Valid taxon formerly called Anatosaurus copei

Brett-Surman vide:

  • Chapman
Bellusaurus[8] Valid taxon
Breviceratops[9] Valid taxon
  • Kurzanov
"Capitalsaurus" Nomen nudum
  • Kranz
Drinker[10] Valid taxon
  • Siegwarth
  • Filla
Emausaurus[11] Valid taxon
  • Haubold
Epachthosaurus[12] Valid taxon
"Futabasaurus" Nomen nudum; later applied to a plesiosaur.
Hadrosauravus"[13] Nomen nudum
Hisanohamasaurus[13] Nomen nudum
Katsuyamasaurus"[13] Nomen nudum
"Kitadanisaurus"[13] Nomen nudum
"Madsenius"[13] Nomen nudum
Monkonosaurus[14] Valid taxon
"Ricardoestesia" Name accidentally invalidated and replaced with misspelling.
  • R.E. Sloan
Sugiyamasaurus"[13] Nomen nudum
Yimenosaurus[15] Valid taxon

Bai vide:

  • Bai
  • Yang J.
  • Wang G.H.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

'

Valid

'

Valid

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Poinar, G.; Singer, R. (1990). "Upper Eocene gilled mushroom from the Dominican Republic". Science 248 (4959): 1099–1101. doi:10.1126/science.248.4959.1099. PMID 17733372. 
  3. ^ Gillette, D. (1990). Sanders, Manley, and Carpenter (2001), "Table 12.1" page 167.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ Peng, G-Z. 1990. A new small ornithopod (Agilisaurus louderbacki gen et sp. nov.) from Zigong, Sichuan, China. Zigong Dinosaur Museum Newsletter 2: pp. 19 - 27.
  7. ^ Brett-Surman vide Chapman, R.E., and M.K. Brett- Surman. 1990. Morphometric observations on hadrosaurid dinosaurs (Chapter 12). In: Dinosaurs Systematics: Perspectives and Approaches (K. Carpenter. and P.J. Currie, P.J., eds.). Cambridge University Press, New York: pp. 163- 177.
  8. ^ Dong, Z. 1990. Sauropoda from the Kelameili Region of the Junggar Basin, Xinjiang Autonomous Region. (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica) Vertebrata PalAsiatica 28 (1 - January): pp. 43-58.
  9. ^ Kurzanov, S.M. 1991. A new Late Cretaceous protoceratopsid genus from Mongolia. Paleontological Journal 1990: pp. 85-91.
  10. ^ Bakker, R.T., P. Galton, J. Siegwarth, and J. Filla. 1990. A new latest Jurassic vertebrate fauna, from the highest levels of the Morrison Formation at Como Bluff, Wyoming, with comments on Morrison biochronology Part IV. The dinosaurs: a new Othnielia-like hypsilophodontoid. Hunteria, 2: pp. 8-13.
  11. ^ Haubold, H. 1990. Ein neuer dinosaurier (Ornithischa, Thyreophora) aus dem unteren Jura des Hordlichen Mitteleuropa: Reviue de Paleobiologie 9 (1) : pp. 149-177.
  12. ^ Powell, J.E. 1986. Revision de los titanosauridos de America del Sur Argentina. Unpublished doctoral thesis. Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Tucuman, Argentina.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Lambert, D., and the Diagram Group. 1990. The Dinosaur Data Book. Avon Books (320 pages).
  14. ^ Zhao vide Dong, Z. 1990. Stegosaurs of Asia. In: Dinosaur systematics: approaches and perspectives (K. Carpenter and P.J. Currie, eds.). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK: pp. 255- 268.
  15. ^ Bai, Z., J. Yang, and G. Wang. 1990. A new genus of prosauropod from the Yuxi (region) of Yunnnan Province [Yunnan Yuxi yuanxijiao lei yi xin shu]. Yuxi Cultural Organization [Yuxi Wen Tuan] 1 (October 1990): pp. 14-23 + plate 1.
  • Gillette, D. (1990) Gastrolithes of a sauropod dinosaur from New Mexico. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 10 (suppl. 3): 24A
  • Sanders F, Manley K, Carpenter K. Gastroliths from the Lower Cretaceous sauropod Cedarosaurus weiskopfae. In: Tanke D.H, Carpenter K, editors. Mesozoic vertebrate life: new research inspired by the paleontology of Philip J. Currie. Indiana University Press; Bloomington, IN: 2001. pp. 166–180.