1990s in science and technology

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This page contains the scientific and technological developments of the 1990s.

Science and technology articles by decades and years
1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s - 2010s
1990 - 1991 - 1992 - 1993 - 1994
1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998 - 1999



Some technologies invented and improved during the 1990s:

Graphic representation of the WWW.



  • Digital Cameras become commercially available and become more affordable over time.
  • The popularity of CDs keep expanding.
  • The first MP3 player, the MPMan in 1998, is released.
  • DVDs become available in the US in 1997 and rapidly increase, making video cassettes obsolete.
  • Plasma flat panel televisions become commercially available later in the decade, competing against CRT televisions.
  • Full Color Flat Panel Computer monitors are released commercially to the public in the mid-to-late 1990s
  • The first HDTV broadcast airs in 1990
  • Memory cards become available
  • USB ports become popular in computers, although the USB flash drive wasn't available until 2000.
  • Netflix is launched, offering DVDs mailed straight to your home, which you could select in an online queue.
  • Web TV and digital TV becomes popular later in the decade.
  • Active matrix laptop computers become popular and easier to afford.
  • PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants) become popular in the mid-1990s with the release of the touchscreen Apple Newton in 1993, although it has a monochrome screen. Later in the late 1990s, the first full-color PDAs are released, but they consume a lot of battery life.
  • Digital Video Recorders, abbreviated as DVRs, are released in 1999.
  • Satellite TV becomes commonplace.


  • As mentioned, the World Wide Web grows rapidly since the start of it in 1991.
  • 2G (2nd generation) mobile phones are launched, which uses digital waves rather than previous analog radio waves.
  • The first touchscreen smartphone is released in 1993, with a monochrome screen.
  • The first mobile phone game, Tetris, is released.
  • Mobile phones become smaller and more affordable throughout the decade.
  • The first SMS text message was sent in 1992.
  • Video telephones are released.


  • Home consoles begin replacing trips to the arcade.
  • Online multiplayer environments are popular over the internet during the later half of the 1990s.
  • First-person shooter games become popular with the release of Doom (1993).
  • 3D graphics overtake the traditional 2D graphics in the mid-nineties with the release of Quake and Super Mario 64 in 1996.
  • Games are stored on CD-ROMS digitally rather than cartridges or floppy disks, which required more than one for each individual game.
  • The PlayStation (PS1/PSX) is released in late 1994.
  • Color handheld games become popular.


  • Advancements are made in computer graphics with computers becoming better and more affordable, as seen in movies, TV shows, and video games.
  • The first Hybrid vehicles are produced in 1997.
  • Cars are being installed with automatic doors, windows controlled with electric levers replace cranks, GPS are installed, and CD drives are put in cars.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wolszczan, A.; Frail (9 January 1992). "A planetary system around the millisecond pulsar PSR1257 + 12". Nature 355: 145–147. doi:10.1038/355145a0. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Dolly the Sheep - A Life of Dolly". Dolly The Sheep. University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "About the Human Genome Project: What is the Human Genome Project". The Human Genome Management Information System (HGMIS). 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-09-02. 
  4. ^ Quittner, Joshua (March 29, 1999). "Tim Berners Lee — Time 100 People of the Century". Time. Retrieved 17 May 2010. He wove the World Wide Web and created a mass medium for the 21st century. The World Wide Web is Berners-Lee's alone. He designed it. He loosed it on the world. And he more than anyone else has fought to keep it open, nonproprietary and free. . 
  5. ^ Berners-Lee, Tim. "Pre-W3C Web and Internet Background". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved April 21, 2009.