The republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence on June 25, 1991 during the football off-season. By the Brioni Agreement, the two republics delayed the implementation of independence until October 8. While the two countries were nominally still part of Yugoslavia, their clubs withdrew from the Yugoslav football system. Over the course of the competition, Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence on September 8, 1991 and March 5, 1992 respectively. On April 28, 1992 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was constituted by Montenegro and Serbia.
Prior to this season, the cup had borne the name Marshal Tito Cup. This was discontinued as the previous year's champion Hajduk Split had failed to return the Marshal Tito Trophy to the Football Association of Yugoslavia, which no longer had jurisdiction over the club.