1991 Daytona 500

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1991 Daytona 500
Race details
Race 1 of 29 in the 1991 NASCAR Winston Cup Series season
Daytona International Speedway.svg
Date February 17, 1991 (1991-02-17)
Location Daytona International Speedway
Course Permanent racing facility
2.5 mi (4.02336 km)
Distance 200 laps, 500 mi (804.672 km)
Weather Temperatures reaching as high as 63 °F (17 °C); wind speeds approaching 13 miles per hour (21 km/h)[1]
Average speed 148.148 miles per hour (238.421 km/h)
Pole position
Driver Davey Allison Robert Yates Racing
Qualifying race winners
Duel 1 Winner Davey Allison Robert Yates Racing
Duel 2 Winner Dale Earnhardt Richard Childress Racing
Most laps led
Driver Kyle Petty SABCO Racing
Laps 51
Winner
No. 4
Ernie Irvan
Morgan-McClure Motorsports
Television in the United States
Network CBS
Announcers Ken Squier, David Hobbs and Ned Jarrett
Nielsen Ratings 7.6/20
(10.9 million viewers)

The 1991 Daytona 500 by STP, the 33rd running of the event, was held February 17 at Daytona International Speedway. Davey Allison won the pole. In the first Gatorade 125 on Thursday, Richard Petty edged Hut Stricklin for second place, placing The King 3rd on the grid.

A notable absentee was 1972 Daytona 500 winner A. J. Foyt. Foyt was badly injured in the Texaco-Havoline 200 IndyCar race at Road America in the fall of 1990. He suffered severe injuries to his feet and legs, and spent several months out of a racecar before returning to action at Indianapolis in May 1991. Foyt missed his first Daytona 500 since 1965.

Pre-race Notes[edit]

This race was run right at the end of Operation Desert Storm, also known as the Persian Gulf War. As a sign of support to the troops, 5 cars (that were otherwise unsponsored) sported paint schemes representing the 5 branches of the U.S. Military. It was the first use of special paint schemes in NASCAR, a trend that is prevalent today.[2] The cars were technically sponsored in this race by Winston as a show of gratitude to the teams and the troops. In addition, the 5 Armed Forces cars sported the message, "We Support Our Troops" on the TV Panel. These cars were:

Pit rules[edit]

This race began a series of changes to pit road procedure after the death of a Melling Racing rear tire changer in a pit road accident at Atlanta the previous November.

  • Changing tires under caution was banned, under any circumstances. Any tire changed under caution (even if it was flat) resulted in a one lap penalty.
  • The sign board man was banned from standing in the pit lane. Instead, teams would utilize sign boards on a long pole (i.e. the "lollipop") held by a crew member behind the wall.
  • Each car was given a sticker based on their starting position. The sticker was placed on the steering wheel for easy reference. The pit stall selection was staggered to prevent drivers in neighboring stalls from pitting at the same time:
    • Cars starting in odd-numbered positions were given a blue sticker with a white 1 on it; their pit stalls were selected from the odd-numbered stalls.
    • Cars starting in even-numbered positions were given orange stickers with a white 2 on it; their pit stalls were selected from the even-numbered stalls.
  • After a restart from a caution, the pits would be closed. On the second green lap, a blue flag was waved at the entrance of pit road, allowing only the cars with the blue stickers (odd) to pit for tires. On the next time around, an orange flag would be waved, allowing the cars with orange stickers (even) to pit for tires.
  • A new pit road speed limit was implemented at all times. During cautions, a second pace car was added, which would lead the cars entering the pits, and set the speed down the pit lane.
  • Penalties were severe: a 1-lap penalty for changing tires during caution or pitting with the wrong group (blue/orange). A 15-second penalty for overshooting the pit stall, or for crew members jumping over the wall too soon.

The new pit procedures changed the complexity the race. Teams considered it too time consuming to change four tires since it had to be done under green (at the time, a four-tire pit stop would take roughly 20–25 seconds). For an example of how the rules adversely affected the racing, Kyle Petty ran the entire 500 miles on the same left side tires. Bill Elliott suffered a flat tire early on, and was forced to limp around the track at a reduced pace for two laps before he was allowed to pit, effectively eliminating him from competition.

By April, the rules were changed. At Bristol, the blue/orange procedure was used only for cautions - blue sticker cars pitting on the first lap under caution, orange sticker cars pitting on the second lap. On the restarts, blue sticker cars started on the inside and orange sticker cars on the outside. Lapped cars went to the rear. The blue/orange rule was eliminated during green flag stops. By the next week at North Wilkesboro, the blue/orange rule was scrapped. In its place, lead lap cars only were allowed to pit on the first caution, while lapped cars on the second lap.

After a few weeks, the rules were relaxed further, and eventually reverted nearly back to original regulations. The pit road speed limit, and use of the "lollipop" style sign board were the only significant changes made permanent. No longer was a second pace car used to pace the speed in the pits. Drivers would be required to gauge their own speed (by checking their RPMs) and officials enforced the infractions with a system similar to VASCAR. The rule closing pit road when the caution comes out also remained in place, as well as only permitting lead lap cars to pit on the first caution lap (lapped cars on the second).

The Start[edit]

Davey Allison led the first lap from Dale Earnhardt, who took the lead entering Turn 1. On the backstretch, Earnhardt obliterated a seagull. This adversely affected his car's water temperature, raising it at one point to 240 °F or 116 °C. It forced Earnhardt's team to make emergency repairs under one of the many early cautions in the race.

Early yellows[edit]

Sprint car champion Sammy Swindell spun on the backstretch to bring out the first yellow flag. Five laps after the restart, Rick Wilson and Greg Sacks collided in Turn 1, ending Sacks's day. Just after the restart Bill Elliott cut a tire, but had to wait for the proper lap for a pit stop. On Lap 31 Jimmy Spencer's engine blew, filling the car with smoke. A fire also erupted just after Spencer climbed out to catch his breath. Meanwhile Turn 4 was coated with oil, gathering Jeff Purvis, Jimmy Means, Phil Barkdoll, and again Sammy Swindell. Barkdoll would soon spin again in Turn 4, nearly flipping and losing his windshield.

Long Green Flag Run[edit]

The new pit rules confused the running order during the 100 laps of green flag racing. The lead changed hands many times, as Dale Earnhardt, Joe Ruttman, Davey Allison, Sterling Marlin, Rick Mast, Kyle Petty, Ernie Irvan, and Darrell Waltrip had all pitted on varying laps.

Late-race Drama[edit]

With 16 laps to go, Richard Petty and off-road racer Robby Gordon tangled on the backstretch. Polesitter and leader Davey Allison pitted with the leaders, allowing Rusty Wallace to take the lead. He was quickly shuffled off of the lead on the restart, and was touched by Kyle Petty in Turn 4. Derrike Cope, Harry Gant, Hut Stricklin, and Darrell Waltrip were also caught up in the mayhem. Leader Dale Earnhardt was passed by Ernie Irvan when the green flag returned, after which he spent several laps battling Davey Allison for 2nd. Earnhardt got loose under Allison with 2 laps to go. Allison spun towards Lake Lloyd, and Earnhardt spun into the path of Kyle Petty. Ernie Irvan coasted to the checkers to become the first Californian since Marvin Panch in 1961 to win the Daytona 500.

Results[edit]

Pos Grid Car Driver Sponsor Team Make Laps Led Status
1 2 4 Ernie Irvan Kodak Film Morgan-McClure Motorsports Chevrolet 200 29 Running
2 12 22 Sterling Marlin Maxwell House Coffee Junior Johnson & Associates Ford 200 7 Running
3 14 75 Joe Ruttman Dinner Bell Foods RahMoc Enterprises Oldsmobile 200 11 Running
4 7 1 Rick Mast Skoal Precision Products Racing Oldsmobile 200 14 Running
5 4 3 Dale Earnhardt GM Goodwrench Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 200 46 Running
6 17 21 Dale Jarrett Citgo Wood Brothers Racing Ford 199 0 Flagged
7 36 27 Bobby Hillin, Jr. Rob Moroso Memorial Moroso Racing Oldsmobile 199 0 Flagged
8 27 7 Alan Kulwicki U.S. Army AK Racing Ford 199 0 Flagged
9 9 5 Ricky Rudd Tide Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 199 0 Flagged
10 20 68 Bobby Hamilton (R) Country Time Drink Mix TriStar Motorsports Oldsmobile 199 0 Flagged\
11 28 66 Dick Trickle TropArctic Cale Yarborough Motorsports Pontiac 199 0 Flagged
12 40 23 Eddie Bierschwale Auto Finders B&B Racing Oldsmobile 199 0 Flagged
13 31 94 Terry Labonte Sunoco Hagan Racing Oldsmobile 198 0 Flagged
14 30 19 Chad Little Bull's Eye Barbecue Sauce Little Racing Ford 198 0 Flagged
15 1 28 Davey Allison Havoline Robert Yates Racing Ford 197 26 Contact BS
16 6 42 Kyle Petty Mello Yello SABCO Racing Pontiac 197 46 Contact BS
17 38 24 Mickey Gibbs U.S. Air Force Team III Racing Pontiac 197 0 Flagged
18 35 90 Robby Gordon (R) Publix Supermarkets Donlavey Racing Ford 196 0 Flagged
19 3 43 Richard Petty (W) STP Petty Enterprises Pontiac 195 0 Flagged
20 29 73 Phil Barkdoll X-1R/Metal Center Barkdoll Racing Oldsmobile 194 0 Flagged
21 18 6 Mark Martin Folger's Coffee Roush Racing Ford 193 0 Flagged
22 41 26 Brett Bodine Quaker State King Racing Buick 193 0 Flagged
23 21 89 Jim Sauter Tiki Tan/Evinrude Mueller Brothers Racing Pontiac 192 0 Flagged
24 10 17 Darrell Waltrip (W) Western Auto DarWal Inc. Chevrolet 190 13 Contact TO
25 11 33 Harry Gant Skoal Bandit Leo Jackson Motosports Oldsmobile 190 0 Contact TO
26 33 10 Derrike Cope (W) Purolator Whitcomb Racing Chevrolet 189 0 Contact TO
27 8 2 Rusty Wallace Miller Genuine Draft Penske Racing South Pontiac 188 3 Contact TO
28 15 9 Bill Elliott (W) Coors Light Melling Racing Ford 188 0 Flagged
29 5 12 Hut Stricklin Raybestos Brakes Bobby Allison Motorsports Buick 185 0 Contact TO
30 37 55 Ted Musgrave (R) Mr. Rooter U.S. Racing Pontiac 180 0 Flagged
31 24 25 Ken Schrader Kodiak Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 176 0 Flagged
32 19 11 Geoff Bodine (W) Budweiser Junior Johnson & Associates Ford 150 0 Oil leak
33 26 8 Rick Wilson Snickers Stavola Brothers Racing Buick 137 0 Flagged
34 34 15 Morgan Shepherd Motorcraft Bud Moore Engineering Ford 70 0 Piston
35 42 71 Dave Marcis U.S. Coast Guard Marcis Auto Racing Chevrolet 40 0 Valve
36 22 51 Jeff Purvis (R) Plasti-Kote Phoenix Racing Oldsmobile 37 0 Overheating
37 16 88 Buddy Baker (W) U.S. Marines Osterlund Enterprises Pontiac 35 0 Engine
38 13 30 Michael Waltrip Pennzoil Bahari Racing Pontiac 35 0 Piston
39 39 52 Jimmy Means Alka-Seltzer Means Racing Pontiac 29 0 Contact TO
40 23 98 Jimmy Spencer Banquet Frozen Foods Travis Carter Enterprises Chevrolet 29 0 Fire
41 32 20 Sammy Swindell (R) Glad Bag Moroso Racing Oldsmobile 28 0 Contact BS
42 25 18 Greg Sacks U.S. Navy Sacks Motorsports Chevrolet 20 0 Contact T2
Failed to Qualify
47 Rich Bickle Kanawha Insurance Close Racing Oldsmobile
95 Rick Jeffrey Kentucky Fried Chicken Sadler Brothers Racing Chevrolet
13 Brian Ross (R) Interstate Lumber Mansion Motorsports Buick
34 Gary Balough Allen's Associate Glass AAG Racing Chevrolet
80 Jimmy Horton Miles Concrete S&H Racing Ford
70 J. D. McDuffie Run-A-Bout McDuffie Racing Pontiac
65 Dave Madar III (R) Jasper Engines Folsom Racing Chevrolet
96 Phil Parsons Los Gatos Ferrari Italian Connection Chevrolet
69 Dorsey Schroeder (R) NAPA Auto Parts LC Racing Ford
35 Bill Venturini (R) Amoco Ultimate Venturini Racing Chevrolet
45 Philip Duffie (R) n/a Fulcher Motorsports Oldsmobile
97 Chuck Bown Kellogg's Corn Flakes Tex Racing Oldsmobile
0 Delma Cowart Carey Hilliard's Restaurant H. L. Waters Racing Ford
99 Brad Teague Traffic Engineering[disambiguation needed] Ball Motorsports Chevrolet
82 Mark Stahl Hooters Stahl Racing Ford
39 Blackie Wangerin n/a Wangerin Racing Ford
Source:[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weather of the 1991 Daytona 500". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  2. ^ Special paint schemes Cup's fashionable trend; Raygan Swan, NASCAR, April 9, 2007; Retrieved May 22, 2008
  3. ^ "1991 Daytona 500". Racing-Reference.info. 1991-02-17. Retrieved 2013-12-23.