1991 German Grand Prix

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Germany  1991 German Grand Prix
Race details
Race 9 of 16 in the 1991 Formula One season
Date July 28, 1991
Official name Grosser Mobil 1 Preis von Deutschland
Location Hockenheimring, Hockenheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Course Permanent racing facility
6.802 km (4.226 mi)
Distance 45 laps, 306.090 km (190.195 mi)
Weather Hot and sunny
Pole position
Driver United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault
Time 1:37.087
Fastest lap
Driver Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault
Time 1:43.569 on lap 35
Podium
First United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault
Second Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault
Third France Jean Alesi Ferrari

The 1991 German Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Hockenheimring on July 28, 1991. It was the ninth round of the 1991 Formula One season.

Pre-race[edit]

Ayrton Senna spent a night in a hospital in Mannheim after crashing during pre-race testing a week earlier. The accident was caused by a tyre failure.[1]

Report[edit]

There were two changes to the entry list, the first was at Lotus where Johnny Herbert was replaced by young German Michael Bartels because of the former's Japanese Formula 3000 commitments, and the second was at Footwork where Alex Caffi was back in action after his road accident. Elsewhere Satoru Nakajima announced he would retire at the end of the year. The pre-qualifying draw was also redrawn, with Dallara, Modena, and Jordan escaping the Friday morning dungeon, and condemning Brabham, AGS, and Footwork to join Fondmetal and Coloni in the jittery Friday morning session.

In Saturday Practice Érik Comas had a massive accident in his Ligier, the French driver was unhurt, but it raised questions about the safety of the second chicane. Qualifying saw Nigel Mansell take pole from title rival Ayrton Senna. Gerhard Berger was third, followed by Riccardo Patrese, Alain Prost, Jean Alesi, Andrea de Cesaris, Nelson Piquet, Roberto Moreno, and Pierluigi Martini in the Minardi, taking full advantage of his Ferrari engine around the high speed circuit.

On Sunday, a couple of hours before the race, there was a FIA driver's meeting and Senna requested to race director Roland Bruynseraede that the tire walls at the chicanes be replaced with traffic cones because of the possibly of hitting the tires and rolling; that happened to him during qualifying for the Mexican Grand Prix, and this heated up when FIA president Jean-Marie Balestre, Senna and a few other drivers had a brief argument over the regulations involving safety. Balestre then instigated a democratic vote, and the vote went towards removing the tire walls and replacing them with traffic cones.

At the start of the race, Mansell made a great start while Berger slotted into second ahead of team-mate Senna, with Prost, Patrese, and Alesi rounding out the top six. At the back Mark Blundell collided with Nicola Larini, Blundell continued, but Larini's day was over. Berger made a bad pit-stop and fell back to tenth, while Prost started to reel in Senna. Mansell was running away at the front and when he pitted for tyres he dropped just behind Alesi, but did not waste time in changing the situation and passed Alesi two laps later to re-take the lead. While Mansell was surging away, a tremendous battle developed for third place between Senna, Prost, and Patrese, with Riccardo beating both men before setting off after Alesi. Senna and Prost continued to squabble over fourth and the major talking point came on lap 37 when Prost attempted to pass Senna going into the first chicane. Prost was faster and tried to go around the outside, Senna would not give way and Prost went off and proceeded to stall the engine. Prost blamed Senna and said he would not be so forgiving the next time while Senna accused Prost of complaining for the sake of complaining. Meanwhile Mansell cruised to his third straight win, leading home Patrese, Alesi, Berger, de Cesaris, and Gachot, Senna having run out of fuel on the last lap for the second straight race, allowing Mansell to close to within eight points of Senna in the drivers championship.

Classification[edit]

Pre-Qualifying[edit]

Pos No Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 1:42.810
2 17 Italy Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 1:43.939 +1.129
3 9 Italy Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford 1:44.034 +1.224
4 8 United Kingdom Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 1:44.257 +1.447
5 14 France Olivier Grouillard Fondmetal-Ford 1:44.645 +1.835
6 10 Italy Alex Caffi Footwork-Ford 1:45.282 +2.472
7 18 Italy Fabrizio Barbazza AGS-Ford 1:46.604 +3.794
8 31 Portugal Pedro Chaves Coloni-Ford 1:47.546 +4.736

Qualifying[edit]

Pos No Driver Constructor Q1 Q2 Gap
1 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 1:37.467 1:37.087
2 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 1:38.208 1:37.274 +0.187
3 2 Austria Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 1:37.946 1:37.393 +0.306
4 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 1:38.146 1:37.435 +0.348
5 27 France Alain Prost Ferrari 1:39.422 1:39.034 +1.947
6 28 France Jean Alesi Ferrari 1:39.391 1:39.042 +1.955
7 33 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Ford 1:40.387 1:40.239 +3.152
8 20 Brazil Nelson Piquet Benetton-Ford 1:40.560 1:40.878 +3.473
9 19 Brazil Roberto Moreno Benetton-Ford 1:41.968 1:40.957 +3.870
10 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ferrari 1:40.998 1:41.373 +3.911
11 32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot Jordan-Ford 1:41.443 1:41.308 +4.221
12 16 Italy Ivan Capelli Leyton House-Ilmor 1:42.025 1:41.330 +4.243
13 3 Japan Satoru Nakajima Tyrrell-Honda 1:41.515 1:41.390 +4.303
14 4 Italy Stefano Modena Tyrrell-Honda 1:41.566 1:41.952 +4.479
15 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 1:42.294 1:41.615 +4.528
16 15 Brazil Mauricio Gugelmin Leyton House-Ilmor no time 1:41.735 +4.648
17 25 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Lamborghini 1:41.823 1:41.929 +4.736
18 21 Italy Emanuele Pirro Dallara-Judd 1:42.021 1:42.672 +4.934
19 24 Italy Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Ferrari 1:42.132 1:42.058 +4.971
20 22 Finland JJ Lehto Dallara-Judd 1:42.171 1:42.708 +5.084
21 8 United Kingdom Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 1:43.414 1:42.216 +5.129
22 30 Japan Aguri Suzuki Lola-Ford 1:45.037 1:42.474 +5.387
23 11 Finland Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Judd 1:44.816 1:42.726 +5.639
24 34 Italy Nicola Larini Lambo-Lamborghini 1:44.596 1:43.035 +5.948
25 29 France Eric Bernard Lola-Ford 1:43.797 1:43.321 +6.234
26 26 France Eric Comas Ligier-Lamborghini 1:43.803 1:43.364 +6.277
27 9 Italy Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford 1:44.362 1:43.409 +6.322
28 12 Germany Michael Bartels Lotus-Judd 1:46.409 1:43.624 +6.537
29 17 Italy Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 1:43.787 1:43.918 +6.700
30 35 Belgium Eric van de Poele Lambo-Lamborghini 1:44.489 1:44.207 +7.120

Race[edit]

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 45 1:19:29.661[2] 1 10
2 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 45 + 13.779 4 6
3 28 France Jean Alesi Ferrari 45 + 17.618 6 4
4 2 Austria Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 45 + 32.651 3 3
5 33 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Ford 45 + 1:17.537 7 2
6 32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot Jordan-Ford 45 + 1:40.605 11 1
7 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 44 Out of Fuel 2  
8 19 Brazil Roberto Moreno Benetton-Ford 44 + 1 Lap 9  
9 25 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Lamborghini 44 + 1 Lap 17  
10 21 Italy Emanuele Pirro Dallara-Judd 44 + 1 Lap 18  
11 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 43 + 2 Laps 15  
12 8 United Kingdom Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 43 + 2 Laps 21  
13 4 Italy Stefano Modena Tyrrell-Honda 41 + 4 Laps 14  
Ret 27 France Alain Prost Ferrari 37 Spun Off 5  
Ret 16 Italy Ivan Capelli Leyton House-Ilmor 36 Engine 12  
Ret 22 Finland JJ Lehto Dallara-Judd 35 Engine 20  
Ret 20 Brazil Nelson Piquet Benetton-Ford 27 Engine 8  
Ret 3 Japan Satoru Nakajima Tyrrell-Honda 26 Gearbox 13  
Ret 26 France Érik Comas Ligier-Lamborghini 22 Engine 26  
Ret 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin Leyton House-Ilmor 21 Gearbox 16  
Ret 11 Finland Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Judd 19 Engine 23  
Ret 30 Japan Aguri Suzuki Lola-Ford 15 Engine 22  
Ret 24 Italy Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Ferrari 14 Differential 19  
Ret 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ferrari 11 Differential 10  
Ret 29 France Éric Bernard Lola-Ford 9 Transmission 25  
Ret 34 Italy Nicola Larini Lambo-Lamborghini 0 Spun Off 24  
DNQ 9 Italy Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford    
DNQ 12 Germany Michael Bartels Lotus-Judd    
DNQ 17 Italy Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford    
DNQ 35 Belgium Eric van de Poele Lambo-Lamborghini    
DNPQ 14 France Olivier Grouillard Fondmetal-Ford    
DNPQ 10 Italy Alex Caffi Footwork-Ford    
DNPQ 18 Italy Fabrizio Barbazza AGS-Ford    
DNPQ 31 Portugal Pedro Chaves Coloni-Ford    

Notes[edit]

  • Pre-qualifying was reshaped following the mid season point. Jordan, Dallara and Modena were all removed from pre-qualifying as they had performed better than teams allowed in qualifying proper. AGS, Footwork and Brabham all slipped into pre-qualifying.
  • Satoru Nakajima announced his decision to retire from F1 at the end of the season.
  • German driver Michael Bartels stood in for Johnny Herbert but failed to qualify
  • Alex Caffi returned to the Footwork team replacing Stefan Johansson. Caffi had threatened legal action should his wish not be granted.
  • Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost were again embroiled in controversy, attempting to overtake Senna, Prost felt the Brazilian baulked him and left him with no choice but to go up the escape road where Prost stalled. Prost controversially claimed after the race "If I catch him in that position again I will push him out, that is for sure!"
  • Senna ran out of fuel when 4th and stopped with one lap left coincidentally in the same spot where Prost stalled.
  • The 1991 German Grand Prix was the first Grand Prix under a unified Germany. German Reunification had occurred on October 3, 1990, 3 months and 3 days after the previous Grand Prix.

Standings after Grand Prix[edit]

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AUTO RACING; Senna Hospitalized". New York Times. 1991-07-20. 
  2. ^ Henry, Alan (1991). AUTOCOURSE 1991-92. Hazleton Publishing. p. 183. ISBN 0-905138-87-2. 


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1991 British Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1991 season
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1991 Hungarian Grand Prix
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1990 German Grand Prix
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1992 German Grand Prix