1991 Ryder Cup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
29th Ryder Cup Matches
Dates   September 27–29, 1991
Venue   Kiawah Island Golf Resort
The Ocean Course
Location   Kiawah Island, South Carolina
Captains   Dave Stockton (USA)
Bernard Gallacher (Europe)
United States   14½    13½   Europe
United States wins the Ryder Cup

«1989

1993»

Kiawah Island is located in United States
Kiawah Island
Kiawah Island
Location in the United States

The 29th Ryder Cup Matches were held September 27–29, 1991, on The Ocean Course at Kiawah Island Golf Resort in Kiawah Island, South Carolina, southwest of Charleston.

The United States team won the competition by 14½ to 13½ points, winning back the Cup on the 18th hole of the final match. Bernhard Langer missed a six-foot (1.8 m) par putt which would have won his match and clinched a 14-all tie and retained the Ryder Cup for Europe.[1] It was the first win for the U.S. since 1983, after consecutive losses to Europe in 1985 and 1987 and a tie in 1989.[2] Due the fierce competition, gamesmanship and general over exuberance of the U.S. Team and their fans, these Ryder Cup Matches became known as the "War on the Shore."[1]

The Ocean Course later hosted the PGA Championship in 2012.

Format[edit]

The Ryder Cup is a match play event, with each match worth one point. The competition format in 1991 was as follows:

  • Day 1 (Friday) — 4 four-ball (better ball) matches in a morning session and 4 foursome (alternate shot) matches in an afternoon session
  • Day 2 (Saturday) — 4 foursome matches in a morning session and 4 four-ball matches in an afternoon session
  • Day 3 (Sunday) — 12 singles matches

With a total of 28 points, 14½ points were required to win the Cup, and 14 points were required for the defending champion to retain the Cup. All matches were played to a maximum of 18 holes.

Teams[edit]

United States Team USA
Name Age Points
rank
World
ranking
Previous
Ryder Cups
Matches W–L–H Winning
percentage
Dave Stockton 49 Non-playing captain
Fred Couples 31 1 7 1 2 0–2–0 0.00
Payne Stewart 34 2 6 2 8 3–5–0 37.50
Lanny Wadkins 41 3 13 6 25 15–9–1 62.00
Hale Irwin 46 4 12 4 16 11–4–1 71.88
Paul Azinger 31 5 8 1 4 3–1–0 75.00
Corey Pavin 31 6 16 0 Rookie
Mark O'Meara 34 7 15 2 5 1–4–0 20.00
Mark Calcavecchia 31 8= 24 2 7 3–4–0 42.86
Wayne Levi 39 8= 38 0 Rookie
Steve Pate 30 10 30 0 Rookie
Chip Beck 35 13 21 1 4 3–0–1 87.50
Raymond Floyd 49 23 39 6 23 7–13–3 36.96

Captains picks are shown in yellow.[3][4] The world rankings and records are at the start of the 1991 Ryder Cup.

The selection process for the European team remained the same as used since 1985, with nine players chosen from the 1991 European Tour money list at the conclusion of the German Open on August 25 and the remaining three team members being chosen immediately afterwards by the team captain, Bernard Gallacher. Gallacher had announced before the final event that he would choose Nick Faldo as one of his picks. He also announced that he would select José María Olazábal, who was then in the 9th and final automatic spot, even if he dropped out of the top nine.[5] At the time Olazábal and Faldo were second and third in the world rankings. Olazábal had just won the The International on the PGA Tour. Eamonn Darcy, in 7th place in the points list, chose to miss the German Open. However, with David Gilford earning £4,320 in prize money, Sam Torrance tying for 3rd place and Paul Broadhurst losing a playoff, Darcy dropped to 10th place in the final list, £58.26 behind Gilford. Olazábal dropped to 11th place in the points list but had been assured of selection anyway. Gallacher chose Mark James as his third choice in preference to Darcy.[6]

Europe Team Europe
Name Age Points
rank
World
ranking
Previous
Ryder Cups
Matches W–L–H Winning
percentage
Scotland Bernard Gallacher 42 Non-playing captain
Spain Seve Ballesteros 34 1 5 5 25 13–8–4 60.00
Scotland Colin Montgomerie 28 2 35 0 Rookie
England Steven Richardson 25 3 36 0 Rookie
Wales Ian Woosnam 33 4 1 4 17 7–7–3 50.00
Scotland Sam Torrance 38 5 41 5 18 4–10–4 33.33
Germany Bernhard Langer 34 6 9 5 22 10–8–4 54.55
England Paul Broadhurst 26 7 93 0 Rookie
Northern Ireland David Feherty 33 8 44 0 Rookie
England David Gilford 26 9 99 0 Rookie
Spain José María Olazábal 25 11 2 2 10 7–2–1 75.00
England Nick Faldo 34 15 3 7 27 16–9–2 62.96
England Mark James 37 22 45 4 14 5–8–1 39.29

Captains picks are shown in yellow. The world rankings and records are at the start of the 1991 Ryder Cup.

Friday's matches[edit]

Morning foursomes[edit]

Europe Results United States
Ballesteros/Olazábal Europe 2 & 1 Azinger/Beck
Langer/James United States 2 & 1 Floyd/Couples
Gilford/Montgomerie United States 4 & 2 Wadkins/Irwin
Faldo/Woosnam United States 1 up Stewart/Calcavecchia
1 Session 3
1 Overall 3

Afternoon four-ball[edit]

Europe Results United States
Torrance/Feherty halved Wadkins/O'Meara
Ballesteros/Olazábal Europe 2 & 1 Azinger/Beck
Richardson/James Europe 5 & 4 Pavin/Calcavecchia
Faldo/Woosnam United States 5 & 3 Floyd/Couples
Session
Overall

Saturday's matches[edit]

Morning foursomes[edit]

Europe Results United States
Feherty/Torrance United States 4 & 2 Irwin/Wadkins
James/Richardson United States 1 up Calcavecchia/Stewart
Faldo/Gilford United States 7 & 6 Azinger/O'Meara
Ballesteros/Olazábal Europe 3 & 2 Couples/Floyd
1 Session 3
Overall

Afternoon four-ball[edit]

Europe Results United States
Woosnam/Broadhurst Europe 2 & 1 Azinger/Irwin
Langer/Montgomerie Europe 2 & 1 Pavin/Pate
James/Richardson Europe 3 & 1 Wadkins/Levi
Ballesteros/Olazábal halved Stewart/Couples
Session ½
8 Overall 8

Sunday's singles matches[edit]

Europe Results United States
Nick Faldo Europe 2 up Raymond Floyd
David Feherty Europe 2 & 1 Payne Stewart
Colin Montgomerie halved Mark Calcavecchia
José María Olazábal United States 2 up Paul Azinger
Steven Richardson United States 2 & 1 Corey Pavin
Seve Ballesteros Europe 3 & 2 Wayne Levi
Ian Woosnam United States 3 & 1 Chip Beck
Paul Broadhurst Europe 3 & 1 Mark O'Meara
Sam Torrance United States 3 & 2 Fred Couples
Mark James United States 3 & 2 Lanny Wadkins
Bernhard Langer halved Hale Irwin
David Gilford halved[7][8] Steve Pate
Session
13½ Overall 14½

Individual player records[edit]

Each entry refers to the Win–Loss–Half record of the player.

Source: [9]

United States[edit]

Player Points Overall Singles Foursomes Fourballs
Paul Azinger 2 2–3–0 1–0–0 1–1–0 0–2–0
Chip Beck 1 1–2–0 1–0–0 0–1–0 0–1–0
Mark Calcavecchia 2.5 2–1–1 0–0–1 2–0–0 0–1–0
Fred Couples 3.5 3–1–1 1–0–0 1–1–0 1–0–1
Raymond Floyd 2 2–2–0 0–1–0 1–1–0 1–0–0
Hale Irwin 2.5 2–1–1 0–0–1 2–0–0 0–1–0
Wayne Levi 0 0–2–0 0–1–0 0–0–0 0–1–0
Mark O'Meara 1.5 1–1–1 0–1–0 1–0–0 0–0–1
Steve Pate 0.5 0–1–1 0–0–1 0–0–0 0–1–0
Corey Pavin 1 1–2–0 1–0–0 0–0–0 0–2–0
Payne Stewart 2.5 2–1–1 0–1–0 2–0–0 0–0–1
Lanny Wadkins 3.5 3–1–1 1–0–0 2–0–0 0–1–1

Europe[edit]

Player Points Overall Singles Foursomes Fourballs
Seve Ballesteros 4.5 4–0–1 1–0–0 2–0–0 1–0–1
Paul Broadhurst 2 2–0–0 1–0–0 0–0–0 1–0–0
Nick Faldo 1 1–3–0 1–0–0 0–2–0 0–1–0
David Feherty 1.5 1–1–1 1–0–0 0–1–0 0–0–1
David Gilford 0.5 0–2–1 0–0–1 0–2–0 0–0–0
Mark James 2 2–3–0 0–1–0 0–2–0 2–0–0
Bernhard Langer 1.5 1–1–1 0–0–1 0–1–0 1–0–0
Colin Montgomerie 1.5 1–1–1 0–0–1 0–1–0 1–0–0
José María Olazábal 3.5 3–1–1 0–1–0 2–0–0 1–0–1
Steven Richardson 2 2–2–0 0–1–0 0–1–0 2–0–0
Sam Torrance 0.5 0–2–1 0–1–0 0–1–0 0–0–1
Ian Woosnam 1 1–3–0 0–1–0 0–1–0 1–1–0

Steve Pate injury criticism[edit]

On the eve of the games, Steve Pate and some other members of the U.S. team were involved in a minor caravan crash causing Pate to bruise his ribs and need hospital treatment. Much was discussed by the U.S. captain to either replace him at the last minute or carry on as planned.[10] The decision was taken to allow Pate to participate in the games causing him to sit out the first three sessions of play. The only session he did play in was a four-ball defeat to Bernhard Langer and Colin Montgomerie on Saturday afternoon. Prior to the first singles tee off on Sunday the U.S. team announced that Steve Pate would be unable to play in the singles due to his earlier sustained injury. As a result, the match he was due to contend with David Gilford was automatically halved causing Gilford to miss out his singles match.

This brought heavy criticism from the general media and the European team feeling a sense of bad sportsmanship on behalf of the Americans. Especially considering U.S. captain Dave Stockton had chosen to play Pate in an earlier match thus risking causing further unnecessary injury to the player. In post-match interviews serious questions were asked by the European team of the American's reasoning and tactics behind the decision.[citation needed]

Ballesteros/Azinger feud[edit]

Ballesteros and Azinger had previously locked horns in 1989 when Ballesteros tried to have a scuffed ball taken out of play which Azinger disagreed with.[11] The bad blood escalated at Kiawah Island when on the morning of the Friday foursomes with Ballesteros partnering José María Olazábal against Paul Azinger and Chip Beck the Europeans noticed the Americans had changed the compression of the ball on the 7th tee which is in violation of the one-ball rule. Ballesteros accused his opponents of doing this at least three times since the start of the match. On speaking with the referee at first Azinger flatly denied it. However once it had become apparent to the Americans that they were not called up on the violation at the time of incident therefore could no longer be penalized by loss of hole they admitted to switching their ball.[citation needed] This incident was the stem of accusations of the U.S. side of repeated gamesmanship, bad sportsmanship and ill tactics in many future matches to come.

Since the mid-1980s, the European team had dominated the event including wins in 1985, 1987 and retaining the cup in 1989. With exception to 1993, the European team would continue to dominate until ill feelings between the two sides would come to a head in an explosive match at Brookline in 1999 where the U.S. side and their fans would again be accused of having the mindset of "anything to win" going against the spirit of how the matches were intended to be played.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Garrity, John (October 7, 1991). "Blood, Sweat, and Tears". Sports Illustrated: 26. 
  2. ^ Green, Bob (September 30, 1991). "U.S. reclaims Ryder Cup from Europeans". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. p. 11. 
  3. ^ Mossman, John (August 14, 1991). "Floyd, Beck picked for Ryder Cup team". The Dispatch (Lexington, North Carolina). Associated Press. p. 1C. 
  4. ^ Kelley, Brent. "Ryder Cup captain's picks and how they've fared". About.com. Retrieved September 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Olazábal is assured of place in Ryder Cup". The Times, August 20, 1991; pg. 32; Issue 64103.
  6. ^ "Broadhurst loses but gains Ryder Cup place". The Times, August 26, 1991; pg. 21; Issue 64108.
  7. ^ Steve Pate withdrew because of injury, so this match was not actually played.
  8. ^ Moriarty, Jim (September 13, 2004). "Secret envelope adds to the intrigue". ESPN. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ "2014 Ryder Cup Media and Players' Guide". Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ Hudson, MaryAnn (September 26, 1991). "Car Crash May Hurt U.S. Team : Ryder Cup: Steve Pate suffers injured ribs. His status for matches against Europe is questionable.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Best Feuds in Golf – Paul Azinger vs. Seve Ballesteros". golf.com. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  12. ^ Davies, David (September 16, 2004). "Day of shame that refuses to die". The Guardian. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°36′43″N 80°01′23″W / 32.612°N 80.023°W / 32.612; -80.023