1991 in spaceflight

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For launches in the first half of the year, see 1991 in spaceflight (January–June), for launches in the second half, see 1991 in spaceflight (July–December).
1991 in spaceflight
Orbital launches
First 8 January
Last 28 December
National firsts
Space traveller  Austria
 United Kingdom
Rockets
Maiden flights Ariane 4 44P
Atlas II
Retirements Vostok-2M
Manned flights
Orbital 8
Total travellers 36


Deep Space Rendezvous in 1991[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
29 October Galileo Flyby of 951 Gaspra Closest approach: 1,600 kilometres (990 mi)

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
7 January
17:03
5 hours
18 minutes
22:21 Mir EO-8 Soviet UnionViktor Afanasyev
Soviet UnionMusa Manarov
Successfully repaired the damaged hatch on the Kvant-2 airlock and also positioned equipment for installation in a later EVA.
23 January
10:59
5 hours
33 minutes
16:32 Mir EO-8
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionViktor Afanasyev
Soviet UnionMusa Manarov
Installed the new Stela boom on the base block.
26 January
09:00
6 hours
20 minutes
15:20 Mir EO-8
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionViktor Afanasyev
Soviet UnionMusa Manarov
Installed supports on Kvant-1 to hold the solar arrays installed on Kristall.
7 April 4 hours
26 minutes
STS-37
Atlantis
United StatesJerry L. Ross
United StatesJerome Apt
When the boom antenna on the GRO satellite would not extend, Ross and Apt exited the shuttle on an unplanned EVA to extend the boom to prepare for final release into orbit.[1]
8 April 5 hours
47 minutes
STS-37
Atlantis
United StatesJerry L. Ross
United StatesJerome Apt
Installed and tested several monorail-type mobility tools for future space station construction.[1]
25 April
20:29
3 hours
34 minutes
26 April
00:03
Mir EO-8
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionViktor Afanasyev
Soviet UnionMusa Manarov
Inspected and filmed the Kurs antenna on Kvant-1, finding that one of the antenna dishes was missing and then re-installed the camera on Kvant-2 that was removed and repaired.
24 June
21:11
4 hours
58 minutes
25 June
02:09
Mir EO-9
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionAnatoly Artsebarsky
Soviet UnionSergei Krikalyov
Replaced the damaged Kurs antenna on Kvant-1 and performed assembly tests on an experimental structural joint.
28 June
19:02
3 hours
24 minutes
22:26 Mir EO-9
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionAnatoly Artsebarsky
Soviet UnionSergei Krikalyov
Attached TREK, a type of cosmic ray detector developed at the University of California, to the outside of Mir.[2]
15 July
11:45
5 hours
56 minutes
17:41 Mir EO-9
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionAnatoly Artsebarsky
Soviet UnionSergei Krikalyov
Moved ladders and the base platform parts for the Sofora girder using the Strela boom from the airlock at Kvant-2 and installed them on Kvant-1.
19 July
11:10
5 hours
28 minutes
16:38 Mir EO-9
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionAnatoly Artsebarsky
Soviet UnionSergei Krikalyov
Started construction of the Sofora girder by installing three of 20 structural pieces.
23 July
09:15
5 hours
42 minutes
14:57 Mir EO-9
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionAnatoly Artsebarsky
Soviet UnionSergei Krikalyov
Continued the construction of the Sofora girder by installing eleven more of the 20 girder pieces.
27 July
08:44
6 hours
49 minutes
15:33 Mir EO-9
Kvant-2
Soviet UnionAnatoly Artsebarsky
Soviet UnionSergei Krikalyov
Completed assembly of the Sofora girder and mounted a small Russian flag on top of the structure. Artsebarsky had trouble with fogging on his visor, due to overexertion, but Krikalyov was able to lead him back to the airlock.

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Space Shuttle Flight 39 (STS-37)". Space Shuttle Video Library. National Space Society. 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2009. 
  2. ^ Price, P. B.; Lowder, D. M.; Westphal, A. J.; Wilkes, R. D.; Brennen, R. A.; Afanasyev, V. G.; Akimov, V. V.; Rodin, V. G.; Baryshnikov, G. K.; Gorshkov, L. A.; Shvets, N. I.; Tsigankov, O. S. (1992). "TREK: A cosmic-ray experiment on the Russian space station MIR". Astrophysics and Space Science 197: 121. doi:10.1007/BF00645077.  edit