1991 population census in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Population of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991 by nationality

  Serbs (31.21%)
  Croats (17.38%)
  Yugoslavs (5.54%)
  Others (2.4%)

The 1991 population census in Bosnia and Herzegovina was the last census of the population undertaken in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina before the Bosnian War. It was conducted during the final week of March 1991. For the 1991 census there were 109 municipalities of which ten were part of Sarajevo.

Usage[edit]

As the next census of Bosnia and Herzegovina was not held until 2013, the 1991 census was used as the basis for institutionalized affirmative action practices in the country, which ensure equal or proportional representation of the country's "constituent peoples" (Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs) in public institutions.[1] Due to the ethnic cleansing campaigns that took place during the 1992 to 1995 war, the data for ethnicity was expected to be highly inaccurate.

Overall[edit]

Nationality Size Percent
Muslims by nationality[note 1] 1,902,956 43.47%
Serbs 1,366,104 31.21%
Croats 760,852 17.38%
Yugoslavs 242,682 5.54%
Montenegrins 10,071 0.23%
Macedonians 1,596 0.03%
Slovenes 2,190 0.05%
Albanians 4,295 0.10%
Czechs 590 0.01%
Italians 732 0.02%
Jews 426 0.01%
Hungarians 893 0.02%
Germans 470 0.01%
Poles 526 0.01%
Roma 8,864 0.20%
Romanians 162 0.01%
Russians 297 0.01%
Ruthenians 133 0.01%
Slovaks 297 0.01%
Turks 267 0.01%
Ukrainians 3,929 0.09%
Other 17,592 0.40%
Undecided 14,585 0.33%
Regional 224 0.01%
Unknown 35,670 0.81%

By municipality[edit]

Absolute ethnic majority
  Serbs
  Croats
Relative ethnic majority
  Serbs
  Croats
Municipality Total Muslims by nationality Serbs Croats Yugoslavs Other
Sarajevo 527,049 259,470 157,143 34,873 56,470 19,093
-Centar- 79,286 39,761 16,631 5,428 13,030 4,436
-Hadžići- 24,200 15,392 6,362 746 841 859
-Ilidža- 67,937 29,337 25,029 6,934 5,181 1,456
-Ilijaš- 25,184 10,585 11,325 1,736 1,167 371
-Novi Grad- 136,616 69,430 37,591 8,889 15,580 5,126
-Novo Sarajevo- 95,089 33,902 32,899 8,798 15,099 4,391
-Pale- 16,355 4,364 11,284 129 396 182
-Stari Grad- 50,744 39,410 5,150 1,126 3,374 1,684
-Trnovo- 6,991 4,790 2,059 16 72 54
-Vogošća- 24,647 12,499 8,813 1,071 1,730 534
Banovići 26,590 19,162 4,514 550 1,928 436
Banja Luka 195,692 28,558 106,826 29,026 23,656 7,626
Bihać 70,732 46,737 12,689 5,580 4,356 1,370
Bijeljina 96,988 30,229 57,389 492 4,426 4,452
Bileća 13,284 1,947 10,628 39 222 448
Bosanska Dubica 31,606 6,440 21,728 488 1,851 1,099
Bosanska Gradiška 59,974 15,851 35,753 3,417 3,311 1,642
Bosanska Krupa 58,320 43,104 13,841 139 708 528
Bosanski Brod 34,138 4,088 11,389 13,993 3,664 1,004
Bosanski Novi 41,665 14,040 25,101 403 1,557 564
Bosanski Petrovac 15,621 3,288 11,694 48 366 225
Bosanski Šamac 32,960 2,233 13,628 14,731 1,755 613
Bosansko Grahovo 8,311 12 7,888 226 135 50
Bratunac 33,619 21,535 11,475 40 223 346
Brčko 87,627 38,617 18,128 22,252 5,731 2,899
Breza 17,317 13,079 2,122 851 1,001 264
Bugojno 46,889 19,697 8,673 16,031 1,561 927
Busovača 18,879 8,451 623 9,093 510 202
Cazin 63,409 61,693 778 139 430 369
Čajniče 8,956 4,024 4,709 5 77 141
Čapljina 27,882 7,672 3,753 14,969 1,047 441
Čelinac 18,713 1,446 16,554 76 377 260
Čitluk 15,083 111 19 14,823 17 113
Derventa 56,489 7,086 21,938 22,952 3,348 1,165
Doboj 102,549 41,164 39,820 13,264 5,765 2,536
Donji Vakuf 24,544 13,509 9,533 682 593 227
Drvar 17,126 33 16,608 33 384 68
Foča 40,513 20,790 18,315 94 463 851
Fojnica 16,296 4,088 11,389 8,024 6,623 1,085
Gacko 10,788 3,858 6,661 29 84 156
Glamoč 12,593 2,257 9,951 184 118 83
Goražde 37,573 26,296 9,843 80 789 565
Gornji Vakuf 25,181 14,063 110 10,706 158 144
Gračanica 59,134 42,599 13,558 132 1,530 1,315
Gradačac 56,581 33,856 11,221 8,613 1,436 1,455
Grude 16,358 4 9 16,210 5 130
Han Pijesak 6,348 2,543 3,674 7 68 56
Jablanica 12,691 9,099 504 2,291 581 216
Jajce 45,007 17,380 8,663 15,811 2,496 657
Kakanj 55,950 30,528 4,929 16,556 2,554 1,383
Kalesija 41,809 33,137 7,659 35 275 703
Kalinovik 4,667 1,716 2,826 17 46 62
Kiseljak 24,164 9,778 740 12,550 600 496
Kladanj 16,070 11,621 3,952 36 277 184
Ključ 37,391 17,696 18,506 330 579 280
Konjic 43,878 23,815 6,620 11,513 1,358 572
Kotor Varoš 36,853 11,090 14,056 10,695 745 267
Kreševo 6,731 1,531 34 4,714 251 201
Kupres 9,618 802 4,864 3,813 67 72
Laktaši 29,832 408 24,176 2,565 1,530 1,153
Livno 40,600 5,793 3,913 29,324 1,125 445
Lopare 32,537 11,990 18,243 1,263 583 458
Lukavac 57,070 38,080 12,169 2,159 3,424 1,238
Ljubinje 4,172 332 3,748 39 19 34
Ljubuški 28,340 1,592 65 26,127 227 329
Maglaj 43,388 19,569 13,312 8,365 1,508 634
Modriča 35,613 10,375 12,534 9,805 1,851 1,048
Mostar 126,628 43,856 23,846 43,037 12,768 3,121
Mrkonjić Grad 27,395 3,272 21,057 2,139 593 334
Neum 4,325 190 207 3,792 90 46
Nevesinje 14,448 3,313 10,711 210 123 91
Novi Travnik 30,713 11,625 4,097 12,162 2,132 697
Odžak 30,056 6,220 5,667 16,338 1,147 684
Olovo 16,956 12,699 3,193 642 285 137
Orašje 28,367 1,893 4,235 21,308 626 305
Posušje 17,134 6 9 16,963 26 130
Prijedor 112,543 49,351 47,581 6,316 6,459 2,836
Prnjavor 47,055 7,143 33,508 1,721 1,757 2,926
Prozor 19,760 7,225 45 12,259 100 131
Rogatica 21,978 13,209 8,391 19 186 173
Rudo 11,571 3,130 8,150 5 106 180
Sanski Most 60,307 28,136 25,363 4,322 1,247 1,239
Skender Vakuf 19,418 1,071 13,263 4,770 169 145
Sokolac 14,883 4,493 10,195 19 83 93
Srbac 21,840 940 19,382 140 811 567
Srebrenica 36,666 27,572 8,315 38 380 361
Srebrenik 40,896 30,528 5,308 2,752 1,203 1,105
Stolac 18,681 8,101 3,917 6,188 307 168
Šekovići 9,629 326 9,030 10 129 134
Šipovo 15,579 2,965 12,333 31 155 95
Široki Brijeg 27,160 9 148 26,864 20 119
Teslić 59,854 12,802 32,962 9,525 3,465 1,100
Tešanj 48,480 34,941 3,071 8,929 1,047 492
Tomislavgrad 30,009 3,148 576 25,976 107 202
Travnik 70,747 31,813 7,777 26,118 3,743 1,296
Trebinje 30,996 5,571 21,349 1,246 1,642 1,188
Tuzla 131,618 62,669 20,271 20,398 21,995 6,285
Ugljevik 25,587 10,241 14,468 56 290 532
Vareš 22,203 6,714 3,644 9,016 2,071 758
Velika Kladuša 52,908 48,305 2,266 740 993 604
Visoko 46,160 34,373 7,471 1,872 1,464 980
Višegrad 21,199 13,471 6,743 32 319 634
Vitez 27,859 11,514 1,501 12,675 1,377 792
Vlasenica 33,942 18,727 14,359 39 340 477
Zavidovići 57,164 34,198 11,640 7,576 2,726 1,024
Zenica 145,517 80,359 22,433 22,510 15,654 4,561
Zvornik 81,295 48,102 30,863 122 1,248 960
Žepče 22,966 10,820 2,278 9,100 546 222
Živinice 54,783 44,017 3,525 3,976 2,130 1,135
Total 4,377,033 1,902,956 (43.47%) 1,365,104 (31.21%) 763,254 (17.38%) 242,682 (5.54%) 104,439 (2.38%)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The vast majority of Muslims by nationality today declare themselves Bosniaks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bieber, Florian. "Power Sharing as Ethnic Representation in Post-Conflict Societies: the Cases of Bosnia, Macedonia and Kosovo". Chapter in Nationalism after Communism: Lessons Learned. Central European Union Press, Budapest (2004).
  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.