1992 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||May 24 — June 14|
|Distance||3,843 km (2,388 mi)|
|Winning time||103h 36' 08" (37.092 km/h or 23.048 mph)|
|Winner||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||(Banesto)|
|Second||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||(Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)|
|Third||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||(GB-MG Maglificio)|
|Points||Mario Cipollini (ITA)||(GB-MG Maglificio)|
|Mountains||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||(Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)|
|Youth||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||(Lampre-Colnago)|
|Intergiro||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||(Banesto)|
The 1992 Giro d'Italia was the 75th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Genoa on 24 May with a 8 km (5.0 mi) individual time trial. The race concluded in Milan with a 66 km (41.0 mi) individual time trial on 14 June. Twenty teams entered the race, which was won by the Spaniard Miguel Indurain of the Banesto team. Second and third respectively were the Italians Claudio Chiappucci and Franco Chioccioli. Indurain's victory in the 1992 Giro was his first step in completing the Giro - Tour double – winning the Giro d'Italia and Tour de France in one calendar year - becoming the sixth rider to accomplish this feat, with the first being Fausto Coppi in 1949.
Indurain became the first Spanish rider to win the Giro d'Italia. Indurain also won the secondary intergiro classification. In the race's other classifications, Lampre-Colnago rider Pavel Tonkov of Russia finished as the best rider aged 25 or under in the general classification, finishing in seventh place overall; Mario Cipollini of the GB-MG Maglificio team was the winner of the points classification, with GB-MG Maglificio finishing as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team, ranking each of the twenty teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.
A total of 20 teams were invited to participate in the 1992 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 180 cyclists. Out of the 180 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 148 riders made it to the finish in Milan.
The 20 teams that took part in the race were:
Route and Stages
The 1992 Giro d'Italia began with a brief individual time trial around Genoa. The official race route contained three individual time trial events. There were a total of seven stages that held many high mountains, while there were four hilly stages that contained climbs of lesser degree. The eight remaining stages were primarily flat.
Of the mass-start stages that contained mountains, four contained summit finishes: stage 10 to Monte Terminillo, stage 14 to Monte Bondone, stage 18 to Pian del Re, and stage 19 to Pila.
|1||24 May||Genoa||8 km (5 mi)||Individual time trial||Thierry Marie (FRA)|
|2||25 May||Genoa to Uliveto Terme||194 km (121 mi)||Plain stage||Endrio Leoni (ITA)|
|3||26 May||Uliveto Terme to Arezzo||174 km (108 mi)||Hilly stage||Maximilian Sciandri (ITA)|
|4||27 May||Arezzo to Sansepolcro||38 km (24 mi)||Individual time trial||Miguel Indurain (ESP)|
|5||28 May||Sansepolcro to Porto Sant'Elpidio||198 km (123 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|6||29 May||Porto Sant'Elpidio to Sulmona||223 km (139 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Franco Vona (ITA)|
|7||30 May||Roccaraso to Melfi||232 km (144 mi)||Hilly stage||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|8||31 May||Melfi to Aversa||184 km (114 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|9||1 June||Aversa to Latina||165 km (103 mi)||Plain stage||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|10||2 June||Latina to Monte Terminillo||196 km (122 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Herrera (COL)|
|11||3 June||Montepulciano to Imola||233 km (145 mi)||Hilly stage||Roberto Pagnin (ITA)|
|12||4 June||Imola to Bassano del Grappa||214 km (133 mi)||Plain stage||Endrio Leoni (ITA)|
|13||5 June||Bassano del Grappa to Corvara||204 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Franco Vona (ITA)|
|14||6 June||Corvara to Monte Bondone||205 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giorgio Furlan (ITA)|
|15||7 June||Riva del Garda to Palazzolo sull'Oglio||171 km (106 mi)||Plain stage||François Simon (FRA)|
|16||8 June||Palazzolo sull'Oglio to Sondrio||166 km (103 mi)||Hilly stage||Marco Saligari (ITA)|
|17||9 June||Sondrio to Vercelli||203 km (126 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|18||10 June||Vercelli to Pian del Re||200 km (124 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)|
|19||11 June||Saluzzo to Pila||260 km (162 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Udo Bölts (GER)|
|20||12 June||Saint Vincent to Verbania||201 km (125 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)|
|21||13 June||Verbania to Vigevano||95 km (59 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|22||14 June||Vigevano to Milan||66 km (41 mi)||Individual time trial||Miguel Indurain (ESP)|
|Total||3,843 km (2,388 mi)|
In the 1992 Giro d'Italia, five different jerseys were awarded. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a purple, or cyclamen jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing in the top 15 in a stage. In addition, points could be won in intermediate sprints.
There was also a mountains classification, the leadership of which was marked by a green jersey. In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. Each climb was categorized as either first, second, or third category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded still more points than the other first-category climbs. The Cima Coppi for the Giro was the Passo Pordoi. The first rider to cross the Cima Coppi was Claudio Chiappucci
The fourth jersey represented the young rider classification, marked by a white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1968 were eligible.
The fifth jersey represented the intergiro classification, marked by a blue jersey. The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey.
There was also one classification for the teams. The classification was the Trofeo Fast Team. In this classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification|
|1||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||Banesto||103h 36' 08"|
|2||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 5' 12"|
|3||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||+ 7' 16"|
|4||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||+ 8' 01"|
|5||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||Motorola||+ 11' 12"|
|6||Franco Vona (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||+ 11' 12"|
|7||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Lampre-Colnago||+ 17' 15"|
|8||Luis Herrera (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 17' 53"|
|9||Roberto Conti (ITA)||Ariostea||+ 19' 14"|
|10||Bruno Cornillet (FRA)||Z||+ 20' 03"|
|1||Mario Cipollini (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||236|
|2||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||Banesto||208|
|3||Maximilian Sciandri (ITA)||Motorola||177|
|4||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||171|
|5||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||148|
|6||Adriano Baffi (ITA)||Ariostea||132|
|7||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||106|
|8||Guido Bontempi (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||96|
|9||Franco Vona (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||94|
|10||François Simon (FRA)||Castorama||84|
|Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax|
|1||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||76|
|2||Roberto Conti (ITA)||Ariostea||45|
|3||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||Banesto||35|
|4||Giorgio Furlan (ITA)||Ariostea||31|
|5||Giuseppe Calcaterra (ITA)||Amore & Vita-Fanini||23|
|6||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||22|
|7||Ramon González Arrieta (ESP)||Lotus-Festina||20|
|8||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||19|
|9||Udo Bölts (GER)||Team Telekom||18|
|Luis Herrera (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón|
Young rider classification
|1||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Lampre-Colnago||103h 53' 23"|
|2||Ivan Gotti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||+ 44' 21"|
|3||Armand de las Cuevas (ESP)||Banesto||+ 1h 31' 43"|
|4||Davide Perona (ITA)||ZG Mobili-Fonti Sant'Antonio||+ 1h 56' 14"|
|5||Ruben Marin (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 2h 10' 41"|
|6||François Simon (FRA)||Castorama||+ 2h 20' 10"|
|7||Julio César Ortegón (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 2h 21' 37"|
|8||Gianluca Bortolami (ITA)||Lampre-Colnago||+ 2h 25' 38"|
|9||Davide Bramati (ITA)||Lampre-Colnago||+ 2h 32' 15"|
|10||Thomas Davy (FRA)||Castorama||+ 2h 38' 37"|
Trofeo Fast Team classification
|1||GB-MG Maglificio||311h 31' 55"|
|2||Ariostea||+ 22' 34"|
|4||Mercatone Uno-Medeghini-Zucchini||+ 52' 13"|
|5||Banesto||+ 56' 15"|
|6||ZG Mobili-Fonti Sant'Antonio||+ 1h 02' 25"|
|7||Lotus-Festina||+ 1h 09' 17"|
|8||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 1h 39' 26"|
|9||Team Telekom||+ 1h 41' 07"|
|10||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 1h 42' 56"|
- "Il conquistador rosa" [The pink conquistador] (PDF) (in Italian). l'Unità. 15 June 1992. p. 24. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Laura Weislo (2008-05-13). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2009-08-27.