1992 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||May 24 — June 14|
|Distance||3,843 km (2,388 mi)|
|Winning time||103h 36' 08" (37.092 km/h or 23.048 mph)|
|Winner||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||(Banesto)|
|Second||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||(Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)|
|Third||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||(GB-MG Maglificio)|
|Points||Mario Cipollini (ITA)||(GB-MG Maglificio)|
|Mountains||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||(Carrera Jeans-Vagabond)|
|Youth||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||(Lampre-Colnago)|
|Intergiro||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||(Banesto)|
The 1992 Giro d'Italia was the 75th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Genoa on 24 May with a 8 km (5.0 mi) individual time trial. The race concluded in Milan with a 66 km (41.0 mi) individual time trial on 14 June. Twenty teams entered the race, which was won by the Spaniard Miguel Indurain of the Banesto team. Second and third respectively were the Italians Claudio Chiappucci and Franco Chioccioli. Indurain's victory in the 1992 Giro was his first step in completing the Giro - Tour double – winning the Giro d'Italia and Tour de France in one calendar year - becoming the sixth rider to accomplish this feat, with the first being Fausto Coppi in 1949.
Indurain became the first Spanish rider to win the Giro d'Italia. Indurain also won the secondary intergiro classification. In the race's other classifications, Lampre-Colnago rider Pavel Tonkov of Russia finished as the best rider aged 25 or under in the general classification, finishing in seventh place overall; Mario Cipollini of the GB-MG Maglificio team was the winner of the points classification, with GB-MG Maglificio finishing as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team, ranking each of the twenty teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.
Twenty teams were invited by the race organizers to participate in the 1992 edition of the Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 180 cyclists. From the riders that began the race, 148 made it to the finish in Milan.
The twenty teams that took part in the race were:
Route and Stages
The route for the 1992 Giro d'Italia was unveiled by race director Carmine Castellano on 30 November 1991. It contained three time trial events, all of which were individual. There were eleven stages containing high mountains, of which four had summit finishes: stage 10, to Monte Terminillo; stage 14, to Monte Bondone; stage 18, to Pian del Re; and stage 19, to Pila. The organizers chose to include no rest days. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 128 km (80 mi) longer, contained one less rest day, and lacked an opening time trial prologue. In addition, this race contained one less of half stages.
|1||24 May||Genoa||8 km (5 mi)||Individual time trial||Thierry Marie (FRA)|
|2||25 May||Genoa to Uliveto Terme||194 km (121 mi)||Plain stage||Endrio Leoni (ITA)|
|3||26 May||Uliveto Terme to Arezzo||174 km (108 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Maximilian Sciandri (ITA)|
|4||27 May||Arezzo to Sansepolcro||38 km (24 mi)||Individual time trial||Miguel Indurain (ESP)|
|5||28 May||Sansepolcro to Porto Sant'Elpidio||198 km (123 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|6||29 May||Porto Sant'Elpidio to Sulmona||223 km (139 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Franco Vona (ITA)|
|7||30 May||Roccaraso to Melfi||232 km (144 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|8||31 May||Melfi to Aversa||184 km (114 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|9||1 June||Aversa to Latina||165 km (103 mi)||Plain stage||Guido Bontempi (ITA)|
|10||2 June||Latina to Monte Terminillo||196 km (122 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Herrera (COL)|
|11||3 June||Montepulciano to Imola||233 km (145 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roberto Pagnin (ITA)|
|12||4 June||Imola to Bassano del Grappa||214 km (133 mi)||Plain stage||Endrio Leoni (ITA)|
|13||5 June||Bassano del Grappa to Corvara||204 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Franco Vona (ITA)|
|14||6 June||Corvara to Monte Bondone||205 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giorgio Furlan (ITA)|
|15||7 June||Riva del Garda to Palazzolo sull'Oglio||171 km (106 mi)||Plain stage||François Simon (FRA)|
|16||8 June||Palazzolo sull'Oglio to Sondrio||166 km (103 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Marco Saligari (ITA)|
|17||9 June||Sondrio to Vercelli||203 km (126 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|18||10 June||Vercelli to Pian del Re||200 km (124 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)|
|19||11 June||Saluzzo to Pila||260 km (162 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Udo Bölts (GER)|
|20||12 June||Saint Vincent to Verbania||201 km (125 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)|
|21||13 June||Verbania to Vigevano||95 km (59 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|22||14 June||Vigevano to Milan||66 km (41 mi)||Individual time trial||Miguel Indurain (ESP)|
|Total||3,843 km (2,388 mi)|
Five different jerseys were worn during the 1992 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs. The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo Pordoi. The first rider to cross the Pordoi Pass was Italian Claudio Chiappucci. The white jersey was worn by the leader of young rider classification, a ranking decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1969 were eligible for it.
The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey. The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey. Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification|
|1||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||Banesto||103h 36' 08"|
|2||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 5' 12"|
|3||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||+ 7' 16"|
|4||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||+ 8' 01"|
|5||Andrew Hampsten (USA)||Motorola||+ 11' 12"|
|6||Franco Vona (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||+ 11' 12"|
|7||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Lampre-Colnago||+ 17' 15"|
|8||Luis Herrera (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 17' 53"|
|9||Roberto Conti (ITA)||Ariostea||+ 19' 14"|
|10||Bruno Cornillet (FRA)||Z||+ 20' 03"|
|1||Mario Cipollini (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||236|
|2||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||Banesto||208|
|3||Maximilian Sciandri (ITA)||Motorola||177|
|4||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||171|
|5||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||148|
|6||Adriano Baffi (ITA)||Ariostea||132|
|7||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||106|
|8||Guido Bontempi (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||96|
|9||Franco Vona (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||94|
|10||François Simon (FRA)||Castorama||84|
|Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax|
|1||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||76|
|2||Roberto Conti (ITA)||Ariostea||45|
|3||Miguel Indurain (ESP)||Banesto||35|
|4||Giorgio Furlan (ITA)||Ariostea||31|
|5||Giuseppe Calcaterra (ITA)||Amore & Vita-Fanini||23|
|6||Marco Giovannetti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||22|
|7||Ramon González Arrieta (ESP)||Lotus-Festina||20|
|8||Franco Chioccioli (ITA)||GB-MG Maglificio||19|
|9||Udo Bölts (GER)||Team Telekom||18|
|Luis Herrera (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón|
Young rider classification
|1||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Lampre-Colnago||103h 53' 23"|
|2||Ivan Gotti (ITA)||Gatorade-Chateau d'Ax||+ 44' 21"|
|3||Armand de las Cuevas (ESP)||Banesto||+ 1h 31' 43"|
|4||Davide Perona (ITA)||ZG Mobili-Fonti Sant'Antonio||+ 1h 56' 14"|
|5||Ruben Marin (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 2h 10' 41"|
|6||François Simon (FRA)||Castorama||+ 2h 20' 10"|
|7||Julio César Ortegón (COL)||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 2h 21' 37"|
|8||Gianluca Bortolami (ITA)||Lampre-Colnago||+ 2h 25' 38"|
|9||Davide Bramati (ITA)||Lampre-Colnago||+ 2h 32' 15"|
|10||Thomas Davy (FRA)||Castorama||+ 2h 38' 37"|
Trofeo Fast Team classification
|1||GB-MG Maglificio||311h 31' 55"|
|2||Ariostea||+ 22' 34"|
|4||Mercatone Uno-Medeghini-Zucchini||+ 52' 13"|
|5||Banesto||+ 56' 15"|
|6||ZG Mobili-Fonti Sant'Antonio||+ 1h 02' 25"|
|7||Lotus-Festina||+ 1h 09' 17"|
|8||Carrera Jeans-Vagabond||+ 1h 39' 26"|
|9||Team Telekom||+ 1h 41' 07"|
|10||Ryalco-Postobón||+ 1h 42' 56"|
- Carlos Arribas (15 June 1992). "¿Donde está el ministro?" [Where is the Minister?]. El País (in Spanish) (Ediciones El País). Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Il conquistador rosa" [The pink conquistador] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian) (PCI). 15 June 1992. p. 24. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
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- "La singular historia de A. de las Cuevas" [The unique history of A. de las Cuevas] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 2 June 1992. p. 32. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Ha sido una etapa especial y difícil" [It was a special and difficult phase] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 6 June 1992. p. 37. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Un respiro para Miguel Indurain" [A respite for Miguel Indurain] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 10 June 1992. p. 30. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Indurain: "Cada vez me atacan menos"" [Indurain: "Every time I attack less"] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 11 June 1992. p. 35. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Giro d'Italia" [Tour of Italy] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 22 May 1992. p. 49. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "Indurain acaba el Giro 92 amb un recital" [Indurain 92 Giro ends with a recital] (PDF). Diari de Girona (in Catalan) (Diari de Girona Media, S.L.). 16 June 1992. p. 16. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.