1992 Pacific typhoon season

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1992 Pacific typhoon season
Season summary map
First system formed January 4, 1992
Last system dissipated November 29, 1992
Strongest storm Gay – 900 hPa (mbar), 205 km/h (125 mph) (10-minute sustained)
Total depressions 34
Total storms 31
Typhoons 16
Super typhoons 5
Total fatalities 385
Total damage $2.78 billion (1992 USD)
Pacific typhoon seasons
1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994

The 1992 Pacific typhoon season had no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1992. Despite this, most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November.[1] These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the International Date Line. Storms that formed north of the equator and east of the Date Line in 1992 are part of the 1992 Pacific hurricane season. In the West Pacific basin, tropical depressions have the "W" suffix added to their number. Storms reaching tropical storm intensity of 34 kn (63 km/h) sustained winds were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC). Storms with sustained winds exceeding 64 knots (119 km/h) are called typhoons, while intense typhoons with sustained winds exceeding 130 knots (240 km/h) are designated super typhoons by the JTWC (see tropical cyclone scales).

Furthermore, tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine Area of Responsibility are assigned an internal name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Season summary[edit]

Storms[edit]

There were a total of 33 tropical cyclones in the Western Pacific in 1992. 32 of these formed within the basin, and 1 storm, Tropical Storm Ekeka, formed in the Central Pacific basin, crossing the Date Line to enter the Western Pacific. Out of the 33, 32 became named tropical storms, 21 reached typhoon intensity, and 5 reached super typhoon strength. Storms are listed in numerical ascending order by their JTWC tropical depression numbers except for Ekeka, and not in alphabetical order of names. Thus, Tropical Storm Zack (22W) is listed before Super Typhoon Yvette (23W).

Severe Tropical Storm Axel[edit]

Severe Tropical Storm Axel was a winter severe tropical storm.

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration January 4 – January 15
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Ekeka[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration February 3 (Entered basin) – February 8
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Bobbie (Asiang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 22 – June 30
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

Throughout Japan, damage reached 371.8 million yen ($2.9 million).

Typhoon Chuck (Biring)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 24 – July 2
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

When 90 mph (140 km/h) Typhoon Chuck hit southern Hainan Island and northern Vietnam on June 28 and 29, it brought heavy flooding.

At least seven people were killed by Typhoon Chuck and nine others were reported missing. Damage in China amounted to $36.4 million.

Tropical Storm Deanna[edit]

Tropical depression (HKO)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 25 – July 4
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Classified as a Tropical Depression by the HKO.

Typhoon Eli (Konsing)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 8 – July 14
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

One person was killed and eight others were reported missing when the storm moved through the Philippines. Extensive damage took place in China with losses amounting to $235 million.

Tropical Storm Faye (Ditang)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 14 – July 18
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Two people were killed in Hong Kong.

Severe Tropical Storm Gary (Edeng)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 17 – July 24
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

At least 48 people were killed by Gary. Extensive damage took place in China with losses reaching $940 million.

Tropical Storm Helen[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 24 – July 28
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Irving[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 31 – August 5
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Three people were killed and damage reached 64 million yen ($835,000).

Typhoon Janis[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 2 – August 9
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

In Japan, Typhoon Janis killed two people and injured 41 others. Total losses from the storm reached 5.8 billion yen ($45.6 million).

Super Typhoon Kent[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 5 – August 20
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Before reaching Japan, large waves produced by the storm swept five people out to sea.

Tropical Storm Lois (Gloring)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 14 – August 21
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Mark[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 15 – August 20
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

One person was killed and another reported missing. Losses reached $10.4 million.

Tropical Storm Nina[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 17 – August 21
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Super Typhoon Omar (Lusing)[edit]

Main article: Typhoon Omar
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 23 – September 9
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  920 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Omar was a destructive storm to Guam, causing over a foot of rain there, amounting to $702 million in damage (2008 USD) but no deaths. In Taiwan, the storm caused 2 deaths and heavy rainfall. The name Omar was retired after this season.

Severe Tropical Storm Polly (Isang)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 25 – September 1
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Developing to Omar's west, Polly began its life on August 23 and reached tropical storm strength on the 26th. As a developing monsoon depression, it had a large outflow. Polly retained that throughout its lifetime, inhibiting intensification past 60 mph (97 km/h) winds. On the 30th, the storm hit southeastern Taiwan, and on the 31st it hit China.

Torrential rains produced by Tropical Storm Polly triggered devastating floods that killed 202 people and injured hundreds more. More than 5 million people were left homeless across Fujian and Zhejiang Provinces in China. Total losses from the storm were roughly $450 million.

Typhoon Ryan[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 30 – September 11
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Sibyl[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 4 – September 15
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Ted (Maring)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 17 – September 24
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Ted, having developed on September 14, stalled off northern Luzon on the 20th. It turned northward, and hit southern Taiwan on the 22nd as a minimal typhoon. Ted weakened to a tropical storm over the island, and hit eastern China on the 23rd. It turned to the northeast, hit South Korea, and became extratropical on the 24th.

At least 61 people were killed by Typhoon Ted and 51 others were reported missing. Losses from the storm reached $360 million in China.

CMA Tropical Depression 21[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 18 – September 19
Peak intensity 45 km/h (25 mph) (10-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Val[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 23 – September 27
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ward[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 27 (Entered basin) – October 6
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

On September 23, a tropical depression developed just east of the International Dateline; however, it was warned upon by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center rather than the Central Pacific Hurricane Center as it was expected to become a significant tropical cyclone outside of the CPHC's area of responsibility. Just prior to crossing into the Western Pacific basin, it reached tropical storm intensity, at which time it was given the name Ward from the list of Pacific typhoon names. Winds at this time were estimated at 40 mph (65 km/h);[2] the Japan Meteorological Agency reported the system to have also attained a pressure of 1002 mbar (hPa; 29.59 inHg).[3] Over the following days, Ward gradually intensified, peaking as a Category 2 storm with winds of 110 mph (175 km/h). The storm eventually weakened as it moved through higher latitudes, becoming extratropical on October 7 over open waters.[2]

Super Typhoon Yvette (Ningning)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 7 – October 17
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  915 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Zack[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 7 – October 16
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Angela (Osang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 15 – October 30
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

At least 49 people were killed by Typhoon Angela, mostly in Vietnam, while 14 others were reported missing.

Typhoon Brian[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 16 – October 25
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  950 mbar (hPa)

Brian caused small damage in Guam.

No deaths were reported.

Severe Tropical Storm Colleen (Paring)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 17 – October 29
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Dan[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 23 – November 3
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Super Typhoon Elsie (Reming)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 29 – November 7
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  915 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression 29W[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 31 – November 3
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

On October 30, a tropical disturbance began to form west of the International Date Line. The JTWC then issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert late the next day as the system moved westward and started warnings on Tropical Depression 29W on November 1. However, intensification was severely inhibited by outflow from nearby Typhoon Dan, and the depression failed to develop. It passed within 30 nm (55 km) of Wake Island, causing a minor pressure dip and gusts to 32 kt (60 km/h). No damage was reported, due to the relative weakness of 29W as compared to Dan, which ravaged the island 3 days earlier. The depression dissipated on November 2 over open ocean.[4]

Tropical Depression BOB 07[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration November 6 – November 8 (Exited basin)
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (10-min) 

Tropical Storm Forrest[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 10 – November 15 (Out of basin)
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

On November 8 a tropical depression formed from the monsoon trough east of the Philippines. It crossed the islands, and strengthened to a tropical storm in the South China Sea on the 12th. Forrest continued westward until hitting and crossing the Malay Peninsula on the 15th. It reached a peak of 145 mph (233 km/h) winds in the Bay of Bengal before hitting Myanmar on the 21st. Its history in the Indian Ocean can be found in its seasonal article.

At least two people were killed by Tropical Storm Forrest and 31 others were reported missing after a ship capsized.

Super Typhoon Gay (Seniang)[edit]

Main article: Typhoon Gay (1992)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 14 – November 29
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (10-min)  900 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Gay was the strongest and longest-lasting storm of the season, forming on November 13 near the International Date Line. As it moved to the west, Gay steadily intensified and moved through the Marshall Islands as an intensifying typhoon. After passing through the country, it intensified its peak intensity over open waters. The JTWC estimated peak winds of 295 km/h (185 mph) and a minimum barometric pressure of 872 mb (25.8 inHg). However, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), which is the official warning center in the western Pacific, estimated winds of 205 km/h (125 mph), with a pressure of 900 mbar (27 inHg). Typhoon Gay weakened rapidly after peaking due to interaction with another typhoon, and it struck Guam with winds of 160 km/h (100 mph) on November 23. The typhoon briefly re-intensified, although it weakened as it turned toward Japan and became extratropical on November 29.[5][6]

The typhoon first affected the Marshall Islands, where 5,000 people were left homeless and heavy crop damage was reported. The nation's capital of Majuro lost power during the storm and experienced power and water outages. No Marshall Islands citizens were killed,[5] although the typhoon killed a sailor who was traveling around the world.[7] When Gay struck Guam, it became the sixth typhoon of the year to affect the island. Most of the weaker structures were destroyed during Typhoon Omar earlier in the year. Due to its substantial weakening, Gay had a disrupted inner-core that dropped minimal rainfall, which caused extensive defoliation of plants due to salt water scorching. Further north, the typhoon destroyed a house on Saipan from high waves.[5]

Typhoon Hunt[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 15 – November 22
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

The last storm of the year formed on November 13 and became extratropical on November 22.

Storm names[edit]

Tropical cyclones in the Western North Pacific were named by the JTWC. The first storm of 1992 was named Axel and the final one was named Hunt. The name Omar was retired after this season and replaced by Oscar.

  • Axel (9201)
  • Bobbie (9203)
  • Chuck (9204)
  • Deana
  • Eli (9205)
  • Faye (9206)
  • Gary (9207)
  • Helen (9208)
  • Irving (9209)
  • Janis (9210)
  • Kent (9211)
  • Lois (9212)
  • Mark (9213)
  • Nina (9214)
  • Omar (9215)
  • Polly (9216)
  • Ryan (9217)
  • Sibyl (9218)
  • Ted (9219)
  • Val (9220)
  • Ward (9221)
  • Yvette (9222)
  • Zack (9223)
  • Angela (9225)

One storm which formed in the Central Pacific basin, Hurricane Ekeka (01C), crossed into the Western Pacific basin as a tropical storm, keeping its original name and "C" suffix, with the JMA giving the designation 9202.

Philippines[edit]

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) used its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones within its area of responsibility. Lists were recycled every four years. This was the list set for 1992.[8] This is the same list used for the 1988 season, except for Ulpiang and Yerling which replaced Unsang and Yoning respectively.

  • Asiang (9203)
  • Biring (9204)
  • Konsing (9205)
  • Ditang (9206)
  • Edeng (9207)
  • Gloring (9212)
  • Huaning
  • Isang (9216)
  • Lusing (9215)
  • Maring (9219)
  • Ningning (9222)
  • Osang (9224)
  • Paring (9226)
  • Reming (9228)
  • Seniang (9230)
  • Toyang (unused)
  • Ulpiang (unused)
  • Welpring (unused)
  • Yerling (unused)
  • Aring (unused)
  • Basiang (unused)
  • Kayang (unused)
  • Dorang (unused)
  • Enang (unused)
  • Grasing (unused)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gary Padgett (2003-08-17). "May 2003 Global Tropical Cyclone Summary". Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-26. 
  2. ^ a b Joint Typhoon Warning Center (1993). "Typhoon Ward (21W) Preliminary Report" (PDF). Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Japan Meteorological Agency Best Tracks for 1991–1995" (TXT). Japan Meteorological Agency. 1996. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  4. ^ Elizabeth B. Borelli (1993). "Tropical Depression 29W" (PDF). 1992 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "1992 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  6. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (1992-12-25). "RSMC Best Track Data - 1990-1999" (TXT). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  7. ^ Sherryl Connelly (1999-06-03). "A Lady In Distress ... And The Lover Who Threw Her Cautions To The Wind". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  8. ^ Michael Padua. "Old PAGASA Names". Retrieved 2007-04-14. 

External links[edit]