1992 in spaceflight

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1992 in spaceflight
Orbital launches
First 21 January
Last 29 December
National firsts
Orbital launch  Russia
Space traveller  Belgium
 Italy
  Switzerland
Rockets
Maiden flights Atlas IIA
Space Shuttle Endeavour
Retirements Commercial Titan III
Delta II 6920
Delta II 6925
H-I
Manned flights
Orbital 10
Total travellers 59


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

11 January
03:40
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy 11 January Successful
Apogee: 248 kilometres (154 mi)
17 January United StatesStorm United StatesWhite Sands SULF United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesBTTV-1 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 17 January Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
21 January
15:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2175 (Yantar-4K2) VKS Low Earth Reconnaissance 20 March Successful
First Russian (post Soviet) satellite launch
22 January
14:52:33
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery[1] United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-42 NASA Low Earth Microgravity 30 January
16:07:17
Successful
European UnionUnited StatesSpacelab Long Module 2 ESA/NASA Low Earth (Discovery) Spacelab IML-1
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
23 January
19:19
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma 23 January Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
24 January
01:18:01
RussiaMolniya-M/2BL RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2176 (Oko) VKS Molniya Missile defence 17 January 2012 Successful
25 January
07:50:17
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaProgress M-11 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 13 March Successful
28 January
12:00
JapanS-310 JapanKagoshima LA-K JapanISAS
ISAS Suborbital Aeronomy 28 January Successful
Apogee: 223 kilometres (139 mi)
29 January
22:19:12
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2177 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2178 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2179 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
31 January
11:55
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United StatesSXT NASA/Boulder Suborbital X-ray astronomy 31 January Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

February[edit]

1 February
16:00
JapanS-520 JapanKagoshima LA-K JapanISAS
JapanCIR ISAS Suborbital Infrared astronomy 1 February Successful
Apogee: 338 kilometres (210 mi)
5 February UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaTselina-2 #10 MO RF Intended: Low Earth ELINT 5 February Launch failure
Second stage overheated, causing malfunction
11 February
00:41:02
United StatesAtlas II United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36A United StatesGeneral Dynamics
United StatesUSA-78 (DSCS IIIB-14) US Air Force Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
11 February
01:50
JapanH-I JapanTanegashima LA-N JapanNASDA
JapanJERS-1 NASDA Sun-synchronous Earth observation 3 December 2001 Successful
Final flight of H-I
17 February
22:05:08
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2180 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
18 February United StatesAries United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesSDIO
SDIO Suborbital Technology 18 February Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
22 February
03:15
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy 22 February Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
22 February United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 22 February Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 February United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 22 February Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 February United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 22 February Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 February United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 22 February Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
23 February
22:29
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesUSA-79 (GPS IIA-3) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
26 February
23:58:10
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
JapanSuperbird-B1 SCC Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
Saudi ArabiaArabsat-1C ARABSAT Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
Communications In orbit Successful
Arabsat sold to IRSO in November 1997 and operated until October 2004 as INSAT-2DT

March[edit]

3 March
13:57:30
United StatesNike Tomahawk United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United StatesAria-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma 3 March Successful
Apogee: 295 kilometres (183 mi)
3 March
14:06:48
CanadaBlack Brant VIIIC United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United StatesAria-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma 3 March Successful
Apogee: 289 kilometres (180 mi)
3 March
14:57
United StatesNike Tomahawk United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United StatesAria-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma 3 March Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
4 March
04:27
RussiaMolniya-M/ML RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya-1 #83 MOM Molniya Communications 1 July 2007 Successful
4 March United StatesLGM-118 Peacekeeper United StatesVandenberg LF-05 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 4 March Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
6 March
13:57:30
United StatesNike Tomahawk United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma 6 March Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
9 March
22:35:59
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2181 (Tsikada) MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
12 March
22:42
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-21 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 12 March Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
13 March
18:15
United StatesLGM-30B Minuteman I United StatesVandenberg LF-03 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Target 13 March Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
13 March
18:36:27
United StatesAries Marshall IslandsMeck United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesERIS US Air Force Suborbital Interceptor 13 March Partial failure
Final flight of ERIS; missed target due to programming issue caused by test conditions, enough data collected to proceed with operagional programme.
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
14 March
00:00
United StatesAtlas I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36B United StatesGeneral Dynamics
United StatesGalaxy 5 Hughes Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 March
22:46
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-22 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 15 March Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
17 March
10:54:30
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaSoyuz TM-14 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-11 10 August Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts; First manned Russian (post-Soviet) launch
18 March United StatesScout-II ItalySalto di Quirra ItalyASI
ASI Suborbital Test flight 18 March Launch failure
19 March
16:05
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 CanadaCSA
CanadaCSAR-1 CSA Suborbital Microgravity 19 March Successful
Apogee: 226 kilometres (140 mi)
19 March
16:10
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United StatesHIRAAS-2 NASA Suborbital Airglow 19 March Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
24 March
13:13:39
United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-45 NASA Low Earth Microgravity 2 April Successful
United StatesSpacelab Double Pallet NASA Low Earth (Atlantis) Spacelab ATLAS-1
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts including the first Belgian in space
29 March
07:27
CanadaBlack Brant XI United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United StatesCHARGE-2B NASA Suborbital Ionosphere 29 March Successful
Apogee: 267 kilometres (166 mi)
29 March
08:07:45
United StatesHPB United StatesPoker Flat United StatesOrbital Sciences
Orbital Sciences Suborbital Infrared astronomy 29 March Successful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)

April[edit]

1 April
14:18
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2182 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 30 May Successful
2 April
01:50
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaGorizont 25 YeSSS Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
8 April
12:20
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2183 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 16 February 1993 Successful
8 April United StatesUGM-96 Trident I United StatesUSS Henry L. Stimson, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 8 April Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 40; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
8 April United StatesUGM-96 Trident I United StatesUSS Henry L. Stimson, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 8 April Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 40; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
9 April
10:40
CanadaBlack Brant IXBM1 SwedenEsrange SwedenSSC
SwedenMASER-5 SSC Suborbital Microgravity 9 April Successful
Apogee: 317 kilometres (197 mi)
10 April
03:20
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesUSA-80 (GPS IIA-4) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
15 April
07:17:43
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2184 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
15 April
09:09
United StatesHPB United StatesWallops Island United StatesOrbital Sciences
Orbital Sciences Suborbital Target 15 April Successful
Apogee: 450 kilometres (280 mi)
15 April
23:25:27
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United KingdomInmarsat-2F4 Inmarsat Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
FranceTélécom 2B France Télécom Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
19 April
21:29:25
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaProgress M-12 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 27 June Successful
25 April
08:53
United StatesTitan 23G United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesUSA-81 (Bernie/Singleton) NRO Low Earth (Polar) ELINT In orbit Operational
29 April
09:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaResurs-F #14 MO RF Low Earth Remote sensing 29 May Successful
29 April
10:10
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2185 (Yantar-1KFT) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 11 June Successful
29 April ChinaDF-21 ChinaTaiyuan ChinaCALT
CALT Suborbital Test flight 29 April Launch failure

May[edit]

5 May United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-10 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-147GM-1 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 5 May Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
5 May IndiaPrithvi IndiaBalasore IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight 5 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 May
23:40
United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-49 NASA Low Earth Satellite reboost 16 May Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts; Maiden flight of Space Shuttle Endeavour; reboosted Intelsat 603
12 May
14:26
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United StatesSPARTAN (SPDE) NASA Suborbital Solar 12 May Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
14 May
00:40
United StatesDelta II 7925-8 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
IndonesiaPalapa-B4 Telkom Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
20 May
00:30
IndiaASLV IndiaSriharikota FLP IndiaISRO
IndiaSROSS-C ISRO Low Earth Magnetosphere 14 July Partial failure
Placed into incorrect orbit due to fifth stage spin-up failure
23 May
00:00
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United States
United StatesCWAS-23 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 23 May Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
24 May United StatesTerrier Malemute United StatesBarking Sands United StatesSDIO
United StatesCDX (LWIS) SDIO Suborbital Target 24 May Successful
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
25 May
23:52
United StatesNike Tomahawk United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
United StatesAA-3A NASA Suborbital Plasma 25 May Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
27 May
12:27
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-24 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 27 May Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
28 May
19:09:59
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2186 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 24 July Successful
28 May IndiaAgni-I IndiaBalasore IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight 28 May Failure
30 May
08:11
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
United StatesAA-4IFH NASA/NRL Suborbital Plasma 30 May Successful
Apogee: 308 kilometres (191 mi)
May ChinaDF-21 ChinaTaiyuan ChinaCALT
CALT Suborbital Test flight L+1 hour Failure

June[edit]

1 June
02:52
BrazilSonda 3 BrazilAlcântara BrazilINPE
INPE Suborbital Aeronomy 1 June Successful
Apogee: 282 kilometres (175 mi)
2 June United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-26 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-148GB US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 2 June Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
3 June
00:50:30
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2187 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2188 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2189 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2190 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2191 (Strela 1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2192 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2193 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2194 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
6 June
08:37:31
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
United StatesAA-3B NASA Suborbital Plasma 6 June Successful
Apogee: 370 kilometres (230 mi)
7 June
16:40
United StatesDelta II 6920-10 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesEUVE NASA Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy 31 January 2002 Successful
Final flight of Delta II 6920
9 June
05:32
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma 9 June Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
10 June
00:00
United StatesAtlas IIA United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36B United StatesGeneral Dynamics
United NationsIntelsat K Intelsat Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Atlas IIA
16 June United StatesStorm United StatesWhite Sands SULF United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesBTTV-2 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 16 June Failure
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
18 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 18 June Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
18 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 18 June Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
18 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 18 June Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
18 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS West Virginia, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 18 June Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
19 June
11:01
United StatesAries United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesSDIO
SDIO Suborbital Technology 19 June Successful
Apogee: 330 kilometres (210 mi)
23 June
00:24
CanadaBlack Brant VC United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere 23 June Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
23 June
08:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaResurs-F #15 MO RF Low Earth Remote sensing 9 July Successful
25 June
16:12:22
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-50 NASA Low Earth Microgravity 9 July Successful
United StatesSpacelab Long Module 1 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Spacelab USML-1
United StatesEDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts; Maiden flight of EDO Pallet
30 June
16:43:13
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaProgress M-13 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 24 July Successful
June North KoreaRodong-1 North KoreaMusudan-ri North KoreaKPA
KPA Suborbital Test flight L+1 hour Failure

July[edit]

1 July
02:20
United StatesLGM-118 Peacekeeper United StatesVandenberg LF-02 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 1 July Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
1 July
20:16:22
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2195 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
2 July
09:01:15
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
United StatesAA-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma 2 July Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
2 July
21:54:01
United StatesAtlas II/IABS United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36A United StatesGeneral Dynamics
United StatesUSA-82 (DSCS IIIB-12) US Air Force Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
3 July
14:19
United StatesScout G-1 United StatesVandenberg SLC-5 United StatesNASA
United StatesSAMPEX (SMEX-1/Explorer 68) NASA Low Earth Solar 13 November 2012 Successful
3 July IndiaRH-560 IndiaSriharikota IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere 3 July Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
4 July
08:58
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
United StatesAA-7 NASA Suborbital Plasma 4 July Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
7 July
09:20:01
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesUSA-83 (GPS IIA-5) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
8 July
09:53:14
RussiaMolniya-M/2BL RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2196 (Oko) MO RF Molniya Missile defence In orbit Successful
9 July
22:42:19
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
IndiaINSAT-2A ISRO Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
FranceEutelsat 2F4 Eutelsat Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
Eutelsat retired in 2003
12 July
09:02
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesArecibo United StatesNASA
United StatesAA-2 NASA Suborbital Plasma 12 July Successful
Apogee: 252 kilometres (157 mi)
13 July
17:41:40
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2197 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2198 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2199 (Gonets-D) Roskosmos Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2200 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2201 (Gonets-D) Roskosmos Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2202 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
14 July
22:02
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaGorizont 26 YeSSS Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
24 July
13:36
CanadaBlack Brant VIIIC United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma 24 July Successful
Apogee: 340 kilometres (210 mi)
24 July
14:26
United StatesDelta II 6925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
JapanUnited StatesGEOTAIL ISAS/NASA High Earth Magnetosphere In orbit Operational
United StatesDUVE NASA/California Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy 16 March 2003 Successful
Final flight of Delta II 6000-series
24 July
19:40
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2203 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 22 September Successful
27 July
06:08:42
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaSoyuz TM-15 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-12 1 February 1993 Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
28 July RussiaUR-100NU KazakhstanBaikonur RussiaRVSN
RussiaSLI RVSN Suborbital Test flight 28 July Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
29 July United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Maryland, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 29 July Successful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation 9; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
30 July
01:59:01
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2204 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2205 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2206 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
30 July
11:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2207 (Zenit-8) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 13 August Successful
31 July
13:56:48
United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-46 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 8 August Successful
ItalyTSS-1 ASI Low Earth (Atlantis) Technology Failure
European UnionEURECA ESA Low Earth Microgravity/Solar 1 July 1993 Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts including the first Swiss and Italian in space
TSS tether jammed during deployment; EURECA returned to Earth by Space Shuttle Endeavour during STS-57
July North KoreaHwasong-6 Syria SyriaSyrian Air Force
Syrian Air Force Suborbital Test flight L+1 hour Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
July North KoreaHwasong-6 Syria SyriaSyrian Air Force
Syrian Air Force Suborbital Test flight L+1 hour Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

August[edit]

4 August United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 4 August Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 August United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 4 August Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 August United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 4 August Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 August United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 4 August Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
6 August
19:30:59
RussiaMolniya-M/ML RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya-1 #84 MOM Molniya Communications 4 April 2008 Successful
9 August
08:00
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-2B ChinaCALT
ChinaFSW-2 #1 CASC Low Earth Reconnaissance 1 September Successful
10 August
23:08:07
European UnionAriane 4 42P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
FranceUnited StatesTOPEX/Poseidon CNES/NASA Low Earth Oceanography In orbit Successful
FranceS80/T CNES Low Earth Technology In orbit Successful
South KoreaKitSAT-1 (OSCAR-23) KAIST Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
TOPEX/Poseidon mission ended in October 2005 and was deactivated on 18 January 2006.
12 August
05:44:01
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2208 (Strela-2M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
13 August
23:00
ChinaLong March 2E ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
AustraliaOptus B1 Optus Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
Communications In orbit Successful
Retired and moved to graveyard orbit in May 2008
15 August
22:18:32
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaProgress M-14 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 21 October Successful
18 August IndiaPrithvi IndiaBalasore IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight 18 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 August
10:20
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaResurs-F #16 MO RF Low Earth Remote sensing 4 September Successful
RussiaPion-Germes 1 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing 25 September Successful
RussiaPion-Germes 2 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing 24 September Successful
19 August
23:30
JapanTR-1A JapanTanegashima LA-T JapanNASDA
NASDA Suborbital Microgravity 19 August Successful
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
21 August
17:46
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 21 August Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
22 August
22:40
United StatesAtlas I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36B United StatesGeneral Dynamics
United StatesGalaxy 1R Hughes Intended: Geosynchronous Communications 22 August Launch failure
Upper stage turbopump failed to start, destroyed by range safety
24 August
16:30
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United StatesHRTS-8 NASA/NRL Suborbital Solar 24 August Successful
Apogee: 249 kilometres (155 mi)
26 August
15:10
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-25 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 26 August Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
27 August
18:30
CanadaBlack Brant VIIIC United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight 27 August Successful
Apogee: 198 kilometres (123 mi)
31 August
10:41
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesSatcom C4 GE Americom Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful

September[edit]

1 September
01:00
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-26 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 1 September Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
3 September United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Kentucky, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 3 September Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
3 September United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Kentucky, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 3 September Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
3 September United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Kentucky, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 3 September Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
3 September United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Kentucky, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 3 September Successful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
9 September
08:57
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesUSA-84 (GPS IIA-6) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
10 September
14:30
CanadaBlack Brant IXCM1 United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesSSI
United StatesCONSORT-5 Huntsville Suborbital Microgravity 10 September Failure
Apogee: 235 kilometres (146 mi)
10 September
18:01:18
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2209 (Prognoz) MO RF Geostationary Missile defence In orbit Operational
10 September
23:04
European UnionAriane 4 44LP FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
SpainHispasat 1A Hispasat Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesSatcom C3 GE Americom Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
Hispasat retred in 2003
12 September
14:23
United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-47 NASA Low Earth Microgravity 20 September Successful
JapanUnited StatesSpacelab Long Module 2 NASDA/NASA Low Earth (Endeavour) Spacelab-J
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts; 50th mission of the Space Shuttle programme
16 September
03:15
United StatesLGM-118 Peacekeeper United StatesVandenberg LF-05 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 16 September Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 September
16:10
United StatesSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2210 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 20 November Successful
25 September
17:05:01
United StatesCommercial Titan III/TOS United StatesCape Canaveral LC-40 United StatesMartin Marietta
United StatesMars Observer NASA Intended: Areocentric
Achieved: Heliocentric
Mars orbiter Unknown Failure
Final flight of Commercial Titan III; Maiden flight of TOS
Contact lost three days before orbit insertion. It is unclear whether the spacecraft entered Aerocentric orbit, remained in Heliocentric orbit, or exploded.
28 September United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-26 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-149GB US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 28 September Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)

October[edit]

6 October
06:20:05
ChinaLong March 2C ChinaJiuquan LA-2B ChinaCALT
ChinaFSW-1 #4 CASC Low Earth Reconnaissance 13 October Successful
SwedenFreja SSC Low Earth Magnetosphere In orbit Successful
Freja mission ended 30 June 1995 and last contact made on 14 October 1996
8 October
19:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaFoton-8 Roskosmos Low Earth Microgravity 24 October Successful
12 October
09:47
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
GermanyDFS-3 Bundespost Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
Communications In orbit Successful
Retired in February 2003
14 October
19:58
RussiaMolniya-M/ML RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya-3 #50L MOM Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
16 October United StatesCastor-Orbus United StatesWake Island United StatesOrbital Sciences
SDIO Suborbital Reentry test 16 October Failure
Maiden flight of Castor-Orbus; Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 October United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Maryland, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 19 October Successful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation 10; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
20 October
12:58:12
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2211 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2212 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2213 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2214 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2215 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2216 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
21 October
10:21:22
RussiaMolniya-M/2BL RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2217 (Oko) MO RF Molniya Missile defence 6 November 2010
04:22[2]
Successful
22 October
17:09:40
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-52 NASA Low Earth USMP-1 1 November Successful
CanadaCANEX-2 CSA Low Earth (Columbia) Microgravity
ItalyLAGEOS-2 ASI Medium Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts
22 October United StatesAries United StatesWallops Island United StatesSDIO
United StatesOrbus 1 (SPFE-3) SDIO Suborbital Target 22 October Failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
25 October
01:06
United StatesLGM-30B Minuteman I United StatesVandenberg LF-03 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesAST-DT2 US Air Force Suborbital Target 25 October Failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 October
17:19:41
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaProgress M-15 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 7 February 1993 Successful
RussiaMak-2 Roskosmos Low Earth Ionosphere 1 April 1993 Successful
RussiaZnamya 2 Roskosmos Low Earth Solar mirror 5 February 1993 Successful
Mak-2 deployed from Mir on 20 November 1992; Znamya deployed from Progress on 4 February 1993
27 October
18:30
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United StatesCU-3 NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 27 October Successful
Apogee: 298 kilometres (185 mi)
28 October
00:15
European UnionAriane 4 42P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesGalaxy 7 Hughes Geostationary Communications In orbit Spacecraft failure
Major spacecraft malfunction November 2000
29 October
10:40:33
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2218 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
30 October
14:59
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaEkran-M3 MOM Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful

November[edit]

4 November
02:00
United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-04 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-150GM US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 4 November Failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
10:25
SwedenMaxus SwedenEsrange SwedenGermanySSC/DLR
European UnionMAXUS 1B ESA Suborbital Microgravity 8 November Successful
Apogee: 717 kilometres (446 mi)
10 November United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 10 November Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 November United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 10 November Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 November United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 10 November Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 November United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesUSS Tennessee, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 10 November Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
15 November
21:45:01
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaResurs 500 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing 22 November Successful
17 November
07:47
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2219 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
20 November
15:29:59
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2220 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 18 January 1993 Successful
21 November
13:45
United StatesScout G-1 United StatesVandenberg SLC-5 United StatesNASA
United StatesMSTI-1 US Air Force/SDIO Sun-synchronous Technology 18 July 1993 Successful
22 November
09:22
United KingdomSkylark 7 SwedenEsrange LA-S GermanyDLR
GermanyTEXUS 29 DLR Suborbital Microgravity 22 November Successful
Apogee: 230 kilometres (140 mi)
22 November
23:54
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesUSA-85 (GPS IIA-7) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
24 November
04:09:59
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2221 (Tselina-D) MO RF Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
25 November
12:18:54
RussiaMolniya-M/2BL RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2222 (Oko) MO RF Molniya Missile defence In orbit Successful
27 November
13:10
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaGorizont 27 YeSSS Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
28 November
21:34
United StatesTitan IVA (404) United StatesVandenberg SLC-4E United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesUSA-86 (KH-12-1) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance 5 June 2000 Successful

December[edit]

1 December
22:48
European UnionAriane 4 42P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
JapanSuperbird A1 SCC Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
1 December RussiaUR-100NU KazakhstanBaikonur RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Test flight 1 December Failure
2 December
01:57
RussiaMolniya-M/ML RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya-3 #56L MOM Molniya Communications 8 November 2008 Successful
2 December
13:24
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-53 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 9 December Successful
United StatesUSA-89 (SDS-2-3) NRO Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesODERACS A NASA Low Earth Calibration 9 December Failure
United StatesODERACS B NASA Low Earth Calibration
United StatesODERACS C NASA Low Earth Calibration
United StatesODERACS D NASA Low Earth Calibration
United StatesODERACS E NASA Low Earth Calibration
United StatesODERACS F NASA Low Earth Calibration
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts; ODERACS deployment cancelled and reflown on STS-60
6 December
16:00
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-27 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 6 December Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
9 December
00:00
RussiaZyb RussiaSubmarine, Pacific Ocean RussiaVMF
RussiaEfir RVSN Suborbital Technology 9 December Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
9 December
11:25
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2223 (Yantar-4KS1) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 16 December 1993 Successful
9 December CanadaBlack Brant IXCM1 FranceCentre d'Essais des Landes FranceMATRA
FrancePOIVRE (VERT) MATRA Suborbital Imaging 9 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
11 December
22:45
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-28 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 11 December Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
15 December
03:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
NASA/JHU Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 15 December Successful
Apogee: 302 kilometres (188 mi)
17 December
12:45
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2224 (Prognoz) MO RF Geosynchronous Missile defence In orbit Operational
18 December
22:16
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesUSA-87 (GPS IIA-8) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
21 December
11:21
ChinaLong March 2E ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
AustraliaOptus B2 Optus Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Low Earth
Communications 29 June 1995 Launch Failure
Payload fairing collapsed during ascent; rocket continued to orbit deploying remains of payload and upper stage into low earth orbit
22 December
12:00
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2225 (Ortlets) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 18 February 1993 Successful
22 December
12:36
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2226 (Geo-IK) MO RF Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Successful
25 December
05:56
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2227 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
25 December
20:07:59
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2228 (Tselina-D) MO RF Low Earth ELINT In orbit Successful
29 December
13:30:01
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2229 (Bion 10) Roskosmos Low Earth Biological 10 January 1993 Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
8 February Ulysses 1st flyby of Jupiter Gravity assist
15 February Hiten Selenocentric orbit injection
14 July Giotto Flyby of 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup Closest approach: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
8 October Pioneer Venus Orbiter Deliberately deorbited into the Venerian atmosphere
8 December Galileo 2nd flyby of the Earth Gravity assist; Closest approach: 305 kilometres (190 mi)

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
20 February
20:09
4 hours
12 minutes
21 February
00:21
Mir EO-10
Kvant-2
RussiaAleksandr Volkov
RussiaSergei Krikalyov
Performed maintenance activities on the outside of Mir, including cleaning camera lenses. Volkov had problems with the cooling system on his Orlan space suit, and was limited in his mobility.
10 May
20:40
3 hours
43 minutes
11 May
00:23
STS-49
Endeavour
United StatesPierre J. Thuot
United StatesRichard Hieb
Thuot attempted to capture the Intelsat VI satellite using a capture bar while Hieb stood by to assist with placement in the payload bay. After multiple attempts to catch Intelsat VI, the spacewalkers returned to the airlock to consider the failed attempts.[3]
11 May
21:05
5 hours
30 minutes
12 May
02:35
STS-49
Endeavour
United StatesPierre J. Thuot
United StatesRichard Hieb
Thuot tried five more times to capture Intelsat VI while Hieb stood by to assist. Once again Thuot was unable to engaged the capture bar to the satellite.[3]
13 May
21:17
8 hours
29 minutes
14 May
05:46
STS-49
Endeavour
United StatesPierre J. Thuot
United StatesRichard Hieb
United StatesThomas Akers
Thuot, Hieb and Akers captured Intelsat VI with their hands. The trio then pulled the satellite into the payload pay, added a new perigee kick motor, and launched the satellite away from Endeavour. This spacewalk was the first three-person spacewalk in history and the three spacewalkers also set a new record for elapsed spacewalk time.[3]
14 May
~21:00
7 hours
44 minutes
15 May
~04:45
STS-49
Endeavour
United StatesThomas Akers
United StatesKathryn C. Thornton
Tested space station assembly techniques on an experimental structure, the Assembly of Station by Extravehicular Activity Methods (ASEM).
8 July
12:38
2 hours
3 minutes
14:41 Mir EO-11
Kvant-2
RussiaAleksandr Viktorenko
RussiaAleksandr Kaleri
Inspected several gyrodynes, located on the Kvant-2 module, near the airlock to provide data needed to prepare for the planned repair and replacement work of the gyrodynes.
3 September
13:32
3 hours
56 minutes
17:28 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
RussiaSergei Avdeyev
RussiaAnatoly Solovyev
Moved the VDU thruster unit to its position and prepared the Sofora girder for installation of the VDU.
7 September
11:47
5 hours
8 minutes
16:55 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
RussiaSergei Avdeyev
RussiaAnatoly Solovyev
Installed the electrical and control cables needed by the VDU thruster for operation on the Sofora truss and recovered the Russian flag installed on the Sofora truss the year before.
11 September
10:06
5 hours
44 minutes
15:50 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
RussiaSergei Avdeyev
RussiaAnatoly Solovyev
Completed install of the VDU thruster on Sofora truss, and moved the truss into its extended position.
15 September
07:49
3 hours
33 minutes
11:22 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
RussiaSergei Avdeyev
RussiaAnatoly Solovyev
Collected samples of a solar array and relocated the Kurs docking antenna on the Kristall module in preparation of the arrival of Soyuz TM-16.

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ NASA (2007-11-23). "NASA – STS-42". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  2. ^ http://reentrynews.aero.org/1992069a.html
  3. ^ a b c Kallender, Mark. "STS-49, The Rescue Of Intelsat-VI 603". Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2009.