Events from the year
1992 in the United Kingdom.
Overview [ edit ]
1992 in the United Kingdom is notable for a fourth term
General Election victory for the Conservative Party; " Black Wednesday" (16 September), the suspension of Britain's membership of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism; and an for the Annus Horribilis Royal Family.
Incumbents [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
January - Statistics show that economic growth returned during the final quarter of 1991 after five successive quarters of contraction.
[1 ] 9 January
Liberal Democrat leader
Paddy Ashdown proposes a £3billion package which would create 400,000 jobs in 12 months. Alison Halford, Britain's most senior policewoman, is suspended from duty for a second time following a police authority meeting.
[2 ] 10 January - The first full week of 1992 sees some 4,000 jobs lost across Britain, as the nation's recession continues. Almost 20% of those job cuts have been by
GEC, Britain's leading telecommunications manufacturer, where 750 redundancies are announced today. 14 January - The
Bank of Credit and Commerce International goes into liquidation. 17 January
IRA bomb attack near Omagh, seven construction workers are killed and seven others injured. This is the highest number of casualties in an IRA attack since 1988. The first
MORI poll of 1992 shows the Conservatives three points ahead of Labour on 42%, while the Liberal Democrats have their best showing yet with 16% of the vote. [3 ] 18 January - John Major announces that the general election will be held on 9 April.
29 January - The
Department of Health reveals that AIDS cases among heterosexuals increased by 50% between 1990 and 1991. 30 January -
John Major agrees a weapons control deal with new Russian premier Boris Yeltsin at 10 Downing Street.
February [ edit ]
2 February -
Neil Kinnock, Labour leader, denies reports that he had a " Kremlin connection" during the 1980s. 6 February -
The Queen celebrates her Ruby Jubilee. 7 February - Signature of the
Maastricht Treaty. [4 ] 8 February–23 February -
Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Winter Olympics in Albertville, France, but do not win any medals. 9 February - Prime Minister
John Major speaks of his hopes that the recession will soon be over as the economy is now showing signs of recovery. 15 February -
Neil Kinnock, Labour Party leader, speaks of his belief that the Conservative government's failure to halt the current recession will win his party the forthcoming general election. 18 February -
David Stevens, head of community relations, blames the recession for the recent rise in crime across Britain - most of all in deprived areas. 20 February - Hopes of an end to the recession are dashed by government figures which reveal that
GDP fell by 0.3% in the final quarter of 1991. 23 February - The
London Business School predicts an economic growth rate of 1.2% for this year, sparking hopes that the recession is nearing its end. March -
Toyota launches the TMUK-built Carina E at the Geneva Motor Show.
6 March -
Parliament passes the Further and Higher Education Act, allowing polytechnics to become new universities. 11 March
John Major announces that the election will be held on 9 April. Shadow Chancellor
John Smith condemns the recent Budget as a "missed opportunity" by the Conservatives, saying that they did "nothing" for jobs, training, skills, construction or economic recovery. 13 March - The first
ecumenical church in Britain, the Christ the Cornerstone Church in Milton Keynes is opened. [5 ] 17 March - Shadow Chancellor John Smith announces that there will be no tax reductions this year if Labour win the election.
Buckingham Palace announces that Duke and Duchess of York are to separate after six years of marriage. [6 ] Unemployment has reached 2,647,300 - 9.4% of the British workforce, the highest level since late 1987.
26 March -
Television entertainer Roy Castle (59), who currently presents Record Breakers, announces that he is suffering from lung cancer. 29 March -
John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer and father of Princess Diana, dies suddenly from pneumonia at the age of 68. [8 ]
April – Statistics show that the first quarter of this year saw the economy grow for the second quarter running, the sequel to five successive quarters of detraction, though the growth was still too narrow for the recession to be declared over.
1 April - The latest opinion polls show a narrow lead for Labour, which would force a
hung parliament in the election next week. 4 April -
Party Politics becomes the tallest horse to win the Grand National. 5 April - At his pre-election speech, Neil Kinnock promises a strong economic recovery if he leads the Labour party to election victory on Thursday.
6 April -
Women's Royal Army Corps disbanded, its members being fully absorbed into the regular British Army. 7 April - The final MORI poll before the general election shows Labour one point ahead of the Conservatives on 39%, while the Liberal Democrats continue to enjoy a surge in popularity with 20% of the vote. Most opinion polls show a similar situation, hinting at either a narrow Labour majority or a hung parliament.
[3 ] 9 April -
General Election: The Conservative Party are re-elected for a fourth term, in their first election under John Major's leadership. Their majority is reduced to 21 seats but they have attracted more than 14,000,000 votes - the highest number of votes ever attracted in a general election. Notable retirements from parliament at this election include Margaret Thatcher (Conservative prime minister for over eleven years until her resignation seventeen months ago) and the former Labour Party leader Michael Foot. [4 ] 10 April
Provisional Irish Republican Army detonates two bombs at the Baltic Exchange in central London, killing three. [5 ] With the government's victory in the election confirmed, John Major assures the public that he will lead the country out of recession that has blighted it for nearly two years.
11 April - Publication of
newspaper's iconic front page headline ' The Sun It's The Sun Wot Won It', as the tabloid newspaper claims it won the general election for the Conservatives with its anti-Kinnock front page headline on election day. 13 April
Neil Kinnock resigns as leader of the Labour Party following the defeat of his party in the General Election. he had led the party for eight-and-a-half years since October 1983, and was the longest serving opposition leader in British political history. [9 ] [10 ]
The Princess Royal announces her divorce from Capt Mark Phillips after 18 years of marriage, having separated in 1989. 16 April - Unemployment has now risen 23 months in succession, but the March rise in unemployment was the smallest monthly rise so far.
17–20 April -
Lost Gardens of Heligan in Cornwall first opened to the public. [11 ] 27 April -
Betty Boothroyd, 62-year-old Labour MP for West Bromwich West in the West Midlands, is elected as Speaker of the House of Commons, the first woman to hold the position. [4 ]
6 May - John Major promises British voters improved services and more money to spend.
12 May - Plans are unveiled for a fifth terminal at
Heathrow Airport, which is now the busiest airport in the world. May - Twenty-two "
Maastricht Rebels" vote against the government on the second reading of the European Communities (Amendment) Bill. 17 May -
Nigel Mansell gains the 26th Grand Prix win of his racing career at Imola, San Marino. He is now the most successful British driver in Grand Prix races, and the fourth worldwide.
July - Statistics show that the economy contracted during the second quarter of this year.
2 July - The
IRA admits to murdering three men whose bodies were found by the army at various locations around Armagh last night. The men are believed to have been informers employed by MI5. [14 ] 10 July - One of the first major signs of economic recovery is shown as inflation falls from 4.3% to 3.9%.
21 July -
British Airways announces a takeover of USAir. 23 July - Three months after losing the general election, Labour finish four points ahead of the Conservatives in a MORI poll, with 43% of the vote.
[3 ] 25 July–9 August -
Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Olympics in Barcelona and win 5 gold, 3 silver and 12 bronze medals. 27 July -
Alan Shearer becomes Britain's most expensive footballer in a £3.6 million transfer from Southampton to Blackburn Rovers. Shearer, who turns 22 next month, was a member of England's Euro 92 national squad, having scored on his debut in a friendly international against France earlier this year. [15 ]
6 August -
Lord Hope, the Lord President of the Court of Session, Scotland's most senior judge, permits the televising of appeals in both criminal and civil cases, the first time that cameras have been allowed into courts in the United Kingdom. [16 ] 20 August - Intimate photographs of the
Duchess of York and a Texan businessman, John Bryan, are published in the . Daily Mirror [17 ] 27 August - Hugh McKiben (aged 19) becomes the 3,000th victim of the sectarian violence in
Northern Ireland which began in 1969.
September [ edit ]
September - The former polytechnics re-open as
universities. [18 ] 5 September - Italian supercar manufacturer
Ferrari announces that its Formula One division will be designing and manufacturing cars in Britain. 13 September - Nigel Mansell announces his retirement from Formula One racing.
16 September - "
Black Wednesday" sees the government suspending Britain's membership of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism following a wave of speculation against the Pound. [19 ] 17 September - There is more bad news for the economy as unemployment is at a five-year high of 2,845,508, and experts warn that it will soon hit 3,000,000 for the first time since early 1987.
18 September - The latest MORI poll shows the Labour Party four points ahead of the Conservatives at 43%, following the events of Black Wednesday two days earlier.
24 September -
David Mellor resigns as Heritage Minister amid tabloid press speculation that he had been conducting an adulterous affair with actress Antonia de Sancha. [20 ] 30 September - The
Royal Mint introduces a new 10-pence coin which is lighter and smaller than the previous coin.
October [ edit ]
Cochrane Centre opens. [21 ] Statistics show a return to economic growth for the third quarter of this year.
[22 ] 9 October - Two suspected IRA bombs explode in London, but there are no injuries.
13 October - The government announces the closure of a third of Britain's deep coal mines, with the loss of 31,000 jobs.
[23 ] 14 October - The England football team begins its qualification campaign for the
1994 FIFA World Cup with a 1-1 draw against Norway at Wembley Stadium. 15 October - The value of the
pound sterling is reported to have dipped further as the recession deepens. 16 October - The government attempts to tackle the recession by cutting the base interest rate to 8% - the lowest since June 1988.
19 October - John Major announces that only ten deep coal mines will be closed.
25 October - Around 100,000 people protest in London against the government's pit closure plans.
26 October -
British Steel announces a 20% production cut as a result in falling demand from its worldwide customer base. 30 October - IRA terrorists force a taxi driver to drive to
Downing Street at gunpoint and once there they detonate a bomb, but there are no injuries.
November [ edit ]
11 November - The
Church of England votes to allow women to become priests. [24 ] 12 November
British Telecom reports a £1.03 billion profit for the half year ending 30 September - a fall of 36.2% on the previous half year figure, as a result of the thousands of redundancies it has made this year due to the recession. Unemployment has continued to climb and is now approaching 2,900,000. It has risen every month since June 1990, when it was below 1,700,000. The current level has not been seen since mid-1987.
16 November -
Hoxne Hoard discovered by metal detectorist Eric Lawes in Suffolk. 19 November - The
High Court rules that doctors can disconnect feeding tubes from Tony Bland, a 21-year-old man who has been in a coma since the Hillsborough disaster on 15 April 1989. Mr Bland, of Liverpool, suffered massive brain damage in the disaster which claimed the lives of 95 people and doctors treating him say that there is no reasonable possibility that he could recover consciousness and in his current condition would be unlikely to survive more than five years. [25 ] 20 November -
Fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage. [26 ] 24 November -
The Queen describes this year as an (horrible year) due to various scandals damaging the image of the Royal Family, as well as the Windsor Castle fire. Annus Horribilis 26 November
29 November - Ethnic minorities now account for more than 3,000,000 (over 5%) of the British population.
December [ edit ]
1 December - The first episode of the children's series
. The Animals of Farthing Wood 3 December -
65 people are injured by an IRA bomb in Manchester city centre but there are no fatalities. [29 ] 9 December - The separation of
Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales is announced following months of speculation about their marriage, but there are no plans for a divorce and prime minister John Major announces that Diana could still become Queen. [4 ] 11 December - The last MORI poll of 1992 shows Labour thirteen points ahead of the Conservatives on 47%, just three months after several polls had shown the latter in the lead. Black Wednesday, which has damaged much of the government's reputation for monetary excellence, is largely blamed for the fall in Conservative support.
[3 ] 12 December - Marriage of
Anne, Princess Royal, and Timothy Laurence. [4 ] 16 December
17 December - The national unemployment level has risen to more than 2,900,000, with the unemployment rate in the south-east of England now above 10% for the first time.
23 December - The Queen's
Royal Christmas Message is leaked in newspaper, 48 hours ahead of its traditional Christmas Day broadcast on television. The Sun [31 ] 31 December
ORACLE teletext service is discontinued on ITV and Channel 4 to be replaced by a new service operated by the Teletext Ltd. consortium. It had been launched on ITV in 1974 and had been used by Channel 4 since its inception in 1982. The economy has grown in the final quarter of this year - the second successive quarter of economic growth - but the recovery is still too weak for the end of the recession to be declared.
Undated [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
3 January -
Daniel McLay, New-Zealand-born racing cyclist 4 January -
Jamie Griffiths, footballer 5 January -
Louis Almond, footballer 8 January -
Kenny McLean, footballer 10 January - Daniel Boateng, footballer
14 January -
Tom Eaves, footballer 15 January -
John Bostock, footballer 16 January -
Josh Dawkin, footballer 22 January -
Reece Connolly, footballer 24 January -
Becky Downie, gymnast 30 January -
Thomas Ince, footballer 31 January -
James Hurst, footballer
February [ edit ]
September [ edit ]
2 September -
Cameron Darkwah, footballer 9 September -
Cameron Crighton, actor 12 September -
Jordan Burrow, footballer 16 September -
Jake Roche, actor 17 September -
William Buller, driver 20 September -
Will Addison, rugby union player 21 September -
Arlissa, Germany-born singer-songwriter 22 September -
Philip Hindes, Germany-born cyclist 23 September -
Matthew Harriott, footballer
30 September -
Cyrus Christie, footballer
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
Maia Krall Fry, actress and director 1 November -
Alexander Davidson, rugby league player 5 November -
Cameron Lancaster, footballer 15 November -
Tom Coulton, footballer 17 November -
Amy McHale, unemployed 20 November -
Michael Doughty, footballer 21 November -
Conor Maynard, singer 22 November -
Lauren Bruton, female football striker 29 November -
Steph Fraser, pop-folk, singer-songwriter
December [ edit ]
2 January -
Joyce Butler, Labour Co-operative Member of Parliament (born 1910) 9 January -
Bill Naughton, playwright (born 1910) 11 January -
W. G. Hoskins, historian (born 1908) 23 January -
Freddie Bartholomew, actor (born 1924) 4 February -
Alan Davies, footballer (born 1961) 16 February -
Angela Carter, novelist and journalist (born 1940) 1 March -
Howard Payne, hammer thrower (born 1931) 2 March -
Jackie Mudie, footballer (born 1930) 3 March -
G. L. S. Shackle, economist (born 1903) 14 March -
Elfrida Vipont, children's author (born 1902) 18 March -
Jack Kelsey, former footballer (born 1929) 10 April -
Peter D. Mitchell, biochemist (born 1920) 19 April -
Frankie Howerd, comedian and actor (born 1917) 20 April -
Benny Hill, comedian and actor (born 1924) 4 May -
Gregor Mackenzie, Labour politician (born 1927) 13 May -
F. E. McWilliam, sculptor (born 1909) 22 May -
Elizabeth David, cookery writer (born 1913) 24 May
27 May -
Peter Jenkins, journalist (born 1934) 3 June -
Robert Morley, actor (born 1908) 20 June -
Charles Groves, conductor (born 1915) 25 June -
James Stirling, architect (born 1926) 29 June -
Elie Kedourie, historian (born 1926, Iraq) 10 July -
Albert Pierrepoint, Chief Executioner (born 1905) 12 July -
Ted Fenton, former footballer and football manager (born 1914) 23 July -
Rosemary Sutcliff, novelist (born 1920) 26 July -
Richard Martin Bingham, Member of Parliament and judge (born 1915) 31 July -
Leonard Cheshire, RAF pilot (born 1917) 1 August -
Leslie Fox, mathematician (born 1918) 9 August -
Patrick Devlin, Baron Devlin, judge (born 1905) 23 August -
Donald Stewart, Scottish National Party Member of Parliament (born 1920) 29 August -
Mary Norton, author (born 1903) 5 September -
Christopher Trace, actor and television presented (born 1933) 19 September -
Geraint Evans, baritone (born 1922) 28 September -
William Douglas-Home, tank officer, writer and dramatist, and brother of former prime minister Alec Douglas-Home (born 1912) 3 October -
Ken Wilmshurst, triple jumper (born 1931) 6 October -
Denholm Elliott, actor (born 1922) 19 October -
Magnus Pyke, scientist (born 1908) 29 October -
Kenneth MacMillan, ballet dancer and choreographer (born 1929) 22 December -
Ted Willis, Baron Willis, television dramatist (born (1914) 25 December -
26 December -
Edmund Davies, Baron Edmund-Davies, judge (born 1906) 28 December -
Cardew Robinson, comic (born 1917)
References [ edit ]