Eurovision Song Contest 1993
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|Eurovision Song Contest 1993
|Final date||15 May 1993|
|Venue||Green Glens Arena
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Opening act||The story of Eochaid and Étaín in Celtic mythology, transitioning into a video of rural Ireland today.|
|Interval act||Linda Martin,
|Number of entries||25|
|Debuting countries|| Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Withdrawing countries||FR Yugoslavia|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Ireland
"In Your Eyes"
|Eurovision Song Contest|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1993 was the 38th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 15 May 1993 in Millstreet, County Cork, Ireland. The presenter was Fionnuala Sweeney. Niamh Kavanagh was the winner of this Eurovision for Ireland with the song, "In Your Eyes". This was Ireland's fifth victory, and equalled the tally of five Eurovision victories achieved by France in 1977 and Luxembourg in 1983.
The location for this year's edition of the contest was unique, in that Millstreet, with a population at the time of just 1,500 people, was the smallest host town ever chosen for Eurovision, and indeed was the most remote. However, the venue, a large indoor well- equipped equestrian centre was deemed more than suitable as the location by RTÉ. With huge support from local and national authorities, plus several businesses in the region, the town's infrastructure was greatly enhanced in order to accommodate an event of this scale. It was also the largest outside broadcast ever attempted by state broadcaster RTÉ and was deemed a technical triumph for all involved. The stage was created by Alan Farquharson, who was also chief production designer two years later in Dublin.
The top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the previous year's contest, being Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Pre-qualifying round 
In the run-up to this contest, the European Broadcasting Union finally started to grapple with the explosion in the number of potential participating countries, caused by the dissolution of the Eastern bloc, and also by the disintegration of Yugoslavia, which had traditionally been the only communist country that took part in the contest. For the first time, then, a pre-qualifying round was introduced, but only for countries that had either never participated in the contest at all, or in the case of former republics of Yugoslavia, had not previously competed as nations in their own right. This was, however, merely a 'sticking-plaster' measure that was plainly not a sustainable solution for future years, as it would not be seen as remotely equitable. But in the meantime, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia were left to battle it out in a special competition called Kvalifikacija za Millstreet in Ljubljana on 3 April for the mere three places available at the grand final in Millstreet. After some extremely tight voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia edged through.
Individual entries 
|01||Italy||Italian||Enrico Ruggeri||"Sole d'Europa"||Sun of Europe||12||45|
|02||Turkey||Turkish||Burak Aydos||"Esmer Yarim"||My darling brunette||21||10|
|03||Germany||German||Münchener Freiheit||"Viel zu weit"||Much too far||18||18|
|04||Switzerland||French||Annie Cotton||"Moi, tout simplement"||Quite simply myself||3||148|
|05||Denmark||Danish||Tommy Seebach Band||"Under stjernerne på himlen"||Under the stars of the sky||22||9|
|06||Greece||Greek||Katerina Garbi||"Ellada, Chora Tou Fotos"
(Ελλάδα, χώρα του φωτός)
|Greece, country of light||9||64|
|07||Belgium||Dutch||Barbara Dex||"Iemand als jij"||Someone like you||25||3|
|08||Malta||English||William Mangion||"This Time"||—||8||69|
|09||Iceland||Icelandic||Inga||"Þá veistu svarið"||Then you'll know the answer||13||42|
|10||Austria||German||Tony Wegas||"Maria Magdalena"||Mary Magdalene||14||32|
|11||Portugal||Portuguese||Anabela||"A cidade (até ser dia)"||The city (until dawn)||10||60|
|12||France||French, Corsican||Patrick Fiori||"Mama Corsica"||—||4||121|
|14||Ireland||English||Niamh Kavanagh||"In Your Eyes"||—||1||187|
|15||Luxembourg||French, Luxembourgish||Modern Times||"Donne-moi une chance"||Give me a chance||20||11|
|16||Slovenia||Slovene||1X Band||"Tih deževen dan"||A quiet rainy day||22||9|
|17||Finland||Finnish||Katri Helena||"Tule luo"||Come to me||17||20|
|18||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Bosnian||Fazla||"Sva bol svijeta"||All the pain in the world||16||27|
|19||United Kingdom||English||Sonia||"Better The Devil You Know"||—||2||164|
|21||Croatia||Croatian, English||Put||"Don't Ever Cry"||—||15||31|
|23||Cyprus||Greek||Zimboulakis & Van Beke||"Mi Stamatas"
|24||Israel||Hebrew, English||The Shiru Group||"Shiru" (שירו)||Sing||24||4|
|25||Norway||Norwegian||Silje Vige||"Alle mine tankar"||All my thoughts||5||120|
Voting structure 
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points for their top ten songs.
The voting required a jury to deliberate in the midst of the on-going war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Warm applause rang round the hall as a voice on a crackling phone line was heard to deliver the familiar greeting, "Hello Millstreet, Sarajevo calling".
During the announcement of the scores by the Dutch jury, Sweeney got carried away with the audience's cheers and declared Ireland 12 points when they had only been awarded 10 - which was promptly corrected.
By the final few juries it became clear that either Ireland or the United Kingdom were going to win. After the penultimate jury had voted, it looked to be a lost cause for second-placed Sonia of the UK as she was eleven points behind Niamh Kavanagh.
Due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury. An expectant Irish crowd waited to hear Malta award anything between one and ten points to either the UK or Ireland - the result of which would have made it arithmetically impossible for Ireland to be caught. However, the name of neither country came up (the ten points instead surprisingly being awarded to Luxembourg). This of course meant that either the UK or Ireland must have failed to pick up any points from the final jury, and if it was Sonia that received the maximum twelve points, the seemingly impossible would have happened and the UK would snatch a single-point victory at the death. Instead it was Ireland that were awarded the final points of the evening, finishing with what looked in retrospect a comfortable twenty-three point victory.
Score sheet 
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||27||3||12||1||4||4||3|
|The table is ordered by appearance
Due to technical difficulties Malta was the last country to vote.
12 points 
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Recipient nation||Voting nation|
|7||Ireland||Italy, Malta, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom|
|4||United Kingdom||Austria, Belgium, Iceland, Israel|
|3||Norway||Croatia, Finland, Greece|
|Switzerland||France, Germany, Luxembourg|
|1||Austria||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Turkey|
Returning artists 
|Tommy Seebach||Denmark||1979, 1981|
- Italy - Peppi Franzelin
- Turkey - Ömer Önder
- Germany - Carmen Nebel
- Switzerland - Michel Stocker
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- Greece - Fotini Giannoulatou
- Belgium - Anne Ploegaerts
- Malta - Kevin Drake
- Iceland - Guðrún Skúladóttir
- Austria - Erich Götzinger
- Portugal - Margarida Mercês de Mello
- France - Laurent Romejko
- Sweden - Gösta Hanson
- Ireland - Eileen Dunne
- Luxembourg - TBC
- Slovenia - Miša Molk
- Finland - Solveig Herlin
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - Senad Hadžifejzović
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Netherlands - Joop van Os
- Croatia - Veljko Đuretić
- Spain - María Ángeles Balañac
- Cyprus - Anna Partelidou
- Israel - Danny Rup
- Norway - Sverre Christophersen
National jury members 
- Greece – Vangelis Alexandropoulos, Bessy Argyraki, Dina Vasilakou, Dimitris Iatropoulos, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Paschalis, Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Anastasios Alatzas, Maria Alexandrou, Alexandros Varouxis, Giorgos Kanellos, Evgenia Koutsoulieri, Giorgos Logothetis, Maria Sotiropoulou, Elena Hounta
- Spain – Cristina Pons (student), Juan Ribera (doctor), Arantxa de Benito (TV hostess), Sergio Blanco (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Estíbaliz Uranga (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Manuel Quinto (writer and film critic), Rosita Ferrer (actress), Antonio Rebollo (sportsman), Concha Márquez Piquer (singer), René Dechamps (student), Rosi Nsue (dancer), Francesc Martínez de Foix (president of Special Olympics Spain), María Luisa San José (actress), Bernardo Bonezzi (composer), Anabel Aramburu (TV and radio scriptwriter), Miguel Ángel Bermejo (film and advertising producer)
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