1994 Giro d'Italia

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1994 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates 22 May - 12 June
Stages 22, including one split stage
Distance 3,730 km (2,318 mi)
Winning time 100h 41' 21" (36.954 km/h or 22.962 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) (Gewiss-Ballan)
Second  Marco Pantani (ITA) (Carrera Jeans-Tassoni)
Third  Miguel Indurain (ESP) (Banesto)

Points  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB) (Team Polti-Vaporetto)
Mountains  Pascal Richard (SUI) (GB-MG Maglificio)
Youth  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) (Gewiss-Ballan)
Intergiro  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB) (Team Polti-Vaporetto)
Team Carrera Jeans-Tassoni
Team Points Team Polti-Vaporetto
1993
1995

The 1994 Giro d'Italia was the 77th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Bologna on 22 May with a short 86 km (53.4 mi) stage. The race came to a close on 12 June with a flat stage that stretched 198 km (123.0 mi) from Turin to Milan. Seventeen teams entered the race, which was won by Evgeni Berzin of the Gewiss-Ballan team.[1] Second and third respectively were the Italian Marco Pantani and the Spanish rider, Miguel Indurain.[1]

Berzin first gained the race lead after the fourth stage where he attacked on the final climb to win the day.[2] The race's overall classification was first headed by Endrio Leoni who won the Giro's opening road stage.[2] However, Leoni lost the lead later that day during the afternoon individual time trial to Armand de Las Cuevas.[2] De Las Cuevas held the lead for a single stage before losing it to Moreno Argentin who won the race's second stage.[2] Argentin held the general classification lead for two stages, before Berzin took it after stage 4.[2] After gaining the lead, Berzin began to build upon his advantage after winning the stage 8 and 18 individual time trials and maintaining good form throughout the mountains.[2]

Berzin became the first Russian to win the Giro d'Italia. Berzin also won the young rider classification for the best rider aged 25 or under in the general classification.[1] In the race's other classifications, Swiss rider Pascal Richard won the mountains classification, and Djamolidine Abdoujaparov of Team Polti-Vaporetto was the winner of the points and intergiro classifications.[1] Carrera Jeans-Tassoni finished as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team, which ranked each of the seventeen teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.[1] Team Polti-Vaporetto finished as the winners of the Trofeo Super Team classification, where the teams' riders are awarded points for placing within the top twenty in each stage.[1]

Teams[edit]

A total of 17 teams were invited to participate in the 1994 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 153 cyclists.[2]Of the riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 99 riders made it to the finish in Milan.[2]

The 17 teams that took part in the race were:[3]

Route and stages[edit]

The 1994 Giro d'Italia began with a small flat course that began and ended in the city of Bologna. The official race route contained three individual time trial events with distances that ranged from 7 km (4 mi) to 44 km (27 mi) in length. There were a total of five stages that held many high mountains, while there were five hilly stages that contained climbs of lesser degree. The ten remaining stages were primarily flat.

There were five stages that began or ended outside of Italy.[4] Stage 12 ended in the Slovenian city Kranj and served as the start for the race's thirteenth stage.[4] Stage 13 ended at Lienz in Austria, and the fourteenth began there.[4] The Giro's mountainous stage 20 ended on the slopes of Les Deux Alpes, and the penultimate stage began on the mountain the next day.[4]

Of the stages that contained mountains, three contained summit finishes: stage 4 to Campitello Matese,[5] stage 20 to Les Deux Alpes,[6] and stage 21 to Sestriere.[4][7] The eighteenth stage, an individual time trial, had a summit finish to the Passo del Bocco.[4][8]

Stage results[4][9][10]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1a 22 May Bologna to Bologna 86 km (53 mi) Plain stage  Endrio Leoni (ITA)
1b Bologna 7 km (4 mi) Individual time trial  Armand de Las Cuevas (FRA)
2 23 May Bologna to Osimo 232 km (144 mi) Hilly stage  Moreno Argentin (ITA)
3 24 May Osimo to Loreto Aprutino 185 km (115 mi) Hilly stage  Gianni Bugno (ITA)
4 25 May Montesilvano to Campitello Matese 204 km (127 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Evgeni Berzin (RUS)
5 26 May Campobasso to Melfi 158 km (98 mi) Plain stage  Endrio Leoni (ITA)
6 27 May Potenza to Caserta 215 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Marco Saligari (ITA)
7 28 May Fiuggi to Fiuggi 119 km (74 mi) Hilly stage  Laudelino Cubino (ESP)
8 29 May Grosseto to Follonica 44 km (27 mi) Individual time trial  Evgeni Berzin (RUS)
9 30 May Castiglione della Pescaia to Pontedera 153 km (95 mi) Plain stage  Ján Svorada (CZE)
10 31 May Marostica to Marostica 115 km (71 mi) Plain stage  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB)
11 1 June Marostica to Bibione 165 km (103 mi) Plain stage  Ján Svorada (CZE)
12 2 June Bibione to Kranj (Slovenia) 204 km (127 mi) Hilly stage  Andrea Ferrigato (ITA)
13 3 June Kranj (Slovenia) to Lienz (Austria) 231 km (144 mi) Hilly stage  Michele Bartoli (ITA)
14 4 June Lienz (Austria) to Merano 235 km (146 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Marco Pantani (ITA)
15 5 June Merano to Aprica 195 km (121 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Marco Pantani (ITA)
16 6 June Sondrio to Stradella 220 km (137 mi) Plain stage  Maximilian Sciandri (ITA)
17 7 June Santa Maria della Versa to Lavagna 190 km (118 mi) Plain stage  Ján Svorada (CZE)
18 8 June Chiavari to Passo del Bocco 35 km (22 mi) Individual time trial  Evgeni Berzin (RUS)
19 9 June Lavagna to Bra 212 km (132 mi) Plain stage  Massimo Ghirotto (ITA)
20 10 June Cuneo to Les Deux Alpes (France) 206 km (128 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Vladimir Poulnikov (UKR)
21 11 June Les Deux Alpes (France) to Sestriere 121 km (75 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Pascal Richard (SUI)
22 12 June Turin to Milan 198 km (123 mi) Plain stage  Stefano Zanini (ITA)
Total 3,730 km (2,318 mi)

Race overview[edit]

A cyclist wearing a yellow jersey while in the process of unzipping his jersey.
Marco Pantani won two consecutive stages at the 1994 Giro d'Italia.

This edition of the Giro began with a split stage, with the morning leg consisting of a 86 km (53 mi) flat route and the afternoon part being a 7 km (4 mi) flat individual time trial.[2][11] Italian Endrio Leoni won the morning stage by means of a sprint finish where the speeds were so high the peloton split in the final kilometer.[2][11] Armand de Las Cuevas won the afternoon time trial by two seconds over Evgeni Berzin and in the process took the overall lead away from Leoni.[11] Stage two featured an uphill finish into the city of Osimo.[2] Moreno Argentin attacked close to the line and was able to distance himself from the rest of the peloton and win the stage, while also taking the lead of the race.[2][12] Gianni Bugno failed several times to get away from the peloton before finally breaking free on the climb into Loreto Amprutino to win the third stage.[2][13]

Stage 4 featured the race's first summit finish, with a final climb to the top of Campitello Matese.[2][14] While on the climb, Evgeni Berzin attacked and made his way up to the top in first place.[2][14] Due to his efforts, Berzin gained the overall lead of the race.[2][14] The next two stages, 5 and 6, both came down to sprint finishes that were won by Endrio Leoni and Marco Saligari, respectively.[15][16] The race's seventh stage saw the Spaniard Laudelino Cubino outsprint his fellow breakaway members for the stage victory.[17] Stage 8 was a 44 km (27 mi) individual time trial that stretched from Grosseto to Follonica.[2][18] The race leader Evgeni Berzin dominated the time trial as he won the stage by over a minute than the second place finisher, which also allowed him to extend his lead in the general classification.[2][18]

The next three stages of the race were all primarily flat, had no real impact on the overall standings, and all concluded with a bunch sprint. Ján Svorada won stage nine and then stage eleven after dodging a crash that marred the stage's finish.[19][20] Djamolidine Abdoujaparov out-sprinted the rest of the field to win the race's tenth stage.[21] The Giro's twelfth stage featured a few categorized climbs as the race made its way into Slovenia for the stage's finish in Kranj.[22] Despite the climbs, the stage ended with a field sprint that was won by Andrea Ferrigato.[22] Italian Michele Bartoli won the race's undulating thirteenth stage by being a part of the stage's initial breakaway and then attacking later on and soloing to the stage's conclusion in Lienz, Austria.[23]

As the Giro left Austria, the race began to enter the Dolomites during stage fourteen.[2][24] The eventual stage winner Marco Pantani was in a chasing group on the final climb of the stage, the Passo di Monte Giovo.[2][24] He attacked, bridged the gap to the leading group, and left them behind to claim his first professional victory of his career.[2][24] The next stage saw Pantani win again after he rode away from the attack group on the last climb of the Valico di Santa Cristina and he then soloed to the finish in Stradella.[2][25] Pantani's efforts on the day moved him up to second overall in the race.[2][25] The race's sixteenth stage took a break from the mountains with the stage being primarily fled, which ultimately led to the sprint finish that was won by Italian Maximilian Sciandri.[26] Ján Svorada won the next day's stage after attacking from the breakaway group in the closing seconds.[27]

A blonde haired man wearing sunglasses.
Evgeni Berzin won three stages and the general classification.

The Giro's eighteenth stage was a 35 km (22 mi) individual time trial that stretched from Chiavari to the summit finish on the Passo del Bocco.[2][28] The race leader Evgeni Berzin won the stage by twenty seconds over Miguel Indurain.[2][28] Stage 19 saw the day of racing come down to a sprint finish that was won by Massimo Ghirotto.[29] The twentieth stage saw the Giro race through the Alps and up to the summit of Les Deux Alpes for the stage finish.[2][30] The lead group up Les Deux Alpes contained the likes of Evgeni Berzin, Marco Pantani, and Miguel Indurain who had attacked each other multiple times but to no avail.[2][30] The trio was later joined by Vladimir Poulnikov and Nelson Rodriguez who both eventually left them to go on for the stage win.[2][30] Poulkinov edged out Rodriguez to the stage win atop the mountain.[2][30] The penultimate stage of the Giro saw a summit finish atop the Sestriere.[2][31] The stage saw snow and chilling temperatures which led to the general classification contenders sticking together, while Pascal Richard went on to win the summit finish and solidify his lead atop the mountains classification.[2][31] The Giro's final stage came down to a sprint finish that was won by Stefano Zanini as Evgeni Berzin won the Giro d'Italia.[1][2]

Success in stages was limited to eleven of the competing teams, six of which achieved multiple stage victories, while four individual riders won multiple stages. The riders that won more than once were Endrio Leoni in stages 1a[11] and 5,[15] Evgeni Berzin in stages 4,[14] 8,[18] and 18,[28] Ján Svorada in stages 9,[19] 11,[20] and 17,[27] and Marco Pantani in stages 14[24] and 15.[25] Jolly Componibili-Cage won two stages with Leoni. Gewiss-Ballan won multiple stages, with Moreno Argentin in stage 2[12] and three stages with Berzin. Team Polti-Vaporetto won two stages, with Gianni Bugno in stage 3[13] and Djamolidine Abdoujaparov in stage 10.[21] GB-MG Maglificio won three stages, with Marco Saligari in stage 6,[16] Maximilian Sciandri in stage 16,[26] and Pascal Richard in stage 21.[31] Lampre-Panaria won three stages with Ján Svorada. ZG Mobili-Selle Italia won two stages, with Andrea Ferrigato in stage 12[22] and Massimo Ghirotto in stage 19.[29] Carrera Jeans-Tassoni also won multiple stages, with Marco Pantani in winning two stages and Vladimir Poulnikov in stage 20.[30]

Castorama, Kelme-Avianca-Gios, Mercatone Uno-Medeghini, and Navigare-Blue Storm each won one stage apiece. Castorama rider Armand de Las Cuevas won stage 1b individual time trial,[11] Kelme-Avianca-Gios's Laudelino Cubino won stage 7,[17] Mercatone Uno-Medeghini rider Michele Bartoli won stage 13,[23] and Navigare-Blue Storm's Stefano Zanini stage 22 by means of a sprint finish.[1]

Classification leadership[edit]

In the 1994 Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys were awarded. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.[32]

A mountain with paved roads.
Some of the 48 hairpin turns near the top of the eastern ramp of the Passo dello Stelvio

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a purple, or cyclamen jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing in the top 15 in a stage. In addition, points could be won in intermediate sprints.[32]

There was also a mountains classification, the leadership of which was marked by a green jersey. In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. Each climb was categorized as either first, second, or third category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded still more points than the other first-category climbs. The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo dello Stelvio.[32]

The fourth jersey represented the young rider classification, marked by a white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1970 were eligible.[32]

There was also one classification for the teams. The classification was the Trofeo Fast Team. In this classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[32]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage[10]
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Trofeo Fast Team
1a Endrio Leoni Endrio Leoni Endrio Leoni not awarded Michele Bartoli Jolly Componibili-Cage
1b Armand de Las Cuevas Armand de Las Cuevas Armand de Las Cuevas Evgeni Berzin Mercatone Uno-Medeghini
2 Moreno Argentin Moreno Argentin Evgeni Berzin Michele Coppolillo Gewiss-Ballan
3 Gianni Bugno
4 Evgeni Berzin Evgeni Berzin Team Polti-Vaporetto
5 Endrio Leoni
6 Marco Saligari
7 Laudelino Cubino
8 Evgeni Berzin Gewiss-Ballan
9 Ján Svorada
10 Djamolidine Abdoujaparov
11 Ján Svorada
12 Andrea Ferrigato
13 Michele Bartoli Castorama
14 Marco Pantani Pascal Richard GB-MG Maglificio
15 Marco Pantani Carrera Jeans-Vagabond
16 Maximilian Sciandri Djamolidine Abdoujaparov
17 Ján Svorada
18 Evgeni Berzin Evgeni Berzin
19 Massimo Ghirotto
20 Vladimir Poulnikov
21 Pascal Richard
22 Stefano Zanini Djamolidine Abdoujaparov
Final Evgeni Berzin Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Pascal Richard Evgeni Berzin Carrera Jeans-Tassoni

Final standings[edit]

Legend
  A pink jersey   Denotes the winner of the General classification[1][33]   A green jersey   Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification[1][33]
  A purple jersey   Denotes the winner of the Points classification[1][33]   A white jersey   Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification[1][33]
  A blue jersey   Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification[2]

General classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) Pink jerseyA white jersey Gewiss-Ballan 100h 41' 21"
2  Marco Pantani (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni + 2' 51"
3  Miguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto + 3' 23"
4  Pavel Tonkov (RUS) Lampre-Panaria + 11' 16"
5  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni + 11' 52"
6  Nelson Rodríguez (COL) ZG Mobili-Selle Italia + 13' 17"
7  Massimo Podenzana (ITA) Navigare-Blue Storm + 14' 35"
8  Gianni Bugno (ITA) Team Polti-Vaporetto + 15' 26"
9  Armand De Las Cuevas (FRA) Castorama + 15' 35"
10  Andrew Hampsten (USA) Motorola + 17' 21"

Points classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB) purple jerseyA blue jersey Team Polti-Vaporetto 202
2  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) Pink jerseyA white jersey Gewiss-Ballan 182
3  Gianni Bugno (ITA) Team Polti-Vaporetto 148
4  Miguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto 132
5  Stefano Zanini (ITA) Navigare-Blue Storm
6  Marco Pantani (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 114
7  Fabiano Fontanelli (ITA) ZG Mobili-Selle Italia 113
8  Armand De Las Cuevas (FRA) Castorama 110
9  Giovanni Lombardi (ITA) Lampre-Panaria 107
10  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 102

Mountains classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Pascal Richard (SUI) green jersey GB-MG Maglificio 78
2  Michele Coppolillo (ITA) Navigare-Blue Storm 58
3  Marco Pantani (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 44
4  Nelson Rodríguez (COL) ZG Mobili-Selle Italia 24
5  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) Pink jerseyA white jersey Gewiss-Ballan 20
6  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 19
7  Álvaro Mejía (MEX) Motorola 16
8  Gérard Rué (FRA) Banesto 14
9  Stefano Zanini (ITA) Navigare-Blue Storm
10  Andrea Chiurato (ITA) Mapei-CLAS

Young rider classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) A white jerseyPink jersey Gewiss-Ballan 100h 41' 21"
2  Marco Pantani (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni + 2' 51"
3  Wladimir Belli (ITA) Lampre-Panaria + 19' 36"
4  Georg Totschnig (AUT) Team Polti-Vaporetto + 20' 04"
5  Davide Rebellin (ITA) GB-MG Maglificio + 34' 46"
6  Francesco Casagrande (ITA) Mercatone Uno-Medeghini + 45' 32"
7  Giuseppe Guerini (ITA) Navigare-Blue Storm + 1h 11' 27"
8  Michele Bartoli (ITA) Mercatone Uno-Medeghini + 1h 33' 11"
9  José Luis Arrieta (ESP) Banesto + 2h 00' 41"
10  Paolo Fornaciari (ITA) Mercatone Uno-Medeghini + 2h 19' 35"

Intergiro classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB) A blue jerseypurple jersey Team Polti-Vaporetto 62h 00' 39"
2  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) Pink jerseyA white jersey Gewiss-Ballan + 44"
3  Fabiano Fontanelli (ITA) ZG Mobili-Selle Italia + 1' 50"

Trofeo Fast Team classification[edit]

Team Time
1 Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 302h 25' 45"
2 Team Polti-Vaporetto + 24' 55"
3 Lampre-Panaria + 24' 56"
4 Gewiss-Ballan + 36' 21"
5 GB-MG Maglificio + 41' 23"
6 Castorama + 1h 29' 22"
7 Kelme-Avianca-Gios + 1h 40' 39"
8 Banesto + 1h 51' 13"
9 Navigare-Blue Storm + 1h 52' 46"
10 ZG Mobili-Selle Italia + 2h 02' 57"

Trofeo Super Team classification[edit]

Team Points
1 Team Polti-Vaporetto 543
2 GB-MG Maglificio 504
3 Lampre-Panaria 446
4 Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 388
5 Navigare-Blue Storm 375
6 ZG Mobili-Selle Italia 363
7 Gewiss-Ballan 358
8 Mercatone Uno-Medeghini 321
9 Castorama 242
10 Brescialat-Ceramiche Refin 223

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Bill and Carol McGann. "1994 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Los Inscritos" [The Enrollees] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 22 May 1994. p. 32. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
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  5. ^ "Montesilvano-Campitello Matese 204km" [Montesilvano-Campitello Matese 204km] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 25 May 1993. p. 38. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Cuneo-Les deux Alpes 206km." [Cuneo-Les deux Alpes 206km.] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 10 June 1993. p. 47. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Los Dos Alpes-Sestriere 121km" [Les Deux Alpes-Sestriere 121km] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 11 June 1993. p. 8. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Una tortura para Indurain" [Torture for Indurain] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 8 June 1993. p. 35. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
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  20. ^ a b "A trompicones" [Stumbling] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 2 June 1994. p. 41. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
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  22. ^ a b c "Congelados" [Frozen] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 3 June 1994. p. 41. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "La escapada" [The Getaway] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 4 June 1994. p. 33. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
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  29. ^ a b "Los Alpes serán desde hoy la reválida para Berzin" [The Alps are from for Berzin Today Re-validation] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 11 June 1994. p. 43. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  30. ^ a b c d e "Indurain: "He fallado en dos días importantes"" [Indurain: "I failed in two important days"] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 10 June 1994. p. 33. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  31. ^ a b c "No hemos visto los Alpes" [We have not seen the Alps] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish) (El Mundo Deportivo S.A.). 12 June 1994. p. 3. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  32. ^ a b c d e Laura Weislo (2008-05-13). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  33. ^ a b c d "Le rose di Eugeni Berzin" [Evgeni Berzin's Pink] (PDF). l’Unità (in Italian) (PCI). 13 June 1994. p. 23. Retrieved 27 May 2012.