1994 in music
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This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1994.
- 1 Events
- 2 Bands formed
- 3 Bands disbanded
- 4 Bands reformed
- 5 Albums released
- 6 Biggest hit singles
- 7 Top ten best albums of the year
- 8 Classical music
- 9 Opera
- 10 Musical theater
- 11 Musical films
- 12 Births
- 13 Deaths
- 14 Awards
- 15 Charts
- 16 See also
- 17 References
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (November 2008)|
- January 19 - Bryan Adams becomes the first Western music star to perform in Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War.
- January 25 – Alice in Chains release their Jar of Flies album which makes its US chart début at number one on the Billboard 200, becoming the first ever EP to do so.
- January 29 – The Supremes' Mary Wilson is injured when her Jeep hits a freeway median and flips over just outside of Los Angeles, USA. Wilson's 14-year old son is killed in the accident.
- February 1 – Green Day release their breakthrough album Dookie, ushering in the mid-1990s punk revival. Dookie eventually achieves diamond certification.
- February 7 – Blind Melon's lead singer Shannon Hoon is forced to leave the American Music Awards ceremony because of his loud and disruptive behavior. Hoon is later charged with battery, assault, resisting arrest, and destroying a police station phone.
- February 11 – The three surviving members of The Beatles secretly reunite to begin recording additional music for a few of John Lennon's old unfinished demos, presented to Paul McCartney by Yoko Ono, with Jeff Lynne producing. The track, "Free As A Bird", is released as a single in late 1995 as part of the exhaustive Beatles Anthology project, reaching #2 in the UK and #6 in the United States.
- February 14 – The Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia marries Deborah Koons.
- February 23 – Eddie Van Halen, Chris Isaak, and B.B. King attend the ground breaking ceremony for the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino takes place in Paradise, Nevada, USA.
- March 1
- Nirvana play their final concert in Munich.
- Frank Sinatra receives the Grammy Awards Lifetime Achievement award. Sinatra's acceptance speech is cut short and other artists, upset by this action, criticize the producer's decision during the show, including Billy Joel who takes extra time to perform his song, The River of Dreams, noting that he is wasting valuable air time.
- March 3 – In Rome, Nirvana's Kurt Cobain lapses into a coma after overdosing on Rohypnol and champagne.
- March 5 – Grace Slick is arrested for pointing a shotgun at police in her Tiburon, California home.
- March 7 - The United States Supreme Court decision Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. rules that parody can qualify as fair use. The case was spurred by 2 Live Crew releasing a parody of the Roy Orbison hit "Oh, Pretty Woman" without a license from the publishing firm Acuff-Rose Music.
- March 13 - Selena releases her final Spanish album Amor Prohibido.
- March 18
- March 30 – Pink Floyd embark on what would be their last world tour before their breakup. The record-breaking tour supports their Division Bell album, with the band playing to 5,500,000 people in 68 cities and grossing over £150,000,000.
- March 31 – Madonna appears on the Late Show with David Letterman, making headlines with her foul-mouthed, profanity-laced interview. Robin Williams later describes the segment as a "battle of wits with an unarmed woman."
- April 8 – The body of Kurt Cobain, lead singer of Nirvana, is found. Cobain's death three days before, is legally declared to be suicide from a self-inflicted gunshot.
- April 25
- April 26 - Grace Slick pleads guilty to having pointed a shotgun at police officers on March 5.
- April 27 - The legendary Fillmore club reopens in San Francisco with a concert headlined by The Smashing Pumpkins.
- May 2 - A Los Angeles jury finds Michael Bolton, along with co-writer Andy Goldmark and Sony Music Entertainment, guilty of copyright infringement over the song "Love Is a Wonderful Thing". The song is ruled to be too similar to a song of the same name by The Isley Brothers.
- May 3 - The Rolling Stones arrive by yacht to a press conference in New York City to announce the Voodoo Lounge Tour kicking off in the summer.
- May 6
- May 9 – May 13 – 1994 International Rostrum of Composers
- May 10
- Tupac Shakur begins serving a 15-day sentence in a county jail for attacking director Allen Hughes on the set of a video shoot.
- Weezer are introduced to the world with their self-titled debut, often referred to as the Blue Album. It would go on to become one of the most influential records of the 1990s spanning hits "Undone - The Sweater Song", "Buddy Holly" and "Say It Ain't So".
- May 26 - Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley are married in the Dominican Republic.
- May 27 - The Eagles launch the Hell Freezes Over tour in Burbank, California. The reunion tour is the group's first since breaking up in 1980, but much is also made of the band becoming the first to charge over $100 per ticket for arena shows.
- June 7 – Grace Slick is sentenced to 200 hours of community service and three month's worth of Alcoholics Anonymous meetings after a March 5 incident with police officers.
- June 9 - Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes of TLC, in a domestic dispute with partner Andre Rison, sets fire to his shoes which ultimately spreads to the mansion they share and destroys it.
- June 21 - George Michael loses his legal bid to be released from his contract with Sony Records in a London court.
- June 27 - Aerosmith becomes the first major band to premiere a new song on the Internet. Over 10,000 CompuServe subscribers download the free track "Head First" within its first eight days of availability.
- July – The Verbier Festival is launched.
- July 30 – Suede announce that guitarist Bernard Butler has left the band following fractious recording sessions for their album Dog Man Star
- Rich Mullins and "Leave a Legacy" contest winner, 76-year-old Miguel Garcia Massiate, travel to Bogotá, Colombia with Compassion International. The two men visit the Ciudad Sucre Center where Mullins presented them with over $40,000 that was raised on his summer '94 Ragamuffin Band tour.
- Decca releases a recording of the 1949 première of Benjamin Britten's Spring Symphony for the first time.
- August 9 – Machine Head release their first album Burn My Eyes, which was a big success and becomes Roadrunner Records' best selling debut album.
- August 12 – August 14 – Woodstock '94 is held in Saugerties, New York. As with the original 1969 festival, attendance is swelled by a high number of gatecrashers, while heavy rains turn the festival grounds into a sea of mud. Nine Inch Nails, Metallica, Aerosmith, Bob Dylan, Crosby, Stills & Nash, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Peter Gabriel and Green Day are among the many performers.
- August 23 – Jeff Buckley releases his single, critically acclaimed, full-length studio album Grace.
- August 30
- Oasis release their debut album Definitely Maybe, it becomes the fastest selling debut album in the United Kingdom at the time until 2006 when it was beaten by the Arctic Monkeys' debut album, Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not.
- Luis Miguel release Segundo Romance, the best-selling Latin album of the 1990s by a male artist. Four singles from the album were released; two of which reached #1 on the Top Latin Songs. It received a Grammy Award and a Billboard Latin Music Award.
- September – José Cura wins the Operalia – International Plácido Domingo Opera Singer Competition .
- September 6 – Bad Religion release their eighth studio album (and proper major-label debut) Stranger than Fiction. This proved to be the last to feature founding guitarist/songwriter Brett Gurewitz for seven years, until his return. Gurewitz would be replaced by former Minor Threat / Dag Nasty / Junkyard guitarist Brian Baker, who turned down a touring job for R.E.M. at this time, and eventually becomes a permanent member of Bad Religion.
- September 8 – Richard A. Morse, lead male vocalist of RAM, narrowly escapes a kidnapping by armed men during the band's live performance at the Hotel Oloffson in Port-au-Prince, Haiti; the attempted kidnapping was provoked by the performance of "Fèy", a RAM single banned nationwide by the military authorities.
- September 15 - A 1957 audio tape of John Lennon performing with The Quarrymen on the same night he met Paul McCartney fetches £78,500 at a Sotheby's auction in London.
- October 11 - Korn, a nu metal band from Bakersfield, California, launches its self-titled debut album Korn, peaking at number 72 on the Billboard 200 and launching the nu metal sound.
- October 12 - Jimmy Page and Robert Plant: No Quarter (Unledded) premieres on MTV. The "unplugged" concert special featuring the two former Led Zeppelin bandmates was filmed to accompany the release of the album of the same name.
- November 20 - David Crosby undergoes a seven-hour liver transplant operation in Los Angeles.
- November 30 - The Breeders guitarist Kelley Deal is arrested at her Ohio home after accepting a private-courier package containing four grams of heroin.
- December 2 - Warner Music Group acquires a 49 percent share of Seattle record label Sub Pop in a deal believed to be worth over $30 million.
- December 18 - Paul Oakenfold's legendary Goa Mix is first broadcast in the early hours of this day as a BBC Radio 1 Essential Mix.
- December 19 - Aerosmith opens the 250-seat Mama Kin Music Hall in Boston, co-owned by the group, with a performance.
- December 31 - The twenty-third annual New Year's Rockin' Eve special airs on ABC, with appearances by Melissa Etheridge, The O'Jays, Salt-n-Pepa, Hootie & the Blowfish and Jon Secada.
Also in 1994
- Christian Olde Wolbers replaces Andrew Shives in Fear Factory.
- Jeff Burrows signs a Cymbal deal with Sabian.
- ALL part ways with their original home Cruz Records, and sign a recording contract with Interscope (though they shortly leave that label after releasing an album in the following year).
- The Offspring frontman Dexter Holland and bassist Greg Kriesel form the label Nitro Records, an incubator for successful punk artists such as AFI. The label later releases albums from classic punk bands, including The Damned and T.S.O.L., and also reissues the first Offspring album.
- Social Distortion manager Jim Guerinot forms the label Time Bomb Recordings in joint-venture agreement with Arista. The label actually exists mostly as an imprint for current releases from Social Distortion and solo albums by Mike Ness, along with the administration of the label's back catalog.
- Moldova adopts Limba noastră as its new national anthem.
January – March
April – June
July – September
October – December
Release date unknown
Biggest hit singles
The following songs achieved the highest chart positions in the charts of 1994.
|1||Bruce Springsteen||Streets of Philadelphia||1994||Austria 1 – Apr 1994, Norway 1 – Feb 1994, Poland 1 – Feb 1994, Germany 1 – Mar 1994, Éire 1 – Mar 1994, Oscar in 1993, UK 2 – Mar 1994, Switzerland 2 – Mar 1994, Italy 3 of 1994, France 4 – Feb 1994, Holland 6 – Feb 1994, RYM 6 of 1994, Sweden 7 – Feb 1994, US BB 9 of 1994, Europe 29 of the 1990s, US BB 30 of 1994, Australia 30 of 1994, US CashBox 49 of 1994, POP 63 of 1994, AFI 68, Germany 74 of the 1990s, WXPN 837|
|2||Bryan Adams & Rod Stewart & Sting||All For Love||1994||/||US BB 1 of 1994, Sweden 1 – Dec 1993, Austria 1 – Feb 1994, Switzerland 1 – Jan 1994, Norway 1 – Jan 1994, Poland 1 – Dec 1993, Germany 1 – Jan 1994, Éire 1 – Jan 1994, Australia 1 for 2 weeks Apr 1994, UK 2 – Jan 1994, Holland 3 – Jan 1994, US BB 9 of 1994, Italy 9 of 1994, Australia 10 of 1994, US CashBox 22 of 1994, POP 25 of 1994, Germany 87 of the 1990s|
|3||Rednex||Cotton Eye Joe||1994||UK 1 – Dec 1994, US BB 1 of 1995, Holland 1 – Aug 1994, Sweden 1 – Aug 1994, Austria 1 – Oct 1994, Switzerland 1 – Oct 1994, Norway 1 – Oct 1994, Germany 1 – Jan 1995, New Zealand 1 for 6 weeks Mar 1995, POP 1 of 1995, Germany 18 of the 1990s, US BB 25 of 1995, Australia 41 of 1995, Party 54 of 2007, Scrobulate 72 of party|
|4||All-4-One||I Swear||1994||US BB 1 of 1994, Holland 1 – Jul 1994, Austria 1 – Aug 1994, Switzerland 1 – Jul 1994, Germany 1 – Jul 1994, New Zealand 1 for 6 weeks Jul 1994, Australia 1 for 5 weeks Nov 1994, UK 2 – Jun 1994, Norway 2 – Jul 1994, Australia 2 of 1994, US CashBox 3 of 1994, Sweden 3 – Aug 1994, US BB 7 of 1994, Poland 14 – Jul 1994, Germany 39 of the 1990s, OzNet 657|
|5||Mariah Carey||Without You||1994||UK 1 – Feb 1994, Holland 1 – Feb 1994, Sweden 1 – Feb 1994, Austria 1 – Apr 1994, Switzerland 1 – Apr 1994, Poland 1 – Feb 1994, Germany 1 – Mar 1994, Éire 1 – Feb 1994, New Zealand 1 for 1 weeks Apr 1994, US BB 3 of 1994, Norway 3 – Mar 1994, US CashBox 15 of 1994, Australia 15 of 1994, Germany 25 of the 1990s, POP 37 of 1994|
Top ten best albums of the year
All albums have been named albums of the year for their hits in the charts.
- Jeff Buckley - Grace
- Oasis - Definitely Maybe
- Weezer - Weezer
- Portishead - Dummy
- Nirvana - MTV Unplugged In New York
- Green Day - Dookie
- Nas - Illmatic
- Blur - Parklife
- Soundgarden - Superunknown
- Nine Inch Nails - The Downward Spiral
- Thomas Beveridge – Yizkor Requiem
- George Crumb – Quest for guitar, soprano saxophone, harp, double bass, and percussion (two players)
- Richard Danielpour – Cello Concerto
- Mario Davidovsky – Festino for guitar, viola, violoncello, contrabass
- David Diamond – Trio for violin, clarinet and piano
- Lorenzo Ferrero
- Portrait for string quartet
- Paesaggio con figura for small orchestra
- Five Easy Pieces for piano
- Vagn Holmboe – Symphony No. 13, M.362 (begun 1993)
- Karl Jenkins – Adiemus: Songs of Sanctuary
- Oliver Knussen – Horn Concerto
- György Kurtág – Stele
- Frederik Magle – Concerto for organ and orchestra The Infinite Second
- Tristan Murail – L'esprit des dunes
- Michael Nyman – Concerto for Trombone
- Einojuhani Rautavaara – Symphony No. 7 Angel of Light
- Steve Reich – City Life; Nagoya Marimbas
- Robert Simpson – String Quintet No. 2 (1991–4)
- Karlheinz Stockhausen – Weltraum (electronic music from Freitag aus Licht
- Boris Tishchenko – Symphony No. 7
- Giovanni Bertolani (orchestrated by Francesco Germini) – Matilde
- Vivian Fine – Memoirs of Uliana Rooney
- Adam Guettel – Floyd Collins
- Nicholas Lens – The Accacha Chronicles Trilogy: Flamma Flamma – The Fire Requiem
- Karlheinz Stockhausen – Freitag aus Licht (completed; not staged until 1996)
- Beauty and the Beast – Broadway production
- Carousel (Rodgers & Hammerstein) – Broadway revival
- Damn Yankees (Richard Adler and Jerry Ross) – Broadway revival
- Grease – Broadway revival
- Show Boat (Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II) – Broadway revival
- Sunset Boulevard (Andrew Lloyd Webber) – Broadway production
- Fear of a Black Hat
- Hated: GG Allin and the Murder Junkies
- The Lion King – animated feature film with songs by Elton John and Tim Rice
- That's Entertainment! III
- February 1 - Harry Styles, British singer of the band One Direction
- February 8 – Nikki Yanofsky, Canadian singer
- February 24 - Earl Sweatshirt, American rapper
- March 1 – Justin Bieber, Canadian singer
- April 4 – Risako Sugaya, Japanese singer
- April 12 – Airi Suzuki, Japanese singer
- August 18 - Bobby Andonov, Australian singer-songwriter and actor
- September 1 – Bianca Ryan, American singer
- September 17 – Taylor Ware, American singer and yodeler
- October 13 - Faisal Jamal, German drummer
- January 6 – Harold Sumberg, violinist, 88
- January 15 – Harry Nilsson, singer, songwriter, 52 (heart attack)
- January 17 – Georges Cziffra, pianist, 72
- February 5 - Tiana Lemnitz, operatic soprano, 96
- February 7 – Witold Lutosławski, composer, 81
- February 8 - Raymond Scott, composer and bandleader, 85
- February 22 - Papa John Creach, blues violinist, 76
- February 24 – Dinah Shore, singer, actress, 77
- March 6 – Yvonne Fair, African-American singer, 51
- March 13 – Danny Barker, jazz musician and composer, 85
- March 16 – Nicolas Flagello, composer, 66
- March 18 - Ephraim Lewis, soul and R&B singer, 26
- March 22 – Dan Hartman, singer, 42 (brain tumour)
- March 23 – Donald Swann, pianist, composer and entertainer (Flanders and Swann), 70
- April 5 – Kurt Cobain, singer & guitarist (Nirvana), 27 (self-inflicted shotgun wound)
- April 7 - Lee Brilleaux, R&B singer, 41 (cancer)
- April 19 - Larry Davis, blues singer and guitarist, 57
- May 23 - Joe Pass, jazz guitarist, 65 (liver cancer)
- May 25 - Eric Gale, jazz guitarist, 55 (lung cancer)
- May 26 - Sonny Sharrock, jazz guitarist, 53
- May 27 - Red Rodney, bop trumpeter, 66
- May 29 - Oliver Jackson, jazz drummer, 61
- May 31 - Herva Nelli, operatic soprano, 85
- June 4 - Earle Warren, saxophonist, 79
- June 11 – Robert Beadell, composer, 68
- June 14 – Henry Mancini, composer, 70
- June 15 – Manos Hadjidakis, composer, 68
- June 16 – Kristen Pfaff, bass guitarist (Hole), 27 (heroin overdose)
- June 25
- June 29 – Kurt Eichhorn, conductor, 85
- July 2 - Marion Williams, gospel singer, 66
- July 31 – Anne Shelton, British singer, 70
- August 6 – Domenico Modugno, Italian singer and songwriter, 66
- September 2 – Roy Castle, musician and all-round entertainer, 62 (lung cancer)
- September 3 - Major Lance, R&B singer, 55
- September 6
- September 13 – John Stevens, jazz musician
- September 20 – Jule Styne, songwriter, 88
- September 24 – Urmas Alender, singer, 40 (drowned in MS Estonia sinking)
- September 29 – Cheb Hasni, Algerian Raj musician, 26 (murdered)
- October 4 - Danny Gatton, guitarist, 49
- October 19 – Martha Raye, singer and comedienne, 88
- October 22
- October 26 - Wilbert Harrison, R&B singer, pianist, guitarist and harmonica player, 65
- October 27 - Robert White, Motown session guitarist, 57
- October 31 - Lester Sill, record executive, 76
- November 4 – Fred "Sonic" Smith, MC5 guitarist, 45 (heart attack)
- November 7 – Shorty Rogers, jazz trumpeter, 70
- November 11 – Elizabeth Maconchy, composer, 87
- November 18 – Cab Calloway, jazz and scat singer, 86
- November 28 – Vic Legley, Belgian violist and composer of French birth, 79
- December 8 – Antônio Carlos Jobim, bossa nova composer and songwriter
- December 10 – Garnett Silk, reggae singer, 28 (house fire)
- The following artists are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Ruth Brown, Cream, Creedance Clearwater Revival, The Doors, Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers, Etta James, Van Morrison, and Sly and the Family Stone
- Inductees of the GMA Gospel Music Hall of Fame include Tennessee Ernie Ford
- Kumar Sanu – Filmfare Best Male Playback Award
- Filmfare Best Music Director Awards – Rahul Dev Burman
Country Music Association Awards
Eurovision Song Contest
Mercury Music Prize
Triple J Hottest 100
- Rock Cemetery
- Platinum Awards Content. BPI.co.uk. Retrieved on September 9, 2008.
- "In The News". Rolling Stone (Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc.) (694): 32. November 3, 1994.
- "In The News". Rolling Stone (Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc.) (700): 25. January 26, 1995.
- "Best albums of 1994". besteveralbums. 2005. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- Barnett, Rob (October 2000). "Review of Trio by David Diamond". Retrieved March 17, 2009.
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