1995 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||13 May — 4 June|
|Distance||3,736 km (2,321 mi)|
|Winning time||97h 39' 50" (38.260 km/h or 23.774 mph)|
|Winner||Tony Rominger (SUI)||(Mapei-GB-Latexco)|
|Second||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||(Gewiss-Ballan)|
|Third||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||(Gewiss-Ballan)|
|Points||Tony Rominger (SUI)||(Mapei-GB-Latexco)|
|Mountains||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||(Brescialat)|
|Intergiro||Tony Rominger (SUI)||(Mapei-GB-Latexco)|
The 1995 Giro d'Italia was the 78th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro began on May 13 with a mass-start stage that began in Perugia and ended Terni. The race came to a close on June 4 with a mass-start stage that ended in the Italian city of Milan. Twenty-two teams entered the race that was won by the Swiss Tony Rominger of the Mapei-GB-Latexco team. Second and third were the Russian rider Evgeni Berzin and Latvian rider Piotr Ugrumov.
In addition to the general classification, Tony Rominger also won the points and intergiro classifications. Brescialat rider Mariano Piccoli won the mountains classification. Gewiss-Ballan finished as the winners of the team classification, ranking each of the twenty-two teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time. The other team classification, the team points classification, where the teams' riders are awarded points for placing within the top twenty in each stage and the points are then totaled for each team was also won by Panaria-Vinavil.
A total of 22 teams were invited to participate in the 1995 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 198 cyclists. Out of the 198 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 122 riders made it to the finish in Milan.
The starting peloton did feature 1994 winner, Evgeni Berzin, who was coming off a victory in the Tour de Romandie. Berzin's team, Gewiss-Ballan, also brought two-time Grand Tour runner-up Latvian Piotr Ugrumov. El País writers Paolo Viberti and Carlos Arribas believed that Swiss rider Tony Rominger and Latvian Piotr Ugrumov were the favorites to win the race, while Adrian Huber of Avui named Rominger as the sole favorite. Author Bill McGann believed that Rominger and Berzin were in great form coming into the race. Aside from Rominger and Berzin, El Punt's LLuis Simon named 1988 winner Andrew Hampsten, Russian Pavel Tonkov, and Claudio Chiappucci amongst several other riders that could challenge for the overall title.
Italian Marco Pantani was seen by some to be a contender for to win the race. However, Pantani crashed during a training ride on 1 May and did not recover in time to participate. Two-time winner Miguel Indurain chose not to enter the race in favor of preparing for the Tour de France.
Route and stages
The route for the 1995 Giro d'Italia was unveiled by race director Carmine Castellano on 12 November 1994 in Milan. It contained three time trial events, all of which were individual. There were thirteen stages containing high mountains, of which five had summit finishes: stage 8, to Massiccio del Sirino; stage 11, to Il Ciocco; stage 14, to Schnals; stage 15, to Lenzerheide; and stage 20, to Gressoney-Saint-Jean. The organizers chose to include one rest day. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 6 km (4 mi) longer, contained one more rest day, and the same amount of stages.
There were a total of three stages that started outside Italy. Stage 15 ended in the Swiss city Lenzerheide and served as the start for the race's sixteenth stage. The mountainous twentieth stage began in the French city of Briançon.
|1||13 May||Perugia to Terni||205 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|2||14 May||Foligno to Assisi||19 km (12 mi)||Individual time trial||Tony Rominger (SUI)|
|3||15 May||Spoleto to Marotta||161 km (100 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|4||16 May||Mondolfo to Loreto||192 km (119 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Tony Rominger (SUI)|
|5||17 May||Porto Recanati to Tortoreto||182 km (113 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Filippo Casagrande (ITA)|
|6||18 May||Trani to Taranto||165 km (103 mi)||Plain stage||Nicola Minali (ITA)|
|7||19 May||Taranto to Terme Luigiane||216 km (134 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Maurizio Fondriest (ITA)|
|8||20 May||Acquappesa to Massiccio del Sirino||209 km (130 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Laudelino Cubino (ESP)|
|9||21 May||Terme La Calda to Salerno||165 km (103 mi)||Plain stage||Rolf Sørensen (DEN)|
|10||22 May||Telese Terme to Maddaloni||42 km (26 mi)||Individual time trial||Tony Rominger (SUI)|
|23 May||Rest day|
|11||24 May||Pietrasanta to Il Ciocco||175 km (109 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Enrico Zaina (ITA)|
|12||25 May||Borgo a Mozzano to Cento||195 km (121 mi)||Plain stage||Ján Svorada (CZE)|
|13||26 May||Pieve di Cento to Rovereto||218 km (135 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pascal Richard (SUI)|
|14||27 May||Trento to Schnals||240 km (149 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Oliverio Rincón (COL)|
|15||28 May||Schnals to Lenzerheide (Switzerland)||185 km (115 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)|
|16||29 May||Lenzerheide (Switzerland) to Treviglio||224 km (139 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Citterio (ITA)|
|17||30 May||Cenate Sotto to Selvino||43 km (27 mi)||Individual time trial||Tony Rominger (SUI)|
|18||31 May||Stradella to Sanctuary of Vicoforte||221 km (137 mi)||Plain stage||Denis Zanette (ITA)|
|19||1 June||Mondovì to Pontechianale||130 km (81 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pascal Richard (SUI)|
|20||2 June||Briançon (France) to Gressoney-Saint-Jean||208 km (129 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Serguei Outschakov (UKR)|
|21||3 June||Pont-Saint-Martin to Luino||190 km (118 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)|
|22||4 June||Luino to Milan||148 km (92 mi)||Plain stage||Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)|
|Total||3,736 km (2,321 mi)|
After the opening stage bunch sprint was won by Mario Cipollini, the second stage, a 19 km individual time trial that was half flat, half hillclimb, was dominated by Rominger who put almost a full minute into the other contenders despite the short distance. He would not relinquish the lead for the rest of the race. The route was, at the time, widely reported as the toughest Grand Tour route in recent memory and featured a relative lack of flat sprint stages when compared to other Grand Tours. Cipollini, Minali and Svorada shared between them the spoils of the rare bunch sprints. Stage 4 was the first road stage to produce time gaps, on a sawtooth profile hilly circuit in the town of Loreto. Rominger attacked in the final kilometer to take his second stage win and extend his overall lead.
Over the mountain stages of the second week Rominger kept the Gewiss team leaders in check in the mountains, not initiating attacks of his own, but closely marking Ugrumov and Berzin, before dropping them on the final meters of each mountain finish. The Mapei team controlled proceedings and allowed breakaways to take mountaintop stage wins. Winners included climbers Lale Cubino, Enrico Zaina, Serguei Outschakov and twice Pascal Richard. Rominger's situation was helped by the infighting between Gewiss leaders Ugrumov and Berzin who rode against each other instead of ganging up on the Mapei squad, for which they attracted public criticism by their team manager Emanuele Bombini. Meanwhile, with dominant performances in the two long time trials of over 40 kilometers each (one flat, one mountain), Rominger further padded his lead by several minutes.
On the penultimate day's stage, not wishing to take any risks in the tricky descent in torrential rain, Rominger allowed Berzin to escape to take the stage win on his 25th birthday and vault to 2nd overall. Mariano Piccoli took the Mountains classification, with Rominger taking the Overall, Points and Intergiro classifications along with 4 stage wins and wearing the pink leader's jersey after every stage but the first. Berzin and Ugrumov rounded out the podium.
Four different jerseys were worn during the 1995 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs. The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Col Agnel, but it was unscaled. The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey. The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey.
Although no jersey was awarded, there was also a classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time. There was another team classification that awarded points to each team based off their riding's finishing position in every stage. The team with the highest total of points was the leader of the classification.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
|1||Mario Cipollini||Mario Cipollini||Mario Cipollini||Giuseppe Guerini||Mercatone Uno-Saeco|
|2||Tony Rominger||Tony Rominger||Rolf Sørensen||Lampre-Panaria|
|3||Mario Cipollini||Mario Cipollini||Mariano Piccoli|
|8||Laudelino Cubino||MG Maglificio-Technogym|
|10||Tony Rominger||Tony Rominger||Gewiss-Ballan|
|Final||Tony Rominger||Tony Rominger||Mariano Piccoli||Gewiss-Ballan|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification|
|1||Tony Rominger (SUI)||Mapei-GB-Latexco||100h 41' 21"|
|2||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss-Ballan||+ 4' 13"|
|3||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Gewiss-Ballan||+ 4' 55"|
|4||Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||+ 9' 23"|
|5||Oliverio Rincón (COL)||ONCE||+ 10' 03"|
|6||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Lampre-Panaria||+ 11' 31"|
|7||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||+ 13' 40"|
|8||Heinz Imboden (SUI)||Ceramiche Refin-Cantina Tollo||+ 16' 23"|
|9||Georg Totschnig (AUT)||Polti-Granarolo-Santini||+ 18' 05"|
|10||Francesco Casagrande (ITA)||Mercatone Uno-Saeco||+ 18' 50"|
|1||Tony Rominger (SUI)||Mapei-GB-Latexco||205|
|2||Rolf Sörensen (DEN)||MG Maglificio-Technogym||153|
|3||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss-Ballan||148|
|4||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Gewiss-Ballan||145|
|5||Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)||Polti-Granarolo-Santini||121|
|1||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||Brescialat||75|
|2||Nelson Rodríguez Serna (COL)||ZG Mobili-Selle Italia||45|
|3||Giuseppe Guerini (ITA)||Gewiss Playbus||43|
|4||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss-Ballan||33|
|5||Oliverio Rincón (COL)||ONCE||28|
|1||Tony Rominger (SUI)||Mapei-GB-Latexco||59h 36' 45"|
|2||Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)||Polti-Granarolo-Santini||+ 54"|
|3||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss-Ballan||+ 1' 24"|
Team points classification
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- Gianni Ranieri (13 November 1994). "Pantani preso in Giro" [Pantani took in Giro]. La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). p. 35. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
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- "Classifica generale" [General classification] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian) (PCI). 14 May 1996. p. 11. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2012.