1995 Rugby League World Cup
|Number of teams||10|
|Host country||United Kingdom|
|Winner||Australia (8th title)|
|Attendance||265,609 (17,707 per match)|
|Points scored||718 (47.87 per match)|
|Top scorer||Andrew Johns (62)|
|Top try scorer||Steven Menzies (6)|
The 1995 Rugby League World Cup was held during October in the United Kingdom. It was the eleventh staging of the Rugby League World Cup and was marketed as the Halifax Centenary World Cup, reflecting the tournament's sponsorship and the fact that 1995 marked the 100th birthday of the sport. Envisaged as a celebration of rugby league football, the size of the competition was doubled, with four additional teams invited and Great Britain split into England and Wales. (Scotland and Ireland took part in the Emerging Nations Tournament that was held alongside the World Cup.)
The tournament had been preceded by doubts and pessimism; many feared that it would produce one-sided-matches that would be unattractive to supporters. The forthcoming Super League war hung over the tournament, with the Australian Rugby League refusing to select players who had signed for the rival competition.
In the event, the fears proved unfounded, and the tournament was acclaimed a great success. Although many early matches did prove as one-sided as feared, fans still flocked to see newer rugby league nations such as Fiji, Tonga and South Africa. Large home crowds for the group involving Wales proved particularly encouraging for the sport.
The final between Australia and England drew a crowd of 66,540 to Wembley Stadium. Australia won the tournament, their eighth World Cup win and fifth in succession.
Ten teams competed in the Centenary World Cup: Australia, England, Fiji, France, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Tonga, Wales and Western Samoa. It was the first time since the 1975 World Series that the Great Britain team was split into England and Wales. Fiji, South Africa, Tonga and Western Samoa were all making their World Cup débuts. Australia were missing a large portion of their best players due to the Super League war. Autralia's win in the end was seen as a blow to the rebel Super League organisation, with which every other nation was aligned.
|Wembley Stadium (2 games, Opening ceremony and Final)||London||England||N/A||82,000|
|Old Trafford (1 game - Semi-final)||Manchester||England||N/A||44,000|
|Alfred McAlpine Stadium (1 game - Semi-final)||Huddersfield||England||Huddersfield RLFC (RFL Div 2)||20,000|
|Central Park (1 game)||Wigan||England||Wigan RLFC (RFL)||30,000|
|Ninian Park (2 games)||Cardiff||Wales||N/A||21,508|
|Headingley Stadium (1 game)||Leeds||England||Leeds RLFC (RFL)||20,000|
|Knowsley Road (1 game)||St Helens||England||St Helens RLFC (RFL)||17,500|
|Gateshead International Stadium (1 game)||Gateshead||England||N/A||11,800|
|Vetch Field (1 game)||Swansea||Wales||N/A||11,500|
|The Boulevard (1 game)||Hull||England||Hull F.C. (RFL Div 2)||10,000|
|Wilderspool Stadium (1 game)||Warrington||England||Warrington RLFC (RFL)||9,000|
|Cougar Park (1 game)||Keighley||England||Keighley Cougars (RFL Div 2)||7,800|
The tournament opened with a match between hosts England and current World Cup holders Australia at Wembley Stadium. It was a grey and showery day and Diana Ross provided pre-match entertainment. Australia were weakened by the absence of any player aligned with Super League, who the ARL refused to select. England were weakened by injuries, most notably that of star winger Martin Offiah.
England got away to an early first half lead of 10-6, with a try each to Andy Farrell and Chris Joynt both coming about through mistakes from Australia's fullback, Tim Brasher. A try to Mark Coyne levelled the score at 10-10. But England's Jason Robinson scored after another Australian handling error with twelve minutes remaining. Another England try, this time from an interception by Paul Newlove put the result beyond doubt. This game attracted 4.2 million viewers.
|Papua New Guinea||2||0||1||1||34||50||−16||1|
This match featured eight former Welsh rugby union internationals.
|21 October - Old Trafford, Manchester
Man of the Match: Bobbie Goulding
|28 October - Wembley Stadium, London
|22 October - McAlpine Stadium, Huddersfield
The Australians had reached the final after a hard fought 30-20 Semi-final win over New Zealand at the McAlpine Stadium which had gone into extra time after the score was locked at 20-all after 80 minutes. Their opponents and tournament host England, had an easier time defeating Wales 25-10 in their Semi at Old Trafford. Even though they were favoured to win, Australia went into the final having lost three of their past four games at Wembley (the only win being the World Cup final of 1992), and had already lost the opening match of the tournament there to the English. Also, due to the ARL's policy of not selecting Super League aligned players, the Kangaroos went into the game with 11 of their 17 players under the age of 24. Although considered mostly a 'second string' team without the likes of Laurie Daley, Allan Langer, Andrew Ettingshausen, Steve Renouf, Steve Walters and Glenn Lazarus, most of the Kangaroos had played in the 3-0 whitewash of New Zealand in the Trans-Tasman series earlier in the year. Kangaroos captain and five-eighth Brad Fittler and fullback Tim Brasher were the only members of Australia's 1992 World Cup Final win at Wembley, with both players in the same positions as they had been three years previously.
England's captain Shaun Edwards ruled himself out of the final with an infected knee. Despite being ruled out of the tournament with pneumonia, Wigan centre Paul Newlove was selected by coach Phil Larder for starting lineup in the final.
Sunday, 28 October 1995
|Australia||16 - 8||England|
Andrew Johns (4)
Bobbie Goulding (2)
|Tim Brasher||1. FB||Kris Radlinski|
|Rod Wishart||2. WG||Jason Robinson|
|Mark Coyne||3. CE||Gary Connolly|
|Terry Hill||4. CE||Paul Newlove|
|Brett Dallas||5. WG||Martin Offiah|
|Brad Fittler (c)||6. SO||Tony Smith|
|Geoff Toovey||7. SH||Bobbie Goulding|
|Dean Pay||8. PR||Karl Harrison|
|Andrew Johns||9. HK||Lee Jackson|
|Mark Carroll||10. PR||Andy Platt|
|Steve Menzies||11. SR||Denis Betts (c)|
|Gary Larson||12. SR||Phil Clarke|
|Jim Dymock||13. LF||Andy Farrell|
|Robbie O'Davis||14. Res.||Barrie Jon Mather|
|Matthew Johns||15. Res.||Mick Cassidy|
|Jason Smith||16. Res.||Nick Pinkney|
|Nik Kosef||17. Res.||Chris Joynt|
|Bob Fulton||Coach||Phil Larder|
England won the coin toss and Australia's Andrew Johns kicked off the match. In England's first set with the ball Australia were penalised for Brad Fittler's high tackle on Andrew Farrell. From the resulting good field position England were able to force a line drop-out and get another set of six in Australia's half of the field. At the end of the set, Radlinski put up a high kick, which Australia's fullback Tim Brasher failed to secure and Australia were penalised for regathering the ball when off-side. Bobbie Goulding kicked the penalty goal from fifteen metres out, giving his side a 2 - 0 lead. From Australia's resulting kick-off, the English players couldn't secure the ball and it was regathered by the Kangaroos deep in the opposition half. On the last tackle of the ensuing set, Andrew Johns at first receiver put a chip kick into the left-hand corner of England's in-goal area where winger Rod Wishart dived in and got a hand on it, giving Australia the first try of the match in the seventh minute. Johns then converted the try from the touch-line and the Kangaroos were leading 2 - 6. A few minutes later England were penalised around the centre of the field and Johns attempted the kick at goal but missed. With the game now swinging from end to end, Johns conceded a penalty close to the goal posts and Goulding's kick bounced off the uprights but went in, so England were trailing 4 - 6 by the eighteenth minute. A few minutes later England conceded a penalty in front of their goal posts and Johns kicked Australia to a 4 - 8 lead. Shortly after that England winger Martin Offiah made a break down along the left sideline and was contentiously ruled to have been taken over the sideline by a desperate defender as he threw the ball back into the field for a teammate to dive on. After a high shot from Andy Farrell on Mark Carroll Johns kicked another penalty so Australia led 4 - 10 at the thirty-minute mark. Just before the half-time break England conceded another penalty in the ruck but Johns' kick missed so the score remained unchanged at the break.
After making their way into good attacking field position, England played the ball ten metres out from Australia's goal-line where centre Paul Newlove at dummy-half ran the ball at the defence forced his way through to score in the left corner. The sideline conversion attempt by Goulding missed so England trailed 8 - 10 after five minutes of the second half. Around the ten-minute mark the game was interrupted by a topless female streaker. The play continued swinging from one end of the field to the other, with neither team able to capitalise on their scoring opportunities for the next twenty minutes. Australian interchange player Jason Smith was blood binned and had to return to the bench. A few minutes later the Kangaroos had made their way deep into England's half when, on the last tackle, the ball was moved through the hands and eventually flicked passed back from Johns as he was being tackled to the feet of Brasher who kicked it ahead to the try-line. Both fullbacks then scrambled to get to the ball and the referee ruled that Brasher had grounded it, awarding Australia a try. Andrew Johns converted the try so Australia lead 8 - 16 with just over ten minutes remaining. England forward Karl Harrison then had to come off the field with an injured arm. A few minutes from fulll-time Australian forward Mark Carroll was sent to the sin-bin for an infringement in the ruck. The remainder of the match extended into additional injury time but was played with no further points so Australia retained the World Cup with an 8 - 16 victory and their fifth consecutive world title. 21-year-old Andrew Johns was named man-of-the-match. Kangaroos coach Bob Fulton had named the young half as the team hooker, and he did indeed pack into the scrums. However Johns played at halfback in general play with Geoff Toovey having the dummy-half duties.
Team of the Tournament
The following players were selected as the 1995 World Cup "Team of the Tournament"
- Iestyn Harris
- Jason Robinson
- Paul Newlove
- Richard Blackmore
- Anthony Sullivan
- Brad Fittler
- Adrian Lam
- Mark Carroll
- Lee Jackson
- David Westley
- Denis Betts
- Steven Menzies
- Andy Farrell
- Menzies, Steve; Tasker, Norman (2008). Beaver: The Steve Menzies Story. Australia: Allen & Unwin. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-74175-560-2.
- Hadfield, Dave (1995-10-01). "Celebration a slow burn". The Independent. London: independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
- "1995 Rugby League World Cup". gillette4nations.co.uk. Rugby League International Federation. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Masters, Roy (30 October 1995). "Cup recipe is a big winner". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "A history of the Rugby League World Cup". St Helens Star. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Hadfield, Dave (1995-10-06). "Team-by-team guide to Centenary Celebrations". The Independent. London: independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
- "History of the Rugby League World Cup". skysports.com. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Richard, de la Riviere. "The Golden Boot: The Missing Years - 1995". totalrl.com. League Publications. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Kangaroos' win blow to rebel league". The Age. 30 October 1995. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Wilson, Andy (4 November 2011). "Wembley Rugby League internationals - in pictures". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
- Thomsen, Ian (1995-10-09). "The Cream Is Curdled In Rugby's Other Cup". The New York Times (the New York Times Company). Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- Hadfield, Dave (15 October 1995). "Rugby League World Cup: Flying Fittler floors Fiji". The Independent (London). Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- Paddy McAteer (22 December 2010) "Whole World in their Hands" North West Evening Mail
- Johnson, Martin (30 October 1995). "Nothing focuses an Aussie sportsman more than stuffing the Poms". The Independent (UK: independent.co.uk). Retrieved 28 November 2010.
- Thomsen, Ian (30 October 1995). "Australians Retain Rugby League Title". New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Ian, Thomsen (28 October 1995). "Australia Faces England at Wembley : A Final of Rugby Favorites". The New York Times (nytimes.com). Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- "A fear of failure spurs Australia". The Age. 27 October 1995. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Hadfield, Dave (28 October 1995). "Connolly returns as England gamble". The Independent. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- Bloomfield, Craig. "Grace Jones and FIFA, Diana Ross at USA 94 and six of the best unlikely entertainers at sport". talksport.com. talkSPORT. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Corrigan, Peter (29 October 1995). "Australia deliver the magic". The Independent. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- Richard, de la Riviere. "28th October: Aussies win Centenary World Cup". totalrl.com. League Publications. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "On this day". espn.co.uk. ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- Johns, Matthew (11 April 2007). "Matthew Johns on his brother". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- Robinson, Jason (2012). Finding My Feet. UK: Hachette.
- Masters, Roy (30 October 1995). "Roos on top of the world". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Pitch invaders!". psillakis.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- theguardian.com. "The Joy of Six: Rugby League World Cup moments". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- 1995 World Cup audio highlights
- 1995 World Cup Final at rlphotos.com
- 1995 World Cup data at hunterlink.net.au
- 1995 World Cup at rlwc2008.com
- 1995 World Cup at rlhalloffame.org.uk
- 1995 World Cup at rugbyleagueproject.com
- 1995 World Cup at 188-rugby-league.co.uk